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Accommodation Status and Gender Based Analysis at Public Universities in Tanzania: Case of Ardhi University  [PDF]
Isabella Wilfred Mtani, Said Nuhu
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2019.74003
Abstract: Higher education institutions in Tanzania like many other developing countries are facing various challenges. Among other things, the increase of enrollments, does not comply with quantity of accommodations in public universities. Both male and female students have been impacted by inadequate accommodation. Thus, this study is aiming at examining which sex is highly vulnerable to the scarcity of in-campus accommodation. Mixed methods were employed in this study with a combination of survey questionnaire and in-depth interview. Questionnaire was the mainly employed instrument used to collect data from the selected students. Apart from that, an in-depth interview was employed to collect data from the key informants including staff from the Dean of Student’s Office (DoSO) coupled with measurement and observations to determine rooms quality and sizes. The findings indicate that there is a yearly increase in student’s enrollment: and cumbersome loans and registration procedures which, aggravated students’ accommodation problems. Moreover, the houses rented by off-campus students have no reflection to the student’s requirements and financial capability. Overall, the study disclosed that female students are highly affected by the inadequacy of on-campus accommodation as compared to their male counterparts. This situation potentially makes them vulnerable to health and social related problems, which affects in a great extent their academic performance. The paper recommends that the government through its public universities should involve private investors in constructing more halls and hostels to accommodate the increasing demand of student hostels and to intervene in the search for proper off-campus accommodation for students.
Case Study: The Determination of a Complex Multi-Systemic Medical Condition by a Cognitive, Virtual Scanning Technique  [PDF]
Graham Wilfred Ewing
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2015.46042
The study of various medical conditions is limited by the current state of knowledge. New tech-nologies enable researchers to advance their understanding of various medical conditions and to advance their understanding of particular pathologies. Strannik Virtual Scanning (SVS) is such a technology. SVS is able to determine the genetic and non-genetic components of every pathology in each of the 30 main organs, and it is able to determine the onset of pathologies at a much earlier stage than any other technologies or techniques. This makes it an ideal tool to screen for the onset and progression of pathologies which are implicated in multi-systemic conditions and to determine the spectrum of pathologies i.e. comorbidities which are involved in diabetes, cardiovascular disease, migraine, chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, depression, chronic kidney disease, etc. This case study illustrates how the technology can be usefully and cost-effectively deployed to determine the spectrum of pathologies which characterise Reynaud’s phenomenon. This includes pathologies in the liver and kidneys e.g. portal hypertension, renal insufficiency, nephritis, liver insufficiency, pre-symptomatic onset of heart attack, presymptomatic indications of dementia, pancreatic cancer, and ovarian cancer, which are difficult to diagnose and/or for which there is currently an unmet clinical need.
The Successful Treatment of Dysarthria Using Strannik Light Therapy (Biofeedback): A Case Study  [PDF]
Graham Wilfred Ewing
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2015.47053
Abstract: This article reports a case of dysarthria which was successfully treated by Strannik Light Therapy (SLT). It briefly discusses the known etiology for the condition and illustrates that dysarthria must be a problem of autonomic dysfunction in which pathological changes can influence the structure and/or subsequent function of the dynamic interplay between the brain and the organs involving the autonomic nervous system and physiological systems. The author reports a particular case in which a patient undertaking SLT fully recovered the ability to speak within 6 days.
Analysis of Challenges Related to Poor Environmental Regulatory Framework on Mineral Exploration Projects: A Case of Tanzania  [PDF]
Meserecordias Wilfred Lema
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2016.47010
Abstract: In the United Republic of Tanzania (URT), all environmental issues related to the mining industry are regulated according to two principle Acts: The Mining Act and the Environmental Management Act, and their respective regulations. The current acts were enacted in 2010 and 2004 respectively. Mineral exploration (that includes all on-site activities performed before a mining project is declared feasible) projects in URT appears to be “unforgotten phenomena” in the two major legislative documents, when it comes to environmental considerations. This phenomenon is believed to be causing detrimental effects to the environment. This paper, therefore, analyzes the current environmental regulatory framework on mineral exploration projects in URT and discusses few examples in which mineral exploration projects have caused damage to the indigenous environment. Furthermore, this study reviews environmental regulatory frameworks from other few countries in comparison with existing environmental regulatory framework prevailing in URT.
Inter-American Border Discourses, Heterotopia, And Translocal Communities In Courtney Hunt's Film Frozen River
Raussert, Wilfred;
Norteamérica , 2011,
Abstract: this essay discusses the multifaceted and symbolic representations of border and borderlands in courtney hunt's debut film frozen river (2008). using foucault's concept of heterotopia as the point of departure, the article discusses the borderlands of mohawk territory between the u.s. and canada as progressive spaces and contact zones where levels of individual and psychological borders intersect with the geopolitical border, marked by two nations and an autonomous mohawk reserve, in their impact on translocal community building. in particular, it focuses on the development of the relationship between the film's two female protagonists as a reflection on shifting border discourses in times of global migration and on how individual fates are inextricably linked within local transboundary culture and its political and cultural processes.
