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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 26536 matches for " Iara Guimar?es Rodrigues "
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Falls and health-related quality of life (SF-36) in elderly people—ISACAMP 2008  [PDF]
Iara Guimares Rodrigues, Margareth Guimares Lima, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.512A007
Abstract:

Falls are accidental events and harmful to the healthy elderly. Its consequence can lead to the disability and the death. Accordingly, it becomes important to assess the relation between falls and quality of life. This theme is little studied in Brazil and internationally, especially in areas with large population bases. Objective: To identify the association between occurrence of fall and health-related quality of life (HRQL) using the SF-36 according to gender, age and schooling, among the elderly population of Campinas/Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional, population-based study, using data from ISACAMP 2008. The present study analyzed only the population with 60 years old or more, totaling 1432 elderly individuals. The dependent variables were the eight SF-36 scale, version 2. The main independent variables were the falls occurred in the last 12 months and the limitation in activities daily living due to the falls. Analysis were carried out with the simple and multiple linear regression model in order to determine the associations between the dependent and main independent variables, using svy commands of STATA 11.0. Results: The prevalence of falls in the last year was 6.3%. The elderly individuals who referred to fall in the last 12 months exhibited the lowest score in seven of eight SF-36 scales, comparing with non-fallers. The association between fall and HRQL was greater in the male population. The elderly individuals who are older (75 or more) and located in the lower schooling stratum, and experienced falls also exhibited the lowest SF-36 scale scores, in physical and social functioning. Stratifying falls, considering those who cause limitations and those who do not, can be observed with the lowest scores in physical functioning, role physical, role emotion and social functioning, and only in the stratum of people who have limitations in daily living. Conclusion: The occurrence of falls can cause important limitations in

Análise linguístico-discursiva do genero introdu??o de artigo de pesquisa (para fins específicos): Teste ANPAD
Coelho, Juliana Guimares Rodrigues;
Revista Brasileira de Linguística Aplicada , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1984-63982011000400005
Abstract: this article is part of a study which analyzed the textual genre `research article introduction' from the perspective of rhetorical-discursive analysis. the theoretical-methodological principles which guided this research were: english for specific purposes, reading and textual genre. this research was a focused description (larsen-freeman; long, 1991), and the corpususedwas composed by research article introductions from the anpad english test (anpad is a test for postgraduate courses). this article presents the linguistic-discursive analysis of the introductions that comprise the corpusused in the studyof the original study. the results showed that the linguistic evidence not always corresponded to a specific rhetorical movement (swales, 1990) in the introductions. the study had a pedagogical purpose because it highlighted the linguistic marks and the verbal structures that really occur in this genre.
Global Functional Performance and Caregiver Assistance in Autism and Asperger Syndrome  [PDF]
Michele Gea Guimares Pozzato, Thais Soares Cianciarullo Minett, Marcelo Rodrigues Masruha, Luiz Celso Pereira Vilanova
Neuroscience & Medicine (NM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/nm.2014.51007
Abstract:

Autism and Asperger’s syndrome belong to a family of neuro-developmental disorders called Pervasive Development Disorders. The aims of this study were to 1) quantify the overall functional performance and need for caregiver assistance in autism (A) and Asperger’s syndrome (AS), 2) compare the findings between groups and to normative data from Brazilian children. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving 52 children between three and eight years of age diagnosed with either A (n = 26) or SA (n = 26). The Brazilian version of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory was administered. Results: The children with A and AS achieved significantly lower scores than that expected for normality. The children with AS had a significantly better social function than that the children with A had. However, those with A achieved significantly better scores than those with AS on activities related to self-care and mobility, requiring less assistance. Conclusion: While patients with AS are better at social interaction than typical autistic children, they exhibit greater deficits with regard to basic tasks, such as self-care and mobility, requiring greater assistance than children with A.

