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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 24453 matches for " Isabel Mu?oz Gutiérrez "
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Factores de riesgo asociados al suicidio en Nari?o (Colombia): estudio de casos y controles
Muoz Morales,édgar Jhonny; Gutiérrez Martínez,María Isabel;
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2010,
Abstract: introduction: the who has estimated that approximately 1,53 millions of suicidal events and more than 10 to 20 times of suicide attempts will occurred by 2020 worldwide. sustained rates of suicide exceeding the national average of 55% of these deaths mainly occurred in young people between 15 and 24 years, in the department of narino. this differs from the international pattern where suicide is predominantly in older adults. objective: to determine individual, family related and social factors associated with the occurrence of suicide in the department of narino. methods: a matched case-control study. a sample of 101 individuals, who committed suicide (cases), and 112 deaths from unintentional injury (controls), were matched for age, municipality of residence and date of suicide. the information for both (cases and controls) was collected from the nearest relative. a structured questionnaire -includes the psychological autopsy technique and screening of major psychiatric syndromes (depression, anxiety, psychosis, and psychoactive substance was used). results: in the study sample, 70% of both cases and controls were male. when examine the conditional logistic regression model, lack of religious practice, under 11 years of formal education, previous mental disease diagnosis, previous suicide attempt, presence of acute stress, and depression, are remained independent significant predictors to the effect on risk of suicide. conclusions and recommendations: this analytical study is one of the kind developed in colombia. this study provided evidence to develop a municipal youth suicide prevention program in pasto, nari?o.
Domestic violence surveillance system: a model
Espinosa,Rafael; Gutiérrez,María Isabel; Mena-Muoz,Jorge Humberto; Córdoba,Patricia;
Salud Pública de México , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342008000700004
Abstract: objective: to develop a domestic violence surveillance system. material and methods: the strategies included implementation of a standard digitalized reporting and analysis system along with advocacy with community decision makers, strengthening inter-institutional attention networks, consultation for constructing internal flow charts, sensitizing and training network teams in charge of providing health care in cases of domestic violence and supporting improved public policy prevention initiatives. results: a total of 6 893 cases were observed using 2004 and 2005 surveillance system data. the system reports that 80% of the affected were women, followed by 36% children under 14 years. the identified aggressors were mainly females' partners. the system was useful for improving victim services. conclusions: findings indicate that significant gains were made in facilitating the attention and treatment of victims of domestic violence, improving the procedural response process and enhancing the quality of information provided to policy-making bodies.
Factores de riesgo asociados al suicidio en Nari o (Colombia): estudio de casos y controles Risk Factors for Suicide in Nari o, Colombia: A Matched Case-Control Study
édgar Jhonny Muoz Morales,María Isabel Gutiérrez Martínez
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2010,
Abstract: Introducción: Según la OMS, en el 2020 aproximadamente 1,53 millones de personas se suicidarán y de 10 a 20 veces más lo intentarán. En el Departamento de Nari o (Colombia) se han venido presentado tasas sostenidas que superan el promedio nacional, y de estas muertes el 55% ha ocurrido en jóvenes entre los 15 y 24 a os de edad, un patrón de comportamiento que difiere del descrito en otras partes del mundo, donde predominan los suicidios de adultos mayores. Objetivo: Determinar los factores individuales, familiares y sociales asociados en la ocurrencia del suicidio en el Departamento de Nari o. Metodología: Estudio de casos y controles entre 101 individuos, quienes se suicidaron (casos), y 112 muertos por lesiones no intencionales (controles), apareando por edad, municipio de residencia y fecha del suicidio. La información se tomó del familiar más cercano, mediante un cuestionario estructurado -con técnica de autopsia psicológica y recolección de los síndromes psiquiátricos más importantes (depresión, ansiedad, psicosis y consumo de sustancias