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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 297825 matches for " J. Shams "
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Obsessive-Compulsive Cognitions, Symptoms and Religiousness in an Iranian Population  [PDF]
Giti Shams, Irena Milosevic
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2013.411084

Individual differences in obsessive-compulsive (OC) behavior in various cultures appear to be associated with religiosity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of religion in OC symptoms and cognitions in distinctly low and high religious groups from a normal community sample of 119 Iranian Muslims. Specifically, we compared the two groups on OC cognitions and symptoms, and we examined the correlations between the cognitive and symptom measures within each group. There was a trend for the high religious group to produce greater scores than those in the low religious group on the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ) subscale of threat overestimation and responsibility. Furthermore, participants that were more religious achieved significantly higher scores on the Penn Inventory of Scrupulosity and on its Fear of God subscale. Although a number of significant correlations were observed between OBQ and Padua Inventory total and subscale scores, particularly in the low religious group, there was no conclusive relationship between religiosity and OC behavior and obsessional beliefs. Religion appears to be one more arena where OC symptoms expressed, rather than being a determinant of the disorder.

A Comparison between Modified Sumudu Decomposition Method and Homotopy Perturbation Method  [PDF]
Shams A. Ahmed
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/am.2018.93014
In this paper, we present a comparative study between the modified Sumudu decomposition method (MSDM) and homotopy perturbation method (HPM). The study outlines the important features of the two methods. The analysis will be explained by discussing the nonhomogeneous Kortewege-de Vries (KdV) problems.
Preliminary Evaluation of New Quinoa Genotypes under Sandy Soil Conditions in Egypt  [PDF]
Amr S. Shams
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/as.2018.911100
Abstract: Field trial was carried out at Ismailia Research Station, Ismailia Governorate, Egypt to evaluate some quinoa genotypes under arid environment of sandy soil for identifying its agronomic potentiality, chemical composition and economic opportunity. Nine quinoa genotypes including six Peruvian varieties (Amarilla Marangani, Amarilla Sacaca, Blanca de Junin, Kancolla, Salcedo INIA and Rosada de Huancayo) and three new accessions (QS14, QS16 and QS17-2) were compared in randomized complete block design with three replications. The results revealed that quinoa proved success in sandy soil with suitable grain yield under Egyptian conditions. QS17-2 accession stays only from 115 to 120 days in the field according to environmental factors and treated as short duration accession, while growth duration of the four varieties; Blanca de Junin, Kancolla, Salcedo INIA and Rosada de Huancayo, as well as, accessions of QS14 and QS16 were moderate. Amarilla Marangani and Amarilla Sacaca varieties had the longest duration genotypes. Amarilla Sacaca and Amarilla Marangani varieties, as well as, QS17-2 accession gave the highest grain yield compared with the other genotypes. The highest protein content in quinoa grains was 13.60%, which recorded from QS17-2 accession, while the lowest value (10.75%) was recorded by Blanca de Junin variety. Moreover, Salcedo INIA variety had the lowest saponins content in quinoa grains (0.07%) while QS16 accession recorded the highest content (0.22%). The economic evaluation gave a clear indicator of the lower farm prices of quinoa grains in Egypt (US$ 1000/ton), which gives a comparative advantage to Egypt in the MENA region for quinoa exportation.
Classification of Health Structural Indicators Using Scalogram Model in Golestan Province, Northern Iran
M Bahadori,L Shams,J Sadeghifar,P Hamouzadeh
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 2012,
Abstract: Background:One of the main and basic pillars of health system promotion is the equitable distribution of health facilities in order to ensure fair access of people in the community to the health services.The goal of this study was to classify the health structural indicators in Golestan Province using Scalogram analysis model.Method: A descriptive study was conducted in 2010. Data related to indicators in 3 categories of institutional, human resources and rural health and their indicators were collected using statistical yearbook. Data analysis was done using SPSS software and scalogram analysis model.Results:There is large gap between health structural indicators in cities of Golestan Province.Aq Qala City with 97 score and Azad Shahr City with 41 score were the most and lowest scores respectively from enjoyment of health structural indicators. Generally, 18% of cities were in less developed level and only 27% of cities were developed level.Conclusion: To achieve a fair and balanced healthcare status in different provinces based on their state of development,plans should be arranged in order to reduce the gap in the access to healthcare facilities.