O puru-puru da Amaz?nia (Pinta, Carate, Mal del Pinto etc)
Guimares, F. Nery;Rodrigues, Bichat Almeida;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1948, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02761948000100005
Abstract: 1) "purú-purú" é uma palavra indígena que quer dizer "pintado" ou "manchado", peculiar à amazonia brasileira. com êsse nome é designada uma dermatose referida entre os selvicolas desde 1774, por ribeiro sampaio. certas tribus, com alta incidência da moléstia passaram a ser cahamadas também "purú-purús", o mesmo acontecendo com o rio onde habitavam - rio purús. 2) a doen?a existe na bacia do rio solim?es e seus principais afluentes: javari, juruá, purús, i?á, japurá, e negro. por esses rios, o fóco da dermatose se continua nos países limitrofes com o brasil: guianas, venezuela, colombia, perú (equador) e bolivia. 3) desde 1890 essa dermatose foi relacionada à pinta (carate ou mal del pinto) por p. s. de magalh?es, idéa essa depois defendida por juliano moreira, carlos chagas, roquete pinto, wappeus, o. da fonseca filho, da matta, brumpt e outros, baseados na semelhan?a clínica e na terapêutica. recentemente (1945), essa provavel identidade das duas dermatoses, recebeu fundamento sorológico de biocca (que verificou a positividade das rea??es de kline e kahn em doentes de purú-purú), e, pelo presente trabalho, recebe base clínico-epidemio-anatomo-patológica. 4) sob o ponto de vista clínico, as les?es cutaneas discromicas da moléstia, s?o de 3 órdens: a) les?es papulo-eritemato-escamosas, isoladas ou n?o, arredondadas, pruriginosas e de bordos nitidos; b) les?es maculo-escamosas, maiores mais pálidas, ás vezes já mostrando altera??es pigmentares na parte central; c) máculas discromod′rmicas, lisas ou ligeiramente escamosas, com maior ou menor altera??o pigmentar, as quais assumem diferentes aspéctos, consequentes à hipo - ou hiperpigmenta??o, variaveis também com a c?r do paciente. as colora??es predominantes nas manchas, s?o o branco, o preto e o vermelho, com tonalidades eminentemente variaveis. embora raramente, nessas extensas dermodiscromias, observa-se superposi??o de les?es papulo-eritemato-escamosas. o aparecimento dos 3 tipos de le?es acima citados, obedece seg
Como a posi??o social influencia a auto-avalia??o do estado de saúde? Uma análise comparativa entre 1998 e 2003
Rodrigues, Cristina Guimares;Maia, Alexandre Gori;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2010000400018
Abstract: the aim of this paper is to analyze how the social position of families affects self-reported health status, based on data from the 1998 and 2003 national sample household survey of the brazilian institute of geography and statistics (pnad-ibge). the method was based on descriptive statistics and logistic regression to capture the conditional relationship between health status, social position, and other control variables, such as age, sex, race/color, income, education, and place of residence. the results show that the same hierarchy of the occupational classes is reproduced in self-reported health status. there was an increase in inequalities in the period, with a reduction in the prevalence of healthy workers in the lower social strata and an increase in the upper strata. although there were more healthy individuals in non-agricultural classes, the probability of good self-reported health was higher among agricultural workers, after the other control variables were added to the regression models. the results emphasize the need to analyze health inequalities from the perspective of social stratification.
Saúde e mercado de trabalho no Brasil: diferenciais entre ocupados agrícolas e n?o agrícolas
Maia, Alexandre Gori;Rodrigues, Cristina Guimares;
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-20032010000400010
Abstract: this paper analyzes differences of health conditions between and within agricultural and non-agricultural workers in brazil. self-reported health measures of the health supplement of pesquisa nacional por amostra de domicílios (pnad), from 2008, are used. results are based on the description of the socioeconomic characteristics of each group of employees and on estimates of a simultaneous equation to measure non-linear relations between health conditions, income and work hours. the main hypothesis is that the lower prevalence of workers with good health among agricultural workers is mainly due to socioeconomic characteristics of this group and not necessarily to higher insalubrious conditions that such workers would be submitted to in equivalent socioeconomic conditions than non-agricultural workers. similarly, inequalities in health status within agricultural workers may be lower than non-agricultural workers due to more homogeneous kinds of activities, quality of life and consumption, usually found in less developed areas where agricultural workers prevail.
Development and standardization of an indirect ELISA for the serological diagnosis of classical swine fever
Paredes Julio Cesar Mu?oz,Oliveira Liliane Guimares,Braga Alexandre de Carvalho,Trevisol Iara Maria
Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira , 1999,
Abstract: An indirect enzyme linked immunoassay (ELISA-I) was developed and standardized for the serological diagnosis of classical swine fever (CSF). For the comparison, nine hundred and thirty-seven swine serum samples were tested by serum neutralization followed by immunoperoxidase staining (NPLA), considered as the standard. Of these, 223 were positive and 714 negative for neutralizing antibodies to classical swine fever virus (CSFV). In relation to the NPLA, the ELISA-I presented a 98.2% sensitivity; 92.86% specificity, 81.11% positive predictive value, 99.4% negative predictive value and a 94.1% precision. Statistical analysis showed a very strong correlation (r=0,94) between both tests. When compared to a commercially available ELISA kit, the performance of both, in relation to the NPLA, was similar. It was concluded that the ELISA-I is suitable for large scale screening of antibodies to classical swine fever virus, although it does not distinguish antibodies to classical swine fever virus from those induced by other pestiviruses.