psicoactivas)-. Resultados: En la muestra, el 70% de casos y controles corresponden a los hombres. En el modelo de regresión logística condicionada permanecieron los siguientes predictores como efecto independiente en el riesgo de suicidio: falta de práctica religiosa activa, escolaridad menor de 11 a os, diagnóstico psiquiátrico previo, intento de suicidio previo, presencia de estrés agudo y depresión. Conclusiones y recomendaciones: Este estudio es uno de los pocos estudios analíticos realizados en Colombia. Además, con sus hallazgos es posible desarrollar un programa municipal de prevención de suicido en jóvenes de Pasto, Nari o. Introduction: The WHO has estimated that approximately 1,53 millions of suicidal events and more than 10 to 20 times of suicide attempts will occurred by 2020 worldwide. Sustained rates of suicide exceeding the national average of 55% of these deaths mainly occurred in young people between 15 and 24 years, in the Department of Narino. This differs from the international pattern where suicide is predominantly in older adults. Objective: To determine individual, family related and social factors associated with the occurrence of suicide in the Department of Narino. Methods: A matched case-control study. A sample of 101 individuals, who committed suicide (cases), and 112 deaths from unintentional injury (controls), were matched for age, municipality of residence and date of suicide. The information for both (cases and controls) was collected from the nearest relative. A structured question
Sleep quality perception in youth population
Pérez-Olmos Isabel,Muoz-Delgado Jairo,González-Reyes Rodrigo,Talero-Gutiérrez Claudia
Revista Ciencias de la Salud , 2012,
Abstract: Objective: to assess sleep habits and sleep quality perception in a Colombian and Mexican youthsample. Materials and methods: following a sleep diary methodology with a questionnaire of 27categorical and quantitative items, the assessment was done immediately upon awakening. Results:it was applied to 317 high school (n= 189) and undergrads (n= 128) in Bogotá, Colombia (n= 197)and México City, México (n= 120); 147 females (46,4%) and 170 males (53,6%). The mean agewas 18,6 ± 2,81 years with a median and mode of 17 years. The Cronbach’s alpha obtained from135 measurements during the study period was 0,86 and 0,57 from the mean values of 27 scaleitems. An inverse correlation was found between hours of sleep per night and number of naps (r=-0,12; p= 0,029); 38% of participants did not nap and slept on average 7,6 night hours or more(X2= 2,78; p= 0,047). The men took more naps than women (men 76,5%; women 55,6%; X2=15,26; p= 0,000). A reduction of hours of sleep per night and the need for naps was significantlyassociated with participants’ gender. The mean and median hours of sleep per night (7,2 hours)was used to classify the population into two groups: sleep (+) 7,3 or more hours and sleep (-) 7,2hours or less. These groups were compared. Conclusions: youth population evaluated showed areduction of hours of sleep per night. This was associated to naps frequency and participant gender.
Contribution of Qualitative Methods in the Validity of an Instrument which Measures Quality of Life Related to Health in Children Suffering from a Chronic Illness Der Beitrag qualitativer Methoden zur Validierung eines Instruments zur Messung gesundheitsbezogener Lebensqualit t bei Kindern mit einer chronischen Erkrankung Aporte de la metodología cualitativa en la validación de un instrumento de medición de calidad de vida relacionada con salud en ni os portadores de una enfermedad crónica
María Isabel Toledo Gutiérrez,Ana María Alarcón Muoz,Luis Bustos Medina,Felipe Heusser Risopatrón
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2009,
Abstract: Quality of life related to health (QLRH) is a multidimensional concept, which requires the elaboration of instruments through the combination of qualitative and quantitative methodologies in order to measure it. Furthermore, to use a QLRH measurement instrument designed in another country, it must first undergo a socio-cultural adaptation and validity process. In addition to these two moves, further special consideration is needed for patients who are children. This is because the different degrees of cognitive and emotional development in this age group have an influence on the dimensions of the construct of quality of life as well as on the capacity of respondents for giving autonomous responses during their evaluations, and so the qualitative phase of this process has special considerations which must be taken into account for children with a chronic illness. This article discusses how qualitative methodologies were used in the validation process of a measurement instrument of QLRH for children (8-16 aged) who suffered from a congenital cardiopathy. