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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 464 matches for " Indira; Arena "
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Factors associated with breastfeeding in children less than one year of age in the city of Cartagena, Colombia
Díaz,Carmen Elena; López,Rossana; Herrera,Indira; Arena,Diana; Giraldo,Carolina; Gonzáles,Laura;
Colombia Médica , 2011,
Abstract: introduction:the practice of breastfeeding represents multiple benefits to children; however, several studies show that there has been a gradual loss of breastfeeding habits in industrialized and developing countries, mainly because the great diversity of types of milk. additionalliy, there was the presence of biological and socio-cultural factors, which influence and modify this practice and generate a negative impact on the health of the infant population. in colombia, in 2005, it was reported that the median duration of exclusive breastfeeding was 2.2 months and the median duration was 14.9 months total; likewise, the department of bolivar reported a median slightly over a month. objective: to determine the relationship between social and biological factors in the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding in children under one year of age in cartagena, colombia. materials and methods: cross-sectional study, the population consisted of the mothers of 23,109 children less than one year of age, the sample was 562 mothers. the probability sampling was stratified by clusters of three locations in the city where every neighborhood was a cluster. after selecting the neighborhood, a simple random sampling was conducted by city blocks. mothers of children under one year of age were sought in their homes in the city blocks selected. the information was collected through the survey ?breastfeeding and complementary feeding? used by profamilia, demographic characteristics were demographic characteristics were also investigated. results: the median for breastfeeding was 2 months, social factors associated were: not using a feeding bottle (ci: 2.37-5.38), nuclear family membership (ci: 1.29-2.72), not being a mother head of household (ci: 0.27-0.62), and the biological factor showing association was temporary suspension of breastfeeding (ci: 0.23-0.70). conclusion: the duration of the exclusive breastfeeding practice among women turned out to be very short and the practice until th
Factors associated with breastfeeding in children less than one year of age in the city of Cartagena, Colombia
Carmen Elena Díaz,Rossana López,Indira Herrera,Diana Arena
Colombia Médica , 2011,
Abstract: The practice of breastfeeding represents multiple benefits to children; however, several studies show thatthere has been a gradual loss of breastfeeding habits in industrialized and developing countries, mainly because the greatdiversity of types of milk. Additionalliy, there was the presence of biological and socio-cultural factors, which influence andmodify this practice and generate a negative impact on the health of the infant population. In Colombia, in 2005, it was reportedthat the median duration of exclusive breastfeeding was 2.2 months and the median duration was 14.9 months total; likewise,the department of Bolivar reported a median slightly over a month.Objective: To determine the relationship between social and biological factors in the prevalence of exclusive breastfeedingin children under one year of age in Cartagena, Colombia.Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study, the population consisted of the mothers of 23,109 children less than oneyear of age, the sample was 562 mothers. The probability sampling was stratified by clusters of three locations in the city whereevery neighborhood was a cluster. After selecting the neighborhood, a simple random sampling was conducted by city blocks.Mothers of children under one year of age were sought in their homes in the city blocks selected. The information was collectedthrough the survey Breastfeeding and complementary feeding used by PROFAMILIA, demographic characteristics weredemographic characteristics were also investigated.Results: The median for breastfeeding was 2 months, social factors associated were: not using a feeding bottle (CI: 2.37-5.38), nuclear family membership (CI: 1.29-2.72), not being a mother head of household (CI: 0.27-0.62), and the biologicalfactor showing association was temporary suspension of breastfeeding (CI: 0.23-0.70).Conclusion: The duration of the exclusive breastfeeding practice among women turned out to be very short and thepractice until the sixth month of life for their children was low. It was found that children born through caesarean section hada higher prevalence of maternal of maternal breastfeeding than those born vaginally.
