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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 14401 matches for " Ivonne Patricia Bustos Alvarez "
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Teaching of the Integrated Morphology
Suazo Galdames,Iván Claudio; Cantín López,Mario; Bustos Alvarez,Ivonne Patricia; Salgado Alarcón,Guillermo Enrique;
International Journal of Morphology , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022008000100021
Abstract: the changes in the university curriculum have made necessary the vertical and horizontal integration of contents that are taught in morphology sciences. in this study, students of the morphology and human development module of the cohorts 2006 and 2007 participated. in 2006 the students (n=83) developed the thematic unit of locomotive apparatus in a chronologicaly and sequentially integrated way. in 2007 (n=102) this same unit was developed in a totally integrated way, in form of learning object from the macroscopic, microscopic and embryology perspectives. a theoretical instrument was designed to evaluate the content of the unit, the approaches of validity and reliability were determined (a=0.79), and then, it was applied to the 2006 and 2007 students. higher and significant results (p=0.02) were obtained in the group that developed the content by means of integration under the form of learning object, belonging to the cohort 2007. the results indicate that the integration of contents in morphology improves the theoretical learning of them.
Teaching of the Integrated Morphology Ense anza de la Morfología Integrada
Iván Claudio Suazo Galdames,Mario Cantín López,Ivonne Patricia Bustos Alvarez,Guillermo Enrique Salgado Alarcón
International Journal of Morphology , 2008,
Abstract: The changes in the university curriculum have made necessary the vertical and horizontal integration of contents that are taught in morphology sciences. In this study, students of the Morphology and Human Development Module of the cohorts 2006 and 2007 participated. In 2006 the students (n=83) developed the thematic unit of locomotive apparatus in a chronologicaly and sequentially integrated way. In 2007 (n=102) this same unit was developed in a totally integrated way, in form of learning object from the macroscopic, microscopic and embryology perspectives. A theoretical instrument was designed to evaluate the content of the unit, the approaches of validity and reliability were determined (a=0.79), and then, it was applied to the 2006 and 2007 students. Higher and significant results (p=0.02) were obtained in the group that developed the content by means of integration under the form of learning object, belonging to the cohort 2007. The results indicate that the integration of contents in morphology improves the theoretical learning of them. Los cambios en los currículos universitarios han hecho necesario la integración vertical y horizontal de los contenidos que se ense an en ciencias morfológicas. En este estudio participaron estudiantes del Módulo de Morfología y Desarrollo Humano de las cohortes 2006 y 2007. El a o 2006, los estudiantes (n=83) desarrollaron la unidad temática deL aparato locomotor, de manera integrada cronológica y secuencialmente; el a o 2007, (n=102) esta misma Unidad se desarrolló de manera completamente integrada, en forma de objeto de aprendizaje desde las perspectivas macroscópica, microscópica y embriológica. Se dise ó un instrumento teórico para evaluar el contenido de la Unidad, se determinaron los criterios de validez y confiabilidad (a=0,79), y luego fue aplicado a los estudiantes el a o 2006 y luego el 2007. Se obtuvieron resultados superiores y significativos (p=0,02) en el grupo que desarrolló el contenido mediante la integración en forma de objeto de aprendizaje, perteneciente a la cohorte 2007. Los resultados indican que la integración de contenidos en morfología mejora el aprendizaje teórico de ellos.
Efecto Mozart en el Aprendizaje Práctico de la Anatomía
Suazo Galdames,Iván Claudio; Cantín López,Mario; Salgado Alarcón,Guillermo Enrique; Gajardo Contreras,Carolina Haydée; Caballero Moyano,Paula Macarena; Trujillo Hernández,Erick Gonzalo; Bustos Alvarez,Ivonne Patricia; Zavando Matamata,Daniela Alejandra;
International Journal of Morphology , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022008000300033
Abstract: the term mozart effect begins to be used starting from the works of rauscher et al. (1993) who observed better results in tasks that required temporo-space orientation in university students. the objective of this study is to analyze the effect that has in the practical learning of the anatomy the application of musical stimuli related with the denominated mozart effect. this study in volved 254 participants of the careers of dentistry, fonoaudiology and medical technology. the study groups were subjected during an entire thematic unit to auditory stimulation using the first movement of the mozart's sonata for two pianos k.448, the groups controls developed their practical activity without auditory stimulation, when concluding the unit they was carried out a practical evaluation of recognition of structures in the cadáver. the mean of the obtained results were superior in the subjected fellows to auditory stimulation, these results were statistically significant in the careers of dentistry and fonoaudiology, but not in medical technology.
