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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 379721 matches for " János Barát "
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Vertex coloring of plane graphs with nonrepetitive boundary paths
János Barát,Július Czap
Mathematics , 2011, DOI: 10.1002/jgt.21695
Abstract: A sequence $s_1,s_2,...,s_k,s_1,s_2,...,s_k$ is a repetition. A sequence $S$ is nonrepetitive, if no subsequence of consecutive terms of $S$ form a repetition. Let $G$ be a vertex colored graph. A path of $G$ is nonrepetitive, if the sequence of colors on its vertices is nonrepetitive. If $G$ is a plane graph, then a facial nonrepetitive vertex coloring of $G$ is a vertex coloring such that any facial path is nonrepetitive. Let $\pi_f(G)$ denote the minimum number of colors of a facial nonrepetitive vertex coloring of $G$. Jendro\vl and Harant posed a conjecture that $\pi_f(G)$ can be bounded from above by a constant. We prove that $\pi_f(G)\le 24$ for any plane graph $G$.
Notes on Nonrepetitive Graph Colouring
János Barát,David R. Wood
Mathematics , 2005,
Abstract: A vertex colouring of a graph is \emph{nonrepetitive on paths} if there is no path $v_1,v_2,...,v_{2t}$ such that v_i and v_{t+i} receive the same colour for all i=1,2,...,t. We determine the maximum density of a graph that admits a k-colouring that is nonrepetitive on paths. We prove that every graph has a subdivision that admits a 4-colouring that is nonrepetitive on paths. The best previous bound was 5. We also study colourings that are nonrepetitive on walks, and provide a conjecture that would imply that every graph with maximum degree $\Delta$ has a $f(\Delta)$-colouring that is nonrepetitive on walks. We prove that every graph with treewidth k and maximum degree $\Delta$ has a $O(k\Delta)$-colouring that is nonrepetitive on paths, and a $O(k\Delta^3)$-colouring that is nonrepetitive on walks.
On winning fast in Avoider-Enforcer games
János Barát,Milo? Stojakovi?
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: We analyze the duration of the unbiased Avoider-Enforcer game for three basic positional games. All the games are played on the edges of the complete graph on $n$ vertices, and Avoider's goal is to keep his graph outerplanar, diamond-free and $k$-degenerate, respectively. It is clear that all three games are Enforcer's wins, and our main interest lies in determining the largest number of moves Avoider can play before losing. Extremal graph theory offers a general upper bound for the number of Avoider's moves. As it turns out, for all three games we manage to obtain a lower bound that is just an additive constant away from that upper bound. In particular, we exhibit a strategy for Avoider to keep his graph outerplanar for at least $2n-8$ moves, being just 6 short of the maximum possible. A diamond-free graph can have at most $d(n)=\lceil\frac{3n-5}{2}\rceil$ edges, and we prove that Avoider can play for at least $d(n)-3$ moves. Finally, if $k$ is small compared to $n$, we show that Avoider can keep his graph $k$-degenerate for as many as $e(n)$ moves, where $e(n)$ is the maximum number of edges a $k$-degenerate graph can have.
Edge-decomposition of graphs into copies of a tree with four edges
János Barát,Dániel Gerbner
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: We study edge-decompositions of highly connected graphs into copies of a given tree. In particular we attack the following conjecture by Bar\'at and Thomassen: for each tree $T$, there exists a natural number $k_T$ such that if $G$ is a $k_T$-edge-connected graph, and $|E(T)|$ divides $|E(G)|$, then $E(G)$ has a decomposition into copies of $T$. As one of our main results it is sufficient to prove the conjecture for bipartite graphs. Let $Y$ be the unique tree with degree sequence $(1,1,1,2,3)$. We prove that if $G$ is a 191-edge-connected graph of size divisible by 4, then $G$ has a $Y$-decomposition. This is the first instance of such a theorem, in which the tree is different from a path or a star.
