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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 480172 matches for " Inês Rugani Ribeiro de; Cardoso "
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Uso do método Grade of Membership na identifica??o de perfis de consumo e comportamento alimentar de adolescentes do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
Cardoso, Letícia de Oliveira;Alves, Luciana Correia;Castro, Inês Rugani Ribeiro de;Leite, Iuri da Costa;Machado, Carla Jorge;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2011000200015
Abstract: to identify food patterns and eating behaviors among adolescents and to describe the prevalence rates, this study applied the grade of membership method to data from a survey on health risk factors among adolescent students in rio de janeiro, brazil (n = 1,632). the four profiles generated were: "a" (12.1%) more frequent consumption of all foods labeled as healthy, less frequent consumption of unhealthy foods, and healthy eating behaviors; "b" (45.8%) breakfast and three meals a day as a habit, less frequent consumption of fruits and vegetables and of five markers of unhealthy diet; "c" (22.8%) lack of healthy eating behaviors, less frequent consumption of vegetables, fruit, milk, cold cuts, cookies, and soft drinks; and "d" (19.3%) more frequent consumption of all unhealthy foods and less frequent consumption of fruits and vegetables. the results indicate the need for interventions to promote healthy eating in this age group.
Fatores socioecon?micos, demográficos, ambientais e comportamentais associados ao excesso de peso em adolescentes: uma revis?o sistemática da literatura
Cardoso, Letícia de Oliveira;Engstrom, Elyne Montenegro;Leite, Iuri da Costa;Castro, Inês Rugani Ribeiro de;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2009000300008
Abstract: objective: to identify socioeconomic, environmental and behavioral factors associated with overweight (ow) in adolescents through a systematic literature review. methods: six databases were consulted (lilacs, adolec, scielo, medline via pubmed, isi web of knowlwdge and cochrane library) between january 3 and 13, 2008. the following key-words and respective mesh terms were used: "overweight", "obesity", "adolescence", "adolescents", "risk factors", "associated factors". articles in english, spanish and portuguese published between 1997 and 2007 were evaluated, and only observational studies with adolescents aged from 10 to 19 years, diagnosed with ow using international criteria were included. studies based on convenience samples or that did not investigate social, environmental and psycho-behavioral factors as independent variables were excluded. results: 202 articles were selected by reading the titles and abstracts and applying initial eligibility criterion. the review of complete publications allowed including and analyzing 56 articles. socioeconomic level was found to be inversely associated with ow in developed countries and directly associated in developing countries. the habit of going on weight loss diets, the number of hours per day watching tv/video, having an obese mother and/or father and the occurrence of ow in childhood were directly associated with ow. the habit of having breakfast and physical activity were observed to be protective factors. conclusion: socioeconomic, behavioral, family, and childhood variables were associated with ow and should be considered in interventions directed toward the problem among adolescents.
Vigilancia de fatores de risco para doen?as n?o transmissíveis entre adolescentes: a experiência da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
Castro, Inês Rugani Ribeiro de;Cardoso, Letícia Oliveira;Engstrom, Elyne Montenegro;Levy, Renata Bertazzi;Monteiro, Carlos Augusto;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2008001000009
Abstract: this paper presents the methodology and results of the implementation of a surveillance system for non-communicable disease risk factors in adolescents. a random sample of 8th-grade students (n = 1,684) enrolled in municipal schools in rio de janeiro, brazil, was studied. students were asked to complete a confidential questionnaire on food consumption, physical activity, sedentary leisure-time activities, and tobacco consumption. prevalence estimates of risk factors were calculated for the entire sample and by gender. non-response rates ranged from 1.1 to 8.9%. the findings included low consumption of fruits (45.8%) and vegetables (20.0% and 16.5% for salads and cooked vegetables, respectively), regular consumption of soft drinks (36.7%) and candies (46.7%), extensive time on tv, computer, and videogames (71.7% spend at least 4h/day at these activities), low frequency of regular physical activity (40%), and 6.4% prevalence of smoking. girls showed less physical activity and more smoking. the system appeared to be feasible and indicated high prevalence of risk factors for non-communicable diseases.
