Abstract:
Space dimensionality is a crucial variable in the analysis of the structure and dynamics of natural systems and phenomena. The dimensionality effects of the blackbody radiation has been the subject of considerable research activity in recent years. These studies are still somewhat fragmentary, pos- ing formidable qualitative and quantitative problems for various scientific and technological areas. In this work we carry out an information-theoretical analysis of the spectral energy density of a d-dimensional blackbody at temperature T by means of various entropy-like quantities (disequilibrium, Shannon entropy, Fisher information) as well as by three (dimensionless) complexity measures (Cr\'amer-Rao, Fisher-Shannon and LMC). All these frequency-functional quantities are calculated and discussed in terms of temperature and dimensionality. It is shown that all three measures of complexity have an universal character in the sense that they depend neither on temperature nor on the Planck and Boltzmann constants, but only on the the space dimensionality d. Moreover, they decrease when d is increasing; in particular, the values 2.28415, 1.90979 and 1.17685 are found for the Cr\'amer-Rao, Fisher-Shannon and LMC measures of complexity of the 3-dimensional blackbody radiation, respectively. In addition, beyond the frequency at which the spectral density is maximum (which follows the well-known Wien displacement law), three further characteristic frequencies are defined in terms of the previous entropy quantities; they are shown to obey Wien-like laws. The potential usefulness of these distinctive features of the blackbody spectrum is physically discussed.

Abstract:
The half-line one-dimensional Coulomb potential is possibly the simplest D-dimensional model with physical solutions which has been proved to be successful to describe the behaviour of Rydberg atoms in external fields and the dynamics of surface-state electrons in liquid helium, with potential applications in constructing analog quantum computers and other fields. Here, we investigate the spreading and uncertaintylike properties for the ground and excited states of this system by means of the logarithmic measure and the information-theoretic lengths of Renyi, Shannon and Fisher types; so, far beyond the Heisenberg measure. In particular, the Fisher length (which is a local quantity of internal disorder) is shown to be the proper measure of uncertainty for our system in both position and momentum spaces. Moreover the position Fisher length of a given physical state turns out to be not only directly proportional to the number of nodes of its associated wavefunction, but also it follows a square-root energy law.

Abstract:
The stationary states of the half-line Coulomb potential are described by quantum-mechanical wavefunctions which are controlled by the Laguerre polynomials $L_n^{(1)}(x$). Here we first calculate the $q$th-order frequency or entropic moments of this quantum system, which is controlled by some entropic functionals of the Laguerre polynomials. These functionals are shown to be equal to a Lauricella function $F_A^{(2q+1)}(\frac{1}{q},...,\frac{1}{q},1)$ by use of the Srivastava-Niukkanen linearization relation of Laguerre polynomials. The resulting general expressions are applied to obtain the following information-theoretic quantities of the half-line Coulomb potential: disequilibrium, Renyi and Tsallis entropies. An alternative and simpler expression for the linear entropy is also found by means of a different method. Then, the Shannon entropy and the LMC or shape complexity of the lowest and highest (Rydberg) energetic states are explicitly given; moreover, sharp information-theoretic-based upper bounds to these quantities are found for general physical states. These quantities are numerically discussed for the ground and various excited states. Finally, the uncertainty measures of the half-line Coulomb potential given by the information-theoretic lengths are discussed.

Abstract:
The charge spreading of ground and excited states of Klein-Gordon particles moving in a Coulomb potential is quantitatively analyzed by means of the ordinary moments and the Heisenberg measure as well as by use of the most relevant information-theoretic measures of global (Shannon entropic power) and local (Fisher's information) types. The dependence of these complementary quantities on the nuclear charge Z and the quantum numbers characterizing the physical states is carefully discussed. The comparison of the relativistic Klein-Gordon and non-relativistic Schrodinger values is made. The non-relativistic limits at large principal quantum number n and for small values of Z are also reached.

Abstract:
The Fisher information of the classical orthogonal polynomials with respect to a parameter is introduced, its interest justified and its explicit expression for the Jacobi, Laguerre, Gegenbauer and Grosjean polynomials found.

