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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 12526 matches for " Isora Ramos Valle "
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Las enfermedades de transmisión sexual, un riesgo para las embarazadas y los recién nacidos
Berdasquera Corcho,Denis; Fari?as Reinoso,Ana Teresa; Ramos Valle,Isora;
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiolog?-a , 2001,
Abstract: a descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 351 pregnant women recruited from january 1st, to december 31st, 1998. to collect information it was used a formulary with different biological and sociocultural variables. the relative risks and the population attributable risk percents of the studied sexually transmitted diseases were calculated. the expectants with herpes simplex had the highest number of probabilities for spontaneous abortion and for having a low birth weight infant and/or with conjunctivitis. having suffered from a sexually transmitted disease before represented the highest population attributable risk percent among the pregnant women to abort spontaneously and have a low birth weight infant and/or with conjunctivitis.
Las enfermedades de transmisión sexual en embarazadas: Un problema de salud a nivel mundial
Berdasquera Corcho,Denis; Fari?as Reinoso,Ana Teresa; Ramos Valle,Isora;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2001,
Abstract: sexually transmited diseases are a serious health problem in today′s world. the control of these infections during pregnancy has considerably increased a present and that′s why it is necessary to strengthen the surveillance activities and their control. this topic is updated here by analyzing the world situation of some of these diseases and their repercusion on pregnant women and newborn infants
Las enfermedades de transmisión sexual en embarazadas
Berdasquera Corcho,Denis; Fari?as Reinoso,Ana Teresa; Ramos Valle,Isora;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2001,
Abstract: 351 pregnant women who were caught between january, 1st, and december 31st, 1998, were studied as part of a cross-sectional descriptive investigation. a questionnaire was used to collect the infomation and the biological and sociocultural variables obtanied from the medical histories of the pregnant females were analyzed. there was a predominance of pregnant women aged 20-34 with a high educational level and a steady partner. more than 55 % were housewives and more than 90 % of them had had sexual relations before being 20. moniliasis and trichomoniasis were the predominant diseases followed in a decreasing order by blennorrhagia, herpes simplex, condyloma acuminatum, hepatitis b, syphilis and hiv/aids. the surveillance of blennorrhagia in the studied population was not adequate due to a deficient screening of this disease. the distribution of pregnant women with sexually transmitted diseases, according to sociocultural variables, had a behavior similar to the general distribution of them in the total of pregnant women.
Las enfermedades de transmisión sexual, un riesgo para las embarazadas y los recién nacidos
Denis Berdasquera Corcho,Ana Teresa Fari?as Reinoso,Isora Ramos Valle
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología , 2001,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en el que participaron 351 embarazadas captadas entre el 1 de enero y el 31 de diciembre de 1998. Para la recogida de la información se utilizó un formulario donde se estudiaron diferentes variables biológicas y socioculturales. Se calcularon los riesgos relativos y los riesgos atribuibles poblacionales porcentuales de las enfermedades de transmisión sexual estudiadas. Las embarazadas con herpes simple fueron las que mayores probabilidades tuvieron de abortar espontáneamente y de tener un hijo bajo peso al nacer y/o con conjuntivitis. El padecer una enfermedad de transmisión sexual con anterioridad representó el mayor riesgo atribuible poblacional porcentual en las embarazadas estudiadas para abortar espontáneamente y tener un hijo bajo peso al nacer y/o con conjuntivitis. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 351 pregnant women recruited from January 1st, to December 31st, 1998. To collect information it was used a formulary with different biological and sociocultural variables. The relative risks and the population attributable risk percents of the studied sexually transmitted diseases were calculated. The expectants with herpes simplex had the highest number of probabilities for spontaneous abortion and for having a low birth weight infant and/or with conjunctivitis. Having suffered from a sexually transmitted disease before represented the highest population attributable risk percent among the pregnant women to abort spontaneously and have a low birth weight infant and/or with conjunctivitis.
