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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 654076 matches for " J. A. Bamiduro "
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Small Scale Farming and Agricultural Products Marketing for Sustainable Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria
J. A. Bamiduro,Rotimi Ayodele Gbadeyan
Canadian Social Science , 2011, DOI: 10.3968/j.css.1923669720110703.020
Abstract: Agricultural productions in developing countries have largely been on subsistence basis. The farmers only produce for their families and quantity of food produced are grossly inadequate for the growing population. There is increase widespread in the level of poverty amongst the people, most especially those living in the rural areas. Small scale farming has become one of the ways to tackle the problem of lack and poverty amongst these people. The paper therefore, examines how Small Scale farming assists in alleviating poverty in both rural and urban cities; most especially through marketing of agricultural products to the people. Relevant data were sought from the 356 respondents selected for the study through the Key Informant Interviews (KII). The Student T test and Chi square statistical techniques were further employed to test the Hypotheses stated in the study. Result of the finding reveals the importance of Small Scale Farming and Agricultural Products Marketing in poverty alleviation, most especially among the rural dwellers. It also indicated lack of access to fund as the major problem facing Small Scale Farming and increase cost of transportation as the major problem facing marketing of agricultural products. The Paper recommends that Individuals and Government can combat some of these challenges facing Small Scale Farming by providing adequate basic social infrastructures; make available more funds to the farmers and create more employment opportunities amongst others. The paper concludes that Agriculture no doubt, is an important sector that needs to be given attention in any developing economy. Key words: Small scale farming; Marketing; Rural dwellers; Key interview guide; Agricultural products and poverty Résumé: Les productions agricoles dans les pays en voie de développement étaient principalement sur la base de subsistance. Les agriculteurs ne produisent que pour leurs familles et la quantité des aliments produits est nettement insuffisante pour la population croissante. Il y a une augmentation généralisée de la pauvreté parmi la population, plus particulièrement ceux vivant dans les zones rurales. L'agriculture à petite échelle est devenue l'une des fa ons pour s'attaquer au problème du manque et de la pauvreté parmi cette population. L'article examine donc comment l'agriculture à petite échelle aide à soulager le problème de la pauvreté dans les villes rurales et urbaines; plus particulièrement à travers la commercialisation des produits agricoles. Des données pertinentes ont été recueillies auprès des 356 répondants sélectionnés pour l
Marketing Mix Practice as a Determinant of Entrepreneurial Business Performance
Aremu, Mukaila Ayanda,Bamiduro, Joseph Adefemi
International Journal of Business and Management , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v7n1p205
Abstract: Marketing mix practice is increasingly been adopted in virtually all the sectors of the economy. Marketing mix practice has been a major determinant of any organization’s short run and long run success and differential advantage in any marketing environment. The need for marketing practice by entrepreneur cannot be over emphasized. Marketing mix practice is particularly important in entrepreneurial business in Nigeria today because of the volatility, highly competitive and the turbulent nature of the Nigerian marketing environment. Therefore, the paper attempts to use marketing mix variables as a means of enhancing entrepreneurial business performance. It suggested that adoption of marketing mix by entrepreneur will enable them to have competitive advantage and will serve as a panacea to the problems encountered in the marketing of their entrepreneurial business.
Bootstrap Nonlinear Regression Application in a Design of an Experiment Data for Fewer Sample Size
Oyedele Adeshina Bello,Timothy Adebayo Bamiduro,Unna Angela Chuwkwu,Oyedeji Isola Osowole
Statistics , 2015,
Abstract: This paper reports on application of bootstrap nonlinear regression method to a design of an experiment dataset with fewer experimental runs. Design with desired properties was augmented and verified using graphical techniques. The augmented design with the desired properties benefited the accuracy of the approximated function used. The computation power of R-language and SAS for computing nonlinear function and bootstrap was also compared.
Effect of Annealing Temperature on Structural, Optical and Electrical Properties of Pure CdS Thin Films Deposited by Spray Pyrolysis Technique  [PDF]
A. Hasnat, J. Podder
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry (AMPC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ampc.2012.24034

Effect of annealing temperature on the properties of CdS thin films are carried out in this work. Nanocrystalline cadmium sulphide (CdS) thin films were prepared using spray pyrolysis deposition (SPD) technique and the structural, optical and electrical properties were investigated for different annealing temperature (as deposited, 300, 400 & 500 C). The surface morphology and compositional properties studied by SEM and EDX respectively. The crystal structure of CdS thin film was studied by X-ray diffraction. The crystallite size and lattice constant of SPD CdS thin films were investigated. The optical parameters such as transmittance, absorption coefficient and energy band gap of the films with thermal annealing temperature was investigated by UV/VIS spectrophotometer. The variation of band gap values of CdS thin film samples were found to be in the range of 2.51 to 2.8 eV. Electrical resistivity measurements were carried out in fourprobe Vander Pauw method at different temperature. So CdS films may be a good candidate for suitable application in various optoelectronic devices.

