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Physico-Chemical Characteristics of the Grassland Soils of Yusmarg Hill Resort (Kashmir, India)
Moieza Ashraf,G. A. Bhat,Idrees Yousuf Dar,Mudasir Ali
Ecologia Balkanica , 2012,
Abstract: Physico-chemical analysis was carried out on the grassland soils of Yusmarg Hill Resort, Kashmir during the months of May, June, November and December 2010, at four micro sites with some minor variations in the abiotic and biotic factors including anthropogenic pressures. The following soil characteristics were examined: temperature, texture, moisture, organic matter, pH, and conductivity, content of calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, total phosphorus, and organic carbon. Soil texture analysis revealed the soils at all the study sites with major proportion being comprised by the sand fraction and having a sandy silt character. The moisture content was found to be directly related to the herbaceous vegetation cover with the highest value at Site 3 (fenced meadow area). The moisture content showed low percentage at Site 2, which was more affected by grazing and thus resulted in less cover of grasses and probably more evaporation of soil moisture from the exposed site. The soils at all sites were from acidic to mildly acidic in character. The amount of organic matter was fairly good except at Site 2 (non-fenced grazing area) probably due to overgrazing during which much of herbage vegetation was picked up by the grazing animals like sheep and cattle. The values of important cations, such as Ca2+ and Mg2+, showed a gradual decrease from May to December except at Site 4 (transition between a coniferous forest and a meadow) which may be attributed to a good cover of vegetation and good amount of organic matter.
FACTORS AFFECTING THE LIFE OF YOUNG FEMALE MEMBERS OF FAMILY IN GUJRAT : A CRITICAL STUDY
Balal Idrees
Academic Research International , 2012,
Abstract: The aim of this study is to compare the family and cultural factors among run away and normal girls. To conduct this research 25 runaway girls from girls living in Darul Aman in Gujrat and 25 normal girls from different colleges and university areas were selected and studied. The result indicates that bettering of the family, affairs before marriages, gender discrimination within family and educational problem is more frequent in the runaway girls than the normal girls.
2009 Annual report of the PVRI Eastern Mediterranean Region
Idrees Majdy
PVRI Review , 2010,
Abstract:
Highlights on Saudi guidelines on diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary hypertension
Idrees Majdy
PVRI Review , 2009,
Abstract:
Pulmonary Hypertension: More To Be Done
Idrees Majdy
Annals of Thoracic Medicine , 2009,
Abstract:
Redescription of Oratosquilla interrupta (Manning, 1995) (Crustacea: Stomatopoda) and its Transfer to Oratosquillina (Manning, 1995) from Northern Arabian Sea, Karachi, Pakistan)
Farzana Yousuf
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2003,
Abstract: Not Available
Causes and Treatment of Drying Trees
Muhammad Yousuf
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences , 2002,
Abstract: Not Available
Climate Change Induced Land Degradation and Socio-Economic Deterioration: A Remote Sensing and GIS Based Case Study from Rajasthan, India  [PDF]
Akram Javed, Sayema Jamal, Mohd Yousuf Khandey
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2012.43026
Abstract: The present study attempts to identify and quantify climate change induced land degradation at watershed and village level in Jaggar Watershed of Eastern Rajasthan using remote sensing and GIS technique. The study utilizes Standard Geocoded FCC LISS II data of 1989, and LISS III data of 1998 and 2009 on 1:50,000 scale for Land use/land cover mapping. Maps were digitized, edited and analyzed in GIS to ascertain land use/land cover changes. Comparative analysis of the Land use/land cover statistics and village level household survey reveals that climate change has severely affected land use/land cover especially agriculture land. Agricultural land in the watershed has decreased from 12,026 ha (34%) to 10,400 ha (29.65%) from 1998 to 2009. The area occupied by surface water resources of the major water body has decreased by 207 ha owing to decline in rainfall over the years. Climate data analysis suggests that average maximum and minimum temperatures during the period 1977-2007 have increased by 1.2?C and 0.4?C respectively. Increasing trends of temperature suggests warming up of the area. Decline of ground water table by 1 - 2 m on annual basis coupled with significant drawdown has led to water scarcity in many parts of the watershed. The water table has gone down to a depth of 240 feet, which was reported at 60 - 70 feet 20 years back. The area has shown sharp decline of rainfall by 269 mm from 1977 to 2007. The survey results show that there has been shift in the cropping pattern during the last 20 years due to change in climate as well as decline in availability of water for irrigation. Climate change seems to have played a key role in Jaggar watershed resulting in land degradation and making rainfed agriculture more vulnerable.
