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Visual Estimation of Post Partum Hemorrhage and its Treatment
F Akhlaghi,V Taghipour Bazargani,J Jamali
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Postpartum hemorrhage is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality that is preventive by appropriate estimation of blood loss and its treatment. This study was undertaken to evaluate the accuracy of visual estimation of postpartum hemorrhage by clinicians and co worker who work in the obstetrics department. Methods: In this descriptive observational study, 199 educational/clinical personnel participated who worked in the obstetrics department of 3 training hospital in Mashhad in 2010. First characteristic of their occupation, educational and period of work experience recorded. Then scenes similar of postpartum hemorrhage were rebuilt by using of expired whole blood in five different volume (500, 1000, 1500, 2000, 2500, 3000 cc). Participants looked each scenes and estimated volume and necessary treatment and record in forms. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version 12 and fisher and student tests and relation between accurate volume of hemorrhage and estimated volume and treatment, occupation and experience of participants were determined. Results: Accuracy visual estimation of blood loss in different volume of postpartum hemorrhage was between 14.3% to 52%. There was no significant association between the position of the participants and accuracy of their estimation and proposed treatments. There was no association between the staffs work experience and accuracy of their estimation. Conclusion: Visual estimation of blood loss was not accurate in the majority of participants. For prevention of maternal morbidity and mortality education is necessary that to be skilled for accurate estimation of blood loss.
The relationship between termite mound CH4/CO2 emissions and internal concentration ratios are species specific
H. Jamali,S. J. Livesley,L. B. Hutley,B. Fest
Biogeosciences Discussions , 2012, DOI: 10.5194/bgd-9-17313-2012
Abstract: 1. We investigated the relative importance of CH4 and CO2 fluxes from soil and termite mounds at four different sites in the tropical savannas of Northern Australia near Darwin and assessed different methods to indirectly predict CH4 fluxes based on CO2 fluxes and internal gas concentrations. 2. The annual flux from termite mounds and surrounding soil was dominated by CO2 with large variations among sites. On a CO2-e basis, annual CH4 flux estimates from termite mounds were 5- to 46-fold smaller than the concurrent annual CO2 flux estimates. Differences between annual soil CO2 and soil CH4 (CO2-e) fluxes were even greater, soil CO2 fluxes being almost three orders of magnitude greater than soil CH4 (CO2-e) fluxes at site. 3. There were significant relationships between mound CH4 flux and mound CO2 flux, enabling the prediction of CH4 flux from measured CO2 flux, however, these relationships were clearly termite species specific. 4. We also observed significant relationships between mound flux and gas concentration inside mound, for both CH4 and CO2, and for all termite species, thereby enabling the prediction of flux from measured mound internal gas concentration. However, these relationships were also termite species specific. Using the relationship between mound internal gas concentration and flux from one species to predict mound fluxes from other termite species (as has been done in past) would result in errors of more than 5-fold for CH4 and 3-fold for CO2. 5. This study highlights that CO2 fluxes from termite mounds are generally more than one order of magnitude greater than CH4 fluxes. There are species-specific relationships between CH4 and CO2 fluxes from a~mound, and between the inside mound concentration of a gas and the mound flux emission of the same gas, but these relationships vary greatly among termite species. Consequently, there is no generic relationship that will allow for the prediction of CH4 fluxes from termite mounds of all species.
Bone cysts and reports of two cases of epidermoid cysts of bone
Jamali M
Tehran University Medical Journal , 1995,
Abstract: Different opinions exit in histological typing of bone cysts. Epidermoid cysts are very rare as the small numbers of published cases indicate. They arises following preceding trauma exclusively in distal phalanges and skull. The roentgenogram shows a round osteolytic resion with no trabecular pattern. We observed 2 cases of epidermoid cyst of finger in Imam Khomeini hospital central path department the patients were young workers complaining from local pain several months after trauma. Bone curettage was performed.
A Distributed Method for Trust-Aware Recommendation in Social Networks
Mohsen Jamali
Computer Science , 2010,
Abstract: This paper contains the details of a distributed trust-aware recommendation system. Trust-base recommenders have received a lot of attention recently. The main aim of trust-based recommendation is to deal the problems in traditional Collaborative Filtering recommenders. These problems include cold start users, vulnerability to attacks, etc.. Our proposed method is a distributed approach and can be easily deployed on social networks or real life networks such as sensor networks or peer to peer networks.
