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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2998 matches for " Ingrid Ott "
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Service robotics: an emergent technology field at the interface between industry and services
Ingrid Ott
Poiesis & Praxis , 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s10202-012-0110-9
Abstract: Der Beitrag analysiert die konomischen Implikationen von Service-Robotik als künftig bedeutendes Technologiefeld. Die überlegungen werden hierbei in die globalen Trends eingebunden, fokussieren auf die Interdependenzen zwischen Dienstleistung und Industrie, wobei es nicht nur um die Bereitstellung einer Dienstleistung an sich geht, sondern auch der Innovationsprozess einbezogen wird. Es wird argumentiert, dass die vielf ltigen Interdependenzen verbunden mit den heterogenen Einsatzfeldern der Service-Roboter es erforderlich machen, dass die Aussagen kontextualisiert erfolgen. Insgesamt wird erwartet, dass vom Feld der Service-Robotik positive Arbeitsmarkteffekte ausgehen, wobei die Anforderungen an das Bildungsniveau der Besch ftigten steigen werden. Weiterhin wird analysiert, welche Herausforderungen zu bew ltigen sind, wenn es darum geht, ein neues Technologiefeld zu bewerten und weiter zu entwickeln und es werden einige Politikimplikationen abgeleitet.
What Drives Innovation? Causes of and Consequences for Nanotechnologies
Ingrid Ott,Christian Papilloud,Torben Zülsdorf
Managing Global Transitions , 2009,
Abstract: Nanotechnologies are expected to be the dominant general purpose technology of the next decades. Their market potential is immense and not only supply-side but especially demand-side arguments will have far reaching consequences for innovations. The latter may occur as increased miniaturization or via building completely new products, processes or services. Innovations in the field of nanotechnologies do not only affect productivity in downstream sectors but these feed back to nanotechnologies thereby inducing circles of continuing innovation. Demand for nano-components mainly arises from firms while private demand is assigned to final products, processes or services that are augmented by nanotechnologies. Due to the technology’s controversial character, the consumer’s attitude towards risk and technology affects private demand and this may either spur or hamper innovation. The paper aims to unravel how these complex interdependencies and feedback mechanisms affect overall innovation in downstream sectors that is induced by nanotechnologies and how this for its part affects further improvements of nanotechnologies.
Metropolitan Cities under Transition: The Example of Hamburg/Germany
Amelie Boje,Ingrid Ott,Silvia Stiller
Managing Global Transitions , 2010,
Abstract: In the intermediate and long run, energy prices and hence transportation costs are expected to increase significantly. According to the reasoning of the New Economic Geography this will strengthen the spreading forces and thus affect the economic landscape. Other influencing factors on the regional distribution of economic activity include the general trends of demographic and structural change. In industrialized countries, the former induces an overall reduction of population and labor force, whereas the latter implies an ongoing shift to the tertiary sector and increased specialization. Basically, cities provide better conditions to cope with these challenges than do rural regions. Since the general trends affect all economic spaces similarly, especially city specific factors have to be considered in order to derive the impact of rising energy costs on future urban development. With respect to Hamburg, regional peculiarities include the overall importance of the harbor as well as the existing composition of the industry and the service sector. The analysis highlights that rising energy and transportation costs will open up a range of opportunities for the metropolitan region.
Service robotics: do you know your new companion? Framing an interdisciplinary technology assessment
Michael Decker,Rüdiger Dillmann,Thomas Dreier,Martin Fischer,Mathias Gutmann,Ingrid Ott,Indra Spiecker genannt D hmann
Poiesis & Praxis , 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s10202-011-0098-6
Abstract: Service-Robotic—mainly defined as “non-industrial robotics”—is identified as the next economical success story to be expected after robots have been ubiquitously implemented into industrial production lines. Under the heading of service-robotic, we found a widespread area of applications reaching from robotics in agriculture and in the public transportation system to service robots applied in private homes. We propose for our interdisciplinary perspective of technology assessment to take the human user/worker as common focus. In some cases, the user/worker is the effective subject acting by means of and in cooperation with a service robot; in other cases, the user/worker might become a pure object of the respective robotic system, for example, as a patient in a hospital. In this paper, we present a comprehensive interdisciplinary framework, which allows us to scrutinize some of the most relevant applications of service robotics; we propose to combine technical, economical, legal, philosophical/ethical, and psychological perspectives in order to design a thorough and comprehensive expert-based technology assessment. This allows us to understand the potentials as well as the limits and even the threats connected with the ongoing and the planned implementation of service robots into human lifeworld—particularly of those technical systems displaying increasing grades of autonomy.
Dynamical Phase Transitions in Quantum Systems  [PDF]
Ingrid Rotter
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2010.15043
Abstract: Many years ago Bohr characterized the fundamental differences between the two extreme cases of quantum mechanical many-body problems known at that time: between the compound states in nuclei at extremely high level density and the shell-model states in atoms at low level density. It is shown in the present paper that the compound nucleus states at high level density are the result of a dynamical phase transition due to which they have lost any spectroscopic relation to the individual states of the nucleus. The last ones are shell-model states which are of the same type as the shell-model states in atoms. Mathematically, dynamical phase transitions are caused by singular (exceptional) points at which the trajectories of the eigenvalues of the non-Hermitian Hamilton operator cross. In the neighborhood of these singular points, the phases of the eigenfunctions are not rigid. It is possible therefore that some eigenfunctions of the system align to the scattering wavefunctions of the environment by decoupling (trapping) the remaining ones from the environment. In the Schrödinger equation, nonlinear terms appear in the neighborhood of the singular points.