Wilfred Lunga
Academic Research International , 2012,
Abstract: This paper gives an outline of current issues and challenges for disaster risk reduction facing SADC farmers in particular and African farmers in general. It reviews recent literature on thecurrent state of agriculture as well as trends determining direction and future of SADC's and African agriculture. These are used to assess the opportunities and threats for regional and continental agriculture and farmers. On the basis of these, the paper proposes strategies and activities that could be adopted to enhance the future of agriculture. The paper advocates that these are the current issues and challenges for agricultural policy analysis, research, training and advocacy in SADC. Agricultural economists should assume the drivers' seat to influence the future of agriculture at the farm, national, regional as well as international levels.
Wilfred Greyling
Per Linguam : A Journal of Language Learning , 2012, DOI: 10.5785/28-1-121
Abstract: This article has a dual aim. First, the author reports on how two techniques were used from personal construct psychology, dyadic elicitation and laddering (Fransella, Bell & Bannister, 2004:27-34, 39-43) to raise a cohort of prospective teachers’ awareness of their classroom-related constructs (N = 21). Second, the process for elicitation of the constructs depended on the trainees’ ability to deal with the cognitive and the social-interactive demands of the elicitation tasks. These demands were enacted in a discursive process which conversation analysts refer to as ‘sequential organisation’; in addition, participants followed the rules that govern sequence organisation typical of the interview (Schegloff, 2007: 231). Using 12 random combinations of 10 classroom-based scenarios, which served as elements for the elicitation process, the researcher elicited approximately 800 constructs from the group of prospective teachers. A matrix-based summary of 48 constructs elicited from 10 teacher-trainees for the first scenario combination are presented. In addition, how one of the teachers responded to the full range of scenario-based elements is outlined briefly. The conclusion is drawn that the attaching of verbal labels to their meaning-making constituted deliberate and conscious thinking by prospective teachers about their experience, which is typical of awareness-raising activity. Moreover, the social-interactive demands of this interview type, requiring the prospective teachers to follow the rules of interaction in this context to explore and label their personally held constructs, served to reinforce the awareness-raising process. A further conclusion was that the matrix-based analysis was contentious: Although students may use the same labels to refer to a construct, the meanings they attach to those labels may vary.
A complex adaptive systems approach to the kinetic folding of RNA
Wilfred Ndifon
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1016/j.biosystems.2005.08.004
Abstract: The kinetic folding of RNA sequences into secondary structures is modeled as a complex adaptive system, the components of which are possible RNA structural rearrangements (SRs) and their associated bases and base pairs. RNA bases and base pairs engage in local stacking interactions that determine the probabilities (or fitnesses) of possible SRs. Meanwhile, selection operates at the level of SRs; an autonomous stochastic process periodically (i.e., from one time step to another) selects a subset of possible SRs for realization based on the fitnesses of the SRs. Using examples based on selected natural and synthetic RNAs, the model is shown to qualitatively reproduce characteristic (nonlinear) RNA folding dynamics such as the attainment by RNAs of alternative stable states. Possible applications of the model to the analysis of properties of fitness landscapes, and of the RNA sequence to structure mapping are discussed.
An AST/RO Survey of CO(4-3) in ultracompact HII regions
Wilfred Walsh
Physics , 2003,
Abstract: The Antarctic Submillimeter Telescope and Remote Observatory (AST/RO) has been used to observe 78 of the IRAS point sources identified by Bronfman et al. (1996) as likely ultracompact HII regions. Results for the CO(4-3) line at 461.041GHz are presented. The 74 sources detected are bright and in many cases compact, making them potentially suitable as pointing calibrators for single dish submillimeter telescopes.
Supporting information for: New methods for analyzing serological data with applications to influenza surveillance
Wilfred Ndifon
Quantitative Biology , 2011, DOI: 10.1111/j.1750-2659.2010.00192.x
Abstract: For decades, the hemagglutination-inhibition (HI) assay has been used in epidemiological and basic biological studies of influenza viruses. The mechanistic basis of the assay results (called titers) is not well understood. The first part of this document describes a biophysical model of HI that illuminates the mechanistic basis of and provides the theoretical motivation for new ways of interpreting titers. The biophysical model is applicable to other serological assays; this fact is illustrated using the neutralization assay. The second part of the document describes some new ways of interpreting titers, which involve, among other methods, singular value decomposition and probabilistic multidimensional scaling. The third part of the document discusses biological and mathematical issues related to the determination of the effective dimensionality of titers, and describes an algorithm for recovering unavailable titers.
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