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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 465935 matches for " Imre Kádár "
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Effects of Mo, Zn, Sr and Ba loads on these elements' uptake and oil content and fatty acid composition of rapeseed
Kastori Rudolf R.,Kádár Imre,Sekuli? Petar ?.,Zeremski-?kori? Tijana M.
Zbornik Matice Srpske za Prirodne Nauke , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/zmspn0305005k
Abstract: Studied in the present paper were the long-term effects of the application of high Mo, Zn, Sr and Ba rates (0, 90, 270, and 810 kg ha-1 on rapeseed oil content and oil fatty acid composition. The trace elements were applied in the spring of 1991, while the rapeseed was sown on a calcareous сhernozem soil in 2001. The trace elements differed significantly in their rates of accumulation in rapeseed plants. Relative to the control, the Mo content of the stem increased up to 1,000 times, that of the chaff over 100 times, and that of the seed around 60 times. The levels of the other trace elements increased considerably less relative to the control. The increases were typically twofold to threefold, depending on the plant part involved. The trace elements accumulated the most in the vegetative plant parts, except for Zn, a major quantity of which was found in the seed as well. The application of the high rates of Sr, Zn and, to an extent. Mo reduced the seed oil content of rapeseed. However, the differences were not statistically significant. The application of the trace elements had no significant effect on the fatty acid composition of the rapeseed oil, either. The increased levels of the trace elements found in the rapeseed plants indicate that 11 years after application significant amounts of the applied elements are still present in the soil in a form available to plants. However, the rates were not high enough to affect the synthesis of oil and its fatty acid composition.
FERTILIZING BREWING BARLEY (Hordeum vulgare L.)
Imre Kádár,Gy?rgy Béndek,József Koncz
Poljoprivreda (Osijek) , 2000,
Abstract: Four levels of N, P and K nutrition (poor, moderate, satisfactory and high) and all their possible combinations with 64 treatments in two replications (128 plots) were studied in a long term field trial on barley yield and malting quality. A standard East-European spring barley "Opal" (bred in Czechoslovakia) was grown in 1986, 13th year of the agricultural experiment, involving various crops in previous years, on a calcareous loamy chernozem soil. The optimum fertility levels for yield enhancement resulted in the poorest malting quality: low modification and extract but long saccharification time and high protein. To solve this problem the brewing industry will have to apply the well-known technological methods available since growers are not likely to give up their fertilizers. Applying soil and plant analysis data, having knowledge about both soil and plant optimum values, the danger of the excessive use of fertilizers can be realized and decreased.
The Effect of Transition Metal Doping on the Photooxidation Process of Titania-Clay Composites
Judit Ménesi,Renáta Kékesi,László K r si,Volker Z llmer,André Richardt,Imre Dékány
International Journal of Photoenergy , 2008, DOI: 10.1155/2008/846304
Abstract: Montmorillonite-TiO2 composites containing various transition metal ions (silver, copper, or nickel) were prepared, and their photocatalytic efficiencies were tested in the degradation of ethanol vapor at 70% relative humidity. Two light sources, UV-rich ( = 254 nm) and visible ( = 435 nm), were used. The kinetics of degradation was monitored by gas chromatography. It was established that, in the case of each catalyst, ethanol degradation was more efficient in UV-C ( = 254 nm) than in visible light, furthermore, these samples containing silver or copper ions were in each case about twice more efficient than P25 TiO2 (Degussa AG.) used as a reference. In photooxidation by visible light, TiO2/clay samples doped with silver or copper were also more efficient than the reference sample, P25 TiO2. We show that doping metal ions can also be delivered to the surface of the support by ion exchange and significantly alters the optical characteristics of the TiO2/clay composite.
Effect of Selenium, Molybdenum and Zinc on Seedling Growth and Frequency of Grain Weevil (Sitophilus granarius) in Triticale Grain
Rudolf Kastori,Imre Кádár
Pesticidi i Fitomedicina , 2009,
Abstract: The effects of different doses (0, 90, 270, 810 kg/ha) of selenium, molybdenum and zinc microelements on their translocation and accumulation in grains, seedling growth and grain infestation were examined under field conditions on a calcareous chernozem soil.Thirteen years after the application of selenium, molybdenum and zinc, significant translocation and accumulation of these elements in the grain were established, indicating a long-term effect of these microelements on triticale plants. The highest degree of accumulation in grains and seedling shoots was found for selenium, then molybdenum, while the detected amounts of zinc were significantly lower. The degree of accumulation of all threemicroelements in the grain and seedling shoot increased as doses increased. Translocation index from shoot to grain at the grain-filling phase was the highest when zinc was used, then selenium, and the lowest when molybdenum was applied. The highest translocationindex from the grain during germination into seedling shoots was obtained with zinc, then molybdenum and selenium. Translocation indexes of the investigated elements significantly decreased as the doses of elements increased. Dry weight of seedling shoots decreasedas molybdenum and zinc in grain increased. High selenium concentration moderately stimulated seedling development, pointing out a high tolerance of triticale to higher concentration of this microelement at initial development stages. Infestatation with grain weevil was provoked by high concentrations of these microelements in the grain. High concentrations of zinc and selenium, in particular, significantly decreased the percentage of damaged grains, while molybdenum moderately increased their numbers. The effect of zincand molybdenum may be attributed to their chemical effect, while selenium effect may also be referred to a negative effect of the volatile selenium compound. The effect of selenium, molybdenum and zinc contamination of grains on the seedling growth and frequencyof grain weevil was different, and the emphasis was on selenium.
