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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 297512 matches for " J. Shimoyama "
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MgB2 bulk superconducting magnet
A. Yamamoto,A. Ishihara,M. Tomita,J. Shimoyama,K. Kishio
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: We have developed disk-shaped MgB2 bulk superconducting magnets (20, 30 mm in diameter, 10 mm in thickness) using the in-situ process from Mg and B powders and evaluated the temperature dependence of trapped magnetic field. A pair of two disc-shaped bulks of 30 mm in diameter and 10 mm in thickness magnetized by field-cooling condition showed trapped fields of 1.2, 2.8 and 3.1 T at 30, 20 and 17.5 K, respectively. High trapped field over 3 T was recorded for the first time.
Transition Temperature and Upper Critical Field in SmFeAsO1-xFx Synthesized at Low Heating Temperatures
S. J. Singh,J. Shimoyama,A. Yamamoto,H. Ogino,K. Kishio
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1109/TASC.2013.2239352
Abstract: Low-temperature synthesis is a promising and potentially effective method for improving superconducting properties. We report on the fabrication of polycrystalline samples of SmFeAsO1-xFx with nominal x content varying in a wide range of x = 0-0.35 synthesized at 900 deg C. This synthesis temperature is around 300 deg C lower than the conventional synthesis temperature. The variation in the lattice parameters and transition temperature (Tc) of various F-doped samples indicates that reduction of the unit cell volume (V) seems to be the main reason for the rise of Tc up to 57.8 K. Magnetoresistance measurements showed that the upper critical field slope (dHc2/dT) increased with increasing F concentration up to x = 0.2, where it reached a maximum value of -8 T/K corresponding to a coherence length of 10 angstrom. At still higher F doping levels, dHc2/dT and the low field Jc decreased; above 0.5 T, however, Jc had almost the same value. Compared with previous reports, the present synthesis route with low synthesis temperatures and commonly available FeF2 as the source of F is more effective at introducing F into the SmFeAsO system and thereby resulting in improved superconducting properties for the system. In addition, this new sample preparation method also reduces unnecessary problems such as the evaporation of F and reaction between the crucible and superconductor during the solid-state reaction.
Possible interaction between thermal electrons and vibrationally excited N2 in the lower E-region
K.-I. Oyama, M. Shimoyama, J. Y. Liu,C. Z. Cheng
Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO) , 2011,
Abstract: As one of the tasks to find the energy source(s) of thermal electrons, which elevate(s) electron temperature higher than neutral temperature in the lower ionosphere E-region, energy distribution function of thermal electron was measured with a sounding rocket at the heights of 93–131 km by the applying second harmonic method. The energy distribution function showed a clear hump at the energy of ~0.4 eV. In order to find the reason of the hump, we conducted laboratory experiment. We studied difference of the energy distribution functions of electrons in thermal energy range, which were measured with and without EUV radiation to plasma of N2/Ar and N2/O2 gas mixture respectively. For N2/Ar gas mixture plasma, the hump is not clearly identified in the energy distribution of thermal electrons. On the other hand for N2/O2 gas mixture, which contains vibrationally excited N2, a clear hump is found when irradiated by EUV. The laboratory experiment seems to suggest that the hump is produced as a result of interaction between vibrationally excited N2 and thermal electrons, and this interaction is the most probable heating source for the electrons of thermal energy range in the lower E-region. It is also suggested that energy distribution of the electrons in high energy part may not be Maxwellian, and DC probe measures the electrons which are non Maxwellian, and therefore "electron temperature" is calculated higher.
Switching current distributions and subgap structures of underdoped (Hg,Re)Ba2Ca2Cu3O8+d intrinsic Josephson junctions
S. Ueda,T. Yamaguchi,Y. Kubo,S. Tsuda,J. Shimoyama,K. Kishio,Y. Takano
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1063/1.3236666
Abstract: We have investigated the intrinsic Josephson properties in slightly underdoped (Hg,Re)Ba2Ca2Cu3Oy [Hg(Re)1223] intrinsic Josephson junctions (IJJs) with a dimension of 1.0x1.5x0.11 um^3. The current-voltage characteristics of the IJJs exhibit clear multiple branches with subgap structures similar to those of other cuprate superconductors. The switching current distributions P(I) from the zero-voltage to the nonzero-voltage state in the current-biased IJJs agree well with the theoretical curves of the thermally assisted escape model at temperatures above ~5 K. The plasma frequency fp of the IJJs is estimated to be 1.3 THz from the fluctuation-free critical current density of 2.0x10^5 A/cm2, which is one of the highest among cuprate superconductors, reflecting the high Tc and a relatively low anisotropy of the Re doped Hg system. The P(I) gradually becomes independent of temperature below ~5 K, which suggests a crossover of the escape process from thermal activation to quantum tunneling at such a high temperature.
Contrasting Pressure Effects in Sr2VFeAsO3 and Sr2ScFePO3
H. Kotegawa,T. Kawazoe,H. Tou,K. Murata,H. Ogino,K. Kishio,J. Shimoyama
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1143/JPSJ.78.123707
Abstract: We report the resistivity measurements under pressure of two Fe-based superconductors with a thick perovskite oxide layer, Sr2VFeAsO3 and Sr2ScFePO3. The superconducting transition temperature Tc of Sr2VFeAsO3 markedly increases with increasing pressure. Its onset value, which was Tc{onset}=36.4 K at ambient pressure, increases to Tc{onset}=46.0 K at ~4 GPa, ensuring the potential of the "21113" system as a high-Tc material. However, the superconductivity of Sr2ScFePO3 is strongly suppressed under pressure. The Tc{onset} of ~16 K decreases to ~5 K at ~4 GPa, and the zero-resistance state is almost lost. We discuss the factor that induces this contrasting pressure effect.