Improvements on the density of maximal 1-planar graphs
János Barát,Géza Tóth
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: A graph is 1-planar if it can be drawn in the plane such that each edge is crossed at most once. A graph, together with a 1-planar drawing is called 1-plane. Brandenburg et al. showed that there are maximal 1-planar graphs with only $\frac{45}{17}n + O(1)\approx 2.647n$ edges and maximal 1-plane graphs with only $\frac{7}{3}n+O(1)\approx 2.33n$ edges. On the other hand, they showed that a maximal 1-planar graph has at least $\frac{28}{13}n-O(1)\approx 2.15n-O(1)$ edges, and a maximal 1-plane graph has at least $2.1n-O(1)$ edges. We improve both lower bounds to $\frac{20n}{9}\approx 2.22n$.
Towards The Albertson Conjecture
János Barát,Géza Tóth
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: Albertson conjectured that if a graph $G$ has chromatic number $r$ then its crossing number is at least as much as the crossing number of $K_r$. Albertson, Cranston, and Fox verified the conjecture for $r\le 12$. We prove the statement for $r\le 16$.
Multipartite hypergraphs achieving equality in Ryser's conjecture
Ron Aharoni,János Barát,Ian M. Wanless
Mathematics , 2014, DOI: 10.1007/s00373-015-1575-9
Abstract: A famous conjecture of Ryser is that in an $r$-partite hypergraph the covering number is at most $r-1$ times the matching number. If true, this is known to be sharp for $r$ for which there exists a projective plane of order $r-1$. We show that the conjecture, if true, is also sharp for the smallest previously open value, namely $r=7$. For $r\in\{6,7\}$, we find the minimal number $f(r)$ of edges in an intersecting $r$-partite hypergraph that has covering number at least $r-1$. We find that $f(r)$ is achieved only by linear hypergraphs for $r\le5$, but that this is not the case for $r\in\{6,7\}$. We also improve the general lower bound on $f(r)$, showing that $f(r)\ge 3.052r+O(1)$. We show that a stronger form of Ryser's conjecture that was used to prove the $r=3$ case fails for all $r>3$. We also prove a fractional version of the following stronger form of Ryser's conjecture: in an $r$-partite hypergraph there exists a set $S$ of size at most $r-1$, contained either in one side of the hypergraph or in an edge, whose removal reduces the matching number by 1.
Disproof of the List Hadwiger Conjecture
János Barát,Gwena?l Joret,David R. Wood
Computer Science , 2011,
Abstract: The List Hadwiger Conjecture asserts that every $K_t$-minor-free graph is $t$-choosable. We disprove this conjecture by constructing a $K_{3t+2}$-minor-free graph that is not $4t$-choosable for every integer $t\geq 1$.
Large B_d-free and union-free subfamilies
János Barát,Zoltán Füredi,Ida Kantor,Younjin Kim,Balázs Patkós
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: For a property $\Gamma$ and a family of sets $\cF$, let $f(\cF,\Gamma)$ be the size of the largest subfamily of $\cF$ having property $\Gamma$. For a positive integer $m$, let $f(m,\Gamma)$ be the minimum of $f(\cF,\Gamma)$ over all families of size $m$. A family $\cF$ is said to be $B_d$-free if it has no subfamily $\cF'=\{F_I: I \subseteq [d]\}$ of $2^d$ distinct sets such that for every $I,J \subseteq [d]$, both $F_I \cup F_J=F_{I \cup J}$ and $F_I \cap F_J = F_{I \cap J}$ hold. A family $\cF$ is $a$-union free if $F_1\cup ... F_a \neq F_{a+1}$ whenever $F_1,..,F_{a+1}$ are distinct sets in $\FF$. We verify a conjecture of Erd\H os and Shelah that $f(m, B_2\text{\rm -free})=\Theta(m^{2/3})$. We also obtain lower and upper bounds for $f(m, B_d\text{\rm -free})$ and $f(m,a\text{\rm -union free})$.
On the structure of graphs with path-width at most two
János Barát,Péter Hajnal,Yixun Lin,Aifeng Yang
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: Nancy G. Kinnersley and Michael A. Langston has determined the excluded minors for the class of graphs with path-width at most two by computer. Their list consisted of 110 graphs. Such a long list is difficult to handle and gives no insight to structural properties. We take a different route, and concentrate on the building blocks and how they are glued together. In this way, we get a characterization of 2-connected and 2-edge-connected graphs with path-width at most two. Along similar lines, we sketch the complete characterization of graphs with path-width at most two.
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