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Contribution of the Immigrant Population to Demographic and Spatial Dynamics of the Basque Country  [PDF]
Juan Ramón Murua, Bego?a Eguía
Natural Science (NS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2015.77038
Abstract: The twenty-first century begins with a rupture of the migratory pattern in the Basque Country, a region located in the north of Spain, transforming it from a community which exports its population to one which receives it. Despite the current economic crisis, the Basque Country continues to be a destination for foreigners, now in many cases coming from other Spanish regions most affected by this crisis. Given the quantitative and qualitative importance of these migration flows, in this research we analyze the contribution of immigrants to the demographic dynamics of the Basque Country. By also identifying their patterns of spatial localization, we examine their contribution to the correction or accentuation of regional imbalances in the population distribution. The results reveal that the demographic recovery rests primarily on contributions of this immigrant population, a population which also promotes the rejuvenation of an aging society, although it is far from correcting regional imbalances and may contribute to accentuating them.
The Effect of Housing Price on Industrial Agglomeration in China  [PDF]
Zhaohui Li, Xuemei Chen
Modern Economy (ME) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/me.2016.712136
Abstract: Based on the panel data of 268 prefecture-level cities in China during 2001-2007, this paper examines the impact of housing price on the agglomeration of manufacturing industries in China. Using instrumental variable method to alleviate the endogeneity problem, after controlling for a series of city characteristic variables, the IV regression results show that: the housing price has a significant negative impact on the manufacturing agglomeration. Further studies show that the negative effect mainly comes from the eastern region after 2003 when China’s land policy has changed greatly. For the central and western regions, the housing price has no significant effect on the agglomeration.
Immigration of Post Larvae of Penaeid Shrimp to Terminos Lagoon, Campeche, México: 2013 Annual Cycle  [PDF]
César Flores-Coto, Daniel Embriz-Alba, Mario Alejandro Gómez-Ponce, Juana López-Martínez, Laura Sanvicente-A?orve
Open Journal of Ecology (OJE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oje.2018.89032
Immigration density magnitude and entry sizes of shrimp postlarvae to Terminos Lagoon were analyzed through sixteen fortnightly sampling from March to November in 2013, in three levels in the deepest channel of the Puerto Real inlet. Trapezium nets were used with 1.5 m length, 50 cm mouth diameter and 505 μm mesh, during each sampling 12 casts of 15 minutes/each were made. It was determined the presence of two species Litopenaeus setiferus and Farfantepenaeus duorarum, with total densities of 41.284 and 37.558 Pls 100 m-3 respectively. The annual cycle of immigration of postlarvae was very similar for both species, with a clear pattern of immigration throughout the year, linked to climatic variation, with the highest densities (88%) during rainy season. There were two periods of maximum density, related to the periods of greatest reproduction of these species. The density variation among cast reflects the presence of at least two and probably more postlarvae banks, located some closer than others to the mouth of the lagoon and with different densities in them. The average sizes of the two species were 7.9 mm total length of L. setiferus and 9.0 mm of F. duorarum. The differences in income sizes of both species seem to indicate the habitat preference of adult populations, L. setiferus occurring in more coastal areas than F. duorarum. Considering the variation in density and sizes throughout each sampling period, it is evident that the larvae on the banks belong to different cohorts and that have coincided in their location in front of the mouth.
Mudan?as na imigra??o: uma análise das estatísticas sobre a popula??o estrangeira em Portugal, 1998-2001
Pires,Rui Pena;
Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas , 2002,
Abstract: the statistical data on the recent increase in immigration that has resulted from both the emergence of new flows (eastern europe) and the intensification of the traditional ones (portuguese-speaking countries in africa, and above all brazil) are analysed in the light of the fact that portugal is currently one of the european countries with the lowest percentage of foreigners among its resident population and at the same time the greatest exhaustion of the reserves of labour power in its domestic employment market.
Voter Beliefs, Electoral Concerns and Undocumented Migration  [PDF]
Ruxanda Berlinschi, Mara Pasquamaria Squicciarini
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2013.34020

If voters underestimate the benefits that immigrants bring to their country, policy makers need to campaign for suboptimal migration levels in order to win elections. Once in power, they face a trade-off between keeping electoral promises by restricting immigration and stimulating the economy by favoring immigration. One solution to this trade-off may be maintaining high barriers to legal migration, while keeping a blind eye on undocumented migration.

