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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 297502 matches for " J. Daillant "
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Aging mechanism in tunable Pickering emulsion
S. Fouilloux,A. Thill,J. Daillant,F. Malloggi
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: We study the stability of a model Pickering emulsion system. A special counter-flow microfluidics set-up was used to prepare monodisperse Pickering emulsions, with oil droplets in water. The wettability of the monodisperse silica nanoparticles (NPs) could be tuned by surface grafting and the surface coverage of the droplets was controlled using the microfluidics setup. A surface coverage as low as 23$\%$ is enough to stabilize the emulsions and we evidence a new regime of Pickering emulsion stability where the surface coverage of emulsion droplets of constant size increases in time, in coexistence with a large amount of dispersed phase. Our results demonstrate that the previously observed limited coalescence regime where surface coverage tends to control the average size of the final droplets must be put in a broader perspective.
Experimental determination of the entropic potential between supported fluctuating lipid bilayers
L. Malaquin,T. Charitat,J. Daillant,S. Lecuyer,G. Fragneto
Physics , 2010,
Abstract: The interaction potential between supported floating bilayers has been determined by grazing incidence specular and off-specular scattering using synchrotron radiation. Our measurements demonstrate that floating bilayers are significantly more hydrated than the usually studied multilayers, therefore giving access to more intrinsic properties of the membranes. At equilibrium, the interaction potential can be two orders of magnitude softer than previously reported, which can be explained by the weak electrostatic interaction due to the small fraction (sigma ~ 0.001 e$^-$/nm$^2$) of ionized lipids in the bilayers. Our data are sensitive enough to discriminate between different functional forms of the entropic repulsion proposed in the literature, and the "soft" potential of R. Podgornik and V. Parsegian, Langmuir 8, 557 (1992) is shown to most appropriately describe our data.
Microscopic measurement of the linear compressibilities of two-dimensional fatty acid mesophases
C. Fradin,J. Daillant,A. Braslau,D. Luzet,M. Alba,M. Goldmann
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1007/s100510050152
Abstract: The linear compressibility of two-dimensional fatty acid mesophases has determined by grazing incidence x-ray diffraction. Surface pressure vs molecular area isotherms were reconstructed from these measurements, and the linear compressibility (relative distortion along a given direction for isotropic applied stress) was determined both in the sample plane and in a plane normal to the aliphatic chain director (transverse plane). The linear compressibilities range over two orders of magnitude from 0.1 to 10 m/N and are distributed depending on their magnitude in 4 different sets which we are able to associate with different molecular mechanisms. The largest compressibilities (10m/N) are observed in the tilted phases. They are apparently independent of the chain length and could be related to the reorganization of the headgroup hydrogen-bounded network, whose role should be revalued. Intermediate compressibilities are observed in phases with quasi long-range order (directions normal to the molecular tilt in L_2 or L_2' phases, S phase), and could be related to the ordering of these phases. The lowest compressibilities are observed in the solid untilted CS phase and for 1 direction of the S and L_2'' phases. They are similar to the compressibility of crystalline polymers and correspond to the interactions between methyl groups in the crystal. Finally, negative compressibilities are observed in the transverse plane for L_2' and L_2'' phases and can be traced to subtle reorganizations upon untilting.
HERITAGE: the concept of a giant flux neutron reflectometer for the exploration of 3-d structure of free-standing and solid interfaces in thin films
S. Mattauch,A. Ioffe,D. Lott,L. Bottyán,M. Markó,T. Veres,S. Sajti,J. Daillant,A. Menelle
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: The instrumental concept of HERITAGE - a reflectometer with a horizontal sample geometry - fitted to the long pulse structure of a neutron source is presented. It is dedicated on creating a new class of reflectometers achieving the unprecedentedly high flux for classical specular reflectometry combined with off-specular reflectometry and grazing incidence small-angle scattering (GISANS), thus resulting in a complete 3-d exploration for lateral structures in thin films. This is achieved by specially designed neutron guides: in the horizontal direction (perpendicular to the scattering plane) it has an elliptic shape and focusses neutrons onto the sample. In the vertical direction it has a multichannel geometry providing a smooth divergence distribution at the sample while accepting the whole beam from a compact high-brilliance flat moderator. The modular collimation setup of HERITAGE provides an extremely high flexibility in respect to sample geometries and environments, including the possibility to study all types of solid and liquid interfaces statically or kinetically. Moreover, the use of multiple beam illumination allows for reflectivity and GISANS measurements at liquid interfaces both from above and below without any movement of the sample. This concept assures that reflectivity and GISANS measurements can be performed in its best way as the maximum possible and usable flux is delivered to the sample, outperforming all present-day or already planned for the ESS reflectometers and GISANS setups in flux and in measuring time for standard samples.