The 1964 Wellington Study of Beatlemania Revisited  [PDF]
A. J. W. Taylor
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.515190
Abstract: In June 1964, an Honours class in clinical psychology set out to objectify the major parameters of crowd and audience reaction to the Beatles’ during the group’s three-day visit to Wellington, New Zealand. Advance publicity had warned of the “mass-hysteria” to be expected at the sight, sound and lyrics of the four lads from Liverpool. Adolescents anticipated their arrival eagerly, while the authorities were disparaging and somewhat fearful of the breakdown in law and order that might occur. The findings were published in Britain in 1966, taken a little further in the United States in1968, and the original published once more in Britain in 1992 by special request to encourage more psychologists to undertake research off campus. When writers from those countries mentioned the study recently near the 50th anniversary of the Beatles’ visit, it seemed interesting to review the accretion of similar studies that might have occurred. Sadly, the outcome showed that psychologists had not taken mass-audience research any further. Hence it was thought appropriate to lift the Wellington study from obscurity, in the hope of inspiring the next generation to make amends.
Preparation and Structural Characterization of Vanadium Doped Ni – B Binary Hard Alloys  [PDF]
J. A. Ajao
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.96040
Abstract: The microstructure of a series of binary Ni-B alloys containing various amounts of vanadium additions were investigated by Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis (EDXA). Due to the vanadium addition in the alloys quenched from the liquidus, the formation of the Ni3B phase was enhanced even when the nominal composition was hypoeutectic. The addition of vanadium led to the formation of t (Ni20.4V2.6B6) phase during the present investigation. In addition, the crystallographic orientation relationship of this ternary phase with the nickel matrix was reported. The solid-state eutectoid transformation of the Ni3B phase during cooling was also reported and discussed.
Effect of Solidification Process Parameters on the Microstructure of Some Meltspun Nickel-Based Hardfacing Alloys  [PDF]
J. A. Ajao
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2009.810067
Abstract: The influence of solidification parameters on the morphology of a number of meltspun Nickelbased hard alloys has been investigated by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), conventional transmission electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDXA). It was established that the wheel velocity played a prominent role in the types of microstructure observed. Very high wheel velocity could lead to the formation of amorphous structure as observed in some of the alloys investigated. No appreciable effect of the ribbon thickness was observed on the microhardness of the alloys. It was also reported that the thermal transfer mode between the ideal and newtonian coolings was observed in all the alloys investigated.
Scanning Electron Microscopy of Some Slowly Cooled Nickel-Based Hardfacing Alloys Containing Iron Additions  [PDF]
J. A. Ajao
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.92012
Abstract: The service lifespan of components used at higher temperatures in corrosive and abrasive environments can be prolonged by high-temperature corrosion-resistant coatings. This study is concerned with the microstructural characterization of some slowly cooled Nickel–based hardfacing alloys investigated by differential thermal analysis (DTA), energy dispersive X – ray analysis (EDXA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The alloys were prepared in high frequency induction furnace under controlled atmosphere. Three major primary hard phases (Ni (α), M7C3, and the π phase) were identified during slow cooling in DTA depending on the nominal compositions of the alloys. Large undercoolings as well as intense solid state precipitations were observed in alloys with iron additions. The precipitations formed the basis of the high hardness values and strength of the alloys. It was also reported that the hardness values of the alloys increased as the iron contents increased.
Soil Salinity and Alkalinity Map Preparation Based on Spatial Analysis of GIS (Case Study: Tabriz Plain)  [PDF]
A. Farajnia, J. Yarahmadi
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2017.76052

Better management of agricultural fields is related to valuable information which can derived from soil salinity and alkalinity maps. These maps are considered as one of the most important factors which restrict plant growth as well as decline crops yield. The objective of this research was preparing of soil salinity and alkalinity maps in Tabriz plain over 50,000 hectares based on different techniques of spatial analysis in GIS software. For this mean, study area was divided in 1500 × 1500 m2 grid cells. Then, geographical coordinate of each grid recorded in UTM system. So, they were transferred into GPS for navigating to the exact excavation location. After soil sampling and transferring to the lab, their EC and PH were measured in saturation extract of soil samples. So, spatial distribution of soil sampling points was prepared in form of point map by GIS software. Generalization of point information to surface was performed using different interpolation algorithms and based on standards of Soil and Water Research Institute. Accuracy of interpolated maps was evaluated due to the MAE and MBE values. The results showed that the lowest observed error is related to the Spline method and therefore, this method was used for spatial modeling of salinity and alkalinity maps in the intended area. The research findings demonstrated that from total of 50,000 hectares, only 3066 hectares were without salinity and alkalinity limitation (6.1%), 9066 hectares had low salinity and alkalinity (18.1%); 17,772 hectares had average limitation for salinity and alkalinity (35.6%) and the remaining 20,096 hectares had high and very high limitation for salinity and alkalinity.

Hydrogeology of the Basin Granitoids in the Sekyere South District of Ashanti Region, Ghana  [PDF]
A. Ewusi, J. Seidu
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2018.64015
Abstract: The hydrogeology of the Basin Granitoids in the Sekyere South District of Ashanti Region of Ghana has been evaluated applying the electrical resistivity imaging (ERI) geophysical technique and pumping test analysis. The ERI was conducted to obtain information on resistivity distribution for groundwater accumulation and pumping test was used to obtain transmissivity and sustainable yields of boreholes. Results from the ERI technique show that the general resistivity distribution in the area is between (20 - 4000) Ω-m and the resistivity range that is related to groundwater occurrence is between (50 - 300) Ω-m for the weathered and (100 - 600) Ω-m for the fractured granitic rocks. The aquifers are generally shallow to medium depth and where resistivities of the aquifer zones are less than 400 Ω-m in the fresh granites, high yields are likely to be attained. Pumping test also revealed that transmissivity values range between (5.89 - 43) m2/day, with sustainable yields ranging between 50 - 380 m3/day. These results suggest that boreholes in the area will be sustainable for domestic supplies.
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