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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 593397 matches for " J M Babajide "
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Microbial and Sensory Quality of Freshly Processed and Reconstituted “Kununzaki”- A Nigerian Millet Based Beverage
J M Babajide, O O Atanda, M A Idowu, O O Lasekan
Journal of Food Technology in Africa , 2002,
Abstract: The microbial and sensory qualities of freshly processed and reconstituted Kununzaki beverages prepared from steeped millet grains were carried out. The samples were analysed for Aerobic plate, Fungi, Coliform, Staphylococcal, Salmonella and Shigella counts. The samples were also evaluated for difference and preference. The study showed that the reconstituted beverage had better microbiological quality with detectable difference between the two samples with the fresh sample being preferred.
Impact Analysis of Microfinance in Nigeria
Babajide Abiola
International Journal of Economics and Finance , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijef.v3n4p217
Abstract: This paper applies the financing constraints approach to study whether microfinance institutions improved access to credit for microenterprises in Nigeria or not. According to this approach, microenterprises with improved access to credit rely less on internal funds for their investments. Thus, investment sensitivity to internal funds of micro enterprises in Lagos State (a municipal with significant presence of Microfinance Banks (MFBs) was compared to that of micro enterprises in Ekiti State (a municipal with no (or limited) presence of MFBs) using a cross sectional survey method and Microfinance Institutions (MFI) branch location data. Results indicate that MFBs alleviated micro businesses’ financing constraints. This approach is applicable to evaluating microfinance impact in other countries.
Effects of Microfinance on Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) Growth in Nigeria
Abiola Babajide
Asian Economic and Financial Review , 2012,
Abstract: This paper investigates the effects of microfinance on micro and small business growth in Nigeria. The objectives are: one, to examine the effects of different loan administration practices (in terms of loan size and tenor) on small business growth criteria. Second, to examine the ability of Microfinance-Banks (MFBs) (given its loan-size and rates of interest charged) towards transforming micro-businesses to formal small scale enterprises. The paper employed panel data and multiple regression analysis to analyze a survey of 502 randomly selected enterprises finance by microfinance banks in Nigeria. We find strong evidence that access to microfinance does not enhance growth of micro and small enterprises in Nigeria. However, other firm level characteristics such as business size and business location, are found to have positive effect on enterprise growth. The paper recommends a recapitalization of the Microfinance banks to enhance their capacity to support small business growth and expansion.
Sustaining Biodiesel Production via Value-Added Applications of Glycerol
Omotola Babajide
Journal of Energy , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/178356
Abstract: The production of biofuels worldwide has been significant lately due to the shift from obtaining energy from nonrenewable energy (fossil fuels) to renewable sources (biofuels). This energy shift arose as a result of the disturbing crude petroleum price fluctuations, uncertainties about fossil fuel reserves, and greenhouse gas (GHG) concerns. With the production of biofuels increasing considerably and the current global biodiesel production from different feedstock, reaching about 6 billion liters per year, biodiesel production costs have been highly dependent on feedstock prices, ranging from 70 to 25; of total production costs, and in comparison with the conventional diesel fuel, the biodiesel is currently noncompetitive. An efficient production process is, therefore, crucial to lowering biodiesel production costs. The question of sustainability, however, arises, taking into account the African diverse conditions and how vital concerns need to be addressed. The major concern about biodiesel production costs can be reduced by finding value-added applications for its glycerol byproduct. This paper, thus, provides an overview of current research trends that could overcome the major hurdles towards profitable commercialization of biodiesel and also proposes areas of opportunity probable to capitalize the surplus glycerol obtained, for numerous applications. 1. Introduction Energy plays a vital role in the economic development and social/national security of any nation, as access to secure, sustainable, and affordable energy is a prerequisite for sustainable development [1]. Current patterns of energy supply and energy use are unsustainable because of environmental issues such as global warming strongly associated with increased energy consumption. Energy sufficiency and security is a key factor in development since it provides essential inputs for socioeconomic development that provide vital services which improve the quality of life at regional, national, and subnational levels [2, 3]. Several countries on the African continent continue to face great challenges of energy security and the negative effects of climate change. The strong tie between energy, Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and widespread poverty makes it important to tackle the challenges and prospects for energy services provision in the continent [4]. The inability of many African countries to provide good and adequate energy services has been a major constraint to their development. The continent remains friable with widespread poverty that is due to several factors [2], and about half
