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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 218918 matches for " Isabel Silva Dutra de Oliveira "
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Strategic Environmental Assessment to Improve Infrastructure Impact Assessments in Brazil  [PDF]
Isabel Silva Dutra de Oliveira, Marcelo Monta?o, Marcelo Pereira de Souza
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.410136
Abstract:

The wider consideration of environmental effects and alternatives in early stages of decision-making has been pointed as one of the major benefits of Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA). Adopted by virtually all of developed countries and sprawling around emergent and developing ones, it is recognized that SEA effectiveness is attached to its systematic application in development plans and programmes. Brazil and many developing countries have different experiences with this instrument and lacks of definition of a procedural framework to promote the use of SEA in strategic levels of decision. As a consequence development projects are frequently threatened” by impact assessment outcomes, especially when a mandatory project-EIA has to inform decisions. In order to contribute to the implementation of SEA in developing countries, the present paper discusses the potential benefits of using SEA in transport infrastructure plans and programmes, through a case study applied to transport plans in the state of Sao Paulo (south-eastern Brazil). The outcomes indicate that SEA could contribute to improve infrastructure impact assessments, minimizing social and environmental conflicts, augmenting the acceptability of projects and decisions, reinforcing the need for SEA to be systematically implemented in Brazil.

Avalia??o ambiental estratégica no Brasil: considera??es a respeito do papel das agências multilaterais de desenvolvimento
Pellin, Angela;Lemos, Clara Carvalho de;Tachard, André;Oliveira, Isabel Silva Dutra de;Souza, Marcelo Pereira de;
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-41522011000100006
Abstract: strategic environmental assessment (sea) has emerged as a tool that provides opportunities for making policies, plans and programs more sensitive to environmental issues. it can also assist integration and coordination between various institutional actors, and the increasing and strengthening of public participation. multilateral development agencies such as the interamerican development bank and the world bank have been encouraging the adoption of sea in developing countries as a recommendation or requirement for investments approval. this paper presents and discusses the role multilateral agencies are actually playing in sea application in brazil in order to identify possible best practices and constraints. it is argued that sea in brazil should be developed as an autonomous instrument, based on brazilian institutional context, specific characteristics and internal demands.
The Fukushima Nuclear Accident: Insights on the Safety Aspects  [PDF]
Zieli Dutra Thomé, Rogério dos Santos Gomes, Fernando Carvalho da Silva, Sergio de Oliveira Vellozo
World Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology (WJNST) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wjnst.2015.53017
Abstract: The Fukushima nuclear accident has generated doubts and questions which need to be properly understood and addressed. This scientific attitude became necessary to allow the use of the nuclear technology for electricity generation around the world. The nuclear stakeholders are working to obtain these technical answers for the Fukushima questions. We believe that, such challenges will be, certainly, implemented in the next reactor generation, following the technological evolution. The purpose of this work is to perform a critical analysis of the Fukushima nuclear accident, focusing at the common cause failures produced by tsunami, as well as an analysis of the main redundant systems. This work also assesses the mitigative procedures and the subsequent consequences of such actions, which gave results below expectations to avoid the progression of the accident, discussing the concept of sharing of structures, systems and components at multi-unit nuclear power plants, and its eventual inappropriate use in safety-related devices which can compromise the nuclear safety, as well as its consequent impact on the Fukushima accident scenario. The lessons from Fukushima must be better learned, aiming the development of new procedures and new safety systems. Thus, the nuclear technology could reach a higher evolution level in its safety requirements. This knowledge will establish a conceptual milestone in the safety system design, becoming necessary the review of the current acceptance criteria of safety-related systems.
O Impacto dos Estilos de Aprendizagem no Ensino de Contabilidade
Denise Mendes da Silva,José Dutra de Oliveira Neto
Contabilidade Vista & Revista , 2010,
Abstract: Esse estudo tem como objetivo principal avaliar o impacto dos estilos de aprendizagem dos alunos e professores e estilos das disciplinas no desempenho acadêmico dos alunos de um curso de gradua o em Contabilidade no Brasil. Para identifica o dos estilos de aprendizagem foi utilizado o questionário ILS de Felder e Soloman (1991), baseado no modelo teórico de Felder e Silverman (1988). Participaram da pesquisa 194 alunos e 29 professores. Os professores, além do ILS, responderam outro questionário, elaborado pelos pesquisadores com mesmo embasamento teórico, para identifica o dos estilos de 40 disciplinas do curso. O desempenho acadêmico dos alunos foi mensurado pelas médias finais das notas das disciplinas. Os resultados mostraram que os estilos de aprendizagem predominantes nos alunos s o ativo, sensorial, visual e sequencial e nos professores s o reflexivo, intuitivo, visual e sequencial. Nas disciplinas s o predominantes os estilos reflexivo, sensorial, verbal e sequencial. Foi constatado o impacto dos estilos desses elementos no desempenho acadêmico dos alunos, tanto individualmente, como combinados.
Stable isotopes and body composition in children: History, fundamentals, and clinical applications  [PDF]
Wendell Costa Bila, Joel Alves Lamounier, André Everton de Freitas, Valmin Ramos Silva, Sylvia Dias Turani, José Eduardo Dutra de Oliveira
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.58A3009
Abstract:

The aim of this study was to gather information on the use of stable isotopes to measure total body water and body composition scan in children. We selected studies in the last 13 years, in addition to classical studies on the subject, indexed in the database PubMed, LILACS, BVS and SciELO. The body composition was characterized by the amount of bone tissue, muscle and adipose tissue, also including the organs as well as levels of body water. Your knowledge becomes increasingly important in light of the changes that occur in the nutritional status of various types of diseases in frameworks, such as diabetes mellitus, protein energy malnutrition, in cases of obesity and metabolic syndrome. The ability to accurately assess body fat mass especially in children is associated with the importance of effective strategies for prevention and treatment of childhood obesity. Historically, in addition to clinical applications, measurements of total body water were used to determine body composition in nutritional studies. To the knowledge of the body composition, the body water can be measured and used by the ingestion of a dose of labeled water. The measured isotope enrichment is a function of the amount of body water. The method of deuterium is particularly interesting for the assessment of body composition in children, due to its characteristics of collection and analysis.

