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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 24343 matches for " Isis Rodríguez Ribalta "
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Ataque transitorio de isquemia, el heraldo del ictus Transient ischemic attack: the herald of stroke
Javier Sánchez López,Isis Rodríguez Ribalta,Martha Beatriz Díaz Dehesa
Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biom??dicas , 2012,
Abstract: Introducción: el ataque transitorio de isquemia constituye una parte fundamental de la enfermedad cerebrovascular, en muchas ocasiones no bien diagnosticado por su corta duración, lo difícil de ver y sus variadas manifestaciones clínicas. Esta investigación se realizó con el propósito de caracterizar a los pacientes con ictus isquémico y previo ataque transitorio de isquemia, atendidos en el servicio de consulta externa no. 3 del Instituto de Neurología y Neurocirugía (INN) entre febrero de 2006 y noviembre de 2009. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo en 50 pacientes que, previo al ictus isquémico, habían presentado cuadros de ataques transitorios de isquemia. Se describieron las manifestaciones clínicas de presentación de estos, se analizaron los factores de riesgo, el territorio vascular afectado y el tiempo transcurrido entre el ataque transitorio de isquemia y el ictus isquémico. Resultados: en el 100 % de los pacientes, los ictus isquémicos da aron el mismo territorio vascular afectado por los ataques transitorios de isquemia que le antecedieron. Conclusiones: quedó demostrada la importancia del ataque transitorio de isquemia como piedra angular fundamental en la enfermedad cerebrovascular. El infarto cerebral ocurrió con más frecuencia en los primeros meses secundarios al ataque transitorio de isquemia. La hipertensión arterial, los inadecuados hábitos de vida y la diabetes mellitus, constituyeron los principales factores de riesgo en la población estudiada. Introduction: transient ischemic attack constitutes a major part of cerebrovascular disease. In many cases it is not well diagnosed, due to its short duration, its many clinical manifestations and the difficulty to spot it. This study was conducted with the purpose of characterizing patients with ischemic stroke and a previous transient ischemic attack cared for at Outpatient Service No. 3 of the Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery (INN) between February 2006 and November 2009. Methods: an observational descriptive study was conducted with 50 patients who had had a transient ischemic attack before they had their stroke. A description was made of the clinical manifestations at presentation, and an analysis was performed of the risk factors, the affected vascular territory, and the time elapsed between the transient ischemic attack and the ischemic stroke. Results: in 100 % of the patients the vascular territory affected by the ischemic stroke was the same as that affected by the preceding transient attacks. Conclusions: it was demonstrated that the transient ischemic a
Escherichia coli como causa de diarrea infantil
Fernández Ferrán,Raquel; Rodríguez Pérez,Carlos; Rodríguez Ribalta,Isis de los A.; Gómez Martínez,Freddy;
Revista Cubana de Pediatr?-a , 2003,
Abstract: a medical literature review was made about escherichia coli as a cause of diarrhea. the different groups of e.coli are presented, also the pathogenic mechanisms, the clinical picture associated and its incidence on the infantile diarrhea are stated, according to studies performed in different parts of the world. the elements related to the diagnosis and the recommended therapeutical orientations are pointed out in this paper.
Escherichia coli como causa de diarrea infantil
Raquel Fernández Ferrán,Carlos Rodríguez Pérez,Isis de los A. Rodríguez Ribalta,Freddy Gómez Martínez
Revista Cubana de Pediatr?-a , 2003,
Abstract: Se realiza una revisión de la literatura médica reciente sobre Escherichia coli productora de diarrea. Se presentan los diferentes grupos de E. coli y se plantean los mecanismos patogénicos, así como el cuadro clínico asociado y su incidencia en la diarrea infantil, según estudios realizados en diferentes partes del mundo. Se se alan los elementos relacionados con el diagnóstico y se plantean las orientaciones terapéuticas recomendadas. A medical literature review was made about Escherichia coli as a cause of diarrhea. The different groups of E.coli are presented, also the pathogenic mechanisms, the clinical picture associated and its incidence on the infantile diarrhea are stated, according to studies performed in different parts of the world. The elements related to the diagnosis and the recommended therapeutical orientations are pointed out in this paper.
Tratamiento de la adenoamigdalitis crónica en el ni?o
Marzo Matos,Ramón; Rodríguez Rodríguez,Ana Isis;
Revista Cubana de Pediatr?-a , 2010,
Abstract: doubtless, surgical treatment of the chronic adenoamygdalitis historically has been and at world level one of the more frequent surgical interventions in childhood. until past years it has been carried out without valuated criteria and in an indiscriminate way becoming it in one of the most polemic surgeries in pediatrics and in otorhinolaryngology. in past decades in many world areas forums have been held to arrive to a consensus among clinicians and surgeons, aimed to unify the diagnostic criteria and of surgical indications. in present paper the more updated indications of these interventions are reviewed and the presentation of criteria helping to establish common basis to pediatricians, primary care physicians and otorhinolaryngologists that is the leading objective.