Viral Cross-Class Serpin Inhibits Vascular Inflammation and T Lymphocyte Fratricide; A Study in Rodent Models In Vivo and Human Cell Lines In Vitro
Kasinath Viswanathan, Ilze Bot, Liying Liu, Erbin Dai, Peter C. Turner, Babajide Togonu-Bickersteth, Jakob Richardson, Jennifer A. Davids, Jennifer M. Williams, Mee Y. Bartee, Hao Chen, Theo J. C. van Berkel, Erik A. L. Biessen, Richard W. Moyer, Alexandra R. Lucas
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0044694
Abstract: Poxviruses express highly active inhibitors, including serine proteinase inhibitors (serpins), designed to target host immune defense pathways. Recent work has demonstrated clinical efficacy for a secreted, myxomaviral serpin, Serp-1, which targets the thrombotic and thrombolytic proteases, suggesting that other viral serpins may have therapeutic application. Serp-2 and CrmA are intracellular cross-class poxviral serpins, with entirely distinct functions from the Serp-1 protein. Serp-2 and CrmA block the serine protease granzyme B (GzmB) and cysteine proteases, caspases 1 and 8, in apoptotic pathways, but have not been examined for extracellular anti-inflammatory activity. We examined the ability of these cross-class serpins to inhibit plaque growth after arterial damage or transplant and to reduce leukocyte apoptosis. We observed that purified Serp-2, but not CrmA, given as a systemic infusion after angioplasty, transplant, or cuff-compression injury markedly reduced plaque growth in mouse and rat models in vivo. Plaque growth was inhibited both locally at sites of surgical trauma, angioplasty or transplant, and systemically at non-injured sites in ApoE-deficient hyperlipidemic mice. With analysis in vitro of human cells in culture, Serp-2 selectively inhibited T cell caspase activity and blocked cytotoxic T cell (CTL) mediated killing of T lymphocytes (termed fratricide). Conversely, both Serp-2 and CrmA inhibited monocyte apoptosis. Serp-2 inhibitory activity was significantly compromised either in vitro with GzmB antibody or in vivo in ApoE/GzmB double knockout mice. Conclusions The viral cross-class serpin, Serp-2, that targets both apoptotic and inflammatory pathways, reduces vascular inflammation in a GzmB-dependent fashion in vivo, and inhibits human T cell apoptosis in vitro. These findings indicate that therapies targeting Granzyme B and/or T cell apoptosis may be used to inhibit T lymphocyte apoptosis and inflammation in response to arterial injury.
Using Database Management System to Generate, Manage and Secure Personal Identification Numbers (PIN)  [PDF]
Dipo Theophilus Akomolafe, Babajide Olakunle Afeni
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2014.75043
Abstract:

A number of problems are associated with the generation, management and security of PINs, a subset of password. The PINs may be recharge card used by GSM operators or for authentication in ATM. The problems associated with the use of these PINs range from scratching off any of the recharge PIN numbers in recharge card to loss of PIN number or entering invalid number in the case of authentication. It usually takes time for the customer service of the service provider or system administrator to provide convincing solution to these problems promptly when it occurred. PINs generation could seem like simply arranging ranges of number and feeding it into the telecommunication systems such as mobile handsets or ATM to grant access but it requires a specialized and secured way to generate, store and manage it in order to achieve prompt access. This paper

Decision Support System for Histopathological Diagnosis of Breast Diseases in Women
Aderonke A Kayode,Babajide S. Afolabi,Bernard I. Akhigbe,Ifiok J. Udo
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2011,
Abstract: This paper presents a representation of histological features for histopathological diagnosis of breast diseases in women. Hence, a Decision Support System (DSS) for histopathological interpretation and diagnosis of breast diseases was implemented and evaluated. The Expert knowledge used was elicited through interview and literature search. The needed diagnostic knowledge was represented using diseases' profile in the form of frame. UML, JAVA and MYSQL were used for the design and implementation of the system. 150 samples of retrospective cases were used for the system's implementation, while a Consultant Pathologist's interpretation was used to evaluate the system. Results for Sensitivity, Specificity, Positive Prediction Value and the Negative Prediction Value are 97.7%, 95.0%, 99.2% and 86.3% respectively. Thus, the result showed that the system is capable of assisting an inexperience pathologist in making accurate, consistent and timely diagnoses, also in the study of diagnostic protocol, education, self-assessment, and quality control.
