OALib Journal期刊

ISSN: 2333-9721



匹配条件: “Islam” ,找到相关结果约447条。
Intervention with Muslim Filipino Families:The Implications of Spirituality for Psychology  [PDF]
Ronald Hall
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2010.11007
Abstract: Political repercussions following destructive events of September 11, 2001 have the potential to dampen enthusiasm for the incorporation of spirituality by psychologists who see Muslim Filipino families. Among various Muslim Filipino populations, spirituality is fundamental. Psychologists who are conscientious would be remiss to exclude such a critical aspect of life when it is essential. The implications of spirituality for psychology intervention with Muslim Filipino families include the need to acknowledge and, when appropriate, apply values, belief systems, and other culture specific criteria. To do otherwise will bias intervention with Muslim Filipino families, rendering psychology less potent in its ability to accommodate such families.
Arab-Islamic Reception and Development of Hellenistic Science  [PDF]
Giovanna Lelli
Advances in Historical Studies (AHS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ahs.2015.41004
Abstract: This article is an overview of the Arab-Islamic reception and development of Hellenistic science. It particularly refers to mathematics, physics and astronomy. It focuses on the following topics: 1) Two interpretative models of this reception in the 19th, 20th, and 21st century scholarship: the “Indo-European model” (which supposes a cultural heterogeneity between Greece and Islam) and the “cosmopolitan Hellenistic model” (which supposes homogeneity between the two). 2) The channels through which Hellenistic science was transmitted to the Islamic world: the philological channel, and the oral channel which implies the pre-existence of a common Greek-Semitic cultural ground that made this transmission possible. 3) Three features of the Arab-Islamic sciences that highlight their essential contribution to the emergence of modern science in 16th and 17th century Europe: 3.1. The “democratising” character of the Arab-Islamic sciences resulting from a larger diffusion of literacy. 3.2. The higher precision of measurements and calculations. 3.3. The experimental approach of Muslim scientists. A positive role in the accomplishment of these advances has been played by the non-metaphysical character of orthodox Islamic monotheism. According to Muslim orthodoxy, there are no Neo-Platonic intermediaries between the almighty God and his creation. The whole universe is submitted to the same physical laws. I argue that today it is important to open an interdisciplinary debate on the Arab-Islamic sciences. It would certainly lead to a better appreciation of their historical contribution. It could also suggest answers to contemporary epistemological impasses deriving from the growing gap between the humanities and the sciences.
Is Islam Compatible with Democracy
Carmen A. Abubakar
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 1996,
Abstract: After the transition to democracy of socialist states in Eastern Europe and other authoritarian states in Asia and Latin America, which captured worldwide attention, the lenses now shift to Muslim states. Perceived as inherently authoritarian, Muslim societies invite criticism from the West as being incapable with democracy. In turn, the Muslims, though recognizing the precepts of democracy, question the validity of Western orthodoxy by challenging the exacting, secular model of democracy. They argue that the term “democracy” has been arbitrarily, as authoritarian and socialist states alike appropriate it their own designs. Moreover, they of the view that there is as yet no universally accepted and encompassing definition of democracy. In the final analysis, if the leaders, the people, and ultimately the state remain true to Islamic ideal, democracy would most likely have the same resonance in Muslim societies as elsewhere in the world.
Islam and Capitalism: Considerations on the Construction of the Idea of a Western 'Modernity'
Elena Vezzadini
Storicamente , 2012,
Abstract: This review essay aims at highlighting the continuity of the relation that has been established between Islam, capitalism and modernity (or the lack of it) from the time of Weber’s theses on Islam in Sociology of Religion to more recent works of social science thinkers such as Eisentstadt and Gellner. This exercise does not aim at being a refutation of Weber’s theses on the ground of social science arguments or historical analysis. Its scope is first of all to demonstrate the influence and the many reverberations of Weber’s theses into social sciences, and from there into history. Thinkers such as Gellner and Eisenstadt have had a great impact on the way historians have understood the modern Middle East, and dealt with concepts such as tradition, modernity and nationalism. It is helpful to establish the genealogy of the relation between an ‘un-modern’ Middle East and the founding fathers of social sciences, to show the power that this paradigm has had up to the present day.
Secularism and islamic modernism in Turkey
Etnográfica , 2006,
Abstract: this paper focuses on the institutionalization of secularism in turkey through the establishment of a directorate of religious affairs as a state office, vested with full authority over islamic thought and practice. it explores the ways in which the state promoted this directorate as the only legitimate islamic authority in turkey and how, in the 1990s, alternative voices representing islamic thought and practice gained salience and challenged the authority of official islam. it is in such a context that the islamic modernizers emerged as a new political movement around ak (justice and development) party, which broke off from the former islamist party refah/fazilet, and won a major victory at the 2002 general elections. the paper addresses the emergence of ak party and its policy toward secularism, political islam and nationalism.
The Influence of the of Iraq Kurdistan Banking System to Development of Tourism Влияние состояния банковской системы Иракского Курдистана на развитие туристического бизнеса