Tratamiento de la adenoamigdalitis crónica en el ni o Treatment of chronic adenoamygdalitis in the child
Ramón Marzo Matos,Ana Isis Rodríguez Rodríguez
Revista Cubana de Pediatr?-a , 2010,
Abstract: Sin duda, el tratamiento quirúrgico de la adenoamigdalitis crónica ha sido, históricamente y en todo el mundo, una de las intervenciones quirúrgicas más frecuentes en la infancia. Hasta fechas recientes se ha practicado sin criterios valorables y hasta de forma indiscriminada, lo que la convierte en una de las cirugías más controvertidas en pediatría y otorrinolaringología. En las últimas décadas se han realizado fórums en diversas partes del mundo para poder llegar a un consenso entre clínicos y cirujanos, encaminado a unificar criterios diagnósticos y de indicaciones quirúrgicas. En el presente trabajo se revisan las indicaciones más actuales de estas intervenciones y se exponen criterios que ayudan a sentar bases comunes para pediatras, médicos de atención primaria y otorrinolaringólogos, que es el objetivo principal. Doubtless, surgical treatment of the chronic adenoamygdalitis historically has been and at world level one of the more frequent surgical interventions in childhood. Until past years it has been carried out without valuated criteria and in an indiscriminate way becoming it in one of the most polemic surgeries in Pediatrics and in Otorhinolaryngology. In past decades in many world areas forums have been held to arrive to a consensus among clinicians and surgeons, aimed to unify the diagnostic criteria and of surgical indications. In present paper the more updated indications of these interventions are reviewed and the presentation of criteria helping to establish common basis to pediatricians, primary care physicians and otorhinolaryngologists that is the leading objective.
Reinicio del programa de evaluación externa de la calidad de los laboratorios clínicos en provincias centro orientales
Carbajales León,Ana Isabel; Rodríguez Socarrás,Isis;
Revista Archivo M??dico de Camag??ey , 2010,
Abstract: background: the provincial groups of clinical laboratory of granma, las tunas, ciego de ávila and holguín requested the advising of camagüey in the quality external assessment program of their clinical labs in the primary care level, because of the experience reached in the province in this activity. objective: to restart the quality external assessment program in the primary care level in these provinces. methods: a documental descriptive study was performed, where it was elaborated a training and qualification program for carrying out the quality external assessment program that included several subjects related with the topic. it was designated the responsible for the program in each province with its substitute and other members that would constitute the coordinating group, activists in each municipality were chosen. results: of 45 municipalities that should participate of the 4 qualified provinces, 38 received the course (84,4%). the 59% of the personnel came from the primary level (activists), the rest coordinators and other personnel involved. it was evident the improvement as for the acquired knowledge level at the end of the course, of 59,6% of the approved personnel before imparting the training improved to 100% and with excellent mark the 61,3% of participants. conclusions: the initial training, the continuous advising to coordinators of provinces, their attitude facing this activity and the commitment of carrying out the program monthly, allowed the restart of the quality external assessment program with its corresponding positive impact in the primary health care.
Traumatismos oculares
Welch Ruiz,Gelen; Fundora Salgado,Viviana; Martínez Ribalta,Jorge; Zerquera Rodríguez,Tania;
Revista Cubana de Oftalmolog?-a , 2007,
Abstract: a retrospective longitudinal and descriptive study was carried out in 72 eyes from 72 patients with mechanical occular traumas, who had been hospitalized in “dr. carlos j. finlay” military hospital from december 1999 to january 2005. for the statistical data analysis, an automated program (spss 11.5 version) was used to create the database and estimations were made according to the variable types. summary measures, central tendency measures and statistical association with significance level equal to p < 0.05 were employed. males prevailed (95.8%), the average age was 30.26 years with a minimum rate of 17 years and maximum rate of 82 years. the most frequent mechanisms of trauma were aggressions (23. 6%) and injures from secondary projectiles (13.9%). the anterior segment traumas were more frequent (61, 1%) than posterior segment traumas (6.94%). both segments of the eyeball were affected in 39, 1% of eyes which evinced the worst visual acuity. the most common associated injures were hyphema (54, 2%) and vitreous hemorrhage (16.6%). closed trauma (contusions) were more common and most of the eyes had better final visual acuity (45, 2% with vision range of 0.6-1.0 and 26.2% with vision range of 0.59-0.1). on the other hand, eyes affected by open trauma (simple wound, contusion-wound, wound with intraocular foreign body and contusion-wound with intraocular foreign body) exhibited higher percentage of eyes with 0.1 or lower vision acute. the worst results were found in those eyes affected by simple wounds (25%) and contusion-wounds (15.3%). late complications such as cataracts, corneal leukomas and retinal detachment, occurred more frequently. the type of trauma causing the highest number of complications was wound cause by intraocular foreign bodies.
