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Bases genéticas del síndrome de ovarios poliquísticos
Ovies Carballo,Gisel; Martínez de Sandelices,Alicia; Monteagudo Pe?a,Gilda; Sardi?as Díaz,Irelys;
Revista Cubana de Endocrinolog?-a , 2011,
Abstract: the syndrome of polycystic ovaries is the endocrine disorder involving more the reproductive sphere of the woman in fertile age, its causes are unknown with accuracy, but most of experts coincide in propose that it is a multifactor entity where the genetic factor more and more have a great significance. in past years, it has been possible to identify some genes involved in the pathogenic processes of this syndrome and among the more important are included those codifying for enzymes of the steroidogenesis, for the insulin receptor and other hormones related to the insulin action, as well as the gonadotropins and its receptors, features that are the aim of present review.
Un nuevo dispositivo para el abordaje de la vía respiratoria anatómicamente difícil.: El Airtraq ?
Cordero Escobar,Idoris; Casacó Vázquez,Irelys; Silva Barrios,Evelin; Iglesias Hernández,Raúl;
Revista Cubana de Anestesiolog?-a y Reanimaci?3n , 2009,
Abstract: introduction: the airway anatomically difficult is a challenge for anesthesiologist. there many options for its solution. recently, the optical laryngoscope airtraq?, is a valid option to approach the trachea in these conditions. objectives: to teach on a new device to approach the airway anatomically difficult. development: we propose to carry out the teaching process with optical laryngoscope airtraq? to acquire abilities sufficient and necessary to carry out the approach of the airway in general and of the airway anatomically difficult in particular. we described the way to insert the device and the advantages of its use. conclusions: airtraq? is a device to approach this type of airway that may to be used in a fast and easy way.
Bases genéticas del síndrome de ovarios poliquísticos Genetic bases of polycystic ovary syndrome
Gisel Ovies Carballo,Alicia Martínez de Sandelices,Gilda Monteagudo Pe?a,Irelys Sardi?as Díaz
Revista Cubana de Endocrinología , 2011,
Abstract: El síndrome de ovarios poliquísticos es el trastorno endocrino que más afecta la esfera reproductiva de la mujer en la edad fértil, sus causas se desconocen con exactitud, pero la mayoría de los expertos coinciden en plantear que es una entidad multifactorial, en la que los factores genéticos cada vez cobran mayor importancia. En los últimos a os se han identificado varios genes involucrados en los procesos patogénicos de este síndrome, y dentro de estos, los más importantes son aquellos que codifican para enzimas de la esteroidogénesis, para el receptor de insulina y otras hormonas relacionadas con la acción de la insulina, así como las gonadotropinas y sus receptores, aspectos sobre los cuales trata la siguiente revisión. The syndrome of polycystic ovaries is the endocrine disorder involving more the reproductive sphere of the woman in fertile age, its causes are unknown with accuracy, but most of experts coincide in propose that it is a multifactor entity where the genetic factor more and more have a great significance. In past years, it has been possible to identify some genes involved in the pathogenic processes of this syndrome and among the more important are included those codifying for enzymes of the steroidogenesis, for the insulin receptor and other hormones related to the insulin action, as well as the gonadotropins and its receptors, features that are the aim of present review.
Complicación de una preeclampsia grave en una paciente portadora de hemoglobinopatía SC
Iglesias Hernández,Raúl; Casacó Vázquez,Irelys; Silva Barrios,Evelyn; Vázquez Cede?o,Jorge Luis; Ortiz Jiménez,Yosvany;
Revista Cubana de Anestesiolog?-a y Reanimaci?3n , 2009,
Abstract: introduction: sc hemoglobinopathy is one of the more severe ways of the s hemoglobinopathy. patients presenting this disease have a high risk of eclampsia, miscarriages, pre-term labor, organic damage, infections, and sudden death during pregnancy. objective: to identify perioperative behavior and the course of a patient presenting with severe pre-eclampsia-associated sc hemoglobinopathy. a case presentation: a female patient presenting with severe pre-eclampsia-associated sc hemoglobinopathy had undergone an emergence secarean section using orothacheal general anesthesia. despite the behavior followed in the operating theater, she developed a situation suggesting a acute hemodialysis with target organs involvement, worsening of thrombocytopenia, and concomitant rise of serum transaminases. conclusions: preoperative behavior must to be directed by a multidisciplinary team able to secure a vigorous treatment. it is very important that pre-eclampsia care associated or not with rare diseases be considered a multisystem syndrome of variable severity and course. it is essential to achieve a proper organic perfusion to avoid future complications.
Cánceres mamarios de buen pronóstico: presentación de una serie de 80 casos
González Ortega,José María; Gómez Hernández,Mario Michel; Morales Wong,IIMario Miguel; López Cuevas,Zoraida Caridad; González López,Irelys;
Revista Cubana de Cirug?-a , 2009,
Abstract: introduction. it is known that the histopathological type of breast cancer exerts a strong influence on the prognosis of the disease and that there exists a direct correlation between this and the survival rates. the objective of this study was to evaluate the histopathological varieties associated with a good prognosis of the disease. methods. a retrospective, longitudinal, and descriptive study on the influence of the histological varieties on the good prognosis of breast cancer in patients operated on at "dr. mario mu?oz monroy" university hospital of colón, matanzas province, from january 1976 to december 2007, was conducted. of a total of 597 breast cancers attended in that period, 80 cases with "histological types of good prognosis" were taken. results. we found 23 non-invasive breast cancers, all of them with an elevated survival rate. 14 mucinous carcinomas were detected with 57 % of ganglionic metastasis, which was evidenced in the tumors over 4 cm of diameter. ten cases of tubular and cribriform carcinomas (1.8 %) with an excellent prognosis were reported. 16 invasive papillary carcinomas were studied. in spite of their great size, no metastatic ganglia were found in the 168 analyzed.adenopathies. 17 medullary breast carcinomas were evaluated for an incidence of 2.85 % and a relatively favorable prognosis. conclusions. all these histopathological varieties, excepting the non-invasive, had common invasive characters, well delimited margins and an excellent prognosis after the surgical treatment.
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