Abstract:
The role of anyonic excitations in fast rotating harmonically trapped Bose gases in a fractional Quantum Hall State is examined. Standard Chern-Simons anyons as well as "non standard" anyons obtained from a statistical interaction having Maxwell-Chern-Simons dynamics and suitable non minimal coupling to matter are considered. Their respective ability to stabilize attractive Bose gases under fast rotation in the thermodynamical limit is studied. Stability can be obtained for standard anyons while for non standard anyons, stability requires that the range of the corresponding statistical interaction does not exceed the typical wavelength for the atoms.

Abstract:
We review the main features of a mathematical framework encompassing some of the salient quantum mechanical and geometrical aspects of Hall systems with finite size and general boundary conditions. Geometrical as well as algebraic structures controlling possibly the integral or fractional quantization of the Hall conductivity are discussed.

Abstract:
We analyze the action of the inhomogeneous modular group $\Gamma (2)$ on the three cusps of its principal fundamental domain in the Poincare half plane. From this, we obtain an exhaustive classification of the fractional quantum Hall numbers. This classification is somehow similar to the one given by Jain. We also present some resulting remarks concerning direct phase transitions between the different quantum Hall states.

Abstract:
We use a Chern Simons Landau-Ginzburg (CSLG) framework related to hierarchies of composite bosons to describe 2D harmonically trapped fast rotating Bose gases in Fractional Quantum Hall Effect (FQHE) states. The predicted values for $\nu$ (ratio of particle to vortex numbers) are $\nu$$=$${{p}\over{q}}$ ($p$, $q$ are any integers) with even product $pq$, including numerically favored values previously found and predicting a richer set of values. We show that those values can be understood from a bosonic analog of the law of the corresponding states relevant to the electronic FQHE. A tentative global phase diagram for the bosonic system for $\nu$$<$1 is also proposed.

Abstract:
We analyze various properties of the visibility diagrams that can be used in the context of modular symmetries and confront them to some recent experimental developments in the Quantum Hall Effect. We show that a suitable physical interpretation of the visibility diagrams which permits one to describe successfully the observed architecture of the Quantum Hall states gives rise naturally to a stripe structure reproducing some of the experimental features that have been observed in the study of the quantum fluctuations of the Hall conductance. Furthermore, we exhibit new properties of the visibility diagrams stemming from the structure of subgroups of the full modular group.

Abstract:
We construct a family of holomorphic $\beta$-functions whose RG flow preserves the $\Gamma(2)$ modular symmetry and reproduces the observed stability of the Hall plateaus. The semi-circle law relating the longitudinal and Hall conductivities that has been observed experimentally is obtained from the integration of the RG equations for any permitted transition which can be identified from the selection rules encoded in the flow diagram. The generic scale dependance of the conductivities is found to agree qualitatively with the present experimental data. The existence of a crossing point occuring in the crossover of the permitted transitions is discussed.

Abstract:
We apply a recently proposed definition of a linear connection in non commutative geometry based on the natural bimodule structure of the algebra of differential forms to the case of the two-parameter quantum plane. We find that there exists a non trivial family of linear connections only when the two parameters obeys a specific relation.

Abstract:
We use a mathematical framework that we introduced in a previous paper to study geometrical and quantum mechanical aspects of a Hall system with finite size and general boundary conditions. Geometrical structures control possibly the integral or fractionnal quantization of the Hall conductivity depending on the value of $NB/2\pi$ ($N$ is the number of charge carriers and $B$ is the magnetic field). When $NB/2\pi$ is irrationnal, we show that monovalued wave functions can be constructed only on the graph of a free group with two generators. When $NB/2\pi$ is rationnal, the relevant space becomes a puncturated Riemann surface. We finally discuss our results from a phenomenological viewpoint.

Abstract:
In this paper, we revisit some quantum mechanical aspects related to the Quantum Hall Effect. We consider a Landau type model, paying a special attention to the experimental and geometrical features of Quantum Hall experiments. The resulting formalism is then used to compute explicitely the Hall conductivity from a Kubo formula.

Abstract:
The role of anyonic excitations in fast rotating harmonically trapped Bose gases in a fractional Quantum Hall state is examined. Standard Chern-Simons anyons as well as "non standard" anyons obtained from a statistical interaction having Maxwell-Chern-Simons dynamics and suitable non minimal coupling to matter are considered. Their respective ability to stabilize attractive Bose gases under fast rotation in the thermodynamical limit is studied. Stability can be obtained for standard anyons while for non standard anyons, stability requires that the range of the corresponding statistical interaction does not exceed the typical wavelenght of the atoms.