Traumatismos oculares Ocular traumas
Gelen Welch Ruiz,Viviana Fundora Salgado,Jorge Martínez Ribalta,Tania Zerquera Rodríguez
Revista Cubana de Oftalmolog?-a , 2007,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de tipo retrospectivo longitudinal cuyo universo estuvo constituido por 72 ojos de 72 pacientes con traumatismos oculares mecánicos que fueron hospitalizados en el Hospital Militar Central “Dr. Carlos J. Finlay” desde enero de 1999 hasta enero de 2005. Para el análisis estadístico de la información se utilizó el programa automatizado SPSS versión 11.5 en el cual también se conformó la base de datos y se realizaron los cálculos de acuerdo con el tipo de variable analizada. Se utilizaron medidas de resumen, tendencia central y asociación estadística con un nivel de significación de p < 0,05. Predominó el sexo masculino (95,8 %), la edad promedio fue de 30,26 a os con un valor mínimo de 17 a os y máximo de 82. Los mecanismos más frecuentes de producción de los traumas fueron las agresiones (26,3 %) y las lesiones producidas por proyectiles secundarios (13,9 %). Los traumatismos del segmento anterior (61,1 %) fueron más frecuentes que los del segmento posterior (6,94 %). Las lesiones en ambos segmentos del globo ocular se presentaron en 31,9 % de los ojos, se demostró que en estos los resultados de la agudeza visual fueron peores. Las lesiones asociadas más frecuentes fueron el hifema (54,2 %) y la hemorragia vítrea (16,6 %). Los traumatismos cerrados se presentaron con mayor frecuencia y entre ellos las contusiones donde la mayoría de los ojos terminaron con buena agudeza visual final, el 45,2 % con visión entre 0,6-1,0 y el 26,2 % con visión entre 0,5-0,1. Contrariamente los ojos con traumatismos abiertos (heridas simples, contusiones-heridas, heridas con cuerpo extra o intraocular, contusiones-heridas con cuerpo extra o intraocular) presentaron un mayor porcentaje de ojos con visiones de 0,1 o menor. Los peores resultados visuales se obtuvieron en los ojos con heridas simples (25 %) y con contusiones-heridas (15,3 %). Las complicaciones tardías que más se presentaron fueron las cataratas, leucomas corneales y desprendimientos de retina. El tipo de traumatismo que generó el mayor número de complicaciones fue la herida con cuerpo extra o intraocular. A retrospective longitudinal and descriptive study was carried out in 72 eyes from 72 patients with mechanical occular traumas, who had been hospitalized in “Dr. Carlos J. Finlay” Military Hospital from December 1999 to January 2005. For the statistical data analysis, an automated program (SPSS 11.5 version) was used to create the database and estimations were made according to the variable types. Summary measures, central tendency measures and statistical association with sign
Evisceración con doble cobertura escleral
Manteiga Rodríguez,Mary Brenda; Falcón Caballero,Judith; Montesino álvarez,Isis; Soto Rodríguez,Gladys;
Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biom??dicas , 2006,
Abstract: 35 patients aged 13-78 were included in the study. the loss of the eye globe is traumatizing for the patient and it is considered a failure for the ophthalmologist. after evisceration, the hydroxyapatite implant with the placement of an ocular prosthesis reports aesthetic benefits for the patient. all of them underwent cuadrisection with doble scleral visceration, one of the most spread surgical techniques at present, with a follow-up from 2 to 30 months. it allows to place implants independently of the size of the cavity and to reduce their exposure risk.
Evisceración con doble cobertura escleral Evisceration with doble scleral coverage
Mary Brenda Manteiga Rodríguez,Judith Falcón Caballero,Isis Montesino álvarez,Gladys Soto Rodríguez
Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biom??dicas , 2006,
Abstract: Se incluyeron en el estudio 35 pacientes con una edad comprendida entre 13 y 78 a os. La pérdida del globo ocular es traumatizante para el paciente y constituye un fracaso para el oftalmólogo. Tras la evisceración, el implante de hidroxiapatita con la colocación de una prótesis ocular, aporta beneficios estéticos para el paciente. En todos ellos, se practicó la cuadrisección con doble cobertura escleral, que es una de las técnicas quirúrgicas de mayor difusión en la actualidad, con un tiempo de seguimiento de 2 a 30 meses, permitiendo colocar implantes independientemente del tama o de la cavidad y disminuyendo el riesgo de exposición de estos. 35 patients aged 13-78 were included in the study. The loss of the eye globe is traumatizing for the patient and it is considered a failure for the ophthalmologist. After evisceration, the hydroxyapatite implant with the placement of an ocular prosthesis reports aesthetic benefits for the patient. All of them underwent cuadrisection with doble scleral visceration, one of the most spread surgical techniques at present, with a follow-up from 2 to 30 months. It allows to place implants independently of the size of the cavity and to reduce their exposure risk.
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