Gonzalo Espa a. La guerra civil de 1885: Nu ez y la derrota del radicalismo
Alvarez Rosas Patricia
Anuario Colombiano de Historia Social y de la Cultura , 1986,
Abstract: Gonzalo Espa a. La guerra civil de 1885: Nu ez y la derrota del radicalismo. El Ancora Editores. Bogotá. 1985. 199 pgs.
Delayed esophageal perforation following lightning strike: a case report and review of the literature
Figgis Patricia,Alvarez George
Journal of Medical Case Reports , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-6-244
Abstract: Introduction Lightning is the second most common storm-related cause of death. The mortality following lightning strike is 10% to 30% and a large proportion of these people suffer cardiopulmonary arrest at the time of the strike. Much less commonly, solid organ injuries occur from either primary or secondary blunt force trauma. Case presentation To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report in the literature of an isolated esophageal rupture caused by lightning strike blunt force trauma. Conclusions Solid organ injuries are often underappreciated in lightning strikes. Blast injury to patients by lightning strikes should prompt clinicians to search for occult organ injury.
Crecimiento de ni os en zonas rurales Growth of children from some Chilean rural areas
Patricia Bustos M,Hugo Amigo C,Elena Bustos D
Revista chilena de pediatría , 1997,
Abstract:
Absence of disparities in anthropometric measures among Chilean indigenous and non-indigenous newborns
Hugo Amigo, Patricia Bustos, Jay S Kaufman
BMC Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-392
Abstract: We examined weight and length at birth using information available through a national data base of all birth records for the years 2000 through 2004 (n = 1,166.513). Newborns were classified ethnically according to the origins of the parents' last names.The average birthweight was stable over the 5 year period with variations of less than 20 g in each group, and with mean values trivially higher in indigenous newborns. The proportion weighing less than 2500 g at birth increased modestly from 5.2% to 5.6% in non-indigenous newborns whereas the indigenous births remained constant at 5.2%. In multiple regression analyses, adjusting flexibly for gestational age and maternal characteristics, the occurrence of an indigenous surname added only 14 g to an average infant's birthweight while holding other factors constant. Results for length at birth were similar, and adjusted time trend variation in both outcomes was trivially small after adjustment. Anthropometric indexes at birth in Chile are quite favorable by international standards.There is only a trivial degree of ethnic disparity in these values, in contrast to conditions for ethnic minorities in other countries. Moreover, these values remained roughly constant over the 5 years of observation in this study.Characteristics of the newborn child reflect the complex web of intrauterine conditions and their interactions with the genetic potential of the individual. It is the multifaceted determination of these measures that makes them so useful not only as prognostic indicators for the child's health and development, but also as a robust index of social conditions and maternal health. Recently, an additional interest in these measures has centered around the possible association between a deficit in intrauterine growth and the elevation of risk for chronic diseases later in adult life [1,2].Birthweight has long served as one of the most important indicators of maternal-child health, especially in the simple dichotomy of "l
Nivel socioeconómico y estado nutricional: Un estudio en escolares
Adjemian,Daniela; Bustos,Patricia; Amigo,Hugo;
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición , 2007,