Efetividade da suplementa??o diária ou semanal com ferro na preven??o da anemia em lactentes
Engstrom,Elyne Montenegro; Castro,Inês Rugani Ribeiro de; Portela,Margareth; Cardoso,Letícia Oliveira; Monteiro,Carlos Augusto;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102008005000043
Abstract: objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of universal prophylactic targeting with iron sulfate on daily or weekly basis in the prevention of anemia in infants. methods: randomized clinical field trial with children between ages six and 12 months seen at primary health care units in the municipality of rio de janeiro, brazil, between 2004 and 2005. three concurrent cohorts were compared: daily group (n=150; 12.5mg fe/day); weekly group (n=147; 25mg fe/week) and control group. the intervention consisted of universal supplementation with iron sulfate for 24 weeks, combined with educational adherence-promoting measures. outcome: mean serum hemoglobin concentration, distribution and prevalence of anemia (hb<110.0 g/l) at age 12 months. effectiveness was evaluated considering both intent to treat and adherence to protocol, using multiple regression analysis (linear and poisson). results: groups were homogeneous in terms of descriptive variables. the intervention was implemented successfully, with high adhesion to protocol in both groups, and no statistical difference between them. after adjustment, only the daily regimen showed a protective effect. adherence analysis demonstrated an evident dose-response effect on mean hb and prevalence of anemia only for the daily regimen. no protective effect was detected for the weekly regimen. conclusions: universal supplementation with iron sulfate from six to 12 months of age was effective in increasing serum hb and decreasing risk of anemia only when administered on a daily basis.
Tendência temporal da amamenta??o na cidade do Rio de Janeiro: 1996-2006
Castro,Inês Rugani Ribeiro de; Engstrom,Elyne Montenegro; Cardoso,Letícia Oliveira; Dami?o,Jorginete de Jesus; Rito,Rosane Valéria Fonseca Viana; Gomes,Maria Auxiliadora de Souza Mendes;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102009005000079
Abstract: objective: to analyze time trend in breast-feeding (bf) and exclusive breast-feeding (ebf). methods: data from a monitoring system, based on surveys conducted during the national immunization campaign in the city of rio de janeiro, southeastern brazil, in 1996, 1998, 2000, 2003 and 2006, were analyzed. study population was comprised of 19,044 children younger than one year of age, who were present in vaccination stations. a probability cluster sample (vaccination stations), self-weighted and representative of the population of children younger than 12 months of age (<12), was studied for each year. a structured questionnaire with closed questions about the child's diet at the moment of the study and maternal sociodemographic characteristics was applied. the bf and ebf indicators proposed by the world health organization were adopted. results: bf<12 increased from 61.3% to 73.4% between 1996 and 2006. similar trend was observed in all age groups analyzed. ebf in children <4 and <6 months of age (ebf<6) increased from 18.8% to 42.4% and from 13.8% to 33.3%, respectively. improvements in bf>6 and ebf<6 were found in all categories of all maternal sociodemographic variables. for ebf<6, the disadvantage observed in women with a lower level of education in 1996 and in women who worked in 1998 was not completely overcome by 2006. conclusions: bf and ebf increased in the period studied, independently from child age group and maternal socio-demographic characteristics. the differences found among women in distinct sociodemographic situations were not completely overcome.
Consumo e comportamento alimentar entre adolescentes brasileiros: Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar (PeNSE), 2009
Levy,Renata Bertazzi; Castro,Inês Rugani Ribeiro de; Cardoso,Letícia de Oliveira; Tavares,Letícia Ferreira; Sardinha,Luciana Monteiro Vasconcelos; Gomes,Fabio da Silva; Costa,André Wallace Nery da;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000800013
Abstract: the objective of this article is to describe the characteristics of food consumption and eating behavior of adolescents and its association with socio-demographic factors. in 2009, a random sample of students in 9th grade of elementary education at public and private schools from 26 brazilian state capitals and federal district was studied. it was applied a self-administered questionnaire with socio-demographic attributes, food consumption and eating behavior, among others. estimates of the constructed indicators were presented for the total population and by sex. the association of each indicator with socio-demographic variables was examined by logistic regression. the results showed that over half of adolescents presented frequent consumption of beans (62.6%), milk (53.6%) and sweets (50.9%), and held at least lunch or dinner with the mother or responsible (62.6%) and watching television or studying (50.9%). in general, girls were more exposed to undesirable eating habits and higher socioeconomic status was associated with a higher prevalence of the indicators studied. the results revealed regular consumption of unhealthy diet markers and consumption of less than the recommended for a healthy diet, pointing the need for strengthening health promotion activities targeting young people.
