Abstract:
This is the first comprehensive introduction to the flies of the subfamily Tachydromiinae (Hybotidae) of Singapore. The monograph summarizes all publications on the Tachydromiinae of Singapore and includes new data resulting from mass-trapping surveys made in Singapore during the last six years. A few samples from Malaysia (Johor province, Pulau Tioman and Langkawi) have been also included in this study. In Singapore the Tachydromiinae are the most diverse group of Empidoidea (except Dolichopodidae) and currently comprise 85 species belonging to the following nine genera: Platypalpus (1), Tachydromia (1), Chersodromia (6), Pontodromia (1), Drapetis (5), Elaphropeza (60), Crossopalpus (1), Nanodromia (3) and Stilpon (7). All species are diagnosed and illustrated. The following 28 species are described as new for science: Chersodromia bulohensis sp. nov. (Singapore), C. glandula sp. nov. (Singapore, Malaysia), C. malaysiana sp. nov. (Singapore, Malaysia), C. pasir sp. nov. (Malaysia), C. sylvicola sp. nov. (Singapore), C. tiomanensis sp. nov. (Malaysia), Crossopalpus temasek sp. nov. (Singapore), Drapetis bakau sp. nov. (Singapore, Malaysia), D. hutan sp. nov. (Singapore), D. laut sp. nov. (Singapore, Malaysia), D. mandai sp. nov. (Singapore), D. pantai sp. nov. (Singapore, Malaysia), Elaphropeza chanae sp. nov. (Singapore), E. collini sp. nov. (Singapore), E. gohae sp. nov. (Singapore), E. kranjiensis sp. nov. (Singapore), E. lowi sp. nov. (Singapore), E. semakau sp. nov. (Singapore), E. shufenae sp. nov. (Singapore), Nanodromia hutan sp. nov. (Singapore), N. spinulosa sp. nov. (Singapore), Platypalpus singaporensis sp. nov. (Singapore), Pontodromia pantai sp. nov. (Singapore), Stilpon arcuatum sp. nov. (Singapore), S. neesoonensis sp. nov. (Singapore), S. nigripennis sp. nov. (Singapore), S. singaporensis sp. nov. (Singapore), S. weilingae sp. nov. (Singapore). A redescription is given for Crossopalpus exul (Osten-Sacken, 1882) (Taiwan). Males of Elaphropeza feminata Shamshev & Grootaert, 2007 and E. modesta Shamshev & Grootaert, 2007 as well as females of Elaphropeza ubinensis Shamshev & Grootaert, 2007 and Nanodromia narmkroi Grootaert & Shamshev, 2003 are described for the first time. Keys to genera and species, which are generally applicable to the whole of Southeast Asia, are compiled. An analysis of the species ecological preferenda is presented.

Horizontal
(geographic) and vertical (geonemic) spatial distribution of the integral
properties of a large multispecies assemblage (1306 species of fish and
invertebrate with body size ≥ 1 cm) from northwest Pacific sea bottom is investigated. There are total number and biomass, average animal size (mean
individual weight), species diversity (Shannon’s index) and its components:
species richness and evenness (Pielou’s index), i.e. generalized parameters describing benthic macrofauna as a
whole. Correlations of these parameters with distance from shore and depth have
been found as well as very weak latitudinal zonality display in the region.
Even such well-known generalization as Humboldt-Wallace’s law and Bergman’s rule
has no noticeable manifestations here. Earlier similar, but not identical,
regularities were discovered in the northwest Pacific pelagic water layer.
Collation of what there is in the two different sea zones results in new
supplements to Zenkevich-Bogorov’s concept of biological structure of the
ocean.

Multimoment hydrodynamics equations are applied to investigate the phenomena of appearance and development of instability in problem on a flow around a solid sphere at rest. The simplest solution to the multimoment hydrodynamics equations coincides with the Stokes solution to the classic hydrodynamics equations in the limit of small Reynolds number values, . Solution to the multimoment hydrodynamics equations reproduces recirculating zone in the wake behind the sphere having the form of an axisymmetric toroidal vortex ring. The solution remains stable while the entropy production in the system exceeds the entropy outflow through the surface confining the system. The passage of the first critical value is accompanied by the solution stability loss. The solution, when loses its stability, reproduces periodic pulsations of the periphery of the recirculating zone in the wake behind the sphere. The and solutions to the multimoment hydrodynamics equations interpret a vortex shedding. After the second critical value is reached, the solution at the periphery of the recirculating zone and in the far wake is replaced by the solution. In accordance with the solution, the periphery of the recirculating zone periodically detached from the core and moves downstream in the form of a vortex ring. After the attainment of the third critical value , the solution at the periphery of the recirculating zone and in the far wake is replaced by the solution. In accordance with the solution, vortex rings penetrate into each other and form the continuous vortex sheet in the wake behind the sphere. The replacement of one unstable flow regime by another unstable regime is governed the tendency of the system to discover the fastest path to depart from the state of statistical equilibrium. Having lost the stability, the system does not reach a new stable position. Such a scenario differs from the ideas of classic hydrodynamics, which interprets the development of instability in terms of bifurcations from one stable state to another stable state. Solutions to the multimoment hydrodynamics equations indicate the direction of instability development, which qualitatively reproduces the experimental data in a wide range of Re values. The problems encountered by classic hydrodynamics when interpreting the observed instability development process are solved on the way toward an increase in the number of principle hydrodynamic values.