Las enfermedades de transmisión sexual en embarazadas
Denis Berdasquera Corcho,Ana Teresa Fari?as Reinoso,Isora Ramos Valle
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2001,
Abstract: Se realizó una investigación descriptiva de corte transversal en la que se estudiaron 351 embarazadas captadas entre el 1ro de enero y el 31 de diciembre de 1998 en el municipio Guanajay. Para la recogida de la información se utilizó un formulario, donde se estudiaron variables biológicas y socioculturales obtenidas de las historias clínicas de las gestantes. Predominaron las embarazadas en edades de 20 a 34 a os, un alto nivel de escolaridad, más de 55 % de amas de casa, con pareja estable y más del 90 % habían comenzado sus relaciones sexuales antes de cumplir los 20 a os. La moniliasis y la trichomoniasis fueron las enfermedades que mayores prevalencias presentaron, seguidas en orden decreciente de la blenorragia, el herpes simple, el condiloma acuminado, la hepatitis B, la sífilis, y el VIH/SIDA. La vigilancia de la blenorragia en la población estudiada no fue adecuada por una deficiente pesquisa de esta enfermedad. La distribución de gestantes con enfermedades de transmisión sexual, según variables socioculturales, tuvo un comportamiento similar a la distribución general de estas en el total de las embarazadas. 351 pregnant women who were caught between January, 1st, and December 31st, 1998, were studied as part of a cross-sectional descriptive investigation. A questionnaire was used to collect the infomation and the biological and sociocultural variables obtanied from the medical histories of the pregnant females were analyzed. There was a predominance of pregnant women aged 20-34 with a high educational level and a steady partner. More than 55 % were housewives and more than 90 % of them had had sexual relations before being 20. Moniliasis and trichomoniasis were the predominant diseases followed in a decreasing order by blennorrhagia, herpes simplex, condyloma acuminatum, hepatitis B, syphilis and HIV/AIDS. The surveillance of blennorrhagia in the studied population was not adequate due to a deficient screening of this disease. The distribution of pregnant women with sexually transmitted diseases, according to sociocultural variables, had a behavior similar to the general distribution of them in the total of pregnant women.
Las enfermedades de transmisión sexual en embarazadas: Un problema de salud a nivel mundial
Denis Berdasquera Corcho,Ana Teresa Fari?as Reinoso,Isora Ramos Valle
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2001,
Abstract: Las enfermedades de transmisión sexual constituyen un problema serio de salud a nivel mundial. Hoy en día, el control de estas infecciones en el embarazo ha cobrado un auge creciente. Por tales motivos se ha hecho necesario fortalecer las actividades de vigilancia y control de ellas. En este trabajo se realiza una actualización del tema, analizando la situación mundial de algunas de estas enfermedades y su repercusión sobre las embarazadas y los recién nacidos Sexually transmited diseases are a serious health problem in today′s world. The control of these infections during pregnancy has considerably increased a present and that′s why it is necessary to strengthen the surveillance activities and their control. This topic is updated here by analyzing the world situation of some of these diseases and their repercusion on pregnant women and newborn infants
Evaluación de algunos aspectos del Programa Nacional de Prevención de la Conducta Suicida. Municipio Playa, 1995
Ramos Valle,Isora; Murla Alonso,Pedro A.; Sosa Lorenzo,Irma; Rodríguez Salva,Armando;
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiolog?-a , 1998,
Abstract: a retrospective-descriptive study was undertaken to assess some aspects of the national suicidal behaviour prevention program. taking its structure, process and results into account. the study covered aspects such as dead people from suicide and attempet suicide cases in playa municipality, city of havana, during 1995 as well as family physicians who treated suicide cases and a randomized group of physicians who had neither dead people from suicide nor attempted suicide case in the same year. the individual and family medical records of the dead patients of the first group of physicians were checked. both groups of physicians were put to a competency test so as to e evaluate their knowledge on the main program actions. expert criteria, indexes and standards were used in this test. the program was neither efficient, nor effective due to the short comings found in its structure, process and results.
Evaluación del tratamiento focal contra el Aedes aegypti en áreas de salud seleccionadas de Ciudad de La Habana, junio del 2008
Noriega Bravo,Vivian; Ramos Valle,Isora; Morejón Díaz,Yanett; Molina Torriente,Roberto;
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiolog?-a , 2009,
Abstract: focal treatment is considered a essential aim of surveillance and fight against aedes (stegomy) aegypti by means of it is possible to detect and eliminate the mosquito at its preadult phases, as well as to educate population in a health way. a descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted using a tactical assessment design to assess this activity in the ciudad de la habana province during june, 2008. a non-probability sampling of health areas was performed from stratification by qualitative criterion according infestation rates by aedes aegypti reported up to april 28, 2008 (phase 147). an intentional sample was used including 75 workers by each health area: hygiene and epidemiology vice-manager, area chief, supervisors, chief of a or b teams, a man workers and b women workers, as well as, a sample including 84 community inhabitants. assessment criteria were established expressed in indicators as well as standards taking into account experts recommendations and programs normative parameters. information was from some sources: work reports, statistical records, and using different collection techniques. fourteen criteria were assessed according structure, process and results dimensions, which were analyzed by the areas and layers areas. finally, focal treatment was assessed like non-satisfactory because of the structure and process dimensions were assessed like non-suitable and the results like non-acceptable.
