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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 201561 matches for " Ida; Góes "
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When Do HIV-Infected Women Disclose Their HIV Status to Their Male Partner and Why? A Study in a PMTCT Programme, Abidjan
Hermann Brou,Gérard Djohan,Renaud Becquet,Gérard Allou,Didier K Ekouevi,Ida Viho,Valériane Leroy,Annabel Desgrées-du-Lo? ,ANRS 1201/1202/1253 Ditrame Plus Study Group
PLOS Medicine , 2007, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0040342
Abstract: Background In Africa, women tested for HIV during antenatal care are counselled to share with their partner their HIV test result and to encourage partners to undertake HIV testing. We investigate, among women tested for HIV within a prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programme, the key moments for disclosure of their own HIV status to their partner and the impact on partner HIV testing. Methods and Findings Within the Ditrame Plus PMTCT project in Abidjan, 546 HIV-positive and 393 HIV-negative women were tested during pregnancy and followed-up for two years after delivery. Circumstances, frequency, and determinants of disclosure to the male partner were estimated according to HIV status. The determinants of partner HIV testing were identified according to women's HIV status. During the two-year follow-up, disclosure to the partner was reported by 96.7% of the HIV-negative women, compared to 46.2% of HIV-positive women (χ2 = 265.2, degrees of freedom [df] = 1, p < 0.001). Among HIV-infected women, privileged circumstances for disclosure were just before delivery, during early weaning (at 4 mo to prevent HIV postnatal transmission), or upon resumption of sexual activity. Formula feeding by HIV-infected women increased the probability of disclosure (adjusted odds ratio 1.54, 95% confidence interval 1.04–2.27, Wald test = 4.649, df = 1, p = 0.031), whereas household factors such as having a co-spouse or living with family reduced the probability of disclosure. The proportion of male partners tested for HIV was 23.1% among HIV-positive women and 14.8% among HIV-negative women (χ2 = 10.04, df = 1, p = 0.002). Partners of HIV-positive women who were informed of their wife's HIV status were more likely to undertake HIV testing than those not informed (37.7% versus 10.5%, χ2 = 56.36, df = 1, p < 0.001). Conclusions In PMTCT programmes, specific psychosocial counselling and support should be provided to women during the key moments of disclosure of HIV status to their partners (end of pregnancy, weaning, and resumption of sexual activity). This support could contribute to improving women's adherence to the advice given to prevent postnatal and sexual HIV transmission.
Variation of Color in the Larvaeof Sphinx Gordius
Ida M. Eliot,Caroline G. Soule
Psyche , 1889, DOI: 10.1155/1889/92545
Notes on the Early Stages of Some Heterocera
Carolin G. Soule,Ida M. Eliot
Psyche , 1889, DOI: 10.1155/1889/23696
Hemaris Diffinis: From Larvae Sent From Missouri
Ida M. Eliot,Caroline G. Soule
Psyche , 1891, DOI: 10.1155/1891/59780
Smerinthus Astylus
Ida M. Eliot,Caroline G. Soule
Psyche , 1891, DOI: 10.1155/1891/20646
Polygamy of Moths
Caroline G. Soule,Ida M. Eliot
Psyche , 1894, DOI: 10.1155/1894/28539
Novel aspects of tRNA-derived small RNAs with potential impact in infectious diseases  [PDF]
Maria Rosa Garcia-Silva, Florencia Cabrera-Cabrera, Maria Catalina Güida, Alfonso Cayota
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2013.45A002

The complete understanding of the growing catalog of regulatory non-coding RNAs is going to shed light in different aspects of a wide range of pathogenic mechanisms in human diseases. This review was aimed to highlight recent advances in the small non- coding RNA world that could have implications in the development of new strategies in medical sciences. Among the diverse group of small non-coding RNAs, we highlight the group of tRNA-derived fragments as molecules known for a long time which have recently emerged as novel regulators influencing several aspects of cell biology. We describe here recent advances in the field of tRNA-derived fragments playing key roles in the biology of some infectious agents, including E. coli, A. fumigatus, G. lamblia, Ascaris, T. cruzi, Virus, Prions and a brief overview linking them to cancer biology. Additionally, we focus on the potential implications of these molecules in future biotechnological applications in the development of new biomarkers and as new therapeutic targets.