Lifetime Optimization via Network Sectoring in Cooperative Wireless Sensor Networks  [PDF]
Hadi Jamali Rad, Bahman Abolhassani, Mohammad Abdizadeh
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/wsn.2010.212108
Abstract: Employing cooperative communication in multihop wireless sensor networks provides the network with significant energy efficiency. However, the lifetime of such a network is directly dependant upon the lifetime of each of its individual sections (or clusters). Ignoring the fact that those sections close to sink have to forward more data (their own data plus the data received from the previous sections) and hence die sooner with considering equal section sizes, leads to a sub-optimal lifetime. In this paper, we optimize the section sizes of a multihop cooperative WSN so that it maximizes the network lifetime. Simulation results demonstrate a significant lifetime enhancement for the proposed optimal sectoring.
Pareto Design of Decoupled Sliding-Mode Controllers for Nonlinear Systems Based on a Multiobjective Genetic Algorithm
M. J. Mahmoodabadi,A. Bagheri,N. Nariman-zadeh,A. Jamali,R. Abedzadeh Maafi
Journal of Applied Mathematics , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/639014
Abstract: This paper presents Pareto design of decoupled sliding-mode controllers based on a multiobjective genetic algorithm for several fourth-order coupled nonlinear systems. In order to achieve an optimum controller, at first, the decoupled sliding mode controller is applied to stablize the fourth-order coupled nonlinear systems at the equilibrium point. Then, the multiobjective genetic algorithm is applied to search the optimal coefficients of the decoupled sliding-mode control to improve the performance of the control system. Considered objective functions are the angle and distance errors. Finally, the simulation results implemented in the MATLAB software environment are presented for the inverted pendulum, ball and beam, and seesaw systems to assure the effectiveness of this technique.
The relationships between termite mound CH4/CO2 emissions and internal concentration ratios are species specific
H. Jamali, S. J. Livesley, L. B. Hutley, B. Fest,S. K. Arndt
Biogeosciences (BG) & Discussions (BGD) , 2013,
Abstract: We investigated the relative importance of CH4 and CO2 fluxes from soil and termite mounds at four different sites in the tropical savannas of northern Australia near Darwin and assessed different methods to indirectly predict CH4 fluxes based on CO2 fluxes and internal gas concentrations. The annual flux from termite mounds and surrounding soil was dominated by CO2 with large variations among sites. On a carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-e) basis, annual CH4 flux estimates from termite mounds were 5- to 46-fold smaller than the concurrent annual CO2 flux estimates. Differences between annual soil CO2 and soil CH4 (CO2-e) fluxes were even greater, soil CO2 fluxes being almost three orders of magnitude greater than soil CH4 (CO2-e) fluxes at site. The contribution of CH4 and CO2 emissions from termite mounds to the total CH4 and CO2 emissions from termite mounds and soil in CO2-e was less than 1%. There were significant relationships between mound CH4 flux and mound CO2 flux, enabling the prediction of CH4 flux from measured CO2 flux; however, these relationships were clearly termite species specific. We also observed significant relationships between mound flux and gas concentration inside mound, for both CH4 and CO2, and for all termite species, thereby enabling the prediction of flux from measured mound internal gas concentration. However, these relationships were also termite species specific. Using the relationship between mound internal gas concentration and flux from one species to predict mound fluxes from other termite species (as has been done in the past) would result in errors of more than 5-fold for mound CH4 flux and 3-fold for mound CO2 flux. This study highlights that CO2 fluxes from termite mounds are generally more than one order of magnitude greater than CH4 fluxes. There are species-specific relationships between CH4 and CO2 fluxes from a mound, and between the inside mound concentration of a gas and the mound flux emission of the same gas, but these relationships vary greatly among termite species. Thus, there is no generic relationship that will allow for the accurate prediction of CH4 fluxes from termite mounds of all species, but given the data limitations, the above methods may still be used with caution.