Investigating liquid surfaces down to the nanometer scale using grazing incidence x-ray scattering
C. Fradin,A. Braslau,D. Luzet,M. Alba,C. Gourier,J. Daillant,G. Gruebel,G. Vignaud,J. -F. Legrand,J. Lal J. -M. Petit,F. Rieutord
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1016/S0921-4526(98)00255-5
Abstract: Grazing incidence x-ray surface scattering has been used to investigate liquid surfaces down to the molecular scale. The free surface of water is well described by the capillary wave model ( ~ q-2 spectrum) up to wavevectors > 10^8 m^-1. At larger wavevectors near-surface acoustic waves must be taken into account. When the interface is bounded by a surfactant monolayer, it exhibits a bending stiffness and the bending rigidity modulus can be measured. However, bending effects generally cannot be described using the Helfrich Hamiltonian and the characteristic exponent in the roughness power spectrum can smaller than 4. Finally, upon compression, tethered monolayers formed on a subphase containing divalent ions are shown to buckle in the third dimension with a characteristic wavelength on the order of 10^8 m^-1.
Supported bilayers: combined specular and diffuse x-ray scattering
Linda Malaquin,Thierry Charitat,Jean Daillant
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: A new method is proposed for the analysis of specular and off-specular reflectivity from supported lipid bilayers. Both thermal fluctuations and the "static" roughness induced by the substrate are carefully taken into account. Examples from supported bilayers and more complex systems comprising a bilayer adsorbed or grafted on the substrate and another "floating" bilayer are given. The combined analysis of specular and off-specular reflectivity allows the precise determination of the structure of adsorbed and floating bilayers, their tension, bending rigidity and interaction potentials. We show that this new method gives a unique opportunity to investigate phenomena like protusion modes of adsorbed bilayers and opens the way to the investigation of more complex systems including different kinds of lipids, cholesterol or peptides.
Easy orientation of diblock copolymers on self-assembled monolayers using UV irradiation
Pang-Hung Liu,Patrick Guenoun,Jean Daillant
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1021/ma9021357
Abstract: A simple method based on UV/ozone treatment is proposed to control the surface energy of dense grafted silane layers for orientating block copolymer mesophases. Our method allows one to tune the surface energy down to a fraction of a mN/m. We show that related to the surface, perpendicular orientation of a lamellar phase of a PS-PMMA diblock copolymer (neutral surface) is obtained for a critical surface energy of 23.9-25.7 mN/m. Perpendicular cylinders are obtained for 24.6 mN/m and parallel cylinders for 26.8 mN/m.
Controlling interactions in supported bilayers from weak electrostatic repulsion to high osmotic pressure
Arnaud Hemmerle,Linda Malaquin,Thierry Charitat,Sigolène Lecuyer,Giovanna Fragneto,Jean Daillant
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1211669109
Abstract: Understanding interactions between membranes requires measurements on well-controlled systems close to natural conditions, in which fluctuations play an important role. We have determined, by grazing incidence X-ray scattering, the interaction potential between two lipid bilayers, one adsorbed on a solid surface and the other floating close by. We find that interactions in this highly hydrated model system are two orders of magnitude softer than in previously reported work on multilayer stacks. This is attributed to the weak electrostatic repulsion due to the small fraction of ionized lipids in supported bilayers with a lower number of defects. Our data are consistent with the Poisson-Boltzmann theory, in the regime where repulsion is dominated by the entropy of counter ions. We also have unique access to very weak entropic repulsion potentials, which allowed us to discriminate between the various models proposed in the literature. We further demonstrate that the interaction potential between supported bilayers can be tuned at will by applying osmotic pressure, providing a way to manipulate these model membranes, thus considerably enlarging the range of biological or physical problems that can be addressed.
Tailoring Nanostructures Using Copolymer Nanoimprint Lithography
Pascal Thebault,Stefan Niedermayer,Stefan Landis,Nicolas Chaix,Patrick Guenoun,Jean Daillant,Xingkun Man,David Andelman,Henri Orland
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1002/adma.201103532
Abstract: Finding affordable ways of generating high-density ordered nanostructures that can be transferred to a substrate is a major challenge for industrial applications like memories or optical devices with high resolution features. In this work, we report on a novel technique to direct self-assembled structures of block copolymers by NanoImprint Lithography. Surface energy of a reusable mold and nanorheology are used to organize the copolymers in defect-free structures over tens of micrometers in size. Versatile and controlled in-plane orientations of about 25 nm half-period lamellar nanostructures are achieved and, in particular, include applications to circular tracks of magnetic reading heads.
Organization of Block Copolymers using NanoImprint Lithography: Comparison of Theory and Experiments
Xingkun Man,Daivd Andelman,Henri Orland,Pascal Thebault,Pang-Hung Liu,Patrick Guenoun,Jean Daillant,Stefan Landis
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1021/ma102292v
Abstract: We present NanoImprint lithography experiments and modeling of thin films of block copolymers (BCP). The NanoImprint lithography is used to align perpendicularly lamellar phases, over distances much larger than the natural lamellar periodicity. The modeling relies on self-consistent field calculations done in two- and three-dimensions. We get a good agreement with the NanoImprint lithography setups. We find that, at thermodynamical equilibrium, the ordered BCP lamellae are much better aligned than when the films are deposited on uniform planar surfaces.
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