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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 298889 matches for " J. Hossain "
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Error Performance Analysis to Increase Capacity of A Cellular System Using SDMA
Md. M. Hossain,J. Hossain
Computer Science , 2010,
Abstract: One of the biggest drawbacks of the wireless environment is the limited bandwidth. However, the users sharing this limited bandwidth have been increasing considerably.Space Division Multiple Access (SDMA) is a new technology by which the capacity of existing mobile communication systems can economically be increased. This paper has been presented how the capacity can be enhanced by using SDMA with smart antennas in mobile communications system. Based on Adaptive Antenna Array (AAA) technology the spatial dimension of the existing system is exploited by means of forming independent radio beams in each of the original channels. This paper analyses the comparison of average Bit Error Rate (BER) of SDMA and CDMA technique and the different ways in which SDMA can be introduced to increase the capacity of a cellular system. The probability of error is found for a standard omni directional base station antenna, and another set of curves is found for flat top beam having a directivity of 5.1dB. It is assumed that k separate flat top beams can be formed by base station and pointed each of the k users within the cell of interest. Noticing that for an average probability of error greater than 0.1 in a propagation path loss environment of n=4, the flat top beam will support 200 users, whereas the omni-directional antenna will support only 50 users. This increase the number of user is roughly equal to the directivity offered by the flat top beam system, and illustrates the promise SDMA offers for improving capacity in wireless system. Here multipath fading is not considered.
Is there racial/ethnic variance in cervical cancer- specific survival of older women in the united states?
L Holmes, J Hossain
International Journal of Health Research , 2009,
Abstract: Purpose: To examine racial/ethnic differences in cervical carcinoma survival of older US women, as well as the impact of income, cell type (tumor histology), tumor stage and treatment on survival of this cohort. Methods: A population-based cohort of women diagnosed with incident cervical carcinoma, between 1992 and 1999, in the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Data was linked with Medicare to examine the impact of race/ethnicity on overall and cancer-specific survival, using Kaplan Meier survival estimates and multivariable Cox Regression model. Results: There was no significant racial/ethnic variation in overall and cervical cancer-specific survival. However, the advanced tumor stage at diagnosis, treatment received and advanced age at tumor diagnosis were the only significant predictors of survival. Compared with no surgery, there was a significant 66% decreased risk of dying from overall cause of death (adjusted hazard ratio, AHR = 0.34, 5% Confidence Interval, CI = 0.26-0.46), and significant 51% decreased risk of dying from cervical cancer-specific cause, AHR = 0.41, 95% CI, 0.28-0.58, for women who received radical surgery. There was a dose-response effect between tumor stage at diagnosis and survival. Relative to women who were diagnosed with stage I tumor (early stage), those who were diagnosed at stage IV (late stage) were almost three times as likely to die from overall cause (AHR = 2.78, 95% CI, 2.24 – 3.45), as well as two times as likely to die from cancer-specific cause, AHR = 2.28, 95% CI, 1.76 – 2.29. The risk of dying also significantly increased with advancing age. Conclusion: There was no racial/ethnic variance in overall and cervical cancer-specific survival among older US women but survival was significantly influenced by treatment received tumor stage at diagnosis and age at diagnosis.
Fruit Setting Behaviour of Passion Fruit  [PDF]
Mira Rani Das, Tofazzal Hossain, M. A. Baset Mia, J. U. Ahmed, A. J. M. Sirajul Kariman, M. Mofazzal Hossain
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2013.45132

Passion fruit has great prospective to fascinate fruit consumer for its taste and delicious fruit juice and improvement of the economic condition of the fruit grower in the developing countries. The self-incompatibility in the passion fruits is an imperative reason to be considered regarding fruit production. Pollination is an essential for self-sterile crops as passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims.). The experiment was conducted in the field and laboratories of the Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Salna, Gazipur, Bangladesh to investigate the fruit setting behavior of passion fruits at during five flashes. We estimated to study fruit setting behavior of passion fruit at different flashes and determine effective pollination method and suitable flashes among five flashes. Result revealed that percent of fruit set of passion fruit was recorded highest; Seeds per plant were recorded highest in third flash when flowers were pollinated by hand compared with self-, and natural pollinations. Length-breadth ratios of fruits in third flashes were recorded higher when pollinates by hand. Individual fruit weight was also recorded higher at third flash. Plants required minimum days from flower anthesis to full maturity during third flash. On the other hand, fruit growth behavior of hand pollinated flowers was recorded higher during third flash of passion fruit. Results indicated that all studied characteristics of fruit and seed of passion fruit of third flash performed best.