Multiple discharging sinuses: An unusual presentation caused by Absidia corymbifera
Kindo A,Shams N,Srinivasan V,Kalyani J
Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology , 2007,
Abstract: A case of zygomycosis presenting with non-healing multiple discharging sinuses in a diabetic patient is reported here. The debrided tissue on histopathological examination revealed dense infiltration with aseptate fungal hyphae. Potassium hydroxide mount showed hyaline aseptate hyphae suggestive of zygomycosis. On culture, Absidia corymbifera was isolated. The patient responded to surgical debridement and therapy with amphotericin B followed by itraconazole.
Evaluation of Health Outcomes with Relation to Intimate Partner Abuse among Pregnant Women Attending Gachsaran Hospitals in 2007
M. Dolatian,M. Gharache,M. Ahamadi,J. Shams
Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal , 2009,
Abstract: Background and ObjectivesIntimate partner abuse during pregnancy is a major problem associated with a variety of negative health outcomes. However, this relationship has not been adequately explored, especially in the developing countries. The present study seeks to determine the relationship between of intimate partner abuse and reproductive health outcome among pregnant women attending Gachsaran Hospitals in 2007.MethodsThis is a correlation descriptive study performed on 500 pregnant women attending Gachsaran hospitals chosen by convenience sampling. The data collecting instrument was a questionnaire which was completed by the researchers and consisted of the section: demographic characteristics of samples and their partners, questions related to abuse screening and information of health outcome. Validity and reliability of the tool were respectively established using content validity and test-retest technique.ResultsThe findings of this study indicated that 48/6% of women during pregnancy had suffered abuse from their husbands and there were significant correlations between abuse and unwanted pregnancy, inadequate prenatal visit, short birth interval, lack of use of contraceptive methods and delay in the initiation of breast feeding. (>p0.05 ). ConclusionAccording to the results of this study, intimate partner abuse can negatively affect reproductive health of pregnant women. It is therefore, necessary to detect cases of intimate partner violence at a primary health care level. Keywords: Violence; Outcome Assessment (Health Care); Pregnancy.
Registro de enfermedades respiratorias de origen laboral en Navarra Registry of occupational respiratory diseases in Navarre
K. Abú Shams,J. Boldú,G. Tiberio,A. Tabar
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra , 2005,
Abstract: Fundamento. Con objeto de analizar la incidencia y características de la patología respiratoria ocupacional en Navarra, se implantó en enero de 2002 el Registro de Enfermedades Respiratorias de Origen Laboral. Métodos. Los casos notificados por los médicos colaboradores durante los a os 2002, 2003 y 2004, se introdujeron en una base de datos dise ada para su análisis posterior, que constaba de distintas variables: sexo, edad, tabaco, servicio y médico declarante, diagnóstico, profesión y agente causal. Resultados. Se notificaron 125 casos. 97 varones (77,6%) y 28 mujeres (22,4%). La media de edad fue 55,4 a os. Ochenta y ocho pacientes no fumaban (70,4%) y 37 eran fumadores (29,6%). Neumología declaró 84 casos (67,2%) y Alergología 41 (32,8%). Los diagnósticos fueron: 50 casos de asma bronquial (40%), 31 de enfermedad pleural benigna (24,8%), 8 alveolitis alérgica extrínseca (6,4%), 8 mesotelioma (6,4%), 7 cáncer broncopulmonar (5,6%), 5 inhalaciones agudas (4%), 3 asbestosis (2,4%), 2 rinitis (1,6%), 1 RADS (0,8%) y 1 EPOC (0,8%). Las profesiones más declaradas: 13 pintura/barnizado (10,4%), 12 hilado de ovillos de amianto (9,6%) y 8 panadería/pastelería (6,4%). Como agentes causales principales: 49 casos de asbesto (39,2%), 15 isocianatos (12%) y 8 sílice (6,4%). Conclusiones. La patología más frecuente fue el asma bronquial, seguida de la enfermedad pleural benigna. La profesión más notificada era pintura/barnizado y en segundo lugar hilado de ovillos. El asbesto fue la primera sustancia implicada seguida de los isocianatos. La mayoría de pacientes eran varones y no fumadores. El Servicio de Neumología del Hospital Virgen del Camino notificó el mayor número de casos. El análisis de contraste de proporciones mostró cierta tendencia a la significación en rinitis, asma bronquial y asbestosis. Background. In January 2002 an occupational respiratory diseases record was established in Navarre so that the number and characteristics of the occupational respiratory pathology could be analysed. Methods. The cases reported by doctors who collaborated in 2002, 2003 and 2004, were entered in a database for subsequently analysis. This database has several variables: gender, age, tobacco habit, hospital department and notifying doctor, diagnosis, job and causal agent. Results. 