Clinical Follow-Up Nursing Quality in Child Health  [PDF]
Fábia Barbosa de Andrade, Tainara L?rena dos Santos Ferreira, Tiago José Barbosa de Andrade, Jéssica Isabelle dos Santos Dutra, Dídia de Oliveira Pereira, Brenda Kalyny Silva, Brenda Kalyny Silva, íngrid Katianne Marques Araújo
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.710138
Abstract: Objective: The present work aims to evaluate the impact of the activities of nursing consultations on health conditions of children served in Clínica de Enfermagem Salvando Vidas com Educa??o. Methods: This is an exploratory, descriptive study with a quantitative approach, realized from January through December 2012, at the Clínica de Enfermagem (Nursing Clinic), in the Santa Cruz County, Rio Grande do Norte’s countryside, Brazil. Results: The obtained results showed a significant correlation between the type of pathology and final treatment proven by the value of p = 0.000; as for assessed 60%, more than half were discharged; the most prevalent diseases were the association between cutaneous and gastric with 11% who were discharged and, lastly, the association between gastric and respiratory with 7% discharged. Conclusion: Thus, the activities developed by the project are not restricted to the examination during the nursing consultation, since educational activities are planned from the data obtained in those consultations.
CONTEúDOS DE CELULOSE, HEMICELULOSE E LIGNINA EM DIETA HOSPITALAR HIPOCALóRICA
Cecília Rodrigues SILVA,Hugo Candido SILVA,José Eduardo DUTRA de OLIVEIRA
Alimentos e Nutri??o , 2009,
Abstract: RESUMO: Foram determinados os níveis de celulose, hemicelulose e lignina em amostras liofilizadas ou desidratadas de abobrinha, vagem, chuchu e couve-flor cozidas, e de alface, tomate, abacaxi, ma , mam o e melancia in natura, fornecidas pela Divis o de Nutri o e Dietética do Hospital das Clínicas da FMRP-USP. Os resultados foram apresentados em matéria fresca e seca. Os legumes, com exce o do tomate, mostraram níveis mais altos de Fibra Detergente Neutra (FDN), sendo que os maiores conteúdos de celulose e hemicelulose foram encontrados na abobrinha, vagem e chuchu e, dentre as frutas, na ma . Os maiores valores de lignina ficaram com a vagem e o chuchu e os menores com o alface e a melancia. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Fibra insolúvel; celulose em dieta; fibra alimentar.
Meninos na educa??o infantil: o olhar das educadoras sobre a diversidade de gênero
Silva, Isabel de Oliveira e;Luz, Iza Rodrigues da;
Cadernos Pagu , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-83332010000100003
Abstract: pre-school education, the first phase of elementary education in brazil, has been slowly consolidating as the entry of brazilian children in the educational system and as a condition that changes the children's way of participating in the public arena at the very beginning of life. the growing tendency of expanding pre-school education implies a transformation of the moments, places and ways of socializing children early in their lives. this article aims at analyzing the conceptions of pre-school teachers in regard to the education of boys in the institutional sphere. it is based on a standpoint that conceives both the individual as well as the collective experiences in the institutional space as the foundation of the individuals, which involves learning about the self, about others and about the world itself. this article argues that the educators' perceptions of the differences between boys and girls reflect social stereotypes related to gender relations and that the changes in the educational practices inside the schools, however, come into conflict with the teachers' broader social experiences, including those of their family context.
Ocorrências novas de briófitas para o Brasil
SILVA, MARIA ISABEL M. N. DE OLIVEIRA E;YANO, OLGA;
Brazilian Journal of Botany , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-84041998000200003
Abstract: the floristic inventory of two municipalities located in the state of rio de janeiro has revealed seven new species of bryophytes for brazil: bryum renauldii ren. & card., harpalejeunea uncinata steph., kymatocalyx dominicensis (spruce) vá?a, lejeunea minutiloba evans, macrocoma frigidum (c. müll.) vitt, pireella cymbifolia (sull.) card. and tortula rhizophylla (sak.) iwats. & saito and a new species from the state of rio de janeiro, lejeunea caespitosa lindenb. ex g. l. & nees, thus once more modifying the worldwide range of species of bryophytes.
Ocorrências novas de briófitas para o Brasil
SILVA MARIA ISABEL M. N. DE OLIVEIRA E,YANO OLGA
Brazilian Journal of Botany , 1998,
Abstract: Os inventários florísticos de dois municípios no estado do Rio de Janeiro evidenciaram a presen a de sete novas espécies de briófitas para o Brasil: Bryum renauldii Ren. & Card., Harpalejeunea uncinata Steph., Kymatocalyx dominicensis (Spruce) Vá a, Lejeunea minutiloba Evans, Macrocoma frigidum (C. Müll.) Vitt, Pireella cymbifolia (Sull.) Card. e Tortula rhizophylla (Sak.) Iwats. & Saito e uma nova espécie para o estado do Rio de Janeiro, Lejeunea caespitosa Lindenb. ex G. L. & Nees, modificando mais uma vez os padr es de distribui o geográfica mundial das espécies de briófitas.
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