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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 87735 matches for " I. Abt "
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Search for the Flavor-Changing Neutral Current Decay $D^0 \to μ^+μ^-$ with the HERA-B Detector
HERA-B Collaboration,:,I. Abt
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2004.06.097
Abstract: We report on a search for the flavor-changing neutral current decay $D^0 \to \mu^+\mu^-$ using $50 \times 10^6$ events recorded with a dimuon trigger in interactions of 920 GeV protons with nuclei by the HERA-B experiment. We find no evidence for such decays and set a 90% confidence level upper limit on the branching fraction $Br(D^0 \to \mu^+\mu^-) <2.0 \times 10^{-6}$.
Bottom production cross section from double muonic decays of b-hadrons in 920 GeV proton-nucleus collision
The HERA-B Collaboration,I. Abt
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2007.04.022
Abstract: The b-bbar production cross section in 920 GeV proton-nucleus fixed target collisions is measured by observing double muonic decays of b-flavored hadrons in the kinematic region $-0.3<\xF(\mu)<0.15$. A total number of $76\pm12$ b-bbar events is obtained with a likelihood fit of the signal and background simulated events to the data. The resulting cross section is $\sigbb = 16.2 \pm 2.5_{stat} \pm 2.8_{sys} \nbpn$, or, when combined with a previous Hera-B measurement of similar precision, $\sigbb = 15.4 \pm 1.7_{stat} \pm 1.2_{sys}^{uncorr.} \pm 1.9_{sys}^{corr.} \nbpn$, which is consistent with recent NLO calculations.
K*0 and phi Meson Production in Proton-Nucleus Interactions at sqrt(s) = 41.6 GeV
HERA-B Collaboration,:,I. Abt
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-007-0237-3
Abstract: The inclusive production cross sections of the strange vector mesons K*0, K*0bar, and phi have been measured in interactions of 920 GeV protons with C, Ti, and W targets with the HERA-B detector at the HERA storage ring. Differential cross sections as a function of rapidity and transverse momentum have been measured in the central rapidity region and for transverse momenta up to pT=3.5 GeV/c. The atomic number dependence is parametrised as sigma(pA) = sigma(pN)*A**alpha, where sigma(pN) is the proton-nucleon cross section. Within the phase space accessible, alpha(K*0) = 0.86+/-0.03, alpha(K*0bar) = 0.87+/-0.03, and alpha(phi) = 0.96+/-0.02. The total proton-nucleon cross sections, determined by extrapolating the differential measurements to full phase space, are sigma(pN->K*0) = 5.06+/-0.54 mb, sigma(pN->K*0bar) = 4.02+/-0.45 mb, and sigma(pN->phi) = 1.17+/-0.11 mb. The Cronin effect is observed for the first time for vector mesons containing strange quarks; compared to the measurements of Cronin et al. for K+- mesons, the measured values of alpha for phi mesons coincide with those of K- mesons for all transverse momenta, while the enhancement for K*0 / K*0bar mesons is smaller.
Limits for the central production of Theta^+ and Xi^{--} pentaquarks in 920 GeV pA collisions
The HERA-B Collaboration,I. Abt
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.212003
Abstract: We have searched for Theta^+(1540) and Xi^{--}(1862) pentaquark candidates in proton-induced reactions on C, Ti and W targets at mid-rapidity and \sqrt{s} = 41.6 GeV. In 2x10^8 inelastic events we find no evidence for narrow (sigma~5 MeV) signals in the Theta^+ -> pK_s and Xi^{--} -> Xi^-pi^- channels; our 95% CL upper limits (UL) for the inclusive production cross section times branching fraction Bx(dsigma/dy)|_{y~0} are 3.7 and 2.5 microb/N. The UL of the yield ratio of [Theta^+ / Lambda(1520)] < 2.7% is significantly lower than model predictions. Our UL of [BxXi^{--} / Xi(1530)^0] < 4% is at variance with the results that have provided first evidence for the Xi^{--} signal.
Measurement of the Upsilon Production Cross Section in 920 GeV Fixed-Target Proton-Nucleus Collisions
The HERA-B Collaboration,I. Abt
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2006.04.042
Abstract: The proton-nucleon cross section ratio $R=Br(\Upsilon\to l^+l^-) d\sigma(\Upsilon)/dy|_{y=0} / {\sigma(J/\psi)}$ has been measured with the HERA-B spectrometer in fixed-target proton-nucleus collisions at 920 GeV proton beam energy corresponding to a proton-nucleon cms energy of sqrt{s}=41.6 GeV. The combined results for the Upsilon decay channels Upsilon $\to e^+e^-$ and Upsilon $\to\mu^+\mu^-$ yield a ratio $R=(9.0 \pm 2.1) 10^{-6}$. The corresponding Upsilon production cross section per nucleon at mid-rapidity (y=0) has been determined to be $Br(\Upsilon\to{}l^+l^-) {d\sigma(\Upsilon)/dy}|_{y=0}= 4.5 \pm 1.1 $ pb/nucleon.