Abstract: socioeconomic level and nutritional status: a study in schoolchildren. obesity increased in recent years at different rates among socioeconomic levels (sel). the purpose of this study was to analyze the association between sel and nutritional status in schoolchildren attending elementary schools in the six counties that show the highest prevalence of obesity in santiago, chile. within the counties schools were stratified according to obesity and children were randomly selected from each school. anthropometric assessment was performed in children whilst a socio-demographic survey and a 24 hour recall of food intake were applied to their mothers. we classified the sample according to sel in two categories (higher and a lower vulnerability). the prevalence of excess weight was 51.1% (24.7% overweight and 26,4% obese) without significant differences among sel. the most vulnerable group had lower values of body mass index, skinfold thickness, arm circumference and food intake however, these differences were not statistically significant. at the same time, these children were physically more active, showing higher use of community places to play [or 1.91; 95% ci 1.05-3.48] and walked larger distances from houses to schools or 6.6; ci 2.5-16.7). thus, albeit non significant association was detected between sel and anthropometric indicators nor with food intake, the highest vulnerable group showed a tendency to have lower values and more physical activity
Características alimentarías de adolescentes chilenas indígenas y no indígenas
Araneda F,Jacqueline; Hugo,Amigo; Bustos,Patricia;
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición , 2010,
Abstract: during childhood and adolescence, eating habits become established which are instrumental in determining eating behavior later in life. various authors have described the acculturation of the mapuche people toward western culture. the objective of this study was to analyze the eating characteristics of indigenous and non-indigenous adolescent girls in the araucanía region of chile. a cross-sectional design was used with a probabilistic sample of 281 adolescents comprised of 139 indigenous and 142 non-indigenous girls attending 168 elementary schools. a modified food frequency questionnaire was applied, designed to obtain information about eating habits and consumption of mapuche foods. the eating schedules are similar in both ethnic groups, with dinner being the meal that is least consumed. total snack consumption per week has a mean of 7 with an interquartile range (iqr) of 5 to 10 without any differences between ethnic groups; of these snacks, only 2 were healthy (iqr=1 to 3). the indigenous girls had a higher probability of consumption of native foods including mote (boiled wheat) (or=2.00; ic=0.93-4.29), muday (fermented cereal alcohol) (or=3.45; ic=1.90-6.27), and yuyo (field mustard) (or=4.40; ic=2.06-9.39). the study?s conclusion is that the the eating habits and behavior of indigenous adolescents are similar to those of non-indigenous girls, though the former still consume more indigenous foods.
Estado nutricional en la telarquia y menarquia de adolescentes chilenas indígenas y no indígenas
Amigo,Hugo; Costa Machado,Thais; Bustos,Patricia;
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición , 2009,
Abstract: a compensatory effect of chronic malnutrition that influences excess of weight has been reported. this effect would be more evident in indigenous populations. the aim of this study was to find out the association between ethnic group (mapuche) and body composition in the telarche and menarche of indigenous and non indigenous adolescents. this was a cross sectional design. at the beginning, a screening of 10,121 girls from 168 schools in the araucania region, chile was done. 230 adolescent in telarche (grade ii of the development of the mammary gland) :112 indigenous and 118 non indigenous and 239 in menarche (113 indigenous and 126 non indigenous) were identified. body mass index (bmi), waist circumference (wc), lean mass (lm) and fat mass (fm) were evaluated. bmi, wc and lm were higher in the indigenous adolescent in telarche. for those with menarche, the differences decreased, reaching with higher values for indigenous girls only in bmi and fm (p=0,04 and 0,02, respectively). belonging to the indigenous group increased the bmi in 0.37 z scores in telarche (95% ci: 0,17-0,58) and 0,44 in menarche (95% ci:0,18-0,70). being mapuche was also associated to higher wc: 3.33 cm (ci 1,67 - 4,99) in telarche and 3,17 cm (ci 0,73-5,60) in menarche and to higher lean mass only for those adolescents with telarche (1,3 ci: 0,11-2,43) and to fat mass only for those with menarche (2,4 ci: 1,02-3,77). the body composition indicators in indigenous adolescents are of concern and underscores the importance of programs to promote healthy lifestyles that take into account resources from the indigenous communities.
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