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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1725 matches for " Isaac Monney "
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Hygienic Practices among Food Vendors in Educational Institutions in Ghana: The Case of Konongo
Isaac Monney,Dominic Agyei,Wellington Owusu
Foods , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/foods2030282
Abstract: With the booming street food industry in the developing world there is an urgent need to ensure food vendors adhere to hygienic practices to protect public health. This study assessed the adherence to food hygiene practices by food vendors in educational institutions in Konongo, Ghana. Structured questionnaires, extensive observation and interviews were used for the study involving 60 food vendors from 20 basic schools. Attributable to the influence of school authorities and the level of in-training of food vendors, the study points out that food vendors in educational institutions generally adhered to good food hygiene practices, namely, regular medical examination (93%), protection of food from flies and dust (55%); proper serving of food (100%); good hand hygiene (63%); and the use of personal protective clothing (52%). The training of food vendors on food hygiene, instead of the level of education had a significant association ( p < 0.05) with crucial food hygiene practices such as medical examination, hand hygiene and protection of food from flies and dust. Further, regulatory bodies legally mandated to efficiently monitor the activities of food vendors lacked the adequate capacity to do so. The study proposes that efforts should be geared towards developing training programmes for food vendors as well as capacity building of the stakeholders.
Support and Plausibility Degrees in Generalized Functional Models
Paul-Andre Monney
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: By discussing several examples, the theory of generalized functional models is shown to be very natural for modeling some situations of reasoning under uncertainty. A generalized functional model is a pair (f, P) where f is a function describing the interactions between a parameter variable, an observation variable and a random source, and P is a probability distribution for the random source. Unlike traditional functional models, generalized functional models do not require that there is only one value of the parameter variable that is compatible with an observation and a realization of the random source. As a consequence, the results of the analysis of a generalized functional model are not expressed in terms of probability distributions but rather by support and plausibility functions. The analysis of a generalized functional model is very logical and is inspired from ideas already put forward by R.A. Fisher in his theory of fiducial probability.
From Likelihood to Plausibility
Paul-Andre Monney
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: Several authors have explained that the likelihood ratio measures the strength of the evidence represented by observations in statistical problems. This idea works fine when the goal is to evaluate the strength of the available evidence for a simple hypothesis versus another simple hypothesis. However, the applicability of this idea is limited to simple hypotheses because the likelihood function is primarily defined on points (simple hypotheses) of the parameter space. In this paper we define a general weight of evidence that is applicable to both simple and composite hypotheses. It is based on the Dempster-Shafer concept of plausibility and is shown to be a generalization of the likelihood ratio. Functional models are of a fundamental importance for the general weight of evidence proposed in this paper. The relevant concepts and ideas are explained by means of a familiar urn problem and the general analysis of a real-world medical problem is presented.
Influence of BA and IBA or NAA Combinations on Micropropagation of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta  [PDF]
Maame Adjoa Dwumawa Monney, Naalamle Amissah, Essie Blay
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2016.73050
Abstract: The study being the first of its kind established an efficient protocol for micropropagation of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta, an important endangered medicinal plant species, used in the treatment of Malaria. For shoot induction, semi hard wood nodal segments were maintained on MS (Murashige and Skoog) nutrient medium supplemented with MS vitamins, 30 g/L sucrose, 3% gelrite and various auxin and cytokinin combinations. Treatments involved 6-benzyladenine (BA) at 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 or 3.0 mg/L in combination with 0.1 mg/L Indole 3-butyric acid (IBA) or Naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). Control consisted of hormone free MS medium. BA and IBA combinations were found to be more efficient in shoot regeneration than the BA and NAA combinations. Cultures maintained on MS medium supplemented with 3 mg/L BA, in combination with 0.1 mg/L IBA recorded the highest shoot induction (100%), mean shoot length (1.28 cm) and mean number of nodes per explant (2.5). This, however, did not differ significantly from cultures maintained on 2 or 2.5 mg/L BA and 0.1 mg/L IBA supplemented MS medium. Regenerated shoots were transferred onto different media for root induction. Treatments consisted of full strength MS medium augmented with either 0.5 or 0.1 mg/L IBA, hormone free half strength MS medium and half strength MS medium augmented with 0.01 mg/L IBA. After six weeks of culture, no rooting was recorded in all treatments with the exception of half strength MS medium supplemented with 0.01 mg/L IBA, which recorded 60% rooting. Regenerated plantlets were successfully weaned and established in the greenhouse.
Newton’s Method and an Exact Opposite That Average into Halley’s Method  [PDF]
Isaac Fried
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/am.2017.810103
Abstract:
This note is mainly concerned with the creation of oppositely converging and alternatingly converging iterative methods that have the added advantage of providing ever tighter bounds on the targeted root. By a slight parametric perturbation of Newton’s method we create an oscillating super-linear method approaching the targeted root alternatingly from above and from below. Further extension of Newton’s method creates an oppositely converging quadratic counterpart to it. This new method requires a second derivative, but for it, the average of the two opposite methods rises to become a cubic method. This note examines also the creation of high order iterative methods by a repeated specification of undetermined coefficients.