Abstract:
The Fisher-Shannon and Cramer-Rao information measures, and the LMC-like or shape complexity (i.e., the disequilibrium times the Shannon entropic power) of hydrogenic stationary states are investigated in both position and momentum spaces. First, it is shown that not only the Fisher information and the variance (then, the Cramer-Rao measure) but also the disequilibrium associated to the quantum-mechanical probability density can be explicitly expressed in terms of the three quantum numbers (n, l, m) of the corresponding state. Second, the three composite measures mentioned above are analytically, numerically and physically discussed for both ground and excited states. It is observed, in particular, that these configuration complexities do not depend on the nuclear charge Z. Moreover, the Fisher-Shannon measure is shown to quadratically depend on the principal quantum number n. Finally, sharp upper bounds to the Fisher-Shannon measure and the shape complexity of a general hydrogenic orbital are given in terms of the quantum numbers.

Abstract:
The internal disorder of a D-dimensional hydrogenic system, which is strongly associated to the non-uniformity of the quantum-mechanical density of its physical states, is investigated by means of the shape complexity in the two reciprocal spaces. This quantity, which is the product of the disequilibrium or averaging density and the Shannon entropic power, is mathematically expressed for both ground and excited stationary states in terms of certain entropic functionals of Laguerre and Gegenbauer (or ultraspherical) polynomials. We emphasize the ground and circular states, where the complexity is explicitly calculated and discussed by means of the quantum numbers and dimensionality. Finally, the position and momentum shape complexities are numerically discussed for various physical states and dimensionalities, and the dimensional and Rydberg energy limits as well as their associated uncertainty products are explicitly given. As a byproduct, it is shown that the shape complexity of the system in a stationary state does not depend on the strength of the Coulomb potential involved.

Abstract:
The complexity measures of the Cr\'amer-Rao, Fisher-Shannon and LMC (L\'opez-Ruiz, Mancini and Calvet) types of the Rakhmanov probability density $\rho_n(x)=\omega(x) p_n^2(x)$ of the polynomials $p_n(x)$ orthogonal with respect to the weight function $\omega(x)$, $x\in (a,b)$, are used to quantify various two-fold facets of the spreading of the Hermite, Laguerre and Jacobi systems all over their corresponding orthogonality intervals in both analytical and computational ways. Their explicit (Cr\'amer-Rao) and asymptotical (Fisher-Shannon, LMC) values are given for the three systems of orthogonal polynomials. Then, these complexity-type mathematical quantities are numerically examined in terms of the polynomial's degree $n$ and the parameters which characterize the weight function. Finally, several open problems about the generalised hypergeometric functions of Lauricella and Srivastava-Daoust types, as well as on the asymptotics of weighted $L_q$-norms of Laguerre and Jacobi polynomials are pointed out.

Abstract:
The direct spreading measures of the Laguerre polynomials, which quantify the distribution of its Rakhmanov probability density along the positive real line in various complementary and qualitatively different ways, are investigated. These measures include the familiar root-mean-square or standard deviation and the information-theoretic lengths of Fisher, Renyi and Shannon types. The Fisher length is explicitly given. The Renyi length of order q (such that 2q is a natural number) is also found in terms of the polynomials parameters by means of two error-free computing approaches; one makes use of the Lauricella functions, which is based on the Srivastava-Niukkanen linearization relation of Laguerre polynomials, and another one which utilizes the multivariate Bell polynomials of Combinatorics. The Shannon length cannot be exactly calculated because of its logarithmic-functional form, but its asymptotics is provided and sharp bounds are obtained by use of an information-theoretic optimization procedure. Finally, all these spreading measures are mutually compared and computationally analyzed; in particular, it is found that the apparent quasi-linear relation between the Shannon length and the standard deviation becomes rigorously linear only asymptotically (i.e. for n>>1).

Abstract:
The measure of Jensen-Fisher divergence between probability distributions is introduced and its theoretical grounds set up. This quantity, in contrast to the remaining Jensen divergences, is very sensitive to the fluctuations of the probability distributions because it is controlled by the (local) Fisher information, which is a gradient functional of the distribution. So, it is appropriate and informative when studying the similarity of distributions, mainly for those having oscillatory character. The new Jensen-Fisher divergence shares with the Jensen-Shannon divergence the following properties: non-negativity, additivity when applied to an arbitrary number of probability densities, symmetry under exchange of these densities, vanishing if and only if all the densities are equal, and definiteness even when these densities present non-common zeros. Moreover, the Jensen-Fisher divergence is shown to be expressed in terms of the relative Fisher information as the Jensen-Shannon divergence does in terms of the Kullback-Leibler or relative Shannon entropy. Finally the Jensen-Shannon and Jensen-Fisher divergences are compared for the following three large, non-trivial and qualitatively different families of probability distributions: the sinusoidal, generalized gamma-like and Rakhmanov-Hermite distributions.