Performance de Ceratitis capitata Wiedemann (Diptera: Tephritidae) em frutos: compara??o de duas popula??es criadas em laboratório
Joachim-Bravo, Iara S;Guimares, Analice N;Magalh?es, Tatiana C;Nascimento, Ant?nio S;
Neotropical Entomology , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2010000100002
Abstract: this study evaluated the influence of two fruits hosts (orange and papaya) on biological and behavioral parameters of two populations of ceratitis capitata (wiedemann) reared under laboratory conditions. one of these populations has been reared under laboratory conditions by 25 years without introduction of wild flies (lab-pop), while the other has been maintained under the same conditions by 15 years but with occasional introduction of wild specimens (hybrid-pop). the following parameters were analyzed: emergence percentage, life cycle duration (from eclosion to emergence), adult size, longevity, female fecundity and oviposition preference. the best performance of immatures of both populations was obtained on papaya as a host. larvae reared on orange had longer life cycle, low emergence percentage and smaller adults. the fruit type did not affect fecundity and longevity of the lab-pop, but in the hybrid-pop males lived longer when reared on papaya, while females had higher longevity and fecundity when reared on orange. females of both populations preferred to lay eggs in papaya (better host for larvae) when compared to orange. however, some eggs were deposited on orange only by females of lab-pop, suggesting a lower ability for host selection of this population. these data are discussed regarding to the effects of continuous laboratory rearing on the biological parameters of this species.
Co-Inoculation of Soybean with Bradyrhizobium and Azospirillum Promotes Early Nodulation  [PDF]
Amaral Machaculeha Chibeba, Maria de Fátima Guimares, Osmar Rodrigues Brito, Marco Antonio Nogueira, Ricardo Silva Araujo, Mariangela Hungria
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.610164
Abstract: Soybean inoculation with elite strains of Bradyrhizobium to improve nodulation, N2 fixation, and grain yield is well established worldwide. However, when grown in soils where N is deficient, soybean undergoes an initial phase of N starvation that may last up to 20 days after seedling germination due to the lack of synchronism between the phase when seed N reserves are exhausted and the moment when plants begin to benefit from the nitrogen fixed by the bacteria. Practices that promote early nodulation may play a key role in reducing the N starvation period. Azospirillum is a plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) that can stimulate root hair formation and root growth, creating more sites for early root infection and nodule formation by N2-fixing Bradyrhizobium spp. In this study, the effects of co-inoculating soybeans with Bradyrhizobium spp. and Azospirillum brasilense on nodulation precocity and N2 fixation were evaluated under greenhouse and field conditions. Nodule number and dry weight, as well as plant and root dry weight and N accumulated in shoots at 15, 18, 21, 24 and 30 days after emergence (DAE) were evaluated in response to inoculation with Bradyrhizobium spp. alone or when co-inoculated with Azospirillum sp. In the greenhouse, co-inoculated plants nodulated precociously as indicated by a significant increase (p < 0.05) in nodule biomass observed at (include) 21 DAE. More pronounced effects of co-inoculation were observed in the field as early as 18 DAE, suggesting that the presence of Azospirillum helps plants to overcome environmental stresses.
Trends in evolution of 5S rRNA of deuterostomes: bases and homogeneous clusters
Subacius, Sandra Maria Rodrigues;Guimares, Romeu Cardoso;
Genetics and Molecular Biology , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47572002000300006
Abstract: evolution of metazoan 5s rrna sequences was analyzed through base composition and types, location and frequency of clustered bases. characters from sequences of protostomes did not show regular trends as compared with paleontology dating or organism complexity. trends of increasing g and c, stronger in g clusters, and decreasing a and u, were detected in deuterostomes, in parallel with evolution of complexity. the multifunctional domain 71-104 was highlighted among conserved stretches. clusters of c were typical of helices. those of g were longer, extending from helices into loops or related to bulges, which is suggestive of functional significance. deuterostomian trends were installed early in the lineage and reached full development in aquatic organisms, not increasing further after reptiles. it can be suggested that ribosomal rna structures participated in deuterostomian high regulatory complexity, either specifically or as part of the widespread processes of chromosomal regionalization.
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