Land use change and the impact on greenhouse gas exchange in north Australian savanna soils
S. P. P. Grover,S. J. Livesley,L. B. Hutley,H. Jamali
Biogeosciences Discussions , 2011, DOI: 10.5194/bgd-8-9087-2011
Abstract: Savanna ecosystems are subject to accelerating land use change as human demand for food and forest products increases. Land use change has been shown to both increase and decrease greenhouse gas fluxes from savannas and considerable uncertainty exists about the non-CO2 fluxes from the soil. We measured methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and carbon dioxide (CO2) over a complete wet-dry seasonal cycle at three replicated sites of each of three land uses: savanna, young pasture and old pasture (converted from savanna 5–7 and 25–30 yr ago, respectively) in the Douglas Daly region of northern Australia. The effect of break of season rains at the end of the dry season was investigated with two irrigation experiments. Land use change from savanna to pasture increased net greenhouse gas fluxes from the soil. Pasture sites were a weaker sink for CH4 than savanna sites and, under wet conditions, old pastures turned from being sinks to a significant source of CH4. Nitrous oxide emissions were generally very low, in the range of 0 to 5 μg N2O-N m 2 h 1, and under dry conditions soil uptake of N2O was apparent. Break of season rains produced a small, short lived pulse of N2O up to 20 μg N2O-N m 2 h 1, most evident in pasture soil. Annual cumulative soil CO2 fluxes increased after clearing, with savanna (14.6 t CO2-C ha 1 yr 1) having the lowest fluxes compared to old pasture (18.5 t CO2-C ha 1 yr 1) and young pasture (20.0 t CO2-C ha 1 yr 1). Clearing savanna increased soil-based greenhouse gas emissions from 53 to ~70 t CO2-equivalents, a 30% increase dominated by an increase in soil CO2 emissions and shift from soil CH4 sink to source. Seasonal variation was clearly driven by soil water content, supporting the emerging view that soil water content is a more important driver of soil gas fluxes than soil temperature in tropical ecosystems where temperature varies little among seasons.
Microscopic diamond Solid-Immersion-Lenses fabricated around single defect ceneters by focussed ion beam milling
Mohammad Jamali,Ilja Gerhardt,Mohammad Rezai,Karsten Frenner,Helmut Fedder,J?rg Wrachtrup
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1063/1.4902818
Abstract: Recent efforts to define microscopic solid-immersion-lenses (SIL) by focused ion beam milling into diamond substrates that are registered to a preselected single photon emitter are summarized. We show how we determine the position of a single emitter with at least 100 nm lateral and 500 nm axial accuracy, and how the milling procedure is optimized. The characteristics of a single emitter, a Nitrogen Vacancy (NV) center in diamond, are measured before and after producing the SIL and compared with each other. A count rate of 1.0 million counts per second is achieved with a $[111]$ oriented NV center.
Spontaneous Subcutaneous Emphysema with Pneumo-Mediastinum: A Case Report  [PDF]
Anwar Ali Jamali, Ghulam Mustafa Jamali, Niaz Hussain Jamali
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2017.611032
Abstract: Aim: To report a rare case of Spontaneous subcutaneous emphysema and pneumo-mediastinum Introduction: Spontaneous subcutaneous emphysema and pneumo-mediastinum may be defined as the presence of free gas or air in the subcutaneous tissue or mediastinal structures without an apparent precipitating cause. It most commonly occurs in adolescent in good physical health group devoid of severe existing lung pathology. Case Report: In our case, a middle aged married housewife was referred to Department of Medicine, Peoples Medical University Hospital Nawabshah, Sindh, Pakistan, by her local GP for the worsening of her condition due to development of acute neck pain, difficulty in breathing, eating and swallowing (mainly for solid foods) with swelling of neck. She was not complaining of any respiratory symptoms. The chest and neck radiographs showed subcutaneous emphysema and pneumo-mediastinum, there was no any evidence of air leakage from esophagus. She was subsequently put on free fluids, light diet, antibiotics, analgesia and other supportive measures along with close observation. After three days of admission, her clinical symptoms were alleviated to a great extent. She was discharged well from hospital after four days. Conclusion: Spontaneous subcutaneous emphysema with pneumo-mediastinum is medical and surgical emergency. Diagnosis may be made by routine chest X-rays and CT scan of the chest. Prompt diagnosis and immediate management may affect the morbidity and mortality outcomes in this condition.
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