An Econometric Analysis for CO2 Emissions, Energy Consumption, Economic Growth, Foreign Trade and Urbanization of Japan  [PDF]
Sharif Hossain
Low Carbon Economy (LCE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/lce.2012.323013
Abstract: This paper examines the dynamic causal relationship between carbon dioxide emissions, energy consumption, economic growth, foreign trade and urbanization using time series data for the period of 1960-2009. Short-run unidirectional causalities are found from energy consumption and trade openness to carbon dioxide emissions, from trade openness to energy consumption, from carbon dioxide emissions to economic growth, and from economic growth to trade openness. The test results also support the evidence of existence of long-run relationship among the variables in the form of Equation (1) which also conform the results of bounds and Johansen conintegration tests. It is found that over time higher energy consumption in Japan gives rise to more carbon dioxide emissions as a result the environment will be polluted more. But in respect of economic growth, trade openness and urbanization the environmental quality is found to be normal good in the long-run.
Application of Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in the Energy Intensive Industry to Promote Low Carbon Industrial Development in Bangladesh  [PDF]
Tahazzud Hossain
Low Carbon Economy (LCE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/lce.2015.63009
Abstract: The consumption of natural resources (e.g. raw material, water & energy) in the industries is bringing welfare to the society but per unit of product from the industry is linked with the generation of environmental pollutants and emissions. Resource constraints and climate crisis have come into focus globally; particularly it has become one of the major concerns in the Asia Pacific region. At present, the countries in the Asia Pacific use resources three times greater than the rest of the world to generate one unit of GDP. These countries are more vulnerable to the impacts of resource constraints and climate change. Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) has come as a preventive environmental measure to facilitate pollution prevention and reduce carbon intensity per unit of products along with financial profit of the industry. Bangladesh has been considered as one of the transition economies in the South Asia. Industrial sector supports second largest share to the GDP of Bangladesh. The industrial productivity in the country is solely dependent on the locally available natural gas and imported raw materials. Energy Efficiency (EE) and Cleaner Production (CP) measures in the industry can facilitate the promotion of low carbon industrial development through pollution prevention and energy conservation. The main objective of this research is to identify the policy instruments for the promotion of low carbon industrial development in Bangladesh within RECP framework. In this research, ceramics sector has been taken as a research unit. Based on the research objective, three research strategies have been followed which are: 1) review of the existing Environmental Policy, Industrial Policy and Energy Policy of Bangladesh, 2) review of the relevant measures adopted in the regional countries, and 3) case study in a ceramic industry. Stakeholder consultation has been conducted to identify appropriate policy instruments based on multi-criteria evaluation. Through this research, eleven policy instruments have been identified in connection with the promotion of RECP measures in the country with the target of developing low carbon industrial operation. Among the eleven policy instruments seven policy instruments have been identified as prioritized policy instruments based on multi-criteria evaluation through stakeholder consultation. Apart from the prioritized policy instruments the Government of Bangladesh (GoB) has to make realistic sector wise policies and specific policy targets to be achieved within timeline. The GoB has to increase
Bis[4-amino-N-(pyrimidin-2-yl-κN)benzenesulfonamidato-κN](4,4′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine-κ2N,N′)cadmium dimethylformamide disolvate
G. M. Golzar Hossain,A. J. Amoroso
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2012, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536812004412
Abstract: In the title compound, [Cd(C10H9N4O2S)2(C12H12N2)]·2C3H7NO, the CdII ion lies on a twofold rotation axis, is six-coordinated by N atoms, and displays a trigonal–prismatic geometry arising from the two sulfadiazinate ligands and one 4,4′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine ligand. Both ligands are bidentate and coordinate via their N atoms. The O and carbonyl C atoms of the dimethylformamide molecule show disorder and were modelled with two different orientations and with site occupancies of 0.584 (10):0.416 (10). The geometry around the sulfadiazine S atom is distorted tetrahedral. The crystal structure involves N—H...O hydrogen bonds which link molecules into a three-dimensional network. Weak C—H...O hydrogen bonds are also observed.
Cooperative Beamforming for Cognitive Radio-Based Broadcasting Systems with Asynchronous Interferences
Mai H. Hassan,Md. J. Hossain
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: In order to address the asynchronous interference issue for a generalized scenario with multiple primary and multiple secondary receivers, in this paper, we propose an innovative cooperative beamforming technique. In particular, the cooperative beamforming design is formulated as an optimization problem that maximizes the weighted sum achievable transmission rate of secondary destinations while it maintains the asynchronous interferences at the primary receivers below their target thresholds. In light of the intractability of the problem, we propose a two-phase suboptimal cooperative beamforming technique. First, it finds the beamforming directions corresponding to different secondary destinations. Second, it allocates the power among different beamforming directions. Due to the multiple interference constraints corresponding to multiple primary receivers, the power allocation scheme in the second phase is still complex. Therefore, we also propose a low complex power allocation algorithm. The proposed beamforming technique is extended for the cases, when cooperating CR nodes (CCRNs) have statistical or erroneous channel knowledge of the primary receivers. We also investigate the performance of joint CCRN selection and beamforming technique. The presented numerical results show that the proposed beamforming technique can significantly reduce the asynchronous interference signals at the primary receivers and increase the sum transmission rate of secondary destinations compared to the well known zero-forcing beamforming (ZFBF) technique.