Yield of Red Oak Stands in the Nyírség Forest Region (Eastern-Hungary)
Rédei,Károly; Veperdi,Irina; Csiha,Imre;
Silva Lusitana , 2007,
Abstract: besides black locust (robinia pseudoacacia l.) and hybrid poplar ssp., red oak (quercus rubra l.) can be considered as the third most important exotic stand-forming tree species in hungary. due to its favourite silvicultural and growth characteristics as well as its wood utilization possibilities, the present area occupied by red oak stands amounts to 14000 hectares in the country. of its growing districts nyírség (eastern-hungary) has a distinguished importance where the area of red oak stands is 2000 hectares. to determine their growth rate and yield as exactly as possible, a local numerical (tabulated) yield table has been constructed on the basis of surveys of a hundred experimental plots. we consider that the data used for constructing the yield table can be favourably used for improvement of the red oak stands management as well.
Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) Short-Rotation Crops under Marginal Site Conditions
RéDEI, Károly,CSIHA, Imre,KESER?, Zsolt
Acta Silvatica & Lignaria Hungarica , 2011,
Abstract: The improvement of the reliability of renewable resources and the decline in reserves offossile raw material in the coming decades will lead to increasing demands for wood material andconsequently to a greater role of short rotation forestry (SRF). Particular efforts have been made inEurope to substitute fossils with renewables, in this context the proportion of renewable energy shouldbe increased to 20% by 2020. SRF can be provide relatively high dendromass (biomass) incrementrates if the short rotation tree plantations are grown under favourable site conditions and for anoptimum rotation length. However, in many countries only so-called marginal sites are available forsetting up tree plantations for energy purpose. For SRF under marginal site conditions black locust(Robinia pseudoacacia L.) can be considered as one of the most promising tree species thanks to itsfavourable growing characteristics. According to a case study presented in the paper black locust canproduce a Mean Annual Increment (MAI) of 2.9 to 9.7 oven-dry tons ha–1 yr–1 at ages between 3 and7 years using a stocking density of 6667 stems ha–1. On the base of the presented results and accordingto international literature the expected dendromass volume shows great variation, depending upon site,species, their cultivars, initial spacing and length of rotation cycle.
A Novel Pathway Regulates Thyroid Hormone Availability in Rat and Human Hypothalamic Neurosecretory Neurons
Imre Kalló, Petra Mohácsik, Barbara Vida, Anikó Ze?ld, Zsuzsanna Bardóczi, Ann Marie Zavacki, Erzsébet Farkas, Andrea Kádár, Erik Hrabovszky, Rafael Arrojo e Drigo, Liping Dong, László Barna, Miklós Palkovits, Beáta A. Borsay, László Herczeg, Ronald M. Lechan, Antonio C. Bianco, Zsolt Liposits, Csaba Fekete, Balázs Gereben
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0037860
Abstract: Hypothalamic neurosecretory systems are fundamental regulatory circuits influenced by thyroid hormone. Monocarboxylate-transporter-8 (MCT8)-mediated uptake of thyroid hormone followed by type 3 deiodinase (D3)-catalyzed inactivation represent limiting regulatory factors of neuronal T3 availability. In the present study we addressed the localization and subcellular distribution of D3 and MCT8 in neurosecretory neurons and addressed D3 function in their axons. Intense D3-immunoreactivity was observed in axon varicosities in the external zone of the rat median eminence and the neurohaemal zone of the human infundibulum containing axon terminals of hypophysiotropic parvocellular neurons. Immuno-electronmicroscopy localized D3 to dense-core vesicles in hypophysiotropic axon varicosities. N-STORM-superresolution-microscopy detected the active center containing C-terminus of D3 at the outer surface of these organelles. Double-labeling immunofluorescent confocal microscopy revealed that D3 is present in the majority of GnRH, CRH and GHRH axons but only in a minority of TRH axons, while absent from somatostatin-containing neurons. Bimolecular-Fluorescence-Complementation identified D3 homodimers, a prerequisite for D3 activity, in processes of GT1-7 cells. Furthermore, T3-inducible D3 catalytic activity was detected in the rat median eminence. Triple-labeling immunofluorescence and immuno-electronmicroscopy revealed the presence of MCT8 on the surface of the vast majority of all types of hypophysiotropic terminals. The presence of MCT8 was also demonstrated on the axon terminals in the neurohaemal zone of the human infundibulum. The unexpected role of hypophysiotropic axons in fine-tuned regulation of T3 availability in these cells via MCT8-mediated transport and D3-catalyzed inactivation may represent a novel regulatory core mechanism for metabolism, growth, stress and reproduction in rodents and humans.