The Musical Language of Zeqirja Ballata in His Piano Work Fantasia Rustica  [PDF]
Indira ?ipa
Advances in Anthropology (AA) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/aa.2018.84013
Abstract: Zeqirja Ballata (1943), a Kosovar composer, is in step with the works of his time, more precisely belonging to the postmodernist period. Throughout his musical opus, he showed consistency to the contemporary stylistic elements of the second half of the twentieth century. Among the 157 musical works by the Kosovar composer Zeqirja Ballata, this paper brings the results of the analysis of the musical language used in Fantasia rustica (for the left hand). The work in question is atonal, with dominant dissonance followed by short consonant bursts. Employing a qualitative research method, or analysis, the work was analysed including the following musical parameters: general and historical data of the piece, structure, linear expression, consonant structures, rhythm and its components, dynamics and synthesis of musical parameters in the process of concretization. The paper also contains notation tables and examples illustrating concretization moments.
Study of Heavy Quarkonium with Energy Dependent Potential  [PDF]
Pramila Gupta, Indira Mehrotra
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2012.310189
Abstract: Heavy quark systems (c and b ) have been studied in the nonrelativistic framework using energy dependent interquark potential of the form harmonic oscillator with a small linear term as energy dependent as perturbation plus a inverse square potential. This potential admits exact analytical solution of the Schrodinger equation. Mass spectra, leptonic decay width, root mean square radii (), the expectation value of the radius (r) and <1/r> have been estimated for different quantum mechanical states for and systems. It is observed that energy dependent term in the potential leads to saturation of the mass spectra and degree of saturation is governed by the magnitude of perturbation. The calculated values of leptonic decay widths for 1s state are in very good agreement with the experimental data both for c and b systems.
Ant Routing Protocol with Location Services in Intermittently Connected MANETs  [PDF]
S. Ramesh, R. Indira
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.77092
Abstract: Wireless and mobile networks seem to deliver tremendous uses. In its way, MANET leads to enormous real world applications. Routing allows us to implement many real world applications. Complete affinity in an infrequent network like ICMANET is highly impossible. Disconnected MANET is also known as ICMANET which is also a DTN (Delay Torrent Network) that supports for higher delays. It is laborious process to execute routing in a diffused network process to execute routing in a diffused network. To deliver the data packets towards the destined node to its best, a new strategy in routing called Ant routing protocol in concoction with storage strategy LoDis has been proposed. Despite of routing, security is still an unsolved problem. To evaluate this situation, this paper presents a methodology called agent technology which yields a secure routing. Hostile node in the network is spotted with the help of agent at each node. A cryptographic algorithm Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is habituated to improve secure communication in wide range Mobility and total number of nodes in the network act as variables in examining the hostile nodes in the network to judge the standard of security. Improved performance along with the security is the point to be highlighted.
A remark on differentiability properties of solutions of some elliptic equations
Orazio Arena
Le Matematiche , 1996,
Abstract: A class of nondivergence unifrmly elliptic equations with measurable coefficients is studied. The oscillation of the coefficients near a Lebesgue point is assumed to be controlled by increasing functions satisfying Dini's condition. Under this assumption, slightly weaker than that of L. A. Caffarelli [2], a pointwise estimate for "good solutions" is established and related second order differentiability properties are pointed out.
Non linear highest sea wave groups in an undisturbed field and in front of a vertical wall
Arena, F
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti : Classe di Scienze Fisiche, Matematiche e Naturali , 2004, DOI: 10.1478/c1a0401001
Abstract: In this paper some non-linear effects for the mechanics of sea wave groups with large waves are investigated, either for waves in an undisturbed field or for waves in front of a vertical wall. To the first-order in a Stokes expansion, Boccotti's quasi-determinism theory enables us to foresee the mechanics of wave groups, either in undisturbed or in diffracted fields, when a large wave occurs. The first formulation of this theory shows the random group mechanics when a large crest height occurs ('New wave'); the second theory formulation gives the random group mechanics when a large crest-to-trough wave height occurs. The quasi-determinism theory in both formulations, for undisturbed fields, was extended recently to the second-order by the author. In this paper the procedure to derive the second-order solution is analyzed and is applied to random wave groups in front of a vertical wall. The non-linear effects are then investigated in space-time domain, and it is obtained a good agreement of analytical predictions with both field data and data from numerical simulation.
