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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 28 matches for " Irigaray "
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Environment as a Potential Key Determinant of the Continued Increase of Prostate Cancer Incidence in Martinique
Dominique Belpomme,Philippe Irigaray
Prostate Cancer , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/819010
Abstract: Prostate cancer incidence is steadily increasing in many developed countries. Because insular populations present unique ethnic, geographical, and environmental characteristics, we analyzed the evolution of prostate cancer age-adjusted world standardized incidence rates in Martinique in comparison with that of metropolitan France. We also compared prostate cancer incidence rates, and lifestyle-related and socioeconomic markers such as life expectancy, dietary energy, and fat supply and consumption, with those in other Caribbean islands, France, UK, Sweden, and USA. The incidence rate of prostate cancer in Martinique is one of the highest reported worldwide; it is continuously growing since 1985 in an exponential mode, and despite a similar screening detection process and lifestyle-related behaviour, it is constantly at a higher level than in metropolitan France. However, Caribbean populations that are genetically close to that of Martinique have generally much lower incidence of prostate cancer. We found no correlation between prostate cancer incidence rates, life expectancy, and diet westernization. Since the Caribbean African descent-associated genetic susceptibility factor would have remained constant during the 1980–2005, we suggest that in Martinique some environmental change including the intensive use of carcinogenic organochlorine pesticides might have occurred as key determinant of the persisting highly growing incidence of prostate cancer. 1. Introduction Prostate cancer incidence is steadily increasing in many developed countries, where it is commonly attributed to improvement in screening detection and to population ageing [1]. We have previously analysed these two factors [2], and in response to a recent article [3], we have argued that overdiagnosis by the routine use of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test cannot fully account for the growing incidence of this cancer [4]. Furthermore, increase in life expectancy does not explain why overall the rise of cancer incidence affects all age categories [5] and why it occurs earlier in life [6]. In a previous multifactorial study, we have suggested that in the two French Caribbean islands, Martinique and Guadeloupe, prostate cancer may in fact be caused by environmental factors and that among these factors, carcinogenic organochlorine pesticides may play a role [7]. In this paper, we further attempt to show that in Martinique, environmental change may account for the growing incidence of prostate cancer in highly susceptible people and discuss the role of exogenous carcinogens that may be
Impacto na qualidade de vida e no estado depressivo de idosas participantes de uma universidade da terceira idade
Irigaray, Tatiana Quarti;Schneider, Rodolfo Herberto;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2008000400006
Abstract: in this study we examine the association between the length of participation in the university for senior citizens (rio grande do sul federal university) and personality dimensions, quality of life and depression in elderly women. we used the convenience sampling method. one hundred and three elderly women who participated in the senior citizens university group were evaluated and responded to questionnaires involving sociodemographic conditions, aspects of personality, quality of life and depression. the data showed an association between the length of participation of over one year at the senior citizens university and lower intensity of depression as well as a better perception of quality of life in the physical, psychological and social domains. the outcome suggests that a length of participation in excess of one year at the senior citizens university acts as a possible protective factor against depression in the elderly. furthermore, it helps with the perception of a better quality of life in the physical, psychological and social domains.
O envelhecimento na atualidade: aspectos cronológicos, biológicos, psicológicos e sociais
Schneider, Rodolfo Herberto;Irigaray, Tatiana Quarti;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2008000400013
Abstract: the aim of this study is to indicate aspects that characterize the aging process in today's society, specifically the different conceptualizations used to define this process with regard to the chronological, biological, psychological and social aspects involved. through this review of the literature, it may be concluded that chronological age is not the only way of measuring the aging process, this being an interaction of complex factors which have a variable influence on the individual and which may contribute to the inconstant inclemency of the passage of time. thus, biologically, events occur over a certain period of time, but time is not necessarily the cause of these events.
Qualidade de vida em idosas: a importancia da dimens?o subjetiva
Irigaray, Tatiana Quarti;Trentini, Clarissa Marceli;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2009000300003
Abstract: the aim of the present study was to analyze the concept of quality of life in elderly women, demonstrating what is important for them, as well as those aspects that may improve or detract from their quality of life. the sample consisted of 103 elderly women that answered questions concerning socio-demographic information and a questionnaire consisting of four open questions about their subjective perception of quality of life. the convenience sampling method was used. the data were categorized according to analysis of the content. the results showed an association between the concept of quality of life and positive affects, health and independence. the factors identified as being important to quality of life were positive affects, health and a good financial situation. the aspects that adversely affected their quality of life were social situation, health problems and family problems. the following aspects may improve their quality of life: better health, more leisure time and fewer family problems. the study indicates that quality of life is determined by multiple factors, involving physical, psychological and social aspects.
Dimens?es de personalidade, qualidade de vida e depress?o em idosas
Irigaray, Tatiana Quarti;Schneider, Rodolfo Herberto;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722009000400016
Abstract: personality aspects have been indicated as factors that may contribute to the quality of life assessment and the onset of depression in old age. the purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship among the personality factors, the quality of life and depression in the elderly. the sampling process used was the convenience method. one hundred three elderly women were assessed and asked about sociodemographic conditions, personality aspects (pfi), quality of life (whoqol-bref) and depression (gds). in general terms, the elderly women in this sample, showed median characteristics for all the pfi factors, having the aspects of high deference and low aggression been the most cited. the participants in this study did not show the presence of depression as a characteristic. the study highlights the existence of an association among the personality dimensions, the quality of life and depression in the elderly. nevertheless, further studies are suggested.