Sheykkha Nissrat Sabir
Business Inform , 2013,
Abstract: The author is examine the questions of development of the financial and credit System in Iraq and Iraq Кurdistan, the most substantial problems are distinguished in forming and development of the banking system of Iraq and Кurdistan, and also their influence on development of industry of tourism. Автором рассматриваются вопросы развития финансово-кредитной системы в Ираке и Иракском Курдистане. Выделены наиболее существенные проблемы в формировании и развитии банковской системы Ирака и Курдистана, а также их влияние на развитие индустрии туризма.
Islamic mysticism - sufism
Novakovi? Dragan
Zbornik Matice Srpske za Drustvene Nauke , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/zmsdn1137481n
Abstract: Basic concepts of Sufism are introduced along with pointing out that the cause of occurrence of that original learning should be sought in gradual distancing of the Islamic state and its leaders from the great moral ideals and value system set by the Prophet Mohammed and the first caliphs. The established periodization starts from the classical period dominated by excessive influence of some scholars and the tendency of respecting local traditions, continues with the medieval period marked by systematization and achieving the peak of Sufi thought through acting of a number of great mystics and ends with the modern period characterized by its prevalence and enormous global impact, adapting to constantly changing conditions and efforts for giving an adequate response to the challenges of colonialism, which inevitably led to gradual weakening of Sufism. Overlapping between mysticism, Hellenistic philosophy and other religious systems is also pointed out, as an inexhaustible source of new, original and creative theological syntheses, that significantly dynamized the already established Islamic doctrine prone to repeating fixed patterns, as well as a great contribution of Sufism to the spread of Islam in different parts of the world.
Les Murchidat au Maroc. Entre islam d’état et islam au féminin The Murchidat in Morocco: Between State islam and feminist islam.
Karima Dirèche
Revue des Mondes Musulmans et de la Méditerranée , 2012, DOI: 10.4000/remmm.6857
Abstract: Avec l’émergence des murchidat dans l’espace religieux marocain, c’est la reconnaissance inédite du r le religieux d’éducatrice des femmes dans la sphère publique. Elles sont présentées, par l’état et relayé en cela par la presse nationale, comme un des vecteurs de diffusion d’un islam marocain moderne et féministe. Ces nouvelles prédicatrices, soumises à une formation endroit musulman et en sciences sociales sont actives dans le cadre des prisons, des h pitaux, des lieux de travail et des espaces associatifs et s’adressent à un public de femmes principalement. Mais à y regarder de plus près, ces assistantes sociales, éducatrices et guides des préceptes islamiques et du nouveau code de la famille, se retrouvent au carrefour de toutes les contradictions et paradoxes liés aux exigences de la bonne gouvernance et de la volonté de préserver l’identité religieuse du pays des emprunts fondamentalistes. Since the murchidat appeared, the religious role of education by women in the public sphere is originally recognized. The State, and hence the national media, present them as a way of spreading a modern and feminist moroccan islam. These new preachers have followed a degree course in the fields of islamic law and social sciences. They are active in prisons, hospitals, professional and associative places where they mainly deal with women. But if we look closer, these social assistants, instructors, guides of the islamic precepts and the new family code, stand in an ambivalent situation. On one side, they are supposed to attest good governance, and on the other side, they promote the religious identity of the country as a protection from the fundamentalist borrowings.
A condi??o das mulheres no Isl?: a quest?o da igualdade
El Hajjami, A?cha;
Cadernos Pagu , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-83332008000100009
Abstract: the western idea relative to islamic women's status is linked to the representations generally held on islam and muslim people. these representantions are riddled by esterotypes, reductionist schemas and conceptual confusions. islam and muslim societies' reality is much more nuanced and common held ideas do not correspond to it. the inferior status and poverty in which most of muslim women are confined show the hegemony of a mentality and a patriarchal system that uses its readings of religion in order to legitimate the domination, violence and exclusion of women. beginning with this idea, the author proposes another reading of islam and a reflection about the equality notions in the coran and in the sunna in the context of revelation, chari'a objectives and the perspectives of evolution that may reveal the islamic ways. working at these roots it may be possible to reduce the distance between the sexes equality principles written at the international conventions and its islam equivalents.
Castellanos,Diego Giovanni;
Persona y Bioética , 2011,
Abstract: this article examines the challenge post mortem examinations imply for religious beliefs with respect to how the human body should be treated. the debate practices of this type have sparked among believers of both faiths is used as an example to show how the role of medicine is regarded in jewish and islamic law (halakhah and sharia) and the respective provisions concerning death and burial rituals. the efforts of both religions to integrate the positive aspects of autopsies, while limiting their use and extension to certain specific circumstances, are analyzed as well. in doing so, the objective is to demonstrate that medical ethics should take into account issues such as the patient's religious beliefs. the authors also attempt to show that religions are dynamic systems capable of adapting to the changes in contemporary societies.

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