Multi-Sector Participation In The National Response To Prevent And Address The Hiv/Aids Epidemic In The Republic Of Cuba, 2007-2008
Isora Ramos Valle,Isabel Louro Bernal,Ana Teresa Farinas Reinoso,Susana Llanusa
Social Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: The development of a strong national response involving multiple sectors—including civil society—is an essential aspect of the social management of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The goals of this response are to control the epidemic and improve the quality of life for people living with HIV/AIDS; this includes combating stigma and discrimination, as well as ensuring due compliance with the law. Cuba has a national program to prevent and control HIV/AIDS. Since 2003 Cuba’s national program has received material and financial support from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. Program evaluation is carried out by an independent team at ENSAP (National School of Public Health). This paper reports on results of one part of that evaluation: an assessment of the agencies and sectors who made up the organized social and national response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The evaluation primarily used qualitative analyses of the activities and tasks proposed by sectors in their 2006-2008 work plans. Visits were made to the provinces of Ciudad de la Habana, Matanzas, and Holguín. Qualitative techniques included in-depth interviews, semi-structured interviews, observation, and review of documentary evidence of all kinds (videos, reports, minutes, protocols, results of social research, and radio broadcast messages) and varied depending on the particular features of each sector. We noted improvements in multi-sector participation in the prevention and response to the national HIV/AIDS epidemic. Conscious of their role, sectors generally carried out their programmed activities and had improved their organization, planning, and systematization; integration among the sectors was also better. These local initiatives provided evidence of a multi-sector response characterized by autonomy, emotional involvement, and an identification with the goals of the project; this went beyond simply meeting targets. Cross-sector work showed a marked increase and a qualitative leap in management compared with the previous evaluation. Interviewees from different sectors all considered discrimination and stigmatization of people living with HIV to have decreased, both within their organizations and in the general population.
Evaluación de algunos aspectos del Programa Nacional de Prevención de la Conducta Suicida. Municipio Playa, 1995
Nurys B. Armas Rojas,Isora Ramos Valle,Pedro A. Murla Alonso,Irma Sosa Lorenzo
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología , 1998,
Abstract: Con el fin de evaluar algunos aspectos del Programa Nacional de Prevención de la Conducta Suicida se realizó un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo que tuviera en cuenta su estructura, proceso y resultados. Se escogió como objeto de estudio el universo de fallecidos por suicidios y los casos de intentos suicidas ocurridos en el municipio Playa, de Ciudad de La Habana, en 1995, de igual forma los médicos con casos de suicidio y un grupo aleatorio de médicosque no tuvieron fallecidos por suicidio ni casos de intentos suicidas, todos en el mismo a o. Al primer grupo se le revisaron las historias clínicas individuales y familiares de los fallecidos. A ambos grupos de médicos se les realizó una prueba de competencia para medir conocimientos sobre las principales acciones del programa. Se utilizaron criterios de expertos, indicadores y estándares para la evaluación. El Programa no resultó eficiente, ni eficaz, debido a las deficiencias encontradas en la estructura, el proceso y los resultados. A retrospective-descriptive study was undertaken to assess some aspects of the National Suicidal Behaviour Prevention Program. taking its structure, process and results into account. The study covered aspects such as dead people from suicide and attempet suicide cases in Playa municipality, City of Havana, during 1995 as well as family physicians who treated suicide cases and a randomized group of physicians who had neither dead people from suicide nor attempted suicide case in the same year. The individual and family medical records of the dead patients of the first group of physicians were checked. Both groups of physicians were put to a competency test so as to e evaluate their knowledge on the main program actions. Expert criteria, indexes and standards were used in this test. The Program was neither efficient, nor effective due to the short comings found in its structure, process and results.
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