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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 42398 matches for " Input-Output Analysis "
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Analyzing the Role of Creative Industries in National Economy of Japan: 1995-2005  [PDF]
Ubaidillah Zuhdi
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2014.44020
Abstract: The purposes of this study are 1) to get another perspective related to the role of creative industries in national economy of Japan from 1995-2005 and 2) to know the ways to improve these sectors. This study employs Input-Output (IO) analysis as a tool of analysis. More specifically, this study uses simple output multipliers and demand-pull IO quantity model. Comparison with previous study is conducted in order to achieve the first objective. Another perspective related to above role is obtained from this study, namely creative industries, using simple output multipliers method, did not have an important role in national economy of Japan in analysis period. The results also show that the patterns of total output of creative industries of Japan on future period are not identic. Nevertheless, these sectors have one similarity, namely the modification of import will decrease their total output. This phenomenon indicates that import restriction related to these sector’s products is needed.
By Sector Water Consumption and Related Economy Analysis Integrated Model and Its Application in Hai River Basin, China  [PDF]
Xiuli Liu
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2012.45029
Abstract: This paper established a by sector water consumption and economy analysis integrated model with input–output analysis method. The model can be used to identify the relationships between economic activities and the direct water consumption, the total water consumption and the intersectoral water transaction for detailed sectors in regional economy. The method is applied to Hai River Basin in China that is characterized by water shortage. The results found that in Hai River Basin, agriculture sector is responsible for 81.2% of the direct total water consumption in the region, but industrial and service sectors account for 53.2% of the indirect total water consumption. To 24 industrial and service sectors, their ratios of indirect water consumption to total water consumption belong to [90%, 99%]. To per unit output, water consumption intensity was highest in agriculture sector 1 at 96.91 m3 per thousand Yuan, the value of 28 industrial and service sectors were smaller than 1. Products of sector 1, sector 24, sector 3, sector 12, sector 6, sector 11 and sector 10 are the main suppliers of indirect water.
Research on Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction Based on the Economic Transformation and Upgrading of Jiangsu Province in China  [PDF]
Guiliang Tian, Wei Gu, Changxin Xu, Rui Dai
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2013.31009
Abstract:

With China’s rapid economic development, the economic transformation and emission reduction based on energy conservation are the two key problems of Chinese economic development. In this article, we made quantitative analysis to the energy conservation and emission reduction ofJiangsuindustrial restructuring and industrial technology progress by using the model of input-output methods with the data ofJiangsuinput-output table in 2007. The result showed that if energy consumption caused by per unit output in the industry higher than average level of all the industries, we can decrease its proportion of all the industries. However, if the industry is the pillar industry to the national economic development, we cannot largely decrease its proportion. During this background, improving the technical level of theIndustry to reduce the energy consumption is a better choice. This article analyzed the contribution to energy conservation and emission reduction by industrial restructuring and industrial technology progress from the quantitative aspect.

DUALISME DALAM SEKTOR MANUFAKTUR INDONESIA: SEBUAH UJI HIPOTESIS DENGAN ANALISIS INPUT-OUTPUT
Agus Suman,Jose Rizal Joesoef
Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan , 2006,
Abstract: According to standard literature on development economics, development processes may cause dualism. Dualism means that there are huge sectors (or regions) with modern technology as well as small sectors (or regions) with traditional technology. As far as development policies are concerned, the dualism is a disturbing problem. Because dualism reflects inequality and may cause socially ramified impacts. Alleviating tension of dualism implicitly should becomes a goal of policy makers. If we assume that the level of industrial (manufacturing) technology is measured in term of capital-labor ratio, the increases in capital-labor ratio in manufacturing represent an improvement in industrial technological capability. Thus, under the paradigm of dual-industrial growth, the problem Indonesia faces is whether or not the growth of capital-intensive industries exceeds those of labor-intensive ones. So, the central problem sent to this research is: Does dualism within manufacturing sectors exist? By employing the input-output analysis, this research finds Indonesian manufacturing sector can be considered dualistic in its size and export-import structure. There are significant disparity between capital-intensive industries and labor-intensive ones. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Menurut literatur standard ekonomika pembangunan, proses pembangunan ekonomi bisa menyebabkan dualisme. Dualisme berarti ada sektor besar dengan kemampuan modern berdampingan dan tumbuh bersamaan dengan sektor kecil dengan kemampuan tradisional. Dualisme ekonomi ini bisa berdampak sosial sebab ia mencerminkan ketimpangan (inequality). Sehingga secara implisit meredakan tensi dualisme merupakan salah satu tujuan kebijakan ekonomi. Jika dianggap bahwa level kemampuan sektor industri diukur dengan rasio modal per tenaga kerja, maka peningkatan rasio ini mencerminkan peningkatan kapabilitas teknologi sektor industri. Jadi, menurut paradigma dual-industrial growth, masalah yang dihadapi Indonesia adalah: "Adakah dualisme di dalam sektor manufaktur?" Dengan menerapkan analisis input-output, studi ini melihat bahwa sektor manufaktur Indonesia dapat dianggap dualistis dalam hal besarnya dan struktur eskpor-impornya. Di samping itu, adan disparitas yang signifikan antara kelompok industri padat modal dan kelompok industri padat karya. Kata kunci:. dualisme, perubahan struktural, input-output analisis.
The Economic Impact of Tourism. An Input-Output Analysis
Camelia SURUGIU
Revista Romana de Economie , 2009,
Abstract: The paper presents an Input-Output Analysis for Romania, an important source of information for the investigation of the inter-relations existing among different industries. The Input-Output Analysis is used to determine the role and importance of different economic value added, incomes and employment and it analyses the existing connection in an economy. This paper is focused on tourism and the input-output analysis is finished for the Hotels and Restaurants Sector.
Structural Interdependence in the Energy Sector in Turkey: Input-Output Analysis
Abdullah Ozdemir,,Mehmet Mercan
Business and Economics Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: The increasing human needs recently and the dependence of the most of these needs on the energy make this sector more and more significant everyday. Should it known that how the other sectors are depended on the sub-sectors of the energy, it would be so easy to produce policy. Input-output analysis as a unit of economic activity researches the sectors and especially the exchanges of intermediate input between the sectors. So input-output analysis is a major instrument in terms of enabling to research the production and usage of the outputs of the productive sectors in economic scale, in sectoral level and quantatively. In the analysis made by using the input-output tables of Turkey Statistics Office for 2002 it was observed that energy sector has been a key sector recently. Also the relation of energy sector with the others was searched and the most input-output marketing sector of the energy sector was analyzed.
Reseach on Economy and Electric Power Coordination Development for Fujian Province
福建省经济与电力协调发展战略研究