Are Immigrants More Likely to Be Involved in Criminal Activity in Saudi Arabia?  [PDF]
Mofza Algahtany, Lalit Kumar, Hassan Khormi
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.43023
Abstract: This paper aims to explain the effects of immigration on the overall crime rate and in the six most significant categories of crime in Saudi Arabia, being drugs activity, theft, murder, assault, alcohol and outrageous issues, during a ten-year period from 2003 to 2012, in all thirteen administrative provinces, as well as establish the provinces most affected by criminal activities of immigrants during this period. In our finding, no positive association between immigrants and criminal cases was noted. It is clearly visible that the highest rate of overall criminal activities is in the south, north and Makkah areas, where there is high probability of illegal immigrants, supporting the basic criminological theory that areas with high levels of immigrants also experience high rates of crime. The study provides suggestions to the Saudi government, policy and decision makers, and immigration authorities, which could assist in reducing crimes perpetrated by immigrants.
How Kurdish Immigrant Parents in the United States Think about the Formal and Informal Education of Their Sons and Daughters  [PDF]
Sangar Salih, Ervin (Maliq) Matthew, Annulla Linders
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.56008
Abstract: The study addresses how Kurds who currently live in the United States think about and manage their children’s education. Of particular interest is the ways in which the gender of their children influences how parents engage with their children’s education. Based on interviews with Kurdish parents who live in Nashville, Tennessee, the study reveals that, in general, they feel more responsible for and take a much more proactive role in their children’s education than is typical of Kurds living in Kurdistan. This is so because the parents are not only concerned with securing an education for their children but also making sure their children adopt a Kurdish identity. The study also found that gender plays an important role in parental investment, albeit not in a straightforward way. That is, even though parents support the education of both their sons and daughters, they are nonetheless guided by deep seated assumptions that, once they grow up, their sons and daughters will live very different lives. More specifically, the parents operated on a taken-for-granted assumption that their daughters would live more circumscribed lives than their sons and hence needed a somewhat different educational investment during childhood.
Estudio comparativo de los hallazgos electrocardiográficos en colonias india y china en la ciudad de Iquique, Chile
Araya A,Ma. Virginia; Vargas M,Pablo; Araya R,Rodrigo; Samtani,Hargoon; Córdova O,Sebastián;
Revista chilena de cardiología , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-85602009000200007
Abstract: background: immigration implies the adaptation to new life styles and these changes are more complicated when countries are far way as is the case between chile and both india an china. it is uncertain whether the electrocardiographic differences between these populations reflect adaptation changes or are just differences in normal patterns for each population. aim: to analyze characteristics of the electrocardiogram in subjects of indian or chinese descent living more than 2 years in iquique, chile. method: we analyzed the heart rate (hr), pr interval, and qtc in 12 lead ekgs from subjects of indian or chinese descent. results: 43 subjects (37.2% women), aged 39.5±13 years were included in the chinese group (chi); 41 subjects (48.8% women), aged 38.6±10 years were included in the indian group (ind). 79.1% of ekgs in the chi group were abnormal: incomplete right bundle branch block (rbbb) was present in 55.8%, 11.6% had complete rbbb and 11.6% a prolonged qt. on the other hand 75.6% of subjects in the ind group had a normal ekg; abnormalities included incomplete rbbb in 14.6% and prolonged qt in 2%. conclusion: a high percentage of subjects of chinese descent living for more than 2 years in iquique, chile, exhibit electrocardiographic abnormalities, mainly rbbb. further study is needed to elucidate whether genetic differences or adaptation to new conditions underlie these characteristics.
Libertarianism and Immigration
Diana Virginia Todea
Libertarian Papers , 2010,
Abstract: In this paper I investigate the libertarian account of immigration. In the first section I distinguish between right-libertarianism and left-libertarianism. In the second section I analyze the arguments focused on immigration from the perspective of self-ownership focused on Nozick’s case and Steiner’s analogy. In the third section I discuss the conflict between the collective consent on the issue of immigration and the individuals’ decision. The conclusion sets the libertarian framework as being flawed in its argumentation on the issue of immigration because it fails to provide strong arguments about the fact that the individuals are free to choose to open or close the borders.
Attitudes Toward Immigrants and Multiculturalism in Contemporary America: The Role of Foreign Language Fluency
Emanuel Alvarado
Sociation Today , 2009,
Abstract: Drawing from sociological research seeking to explain variation in attitudes toward immigrants and immigration policy, it is found that knowledge and proficiency in a language other than English is associated with more favorable views towards immigrants and towards multiculturalism in contemporary America. Alvarado reviews the literature on sociological research on immigrant attitudes, explores the nexus between foreign language learning and appreciation for foreign culture(s), and presents the methodology and analysis used to test the strength of the association between knowledge in a foreign language and favorable views towards immigrants and multiculturalism in the United States.
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