La construction de la parenté par le nom : de l’utilisation d’un modèle anthropologique pour comprendre le droit tunisien contemporain The Making of Genealogy through the Name: on the Use of a Model from Anthropology for the Understanding of a Contemporary Tunisian Law
Marta Arena
Droit et Cultures , 2012,
Abstract: L’article porte sur la continuité de la représentation traditionnelle du nasab dans la loi tunisienne qui donne aux enfants nés hors mariage le droit d’obtenir le nom patronymique de leur père (laqab). Du fait de l’attribution du nom du père, l’enfant est rattaché au nasab de celui-ci et en partage la généalogie. Il rentre dans le cercle de l’ca abiyya, dont les membres se considèrent comme frères, avec des droits et des devoirs réciproques et égaux. En s’appuyant sur l’ancienne représentation, la loi tunisienne permet de compléter la parenté de l’enfant (qaraba) et de préparer sa réintégration dans la société, alors que la référence de la législation marocaine à la notion de bunuwa empêche d’atteindre ce résultat. This article points out to the continuity of the traditional representation of nasab in Tunisian law that awards children born out of marriage the right to get their father’s family name (laqab). By getting hold of the father’s name, the child gets the nasab of him and partakes in his genealogy, entering the circle of the ca abiyya, where all men consider themselves as brothers and equal in mutual rights and obligations. Drawing on the traditional representation, Tunisian law eases the completion of the child’s kinship (qaraba) and makes way to his integration into society, while Moroccan law’s reference to the notion of bunuwa hinders those results.
La cittadinanza amministrativa. Una nuova prospettiva per la partecipazione
Gregorio Arena
Espa?o Jurídico : Journal of Law , 2011,
Abstract: Io voglio in questo lavoro approciare il tema della cittadinanza attiva nella publica amministrazione, metendo in fuoco il concetto della partecipazione sociale. Parole-chiavi: Cittadinanza. Democrazia. Pubblica Amministrazione.
Flood Maps and Bank Shifting of Dharla River in Bangladesh  [PDF]
Indira Bose, Umme Kulsum Navera
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2017.59008
Abstract: Bangladesh is prone to severe flooding as being located at the confluence of three mighty rivers named the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna. As a consequence, river flooding and erosion are common natural disasters that severely affect the landscape, lives and economy of the country. Dharla River, one of the trans-boundary rivers originated in the Himalayas, along with Brahmaputra River has a great influence on the recurring floods and erosion in north-western Bangladesh. Almost in every year, excessive erosion and embankment damages caused by Dharla render a thousand of people homeless with massive loss of crops and poultries. As per the environmentalists, this is a matter of huge concern as development of accurate flood maps and erosion prediction for Dharla River has been very challenging. In this study, the flood map and Dharla River bank shifting study have been developed by using HEC-RAS 4.1.0 hydrodynamic model and Landsat satellite images. In addition, the HEC-GeoRAS was used to establish the river reach for HEC-RAS. The calibration and validation have been performed using the observed and simulated water levels for the years of 2013 and 2014 respectively. The HEC-RAS flood water level output was used in HEC-GeoRAS for raster interpolation followed by overlain onto the land surface elevation of the study area. Then, the difference between water level interpolation and land elevation surfaces has been considered as a depth of inundation which is performed in Arc-Map 10.2. Flood maps have been generated for the years 2010, 2013, and 2014 for highest water level of each year. The erosion prone areas have been indicated by analyzing bank shifting of Dharla River for the years 1987, 1997, 2007, and 2017 by digitizing the satellite images in Arc-GIS 10.2. From the observation it has been found that the course of the Dharla River has been shifted vastly since 1987 to 2017 due to erosion.
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