Creativity in Teams: The Impact of Team Members’ Affective Well-Being and Diversity  [PDF]
Ingrid Dackert
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.49003
Abstract:
The purpose of the research reported in this article was to examine how team mem-bers’ affective well-being influences creativity in teams. Furthermore, the impact of diversity in gender, age and education on affective well-being and team creativity was investigated. Twenty-nine project teams with 173 team members, involved in projects for 20 weeks as a part of a project management course, participated in the study. In terms of diversity dimensions, age and education were found to have no significant in-fluence either on affective well-being or team creativity. Diversity in gender had a sig-nificant positive impact on contentment. Team member enthusiasm was found to have a strong direct impact on team creativity, while contentment had an indirect effect. The results support the integration of affects into creativity theory. In addition, the result suggests managers to focus more on the feelings of the team members and the interaction in the team in order to facilitate well-being and creativity.
Solubility of Supercritical CO2 in Polystyrene during Foam Formation via Statistical Associated Fluid Theory (SAFT) Equation of State  [PDF]
Brian A. Ott, G. Caneba
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.95029
Abstract: The use of supercritical fluids, such as CO2, for polymer foam formation has become popular in the last decade. These physical blowing agents are environmentally responsible, and are able to provide certain processing advantages during foam formation. In order to be able to understand foam formation under relatively high pressures and temperatures, thermodynamic phase equilibrium analysis is required coupled with a good equation of state. The Statistical Associated Fluid Theory (SAFT) equation of state (EOS) is studied in detail for the carbon dioxide/polystyrene system, under supercritical CO2 conditions. The SAFT EOS is found to perform better than the Soave-Redlich-Kwong (SRK) EOS, especially when considering liquid phase compositions and densities. Experimental data from the literature is used to validate model parameters cited in the literature for polystyrene-CO2 binary systems under supercritical conditions. The analysis is done with the assumption that the vapor phase is pure CO2 and in equilibrium with the liquid CO2-polystyrene condensed phase.
Pig Compost Use on Zinc and Copper Concentrations in Soils and Corn Plants  [PDF]
Juan Hirzel, Ingrid Walter
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.64057
Abstract: The use of pig compost (PC) in agricultural land has increased in Chile in the last years. This organic amendment is a valuable nutritional source for crops, but its applying must be done in a controlled manner since it exhibited high copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) concentrations. A short-term field experiment was conducted out to study the effects of increasing PC rates on the production and quality corn crop in two soils located at south central Chile. Five treatments were evaluated: control without fertilization (C), conventional fertilization (CF) (350 kg N ha-1), and three increasing PC rates (15.33, 30.65, and 61.31 Mg·ha-1, corresponding to 350, 700, and 1400 kg N ha-1, respectively) in a split plot design with four replicates. The overall results indicated that dry matter production, grain yield, and plant Zn and Cu concentrations were similar among fertilization sources and rates. Extractable soil Zn concentration exhibited a rate-related increase of PC in both locations, while Cu concentration exhibited this behavior only at the soil located in Chillan. Nevertheless, the values obtained were below of those considered phytotoxic levels. Therefore, the contribution of Zn and Cu through PC applying at different rates to the soils studied showed a slight affect in soil extractable Zn and Cu values without negatively effects on quantity and quality corn crop. The organic amendment applied can be a good and cheaper substitute to conventional fertilization, although further monitoring of Zn and Cu soil levels should be carried out to avoid any environmental risk.
Patient Perspectives of Sharing Experiences in Group-Based Diabetes Education: A Second-Order Analysis  [PDF]
Vibeke Stenov, Ingrid Willaing
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.71003
Abstract: The study aimed to develop a second-order theoretical analysis based on qualitative interviews exploring the experiences of persons with diabetes attending group-based diabetes education. Bruner’s cultural psychology and White and Epston’s narrative therapy provided a theoretical foundation for the analysis. The analysis indicated that telling and listening to stories from everyday life with diabetes in a peer group can assist participants in reinterpreting ways of living with diabetes. Sharing experiences with peers in group-based diabetes education seems to be supportive and useful when individuals are trying to find strategies to cope with diabetes in everyday life.
The Health and Well-Being among Children with Diabetes and Low HbA1c—A Qualitative Study in Sweden  [PDF]
Lena Lendahls, Ingrid Edvardsson
Health (Health) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/health.2018.105044
Abstract: Aims and objectives: To examine health and well-being, as well as the need for support among children and parents where the child has T1DM with low HbA1c (<52 mmol/mole). The purpose was also to investigate the extent to which children’s and parents’ experiences match. Introduction: Studies have shown that children with diabetes type 1 (T1DM) rate their lives as worse than healthy peer ratings. In Sweden, views have been expressed that children, as well as their parents, feel pressurized by the diabetes teams to achieve low HbA1c values, which can lead to poorer mental health for the family. Design: A qualitative study. Methods: A consecutive sample of 11 children and their parents (one father, ten mothers) was interviewed together but individually guided by a semi structured interview guide. Interviews were analyzed using thematic content analysis. Results: Four main categories were consistent across children and their parents; 1) attitude to the illness, 2) sadness about diabetes, 3) the importance of the social network, and 4) the importance of the diabetes team. Worries about hyperglycemia were more prominent than worries about hypoglycemia in both children and parents. A distinguishing feature of the interviewed children was that they were responsible, strict and targeted. Many of them were competitive and took part in various sports, even at a very advanced level. Conclusions: This study shows that children with low HbA1c values experience good health and good well-being. Family support, good planning, and high acceptance of their illness contributed to this.
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