Improved Measurement of the b-bbar Production Cross Section in 920 GeV Fixed-Target Proton-Nucleus Collisions
The HERA-B Collaboration,I. Abt
Statistics , 2005, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.73.052005
Abstract: A new measurement of the b-bbar production cross section in 920 GeV proton-nucleus collisions is presented by the HERA-B collaboration. The b-bbar production is tagged via inclusive bottom quark decays into J/psi mesons, by exploiting the longitudinal separation of J/psi->ll decay vertices from the primary proton-nucleus interaction point. Both e+e- and mu+mu- channels are reconstructed, for a total of 83 +- 12 inclusive b->J/psi X events found. The combined analysis yields a b-bbar to prompt J/psi cross section ratio of ${\frac{{\Delta\sigma(bbbar)}}{{\Delta\sigma_{\jpsi}}}} = 0.032\pm 0.005 \stat \pm 0.004 \sys$ measured in the x_f acceptance (-0.35
First Measurement of the Left-Right Charge Asymmetry in Hadronic Z Boson Decays and a New Determination of sin^2(theta_eff)
SLD Collaboration,K. Abe,K. Abe,I. Abt
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.78.17
Abstract: We present the first measurement of the left-right charge asymmetry A_Q^{obs} in hadronic Z boson decays. This was performed at E_cm = 91.27 GeV with the SLD at the SLAC Linear Collider with a polarized electron beam. Using 89838 events, we obtain A_Q^{obs}=0.225+-0.056+-0.019 which leads to a measurement of the electron left-right asymmetry parameter, A_e=0.162+-0.041+-0.014, and sin^2(theta_eff)=0.2297+-0.0052 +-0.0018. Also, the A_Q^{obs} measurement combined with the left-right cross section asymmetry determines A_e independently of the value of the electron-beam polarization.
An Improved Measurement of the Left-Right Z0 Cross Section Asymmetry
SLD Collaboration,K. Abe,K. Abe,I. Abt et al
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.78.2075
Abstract: We present a new measurement of the left-right cross section asymmetry (ALR) for Z boson production by e+e- collisions. The measurement was performed at a center-of-mass energy of 91.28 GeV with the SLD detector at the SLAC Linear Collider (SLC). The luminosity-weighted average polarization of the SLC electron beam was (77.23+-0.52)%. Using a sample of 93,644 Z decays, we measure the pole-value of the asymmetry, ALR0, to be 0.1512+-0.0042(stat.)+-0.0011(syst.) which is equivalent to an effective weak mixing angle of sin**2(theta_eff)=0.23100+-0.00054(stat.)+-0.00014(syst.).
A Detector for Forward Physics at eRHIC: Feasibility Study
I. Abt,A. Caldwell,X. Liu,J. Sutiak
Physics , 2004,
Abstract: The eRHIC facility planned for the Brookhaven National Laboratory will allow detailed studies of the strong hadronic interactions. Among the exciting research topics discussed are the pursuit of the Color Glass Condensate, the three dimensional scan of nucleons and nuclei, and the solution to the mystery of how the proton spin is built up from its constituents. This document describes a detector optimized for forward physics at such an accelerator. The experience gained at HERA allows for the design of a detector which will give optimal performance in the kinematic regions of highest priority, the small and large $x$ regimes. Detailed simulations of the detector were carried out, and performance results for structure function measurements are presented.
Aluminum as a source of background in low background experiments
B. Majorovits,I. Abt,M. Laubenstein,O. Volynets
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2011.05.042
Abstract: Neutrinoless double beta decay would be a key to understanding the nature of neutrino masses. The next generation of High Purity Germanium experiments will have to be operated with a background rate of better than 10^-5 counts/(kg y keV) in the region of interest around the Q value of the decay. Therefore, so far irrelevant sources of background have to be considered. The metalization of the surface of germanium detectors is in general done with aluminum. The background from the decays of 22Na, 26Al, 226Ra and 228Th introduced by this metalization is discussed. It is shown that only a special selection of aluminum can keep these background contributions acceptable.
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