Participa??o de idosas em uma universidade da terceira idade: motivos e mudan?as ocorridas
Irigaray, Tatiana Quarti;Schneider, Rodolfo Herberto;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722008000200011
Abstract: the third age universities declare as objectives to promote health, psychological and social well-being and the elderly citizenship. the present study aimed to analyze the reasons that led elderly women to participate of the third age university (uniti/ufrgs) and the changes caused by their participation. the sample consisted of 103 elderly women that answered questions about sociodemographic, their reasons to participate of uniti and the changes caused by their participation. the sampling process used was the convenience method. the results showed that the reasons that led elderly women to participate of the third age university were the search for new knowledge, new friendships, a new sense of life, occupation of their free time and leisure. the participation in this program helped them to reduce the feeling of sadness and increase their self-esteem. they also felt happier and found a new meaning for their lives. the study indicates that the universities of the third age come positively contributing for the well-being of elderly people, acting as a possible predictor of a well-succeeded aging.
Características de personalidade e depress?o em idosas da Universidade para a Terceira Idade (UNITI/UFRGS)
Irigaray, Tatiana Quarti;Schneider, Rodolfo Herberto;
Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81082007000200008
Abstract: introduction: personality aspects have been mentioned as factors that may contribute for the development of depression in old age. this study aimed at examining the influence of personality in the onset of depressive symptoms in elderly women. method: the study had a cross-sectional design and included 103 elderly women, aged between 60-86 years and with minimum schooling level of 7 years, attending the university for the third age (uniti/ufrgs), using a convenience sample. all the participants signed a consent form and provided answers about sociodemographic information, personality factors (factor personality inventory - fpi) and depression (geriatric depression scale - gds). results: presence of two groups (clusters) with distinct personality characteristics was observed: one more preoccupied with the others (cluster 1) and the other more self-concerned (cluster 2). although both groups did not meet the criteria for depression, there was a significant difference in total gds score, in which the group more preoccupied with the others (cluster 1) presented more depressive symptoms. conclusions: the study indicates an association between personality dimensions and depression in elderly women. the elderly women in cluster 1, who were more devoted to the others, more deferential, organized, persistent and interactive, presented more depressive symptoms in relation to those in cluster 2, who were more self-centered, less interactive and less dominant. others studies are suggested.
Prevalência de depress?o em idosas participantes da Universidade para a Terceira Idade
Irigaray, Tatiana Quarti;Schneider, Rodolfo Herberto;
Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81082007000100008
Abstract: background: studies have suggested that aging is associated with depression. however, elderly can present absence or low prevalence of depressive symptoms when they participate in group activities of permanent education. objective: to investigate the intensity and prevalence of depressive symptoms in elderly women attending the university of the third age (uniti) at universidade federal do rio grande do sul. to verify whether participation time in uniti improves the mood and characteristics of participants before and after entering uniti. method: one hundred and three uniti students participated in the study. the geriatric depression scale (gds) and a form of sociodemographic data were used, investigating the participation time in uniti and its relation with depressive symptoms, the role of uniti in the improvement in the mood and characteristics of participants before and after entering this institution. a convenience sample was used. results: absence of depressive symptoms were observed in the gds of the sample under investigation (mean = 2.65; standard deviation = 2.42). of all elderly women, 80.6% presented normal scores in the gds and none presented severe depression. there was significant difference between depression and participation time in uniti ? 1 year (p < 0.05). participants also presented improvement in mood and in personal, intellectual, affective and social areas. conclusions: it is possible to age well without depressive symptoms. this study shows the existence of an association, which needs further investigation, between minor intensity of depressive symptoms and participation time in uniti > 1 year. it also suggests that attending a university of the third age brings improvements to the elderly people.
Qualidade de vida, cogni??o e desempenho nas fun??es executivas de idosos
Beckert, Michele;Irigaray, Tatiana Quarti;Trentini, Clarissa Marceli;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2012000200001
Abstract: the relationship between quality of life and cognitive function in the elderly has been neglected by research. the aim of this study was to examine the association between quality of life, cognition and the performance of executive functions in elderly people. eighty eight elderly people participated in the study and the convenience sampling method was used. all the participants answered questions on socio-demographic conditions, quality of life (world health organization quality of life group-bref), cognitive function (minimental state examination and brief neuropsychological assessment instrument) and executive functions (wisconsin card sort test). the data retrieved showed an important association between the physical and environmental domains of quality of life and cognitive variables. this is turn suggests the importance of cognition in the maintenance of physical care, as well as in the chances of acquiring new information and skills in the surrounding environment.
O tempo como dimens?o de pesquisa sobre uma política de diversidade e rela??es de trabalho
Irigaray, Hélio Arthur Reis;Vergara, Sylvia Constant;
Cadernos EBAPE.BR , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1679-39512011000400009
Abstract: this study aims at grasping the process of absorption of the handicapped by companies from multiple perspectives (internal and external publics), and how these perceptions have changed over the years. thus, we conducted a survey on an airline which has allocated these people in positions of direct contact with the public. the moment, we noted that the company met the expectations of its customers and employees. the non-disabled employees saw on their diversity policy possibility of benefits for the organization (improving its public image) and for themselves (transfer of work to handicapped). the lasted accepted this situation because it enabled their integration into the group. in 2011, we returned to the field and interviewed representatives of these categories (passengers, employees - handicapped and non - and hr managers and marketing) in order to assess the impact of the dimension "time". the interviews were transcribed and subjected to discourse analysis, which funded out us the following theoretical frameworks: ethics, subjective time as a variable and management of workforce diversity in organizations. the field revealed the naturalization of the presence of the handicapped, some their passengers differentiate the company for its how the employees perceived as something relevant. the company, on a turn, insists on seeking social visibility through media and the spectacle of disability. complained that they here not given the chance of a career since they encounter the same "glass ceiling" denounced by other minorities.
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