Abstract:
We present a new method for computation of the Korteweg-de Vries hierarchy via heat invariants of the 1-dimensional Schrodinger operator. As a result new explicit formulas for the KdV hierarchy are obtained. Our method is based on an asymptotic expansion of resolvent kernels of elliptic operators due to S.Agmon and Y.Kannai.

Abstract:
We prove an analogue of Pleijel's nodal domain theorem for piecewise analytic planar domains with Neumann boundary conditions. This confirms a conjecture made by Pleijel in 1956. The proof is a combination of Pleijel's original approach and an estimate due to Toth and Zelditch for the number of boundary zeros of Neumann eigenfunctions.

Abstract:
We study the heat kernel asymptotics for the Laplace type differential operators on vector bundles over Riemannian manifolds. In particular this includes the case of the Laplacians acting on differential p-forms. We extend our results obtained earlier for the scalar Laplacian and present closed formulas for all heat invariants associated with these operators. As another application, we present new explicit formulas for the matrix Korteweg-de Vries hierarchy.

Abstract:
We present a concise explicit expression for the heat trace coefficients of spheres. Our formulas yield certain combinatorial identities which are proved following ideas of D. Zeilberger. In particular, these identities allow to recover in a surprising way some known formulas for the heat trace asymptotics. Our approach is based on a method for computation of heat invariants developed in math.DG/9905073.

Abstract:
We calculate heat invariants of arbitrary Riemannian manifolds without boundary. Every heat invariant is expressed in terms of powers of the Laplacian and the distance function. Our approach is based on a multi-dimensional generalization of the Agmon-Kannai method. An application to computation of the Korteweg-de Vries hierarchy is also presented.

Abstract:
We introduce a new method for computing the heat invariants of a 2-dimensional Riemannian manifold based on a result by S.Agmon and Y.Kannai. Two explicit expressions for the heat invariants are presented. The first one depends on the choice of a certain coordinate system; the second involves only invariant terms but has some restrictions on its validity, though in a ``generic'' case it is well-defined.

Abstract:
We compute the coefficients in asymptotics of regularized traces and associated trace (spectral) distributions for Schrodinger operators, with short and long range potentials. A kernel expansion for the Schrodinger semigroup is derived, and a connection with non-commutative Taylor formulas is established.

Abstract:
We give an overview of results on shape optimization for low eigenvalues of the Laplacian on bounded planar domains with Neumann and Steklov boundary conditions. These results share a common feature: they are proved using methods of complex analysis. In particular, we present modernized proofs of the classical inequalities due to Szego and Weinstock for the first nonzero Neumann and Steklov eigenvalues. We also extend the inequality for the second nonzero Neumann eigenvalue, obtained recently by Nadirashvili and the authors, to non-homogeneous membranes with log-subharmonic densities. In the homogeneous case, we show that this inequality is strict, which implies that the maximum of the second nonzero Neumann eigenvalue is not attained in the class of simply-connected membranes of a given mass. The same is true for the second nonzero Steklov eigenvalue, as follows from our results on the Hersch-Payne-Schiffer inequalities.

Abstract:
The Steklov problem is an eigenvalue problem with the spectral parameter in the boundary conditions, which has various applications. Its spectrum coincides with that of the Dirichlet-to-Neumann operator. Over the past years, there has been a growing interest in the Steklov problem from the viewpoint of spectral geometry. While this problem shares some common properties with its more familiar Dirichlet and Neumann cousins, its eigenvalues and eigenfunctions have a number of distinctive geometric features, which makes the subject especially appealing. In this survey we discuss some recent advances and open questions, particularly in the study of spectral asymptotics, spectral invariants, eigenvalue estimates, and nodal geometry.

Abstract:
Asymptotic subcone of an unbounded metric space is another metric space, capturing the structure of the original space at infinity. In this paper we define a functional metric space S which is an asymptotic subcone of the hyperbolic plane. This space is a real tree branching at every its point. Moreover, it is a homogeneous metric space such that any real tree with countably many vertices can be isometrically embedded into it. This implies that every such tree is also an asymptotic subcone of the hyperbolic plane.