125 cases were reported. 97 males (77.6%) and 28 females (22.4%). Average age was 55,4 years old. Eighty-eight were non-smokers (70.4%) and 37 were smokers (29.6%). Pneumology reported 84 cases (67.2%) and Allergology 41 (32.8%). The diagnoses were: 50 bronchial asthma (40%), 31 benign pleural
Biosorption of Mercury (II) from Aqueous Solutions by Zygnema fanicum Algae
Gh. Shams Khoramabadi,A. Jafari,J. Hasanvand Jamshidi
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: The ability of Zygnema fanicum algal biomass to remove Hg (II) is investigated. The mercury biosorption process is studied through batch experiments at different temperatures with regard to the influence of contact time, initial mercury, shaking, concentration and pH. Batch equilibrium tests showed that at pH 8.5 the maxima of mercury absorption rate (80%) obtained. By increasing initial concentration, absorption rate increases (increases up to 7.5 mg L-1 after that it is almost constant). Time contact has a direct effect on biosorption up to 60 min after that it is almost constant or desorption occurred. Temperature has no significant effect on absorption rate.
Breast Feeding and Motherhood
Salima Shams
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2011,
Abstract: Breast feeding is a natural way of feeding new born. Besides being a complete nutrition for a new born, it also provides immunity and enhances emotional bonding between mother and a child. Globally, infant morbidity and mortality ratio have been significantly reduced with the exclusive breast feeding practices for initial 6 months and up to 2 years of age. Every year, during 1st-7th August, International World Breast Feeding Day is celebrated in different countries. The aim of celebrating this day is to create awareness among people about the importance of breast feeding. Being a Muslim, we are privileged that breast feeding to a new born is usually encouraged in our families. Many nursing mothers wish to breast feed their neonates. However, due to inadequate knowledge about healthy practices during lactation, they encounter problems such as inadequate breast milk production, crack nipples and breast engorgement resulting in decline in breast feeding practices. Milk production in lactating mothers, can be enhanced with an early initiation of breast feeding to a new born, nursing mother intake of healthy diet and rest. With that, spousal and family support during post partum period is also crucial. Moreover, awareness sessions for pregnant, lactating mothers, their spouses and families about the significance of breast feeding to neonates and to families can also help in greater adherence to breast feeding practices. Crack nipple and breast engorgement are two frequent problems faced by nursing mothers which can be reduced by adopting frequent and proper technique of breast feeding practices.
The Professional Medical Journal , 2005,
Abstract: Objectives: trigeminal Neuralgia is a severe lancinating pain and isassociated with conflict between a vessel and 5th cranial nerve. Micro vascular Decompression (MVD) of the nerverelieves this pain. Material & Methods: We reviewed 60 patients who underwent MVD for medically intractabletrigeminal neuralgia. The outcome of procedure was assessed retrospectively. Results: Preoperative symptoms rangedfrom 3 months to 10 years. Right side of face was affected in 32 and left in 28 patients. Mandibular division (21.6%)was the most commonly involved branch for referred pain. Superior cerebellar artery was the commonest offendingvessel in 86.6% of cases. Trigeminal root entry zone location (70%) was the commonest site of conflict. Postoperativepain relief showed excellent results in 86.6%, good in 10.0% and poor in 3.4%. Recurrence rate was 1.5% per year.Conclusion: MVD is safe, effective and treatment of choice for trigeminal neuralgia.
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