SSR marker-based molecular characterization and genetic diversity analysis of aromatic landreces of rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Journal of BioScience and Biotechnology , 2012,
Abstract: Molecular characterization of the genotypes gives precise information about the extent of genetic diversity which helps in the development of an appropriate breeding program. In the present study, a total of 24 SSR markers were used across 12 elite aromatic rice genotypes for their characterization and discrimination. Among these 24 markers 9 microsatellite markers were showed polymorphism. The number of alleles per locus ranged from 2 alleles (RM510, RM244, and RM277) to 6 alleles (RM 163), with an average of 3.33 alleles across 9 loci obtained in the study. The polymorphic information content values ranged from 0.14 (RM510) to 0.71 (RM163) in all 9 loci with an average of 0.48. RM163 was found the best marker for the identification of 12 genotypes as revealed by PIC values. The frequency of most common allele at each locus ranged from 41% (RM163, RM590, and RM413) to 91% (RM510). The pair-wise genetic dissimilarity co-efficient indicated that the highest genetic distance was obtained between Basmati PNR 346 and Deepa; Basmati PNR 346 and Patnai-23; Dolargura and Sugandha; Bhogganijia and Sugandha; and finally between Dolargura and Chinikani (88.89%). Opchaya, Basmati PNR 346 and Sugandha had close similarity among them but showed wide dissimilarity with other genotypes. Being grouped into distant clusters Dolargura and Opchaya could be utilized as potential parents for the improvement of fine grain aromatic rice varieties. Genotypes Deepa and Patnai-23 (having zero dissimilarity) might have possessed somewhat similar genetic background and more markers are needed to discriminate them. The microsatellite marker based molecular fingerprinting could serve as a sound basis in the identification of genetically distant accessions as well as in the duplicate sorting of the morphologically close accessions.
Recurrent Support and Relevance Vector Machines Based Model with Application to Forecasting Volatility of Financial Returns  [PDF]
Altaf Hossain, Mohammed Nasser
Journal of Intelligent Learning Systems and Applications (JILSA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jilsa.2011.34026
Abstract: In the recent years, the use of GARCH type (especially, ARMA-GARCH) models and computational-intelligence-based techniques—Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Relevance Vector Machine (RVM) have been successfully used for financial forecasting. This paper deals with the application of ARMA-GARCH, recurrent SVM (RSVM) and recurrent RVM (RRVM) in volatility forecasting. Based on RSVM and RRVM, two GARCH methods are used and are compared with parametric GARCHs (Pure and ARMA-GARCH) in terms of their ability to forecast multi-periodically. These models are evaluated on four performance metrics: MSE, MAE, DS, and linear regression R squared. The real data in this study uses two Asian stock market composite indices of BSE SENSEX and NIKKEI225. This paper also examines the effects of outliers on modeling and forecasting volatility. Our experiment shows that both the RSVM and RRVM perform almost equally, but better than the GARCH type models in forecasting. The ARMA-GARCH model is superior to the pure GARCH and only the RRVM with RSVM hold the robustness properties in forecasting.
In Vitro Organogenesis of Colocasia esculenta cv. Antiquorum L.  [PDF]
Md. Jahangir Hossain
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2012.36085
Abstract: In vitro organogenesis of an upland species of Colocasia esculenta cv. antiquorum L. was examined in relation to different explants like meristem and parenchymatous storage tissues with or without anthocyanin layer, four levels of each of Kn, 2,4-D, NAA and BAP and four incubation environments such as: 1) 16 h 3 Kl light intensity + 24°C ± 2°C; 2) 24 h dark + 24°C ± 2°C; 3) 24 h dark + 30°C ± 3°C and 4) 12 h diffuse light + 30°C ± 3°C. Only meristems showed proliferation with various degree of intensity both at 16 h 3 Kl light + 24°C ± 2°C and 24 h dark + 24°C ± 2°C conditions and poor response with different levels of Kn + NAA either in light or in the dark. Cultures with NAA + BAP were proliferated very quickly with very high degree of intensity. The cultures under dark did not proliferate for 20 days which upon transfer to light showed high degree of proliferation. Cultures with NAA + BAP formed calluses more pronouncedly at dark than that occurred in the light. Parenchymatous tissues with or without anthocyanin did not proliferate but the tissues with anthocyanin lost pigmentation after 25 - 30 days and turned to grey colour after 50 days while tissues without anthocyanin turned to green colour with shinny pimples indicating that protocorm may be developed. No culture under high temperature environment (30°C ± 3°C) neither survived nor proliferated. The meristems in culture were died within 15 - 20 days while others within 25-30 days. In conclusion, a combination of NAA (0.5 - 3.0 mg/l) and BAP (0.5 - 2.0 mg/l) and an incubation photoperiod of 16 h coupled with temperature of 24°C ± 2°C were found most suitable for in vitro culture of Colocasia esculenta cv. antiquorum L.
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