Growing and stability of gold nanoparticles and their functionalization by cysteine
Andrea Majzik,Rita Patakfalvi,Viktória Hornok,Imre Dékány
Gold Bulletin , 2009, DOI: 10.1007/BF03214921
Abstract: Gold nanoparticles in aqueous dispersion were prepared using the trisodium citrate reduction method to control the size of particles by changing the concentration of HAuCl4. The average particle size measured by DLS is higher than that obtained by TEM at a zeta potential of -40 mV. When trisodium citrate concentration is kept constant, the particle size increases with gold concentration. The kinetics of growth was studied and apparent kinetic rate constants were determined at various gold/citrate ratios. Gold nanoparticles were attached to silanized glass surfaces; Au rods were grown (ca. 200 nm) by adding more precursors and the rods’ growth rate was monitored by UV-Vis spectroscopy as well as by AFM. Surface functionalization of gold surface was influenced by cysteine. The surface modification by cysteine at pH=6.0 results in aggregation and the red shift of absorption maximum is nearly 200 nm. When glutathione molecules are bound onto the cysteinelinked Au rods on the glass surface, the spectral shift reaches only an amount of 5–10 nm, because the surface attachment hinders the tendency to aggregate.
Influence of Regeneration Method on the Yield and Stem Quality of Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) Stands: a Case Study
RéDEI, Károly,CSIHA, Imre,KESER?, Zsolt,GáL, János
Acta Silvatica & Lignaria Hungarica , 2012,
Abstract: Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) is one of the most important forest tree species in Hungary, covering approximately 23% of the forested land and providing 25% of the annual timber output of the country. One third of these black locust stands are high forests (planted with seedlings) and the remainder coppices. According to the forestry regulations black locust stands can be regenerated both by root suckers and with seedlings in Hungary. This study investigates the influence of different regeneration methods on wood production, stem quality and health. Properly managed regeneration from root suckers produced a higher yield than regeneration from seedlings at a harvest age of 35–37 years. The results show that regeneration of black locust stands from root suckers can be recommended on good and medium quality sites without a decrease in yield or stem quality.
Capsaicin-sensitive afferentation represents an indifferent defensive pathway from eradication in patients with H. pylori gastritis
Lilla Lakner,András D?m?t?r,Csaba Tóth,Imre L Szabó
World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics , 2011, DOI: 10.4292/wjgpt.v2.i5.36
Abstract: AIM: To study the role of capsaicin-sensitive afferent nerves in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) positive chronic gastritis before and after eradication. METHODS: Gastric biopsy samples were obtained from corpus and antrum mucosa of 20 healthy human subjects and 18 patients with H. pylori positive chronic gastritis (n = 18) before and after eradication. Traditional gastric mucosal histology (and Warthin-Starry silver impregnation) and special histochemical examinations were carried out. Immunohistochemistry for capsaicin receptor (TRVP1), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and substance P (SP) were carried out by the labeled polymer immunohistological method (Lab Vision Co., USA) using polyclonal rabbit and rat monoclonal antibodies (Abcam Ltd., UK). RESULTS: Eradication treatment was successful in 16 patients (89%). Seven patients (7/18, 39%) remained with moderate complaints, meanwhile 11 patients (11/28, 61%) had no complaints. At histological evaluation, normal gastric mucosa was detected in 4 patients after eradication treatment (4/18, 22%), and moderate chronic gastritis could be seen in 14 (14/18, 78%) patients. Positive immuno-staining for capsaicin receptor was seen in 35% (7/20) of controls, 89% (16/18, P < 0.001) in patients before and 72% (13/18, P < 0.03) after eradication. CGRP was positive in 40% (8/20) of controls, and in 100% (18/18, P < 0.001) of patients before and in 100% (18/18, P < 0.001) after eradication. The immune-staining of gastric mucosa for substance-P was positive in 25% (5/20) of healthy controls, and in 5.5% (3/18, P > 0.05) of patients before and in 0% of patients (0/18, P > 0.05) after H. pylori eradication. CONCLUSION: Distibution of TRVP1 and CGRP is altered during the development of H. pylori positive chronic gastritis. The immune-staining for TRVP1, CGRP and SP rwemained unchanged before and after H. pylori eradication treatment. The capsaicin-sensitive afferentation is an independent from the eradication treatment. The 6 wk time period might not be enough time for the restituion of chronic H. pylori positive chronic gastritis. The H. pylori infection might not represent the main pathological factor in the development of chronic gastritis
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