Dysgraphic Handwriting Development and Inclusive Education: The Role of Interdisciplinary Counseling  [PDF]
Ida M. Bosga-Stork, Jurjen Bosga, Ruud G. J. Meulenbroek
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.38003
Abstract: With “inclusive education” in the Dutch school system in mind, a new interdisciplinary counseling was conceptualized. Failing handwriting development in Grade 1 was scrutinized to explore the possibilities of interdisciplinary counseling. The development of two children with dysgraphic handwriting was followed in Grade 1, 2 and 3, and contrasted with the general results of their classmates. Teachers, pediatric physical therapists and psychologist used a combination of hand-writing, literacy and kinematic measures for assessment and interdisciplinary counseling for diagnosis and decisions on treatment for the two children with dysgraphic handwriting development. For handwriting speed and quality, standardized test scores were used, for spelling and reading, measures from the school following system were extracted. A motoric loop-writing task was used to explore non-linguistic motor development. For the two dysgraphic boys, a combination of handwriting assessment, kinematic assessment, and reading and writing capacities seems to be a sound foundation for interdisciplinary counseling. Dyslectic development proved to be easier to differentiate than visual motor learning disorders. The handwriting test we used (BHK), can distinguish dysgraphia in general by low scores on quality, whereas the handwriting speed might be informative for developmental dyslexia. Speed and spelling combinations are distinctive for developmental dyslexia, but not so for visuo-spatial learning disorders (VSLD). Spatial accuracy in a non-linguistic task is also distinctive for dyslexia, especially in first and second grade, while VSLD cannot be distinguished by spatial accuracy in a non-linguistic task. Our conclusion is that, if obvious measures for remediation of dysgraphic development are insufficient, psychological assessment is imperative for defining underlying disorders. Tacit knowledge and practical experience in teachers as well as theoretical and practical knowledge of the pediatric physical therapist, together with solid diagnosis to define constraints for treatment procedures, are needed to start the process of inclusive education in elementary schools.
Medicina preventiva e assistência médica na previdência social
Lima-Gon?alves,Ernesto; Oliveira,Anibal Gil de; Martins,Heladio José; Pican?o,Ida; Góes,Ilcy Malta de; Almada,Iracema D'avila; Von Sonnleithner,Jo?o Noel; Terzian,Lucia; Rossini,Maria José; Siegl,Walter H.; Silva,Yvone Khairalla de Oliveira e;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1973, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101973000200007
Abstract: a plan of application of preventive medicine criteria to the outpatient clinics oferred by the national institut of social welfare to their members in s?o paulo is exposed. the plan, to be implanted in the second semester of 1973, will include 4 basic programs: immunization; combat against tuberculosis; prenatal care; and infant care. each of these programs is presented in detail, including main objectives, priorities and operational aims.
Pre-miR-146a (rs2910164 G>C) Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Is Genetically and Functionally Associated with Leprosy
Paula F. T. Cezar-de-Mello,Thiago G. Toledo-Pinto,Carolinne S. Marques,Lucia E. A. Arnez,Cynthia C. Cardoso,Luana T. A. Guerreiro,Sérgio L. G. Antunes,Márcia M. Jardim,Claudia de J. F. Covas,Ximena Illaramendi,Ida M. Dias-Baptista,Patrícia S. Rosa,Sandra M. B. Dur?es,Antonio G. Pacheco,Marcelo Ribeiro-Alves,Euzenir N. Sarno,Milton O. Moraes
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003099
Abstract: Mycobacterium leprae infects macrophages and Schwann cells inducing a gene expression program to facilitate its replication and progression to disease. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are key regulators of gene expression and could be involved during the infection. To address the genetic influence of miRNAs in leprosy, we enrolled 1,098 individuals and conducted a case-control analysis in order to study four miRNAs genes containing single nucleotide polymorphism (miRSNP). We tested miRSNP-125a (rs12975333 G>T), miRSNP-223 (rs34952329 *>T), miRSNP-196a-2 (rs11614913 C>T) and miRSNP-146a (rs2910164 G>C). Amongst them, miRSNP-146a was the unique gene associated with risk to leprosy per se (GC OR = 1.44, p = 0.04; CC OR = 2.18, p = 0.0091). We replicated this finding showing that the C-allele was over-transmitted (p = 0.003) using a transmission-disequilibrium test. A functional analysis revealed that live M. leprae (MOI 100:1) was able to induce miR-146a expression in THP-1 (p<0.05). Furthermore, pure neural leprosy biopsies expressed augmented levels of that miRNA as compared to biopsy samples from neuropathies not related with leprosy (p = 0.001). Interestingly, carriers of the risk variant (C-allele) produce higher levels of mature miR-146a in nerves (p = 0.04). From skin biopsies, although we observed augmented levels of miR-146a, we were not able to correlate it with a particular clinical form or neither host genotype. MiR-146a is known to modulate TNF levels, thus we assessed TNF expression (nerve biopsies) and released by peripheral blood mononuclear cells infected with BCG Moreau. In both cases lower TNF levels correlates with subjects carrying the risk C-allele, (p = 0.0453 and p = 0.0352; respectively), which is consistent with an immunomodulatory role of this miRNA in leprosy.
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