A study of best positive predictors for sustained virologic response to interferon alpha plus ribavirin therapy in naive chronic hepatitis C patients
Muhammad Idrees, Sheikh Riazuddin
BMC Gastroenterology , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1471-230x-9-5
Abstract: A retrospective review of patients data collected at this Centre from 2001 to 2007 was performed. Out of 731 consecutive patients 400 patients that fulfilled the study criteria were evaluated and subsequently treated with a combination of interferon alpha 2b (3 MU subcutaneously three injections weekly) and ribavirin (800–1200 mg orally daily). Treatment were administered for either 24 weeks or 48 weeks and patients were followed for an additional 6 months thereafter. End of the treatment response (ETR), SVR and side effects were recorded.Out of 400 patients, 394 completed the entire treatment course and six patients discontinued treatment at month 2. Over 67% responded at the end of treatment and 16% suffered relapse. Among all treated patients, 47.6% males and 56.7% females had sustained viral response with a total combined sustained viral response rate of 50.5%. Rapid response was seen in 46.5% patients. In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, slow virological responders (adjusted OR 2.6 [95% CI 1.9–3.7]), HCV genotype 1&4 (adjusted OR 2.4 [95% CI 1.7–3.5]), pre-treatment viral load > 0.2 MIU/mL (adjusted OR 2.2 [95% CI 1.8–4.2]), Panjabi ethnic group (adjusted OR 1.6 [95% CI 1.0–3.2]) and Age > 40 years (adjusted OR 1.5 [95% CI 0.9–2.4]) were independent risk factors for non response. Side effects were usual and tolerable and only 1.5% discontinued the treatment.The best positive predictor for SVR in this country are: rapid virologic response, HCV genotype 2 & 3, age < 40 years, ethnic race Pashtoons and pre-treatment viral load < 0.2 million IU/mL.Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the most important Flaviviridae infections in humans and is the second most common cause of viral hepatitis [1]. Currently, almost 8–10% of the Pakistani population (MI., SR. unpublished data), 2% of the United States of America (USA) population, and an estimated 170 million people worldwide are HCV carriers [2]. Chronic HCV infection frequently results in liver cirrhosis and
Frequency distribution of hepatitis C virus genotypes in different geographical regions of Pakistan and their possible routes of transmission
Muhammad Idrees, Sheikh Riazuddin
BMC Infectious Diseases , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2334-8-69
Abstract: A total of 3351 serum samples were tested by type-specific genotyping assay. Out of 3351 HCV RNA positive patients, 2039 were males and 1312 were females. As regard as genotyped samples, 2165 belonged to Punjab region, 823 belonged to N.W.F.P., 239 to Sindh and 124 patients were from Balochistan.Out of the total 3351 tested serum samples, type-specific PCR fragments were observed in 3150 (94.00%) serum samples. The distribution of genotypes of the typeable samples as determined by this assay, was as follows: 1664 (49.05%) genotype 3a; 592 (17.66%) genotype 3b; 280 (8.35%) genotype 1a; 252 (7.52%) genotype 2a; 101 (3.01%) genotype 1b; 50 (1.49%) with genotype 4; 25 (0.75%) with 3c; 27 (0.80%) genotype 2b; 6 (0.18%) with subtype 5a; 5 (0.15%) genotype 1c; 4 (0.12%) with subtype 6a; 3 (0.09%) genotype 2c; and 161 (4.80%) patients were infected with mixed infection. Two hundred and one (5.99%) serum samples were found untypeable by the present genotyping system. More than 86% and 72% patients with genotypes 3a and 3b respectively had received multiple injections in past. For genotypes 1a and 1b the route of transmission was major/minor surgery along with unknown reasons. Majority of the cases with type 2a, 2b and indeterminate genotypes were sporadic. Mixed infections were common in thalassaemic patients.The most common HCV genotype in Pakistan is type 3a. Regional difference in genotypes was observed only in Balochistan province of Pakistan. More than 70% of the cases were acquired in hospitals through reuse of needles/syringes and major/minor surgery that is very common in this country.Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is one of the most important Flaviviridae infections with significant clinical problems throughout the world in humans and it is responsible for the second most common cause of viral hepatitis [1]. To date at least six major genotypes of HCV, each having multiple subtypes, have been identified worldwide [2]. The different genotypes are relevant to epide
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