Universal relationship between crystallinity and irreversibility field of MgB2
A. Yamamoto,J. Shimoyama,S. Ueda,Y. Katsura,I. Iwayama,S. Horii,K. Kishio
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1063/1.1937991
Abstract: The relationship between irreversibility field, Hirr, and crystallinity of MgB2 bulks including carbon substituted samples was studied. The Hirr was found to increase with an increase of FWHM of MgB2 (110) peak, which corresponds to distortion of honeycomb boron sheet, and their universal correlation was discovered even including carbon substituted samples. Excellent Jc characteristics under high magnetic fields were observed in samples with large FWHM of (110) due to the enhanced intraband scattering and strengthened grain boundary flux pinning. The relationship between crystallinity and Hirr can explain the large variation of Hirr for MgB2 bulks, tapes, single crystals and thin films.
Successive transition from superconducting to antiferromagnetic phase in (Ca_6(Al, Ti)_4O_y)Fe_2As_2 studied via ^{75}As and ^{27}Al NMR
T. Nakano,N. Fujiwara,S. Tsutsumi,H. Ogino,K. Kishio,J. Shimoyama
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.84.060502
Abstract: An unusual successive phase transition from superconducting (SC) to antiferromagnetic (AF) phases was discovered via ^{75}As and ^{27}Al nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) in (Fe_2As_2)(Ca_6(Al, Ti)_4O_y) with four (Al, Ti)O layers intercalated between FeAs planes. Although the spatially-uniform AF ordering is clearly visible from ^{27}Al spectra, the ordered moments are very small and the low-frequency fluctuation is much suppressed, contrary to existing pnictides with localized magnetic elements. Furthermore, the temperature (T) dependence of the fluctuation at both nuclei is very similar throughout the entire temperature range. These facts suggest that some hybridization between Ti and Fe orbitals induces a uniform electronic state within FeAs and (Al, Ti)O layers accompanied by the SC and AF transitions. The iron-based pnictide with Ti-doped blocking layers is the first high-T_c compound having metallic blocking layers.
Towards the Realization of Higher Connectivity in MgB2 Conductors: In-situ or Sintered Ex-situ?
A. Yamamoto,H. Tanaka,J. Shimoyama,H. Ogino,K. Kishio,T. Matsushita
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1143/JJAP.51.010105
Abstract: The two most common types of MgB2 conductor fabrication technique - in-situ and ex-situ - show increasing conflicts concerning the connectivity, an effective current-carrying cross-sectional area. An in-situ reaction yields a strong intergrain coupling with a low packing factor, while an ex-situ process using pre-reacted MgB2 yields tightly packed grains, however, their coupling is much weaker. We studied the normal-state resistivity and microstructure of ex-situ MgB2 bulks synthesized with varied heating conditions under ambient pressure. The samples heated at moderately high temperatures of ~900{\deg}C for a long period showed an increased packing factor, a larger intergrain contact area and a significantly decreased resistivity, all of which indicate the solid-state self-sintering of MgB2. Consequently the connectivity of the sintered ex-situ samples exceeded the typical connectivity range 5-15% of the in-situ samples. Our results show self-sintering develops the superior connectivity potential of ex-situ MgB2, though its intergrain coupling is not yet fulfilled, to provide a strong possibility of twice or even much higher connectivity in optimally sintered ex-situ MgB2 than in in-situ MgB2.
Superconducting order parameter in heavily overdoped $Bi_2 Sr_2 Ca Cu_2 O_{8+δ}$: a global quantitative analysis
R. H. He,D. L. Feng,H. Eisaki,J. -i. Shimoyama,K. Kishio,G. D. Gu
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.69.220502
Abstract: A systematic analysis of the complex lineshape at $(\pi,0)$ of heavily overdoped Bi$_2$Sr$_2$CaCu$_2$O$_{8+\delta}$ is presented. We show that a coherent component in the quasi-particle excitation is correlated with the superfluid density throughout the entire doping range and suggest it is a direct measure of the order parameter of high temperature superconductors.
Abrupt Change of Josephson Plasma Frequency at the Phase Boundary of the Bragg Glass in Bi_2Sr_2CaCu_2O_{8+δ}
M. B. Gaifullin,Yuji Matsuda,N. Chikumoto,J. Shimoyama,K. Kishio
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.84.2945
Abstract: We report the first detailed and quantitative study of the Josephson coupling energy in the vortex liquid, Bragg glass and vortex glass phases of Bi_2Sr_2CaCu_2O_{8+\delta} by the Josephson plasma resonance. The measurements revealed distinct features in the T- and H-dependencies of the plasma frequency $\omega_{pl}$ for each of these three vortex phases. When going across either the Bragg-to-vortex glass or the Bragg-to-liquid transition line, $\omega_{pl}$ shows a dramatic change. We provide a quantitative discussion on the properties of these phase transitions, including the first order nature of the Bragg-to-vortex glass transition.
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