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0902257 Gesundheitsbezogene Lebensqualit t ist ein multidimensionales Konzept, für dessen Messung geeignete Instrumente erforderlich sind, die wiederum eine Kombination qualitativer und quantitativer Verfahren voraussetzen. Zus tzlich müssen Instrumente, die zun chst in anderen L ndern entwickelt wurden, einer sozio-kulturellen Adaptation und Validierung unterzogen werden. Und es sind weitere Schritte erforderlich, wenn diese Instrumente für Kinder genutzt werden sollen, dies zum einen, weil der kognitive und emotionale Entwicklungsstand in dieser Altersgruppe Konsequenzen für das Konstrukt "Lebensqualit t" hat, zum anderen beeinflusst er das Verm gen der Patient/innen zu unabh ngigen Urteilen – zusammengefasst sind sehr spezifische Arbeiten in der qualitativen Projektphase erforderlich, wenn es sich um Kinder, in diesem Fall mit chronischen Erkrankungen, handelt. In dem Beitrag wird gezeigt, in welcher Weise qualitative Verfahren zur Anwendung kamen im Prozess der Validierung eines Instruments zur Messung gesundheitsbezogener Lebensqualit t für Kinder (zwischen 8 und 16 Jahren), die an einem Herzfehler leiden. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0902257 Calidad de Vida Relacionada con Salud (CVRS) es un concepto multidimensional, que para medir, requiere de la elaboración de instrumentos a través de la combinación de metodología cualitativa y cuantitativa. Para aplicar un instrumento de medición de CVRS dise ado en otro país, debe someterse previamente a un proceso de adaptación sociocultural
Terapia cognitivo-conductual en las psicosis agudas
María Isabel Gutiérrez López,María Sánchez Muoz,Alejandra Trujillo Borrego,Luis Sánchez Bonome
Revista de la Asociación Espa?ola de Neuropsiquiatría , 2012,
Abstract: El tratamiento de las psicosis agudas era, hasta hace unos a os, algo relegado al tratamiento farmacológico (a excepción del psicoanálisis). En los últimos tiempos esa tendencia ha ido cambiando y diversos estudios han puesto de manifiesto la ventaja de las intervenciones cognitivo conductuales en las fases agudas de las psicosis. A esta tendencia se ha unido un nuevo y prometedor paradigma de intervención temprana en psicosis. En el presente estudio se muestra una revisión bibliográfica de las investigaciones más relevantes publicadas hasta la fecha en torno a esta temática. Se incluyeron aquellos trabajos con un dise o controlado y aleatorio, que garantizaban requisitos de fiabilidad y validez. Los estudios muestran resultados esperanzadores, en cuanto que avalan la eficacia de la TCC como medida de tratamiento. Sin embargo, todavía se hace necesario un mayor número de investigaciones que avalen estos datos.
Experiencia en la administración de quimioterapia intraperitoneal en una unidad de diálisis peritoneal Experience in the administration of intraperitoneal chemotherapy in a peritoneal dialysis unit
Ma José Castro Notario,Teresa Luengas Saíz,Ma Victoria Martínez Gordo,Isabel Muoz Gutiérrez
Revista de la Sociedad Espa?ola de Enfermería Nefrológica , 2011,
Abstract:
Seminario integrado como metodología complementaria en la asignatura de Enfermería Geriátrica
Ruiz Márquez,Trinidad; Granados Gámez,Genoveva; Gutiérrez Izquierdo,M.a Isabel; Muoz París,M.a José;
Gerokomos , 2011, DOI: 10.4321/S1134-928X2011000300002
Abstract: the learning method know as "integrated seminar", was incorporated as a complementary method in the 3rd year nursing students' training at the university of almería, during the development of a research conducted in the degree. it aim was to adapt new degree curricula within the european higher education area framework. this method is based on problem based learning (pbl), and it is part of the subjects of geriatrics nursing, psychiatric nursing, community nursing and medical-surgical nursing, as a seminar that complements the received training. within the subject of geriatrics nursing, it allows students to integrate third-year knowledge (belonging to different subjects) to an old man, avoiding a repetition when achieving cross-cutting skills, and at the same time, it teachs students the importance of integrating a curriculum knowledge that is necessary for nursing care of the elderly. the aim in this article is to describe the seminar as a complementary method which is integrated in the geriatrics nursing subject, and to analyse the opinion and views of the students which took part on it. the results show a high satisfaction with this methodology, and highlight the main advantages and disadvantages of using it.