Newton, Halley, Pell and the Optimal Iterative High-Order Rational Approximation of √N  [PDF]
Isaac Fried
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/am.2018.97059
Abstract:
In this paper we examine single-step iterative methods for the solution of the nonlinear algebraic equation f (x) = x2 - N = 0 , for some integer N, generating rational approximations p/q that are optimal in the sense of Pell’s equation p2 - Nq2 = k for some integer k, converging either alternatingly or oppositely.
Impact of Electron-Hole Correlations on the 1T-TiSe2 Electronic Structure
G. Monney,C. Monney,B. Hildebrand,P. Aebi,H. Beck
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.086402
Abstract: Several experiments have been performed on 1T-TiSe2 in order to identify whether the electronic structure is semimetallic or semiconducting without reaching a consensus. In this paper, we theoretically study the impact of electron-hole and electron-phonon correlations on the bare semimetallic and semiconducting electronic structure. The resulting electron spectral functions provide a direct comparison of both cases and demonstrate that 1T-TiSe2 is of predominant semiconducting character with some spectral weight crossing the Fermi level.
Vaccines against a Major Cause of Abortion in Cattle, Neospora caninum Infection
Thierry Monney,Karim Debache,Andrew Hemphill
Animals , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/ani1030306
Abstract: Neosporosis, caused by the apicomplexan parasite Neospora caninum, represents one of the economically most important causes of abortion in cattle. During pregnancy, the parasite infects the placental tissue and the fetus, which can lead to stillbirth, abortion, or birth of weak calves. Alternatively, calves are born without clinical symptoms, but they can carry over the parasite to the next generation. In addition, N. caninum causes neuromuscular disease in dogs. The economic importance of neosporosis has prompted researchers to invest in the development of measures to prevent infection of cattle by vaccination. A good vaccine must stimulate protective cellular immune responses as well as antibody responses at mucosal sites and, systemically, must activate T-helper cells to produce relevant cytokines, and must elicit specific antibodies that aid in limiting parasite proliferation, e.g., by interference with host cell invasion, activation of complement, and/or opsonization of parasites to have them killed by macrophages. Different types of vaccines have been investigated, either in bovines or in the mouse model. These include live vaccines such as naturally less virulent isolates of N. caninum, attenuated strains generated by irradiation or chemical means, or genetically modified transgenic strains. Live vaccines were shown to be very effective; however, there are serious disadvantages in terms of safety, costs of production, and stability of the final product. Subunit vaccines have been intensively studied, as they would have clear advantages such as reduced costs in production, processing and storage, increased stability and shelf life. The parasite antigens involved in adhesion and invasion of host cells, such as surface constituents, microneme-, rhoptry- and dense granule-components represent interesting targets. Subunit vaccines have been applied as bacterially expressed recombinant antigens or as DNA vaccines. Besides monovalent vaccines also polyvalent combinations of different antigens have been used, providing increased protection. Vaccines have been combined with immunostimulating carriers and, more recently, chimeric vaccines, incorporating immuno-relevant domains of several antigens into a single protein, have been developed.
Probabilistic Assumption-Based Reasoning
Jurg Kohlas,Paul-Andre Monney
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: The classical propositional assumption-based model is extended to incorporate probabilities for the assumptions. Then it is placed into the framework of evidence theory. Several authors like Laskey, Lehner (1989) and Provan (1990) already proposed a similar point of view, but the first paper is not as much concerned with mathematical foundations, and Provan's paper develops into a different direction. Here we thoroughly develop and present the mathematical foundations of this theory, together with computational methods adapted from Reiter, De Kleer (1987) and Inoue (1992). Finally, recently proposed techniques for computing degrees of support are presented.
Entropy of Living versus Non-Living Systems  [PDF]
Isaac C. Sanchez
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2011.27077
Abstract: Using a careful thermodynamic analysis of unfertilized and fertilized eggs as a paradigm, it is argued that neither classical nor statistical thermodynamics is able to adequately describe living systems. To rescue thermodynamics from this dilemma, the definition of entropy for a living system must expand to acknowedge the latent genetic information encoded in DNA and RNA.As a working supposition, it is proposed that gradual unfolding (expression) of genetic information contributes a negative entropy flow into a living organism that alleviates apparent thermodynamic inconsistencies. It is estimated that each coding codon in DNA intrinsically carries about -3k in negative entropy. Even prior to the discovery of DNA and the genetic code, negative entropy flow in living systems was first proposed by Erwin Schrödinger in 1944.
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