Imagem corporal, estado nutricional e comportamento com rela??o ao peso entre adolescentes brasileiros
Castro,Inês Rugani Ribeiro de; Levy,Renata Bertazzi; Cardoso,Letícia de Oliveira; Passos,Michelle Delboni dos; Sardinha,Luciana Monteiro Vasconcelos; Tavares,Letícia Ferreira; Dutra,Sheila Potente; Martins,André;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000800014
Abstract: the objective of this work is to describe the agreement between body image (bi) and nutritional status (ns) as well as to verify the association of bi and ns with behaviors regarding body weight (brbw) among brazilian adolescents. in 2009, a random sample of students in 9th year at public and private schools from 26 brazilian state capitals and federal district was studied. it was used a self-administered questionnaire with information about bi, brbw and socioeconomic factors. weight and height were measured. logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate associations between variables and weighted kappa test was used to verify the agreement between ns and bi. twenty-four percent of the adolescents had excessive weight (ew) and 17.7% considered themselves fat. almost 2/3 performed some action to weight control and 7% showed extreme behavior for weight control (ebwc). low agreement between the ns and bi was observed. nearly half and 27% of those with ew considered themselves as having normal weight and being thin, respectively. greater proportion of ew adolescents had ebwc when compared with those with normal weight and underweight. the same was observed in relation to bi. low agreement between en and bi was observed. practices for weight control were observed even among individuals with adequate ns.
A culinária como objeto de estudo e de interven??o no campo da Alimenta??o e Nutri??o
Diez-Garcia,Rosa Wanda; Castro,Inês Rugani Ribeiro de;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232011000100013
Abstract: culinary is approached here as an object of food and nutritional studies and interventions aimed at dietary changes. in order to explore the culinary potential, two studies are presented: one qualitative, focusing on dietary intake, with subjects from two socioeconomic sectors submitted to salt restrictions; the other uses cooking as structural axis of an educational method for promoting healthy eating. in both studies one can observe the potential of culinary: in the first, as a medium which allows access to information about food procedures that can improve the quality of information about food intake and food practices and, in the second, as an effective space for interventions aimed at food habit changes by addressing their sensorial, cognitive, symbolic and procedural dimensions.
Avalia??o do impacto do programa "Leite é Saúde" na recupera??o de crian?as desnutridas no Município do Rio de Janeiro
Castro, Inês Rugani Ribeiro de;Monteiro, Carlos Augusto;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2002000100007
Abstract: objective: to evaluate the impact of the "leite é saúde" program (pls) in recovering the nutritional status of malnourished children in rio de janeiro (rio) during the 1994/1996 period. method: the evaluation was based on target children (6-23 months of age and weight-for-age < 3rd centile of the nchs curve (wap<3) at enrollment) followed up at least for one year and for whom at least one information on weight was available for every quarter of the first year of follow-up (n=748). impact was measured by a positive variation in weight-for-age nchs z-scores. regression to the mean effect was corrected by applying the correlation coefficients observed between sequential measures of well-nourished american children to z score at entrance. age and nutritional status at enrollment, previous and current health status, presence of 24-59 month-old siblings, provision of soy oil as an additional food supplement, and level of complexity of the health unit were studied as possible intervenient factors. results: the mean variation of the weight-for-age z-score after the one year follow-up was +0.464 (ic95%=0.41-0.52), with similar gains in the first and second follow-up semesters (+0.245 and +0.219, respectively; p=0.33). impact of the program was greater on children with a greater weight deficit at entrance; age at entrance did not significantly influence the response to the program. none of the remaining intervenient variables studied influenced the success of the intervention. conclusion: the findings indicate that pls was effective in recovering malnourished children. the internal validity of the study reinforces this conclusion. the fact that the program evaluated was implemented in the usual conditions of the city's health units and the fact that the impact was similar in health units with different levels of complexity point out the possibility of generalizing the results to other urban settings similar to rio. the fact that the pls implemented in rio employed a stricter
Qualidade do valor da medida de massa corporal nos Centros Municipais de Saúde do Município do Rio de Janeiro, 1996
Capelli, Jane de Carlos Santana;Anjos, Luiz Antonio dos;Castro, Inês Rugani Ribeiro de;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2002000100007
Abstract: the main purpose of the study was to evaluate the quality of body mass measurement of children under 5 years of age treated in 21 health care units in the city of rio de janeiro. a total of 38 health care professionals were observed, 292 children were weighed, and 41 scales were calibrated. almost all of the mechanical scales were positioned improperly. the procedure of weighing the child "undressed" was not performed in 29.9% of the cases on adult beam scales. almost all of the scales were calibrated (98%) and showed a high correlation coefficient (0.999). there were no important differences between body mass values obtained by the health care professionals and those read by the observer. thus, nutritional classification using either value showed a perfect correlation (kappa correlation coefficient = 1). although some procedures in obtaining body mass values were unsatisfactory, they did not affect the nutritional classification of children in the present study.
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