Efectos de las intervenciones dise?adas para prevenir las muertes de motociclistas en Cali, Colombia (1993-2001)
Espitia-Hardeman,Victoria; Vélez,Luis; Muoz,Edgar; Gutiérrez-Martínez,María Isabel; Espinosa-Vallín,Rafael; Concha-Eastman,Alberto;
Salud Pública de México , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342008000700011
Abstract: objective: describe the impact of interventions focused on decreasing deaths by motorcycle crash. material and methods: we analyzed variations in deaths by motorcycle crash in cali when the interventions were implemented and the statistical significance of changes between 1993 and 2001. results: the rate of motorcyclist deaths per 100 000 inhabitants decreased from 9.7 in 1995 to 3.6 in 2001. the greatest reduction was observed after the introduction of the helmet law for motorcycle drivers in 1996 (12.3%). other interventions-such as a helmet law for passengers, a reflective safety vest, a circulation ban for motorcyclists in december, and compulsory courses for all motorcyclists-produced a greater decrease in mortality; meanwhile, a lack of law enforcement increased it. conclusions: the establishment and implementation of a combination of prevention strategies was more effective than a single or non-articulated strategy.
Seminario integrado como metodología complementaria en la asignatura de Enfermería Geriátrica Seminar integrated as a supplementary method in the subject of geriatric nursing
Trinidad Ruiz Márquez,Genoveva Granados Gámez,M.a Isabel Gutiérrez Izquierdo,M.a José Muoz París
Gerokomos , 2011,
Abstract: El método del aprendizaje denominado Seminario Integrado se incorporó como metodología complementaria en la formación de los alumnos de 3o de Enfermería de la Universidad de Almería, durante el desarrollo de la experiencia piloto realizada en la titulación, para ir adaptando los nuevos planes de estudio de grado al Marco del Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior. Este método se fundamenta en el Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas (ABP) y forma parte de las asignaturas de Enfermería Geriátrica, Enfermería Psiquiátrica, Enfermería Comunitaria y Enfermería Médico-Quirúrgica, como un seminario que complementa la formación adquirida. En la asignatura de Enfermería Geriátrica permite que el alumno integre en un anciano conocimientos de tercer curso que forman parte de distintas asignaturas para evitar repeticiones en el logro de competencias transversales y ense ar al alumno la importancia de integrar los conocimientos del currículo enfermero necesarios para el cuidado de los mayores. El objetivo de este artículo es describir el seminario integrado como metodología complementaria en la asignatura de Enfermería Geriátrica y conocer el grado de satisfacción y la opinión de los alumnos participantes. Los resultados muestran una elevada satisfacción con esta metodología y ponen de manifiesto las principales ventajas e inconvenientes de su utilización. The learning method know as "Integrated Seminar", was incorporated as a complementary method in the 3rd year Nursing students' training at the University of Almería, during the development of a research conducted in the degree. It aim was to adapt new degree curricula within the European Higher Education Area framework. This method is based on Problem Based Learning (PBL), and it is part of the subjects of Geriatrics Nursing, Psychiatric Nursing, Community Nursing and Medical-Surgical Nursing, as a seminar that complements the received training. Within the subject of Geriatrics Nursing, it allows students to integrate third-year knowledge (belonging to different subjects) to an old man, avoiding a repetition when achieving cross-cutting skills, and at the same time, it teachs students the importance of integrating a curriculum knowledge that is necessary for nursing care of the elderly. The aim in this article is to describe the seminar as a complementary method which is integrated in the Geriatrics Nursing subject, and to analyse the opinion and views of the students which took part on it. The results show a high satisfaction with this methodology, and highlight the main advantages and disadvantages of using it.
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