A Fuzzy-Ontology Based Information Retrieval System for Relevant Feedback
Comfort T. Akinribido,Babajide S. Afolabi,Bernard I. Akhigbe,Ifiok J. Udo
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2011,
Abstract: Obtaining correct and relevant information at the right time to user's query is quite a difficult task. This becomes even complex, if the query terms have many meanings and occur in different varieties of domain. This paper presents a fuzzy-ontology based information retrieval system that determine the semantic equivalence between terms in a query and terms in a document by relating the synonyms of query terms with those of document terms. Hence, documents could be retrieved based on the meaning of query terms. The challenge has been that surface form does not sufficiently retrieve relevant document to user's query. However, the results presented showed that the Fuzzy-Ontology Information Retrieval system successfully retrieve relevant documents to user's query. This is irrespective of different meaning and varieties of domain. The System was tested on words with different meanings and some set of user's query from varied domains.
Management of occupational exposure to the human immunodeficiency viruses
I Babajide Keshinro
Annals of African Medicine , 2003,
Abstract: By the end of the year 2002, the World Health Organisation estimated that 42 million people have been infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Viruses (HIV). Though sexual transmission is the commonest mode of transmission, transmission to the health care personnel (HCP) who are exposed to blood and blood products remains an increasing risk. Because there is no cure or effective vaccine for HIV infection, optimal post-exposure care, including the administration of antiretroviral drugs to prevent HIV infection, remains a high priority for protecting health care personnel. Factors that should be considered in the choice of treatmentfor an exposed health care worker include the risk of HIV infectionassociated with the exposure, the expected benefit of antiretroviraltreatment, the risks associated with the proposed treatment,and the probability that the infecting strains will be susceptibleto the antiretroviral regimen used. U.S. public health guidelines recommend that a four-week regimen of two drugs be started as soon as possible after most cases of HIV exposure through percutaneous or mucosal routes.If the source person is found to be HIV-negative treatment should be discontinued. When the injury involves an increased risk of HIV transmission, the regimen should be expanded to include a third drug. Since post-exposure prophylaxis is not 100% effective, prevention strategies through safer practices, barrier precautions, safer needle devices, and other innovations, remain the best way to prevent occupational infection by HIV and other blood borne pathogens.
Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management Approach on Soil Chemical and Physical Properties and Performance of Tomato (Lycopersicon Lycopersicum) Under Mildly-Acidic Alfisol Conditions
PA Babajide, TB Salami
International Journal of Applied Agriculture and Apiculture Research , 2012,
Abstract: Collection and conversion of freely available wild-plant residues into composted materials for vegetable crop production (either as a substitute or supplement to the highly-priced chemical / synthetic fertilizers), may be beneficial to sustainable tropical crop production and improvement of soil conditions. Field studies were conducted in the year 2009, at the Teaching and Research Farms, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria, to assess the response of tomato to Tithonia-compost with or without N-mineral fertilizer, and the effects of such integration on some soil properties. It was a factorial combination of three rates of compost application (0.0, 2.5 & 5.0 tons ha-1) and three rates of inorganic nitrogen application (0.0, 30.0 and 60.0 kg N ha-1). Data collected on growth and yield parameters were analyzed using ANOVA at p < 0.05. Compost application significantly improved soil properties, under sole and combined applications. Growth and yield parameters significantly increased with increased levels of sole and combined applications of compost and N-mineral fertilizer. Tomato responded best to integration of 30 kg N ha-1 of urea and 2.5 tons ha-1 of Tithonia-compost as reflected in best growth rate and fruit yield. The rate was found to be equally adequate for improved soil physical and chemical properties. Integration of organic and inorganic fertilizer is therefore essential for efficient soil management and crop production.
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