Abstract:
The inevitability of arising in equations of kinetics and hydrodynamics irreversibility not contained in original equations of classic mechanics is substantiated. It is established that transfer of information about the direction of system evolution from initial conditions to resulting equations is the consequence of losing information about the position of an individual particle in space, which takes place at roughening description. It is shown that the roughening with respect to impact parameters of colliding particles is responsible for appearance of the irreversibility in resulting equations. Direct equations of kinetics and hydrodynamics are the result of roughening distribution functions with respect to impact parameters of particles, which have not yet reached the domain of their interaction. The direct equations are valid for the progressive direction of timing on the time axis pointing from the past to the future. Reverse equations of kinetics and hydrodynamics are the result of roughening distribution functions with respect to impact parameters of particles, which have already left the domain of their interaction. The reverse equations are valid for the progressive direction of timing on the time axis pointing from the future to the past.

Abstract:
The equations for the pair distribution functions are derived directly from the second equation of the Bogolyubov-Born-Green-Kirkwood-Yvon (BBGKY) hierarchy. The derivation is fulfilled within the frameworks of the multiscale method. The equations for the pair distribution functions are the kinetic foundation for the multimoment hydrodynamics equations. Solutions to the equations for the pair distribution functions predetermine the possibility of constructing the hydrodynamics equations with an arbitrary number of principle hydrodynamic values specified beforehand. The tendency to increase the number of principal hydrodynamic values is caused by the necessity of interpreting the behavior of the system after the loss of stability. Solutions to the classic hydrodynamics equations constructed for only three principle hydrodynamic values are unable to predict the direction of instability evolution. Solutions to the multimoment hydrodynamics equations are capable of reproducing correctly the phenomenon of emergence and development of instability.

Abstract:
The first part of the article provides an overview of the theoretical evidence, the main provisions, and the implementation strategy of information support for bioresource and ecosystem research in the north-west Pacific, which has been conducted over the past 20 years in the Russian Far East Research Institute TINRO-Center. In short, the concept consists of a combination of the following four assertions: 1) For the steady and sustainable development of the Russian Far East, the entire Russian Federation and the Asia-Pacific Region in general, environmental, food, economic, and other security is required, which cannot be achieved without the rational use of bioresources based on the ecosystem approach to the management of aquatic bioresources. 2) For the inventory, appraisal, monitoring, forecasting of the state of and management the natural water resources when applying this approach, statistically relevant quantitative information is required on the greatest possible number of constituents of marine biocenosis of the north-western Pacific for the longest possible period of time, which is only available at the TINRO-Center. 3) This valuable data should be organized into databases, based on which geo-information and other electronic information systems are prepared, and based on these map atlases and reference books on natural water resources, using automated workplaces created especially for this. 4) The resulting unique information support will be of great value not only for practical purposes, but also for science, both applied and fundamental. Next comes a summary of the many years of work on the practical implementation of this concept and the key achievements in this field obtained by the TINRO-Center by the end of 2015 are reviewed. At the end, some plans for the near future are outlined.

In this paper, developed wireless portable infrared pyrometer with dual channel fiber optic is described. The pyrometer measures surface temperature in wide infrared spectral range of 2 - 25 um. A data processing algorithm based on the methods of synchronous detection providing accuracy <0.1°C within the range of 10°C - 50°C and with time constant of 1 sec was developed. Flexible fiber optic allows measuring the temperature in difficult-to-access places.

Abstract:
In the work [1] is shown the possibility of the use the phenomena of the electrical-induced selective drift of cationic aquacomplexes in the water solution of the salts for creating of the new, non-electrode, power-saving technology of the solution enrichment by desired element. The development of the naturally-scientific basis of this technology has showed that inertial properties of formed in the solution over-molecular structural units—clusters depends from that’s dimensions. Dimensions of these clusters are in limits from scores of angstrom to fractions of micron, at the same time liquid mediums are the base of functioning both biological and technological systems. Thus, water solution of salt contains nanoparticles and biological and many technological systems are functioning with the assistance of nanoparticles. For example, the ordinary blood circulatory system or many of chemical processing. The casual or intentional action of aperiodic electric field on systems containing salts solutions produces some positive or negative effects. This work shows new approach for theoretical describing of salts solution in dielectric liquids and contains some data on the realized experiments.

Abstract:
We show that for all the three standard symmetry classes (unitary, orthogonal and symplectic), the conventional replica nonlinear sigma model gives the correct non-perturbative result for the two-level correlation functions R_2(\omega) of electrons in disordered metals in the limit of large \omega. In this limit, non-perturbative oscillatory contributions arise from a degenerate saddle-point manifold within this sigma model which corresponds to the replica-symmetry breaking. Moreover, we demonstrate that in the unitary case the very same results can be extracted from the well known exact integral representation for R_2(\omega).

Abstract:
We present first results for the transmittance, T, through a 1D disordered system with an imaginary vector potential, ih, which provide a new analytical criterion for a delocalization transition in the model. It turns out that the position of the critical curve on the complex energy plane (i.e. the curve where an exponential decay of is changed by a power-law one) is different from that obtained previously from the complex energy spectra. Corresponding curves for or are also different. This happens because of different scales of the exponential decay of one-particle Green's functions (GF) defining the spectra and many-particle GF governing transport characteristics, and reflects higher-order correlations in localized eigenstates of the non-Hermitian model.