JiGuoli SunHuaiqing ZengZhaopan,
吉国力

系统工程理论与实践 , 1993,
Abstract: A Study is carried on economy and electric power coordination development for Fujian Province. Economic development models are established by Input-Output analysis and nonlinear regression analysis. Based on economic consideration, electric power development models are set up. Electric power predictive analyses are arried out during 1990-2015 for Fujian province.
基于成本收益分析的林业技术扩散问题研究
Research on the Forestry Technical Diffusion Based on Input-Output Analysis
 [PDF]

刘平养
World Journal of Forestry (WJF) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/WJF.2013.21001
Abstract:

我国林业技术整体水平相对落后,不仅体现在研发环节,还反映在技术的普及度上。第三次集体林权改革激发了林农要技术的积极性,但是由于长期以来对林农层面的成本收益分析的忽视,使得林业技术扩散的效率依然较低,成为制约林业发展的重要因素。本文通过以毛竹林丰产技术在福建省永安市的推广为例,通过成本收益分析,得出了影响并决定林业技术扩散效率的因素,即林业技术的经济性。同时发现,在我国林业有集体经营体制向市场体制转型的形势下,技术的经济性不光受到亩均利润和总产出的影响,同时也受到制度安排、政府行为、社区机制以及农民本身的机会成本等的影响。
China’s forestry technical level is relatively lagged behind those of developed countries, not only in the R&D aspect, but also in the technical diffusion. The Third Collective Forestry Property Rights Reform trigged farmer’s demands for forestry techniques, but because of overlooking farmers’ consequent costs and benefits, the technical diffusion are still not efficient enough that it strictly constrains the further development of forestry. This paper bases on a cost benefit analysis of bamboo techniques in Yong’an County, and finds out that the economics of the technique is the main factor that influences the diffusion of forestry techniques. It’s concluded that in the reform period, the economics of forestry technique is strongly related to the institu-tion arrangement, government behavior, community functions and the opportunity cost of farmers.

Embodiment Analysis for Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Chinese Economy Based on Global Thermodynamic Potentials
Bo Zhang,Suping Peng,Xiangyang Xu,Lijie Wang
Energies , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/en4111897
Abstract: This paper considers the Global Thermodynamic Potential (GTP) indicator to perform a unified assessment of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and to systematically reveal the emission embodiment in the production, consumption, and international trade of the Chinese economy in 2007 as the most recent year available with input-output table and updated inventory data. The results show that the estimated total direct GHG emissions by the Chinese economy in 2007 amount to 10,657.5 Mt CO 2-eq by the GTPs with 40.6% from CH 4 emissions in magnitude of the same importance as CO 2 emissions. The five sectors of Electric Power/Steam and Hot Water Production and Supply, Smelting and Pressing of Ferrous and Nonferrous Metals, Nonmetal Mineral Products, Agriculture, and Coal Mining and Dressing, are responsible for 83.3% of the total GHG emissions with different emission structures. The demands of coal and coal-electricity determine the structure of emission embodiment to an essential extent. The Construction sector holds the top GHG emissions embodied in both domestic production and domestic consumption. The GHG emission embodied in gross capital formation is more than those in other components of final demand characterized by extensive investment and limited household consumption. China is a net exporter of embodied GHG emissions, with a remarkable share of direct emission induced by international trade, such as textile products, industrial raw materials, and primary machinery and equipment products exports. The fractions of CH 4 in the component of embodied GHG emissions in the final demand are much greater than those fractions calculated by the Global Warming Potentials, which highlight the importance of CH 4 emissions for the case of China and indicate the essential effect of CH 4 emissions on global climate change. To understand the full context to achieve GHG emission mitigation, this study provides a new insight to address China’s GHG emissions status and hidden emission information induced by the final demand to the related policy-makers.
Mudan?as no padr?o de uso da m?o-de-obra no Brasil entre 1949 e 2010
Bêrni, Duilio de Avila;
Nova Economia , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-63512006000100004
Abstract: this article examines the evolution of sectoral employment in brazil between 1949 and 2010, using structural decomposition analysis of the input-output model. the data base was selected from the decennial matrices for the 1959/2000 period and from figures referring to 1949 and 2010; these were obtained using the delphi method. those sectors in which labour productivity rose simultaneously with employment increases were defined as virtuous sectors. the only sectors that fit this description for the entire period were the manufacturing of capital goods and services. virtuosity was observed in a number of cases over the sub-periods, however, mainly concentrated between 1949 and 1970. however, between 1970 and 1980, simultaneous growth in employment and in labour productivity was not observed in any sector.
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