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Percep??o da vulnerabilidade entre mulheres com diagnóstico avan?ado do cancer do colo do útero
Pimentel, Angela Vieira;Panobianco, Marislei Sanches;Almeida, Ana Maria de;Oliveira, Iácara Santos Barbosa;
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072011000200006
Abstract: this descriptive qualitative study aimed to comprehend perceptions of vulnerability to disease among women diagnosed with advanced cervical cancer. twelve women who were receiving outpatient hospital care in treating advanced cervical cancer participated in the study. data was collected through interviews and analyzed via content analysis. the results highlight two themes: perceiving oneself as vulnerable in discovering the disease; and perceiving oneself vulnerable in carrying out treatment. factors related to the client, health care professionals, and services rendered, among others have made women susceptible to health problems and damage relating to cervical cancer, exacerbating their vulnerability to the disease. it is necessary to overcome deficiencies in care model and the humanization of treatment, the degree of commitment, as well as the quality of institutions, resources, management and monitoring programs towards preventing and detecting cervical cancer within different levels of care.
Percep o da vulnerabilidade entre mulheres com diagnóstico avan ado do cancer do colo do útero
Angela Vieira Pimentel,Marislei Sanches Panobianco,Ana Maria de Almeida,Iácara Santos Barbosa Oliveira
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2011,
Abstract: Este estudio descriptivo y cualitativo tuvo como objetivo comprender la percepción de la vulnerabilidad a la enfermedad, entre las mujeres diagnosticadas con cáncer cervical avanzado, tomando como referencia la vulnerabilidad. Participaron doce mujeres que recibían atención ambulatoria hospitalaria para el tratamiento del cáncer cervico uterino avanzado. La recolección de los datos se hizo a través de entrevistas y se analizaron mediante el análisis de contenido. Los resultados destacan dos temas: Percepción de su vulnerabilidad al descubrir la enfermedad, y percepción de su vulnerabilidad al realizar el tratamiento. Factores relacionados con el cliente, los servicios, los profesionales, entre otros, han hecho que las mujeres sean susceptibles a los problemas de salud y da os relacionados con el cáncer cervico uterino, lo que agrava su vulnerabilidad a las enfermedades. Es necesario superar las deficiencias en el modelo de tratamiento para el cuidado y la integridad personal, el grado de compromiso y calidad de las instituciones, recursos, programas de gestión y control para prevenir y detectar el cáncer del cuello uterino, en los diferentes niveles de atención.
O CONHECIMENTO SOBRE O HPV ENTRE ADOLESCENTES ESTUDANTES DE GRADUA O EM ENFERMAGEM
Marislei Sanches Panobianco,Aline Daiane Faim de Lima,I cara Santos Barbosa Oliveira,Thais de Oliveira Gozzo
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2013,
Abstract: Estudio descriptivo y cuantitativo que identificó y evaluó el conocimiento de los estudiantes de pregrado en enfermería sobre los factores relacionados a la enfermedad de transmisión sexual: Virus del Papiloma Humano. Se administró un cuestionario a 58 estudiantes de la Escuela de Enfermería de Ribeir o Preto-Universidad de S o Paulo. Los datos fueron analizados por medio de estadística descriptiva y el software Epi Info. Los resultados mostraron que 46,6% de los encuestados son sexualmente activos, 96,3% informaron practicar sexo seguro con uso del condón, sin embargo, 29,6% de ellos no lo utilizan con regularidad. El 69% relataron conocer las formas de transmisión y sólo el 20,7% afirmaron saber se ales y síntomas del virus. El 54,3% refiere no saber lo que el virus puede causar. Debe haber mayor inversión en la educación de los jóvenes para promoción de la salud y prevención de enfermedades, especialmente las causadas por Virus del Papiloma Humano.
Resveratrol as a Natural Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor-α Molecule: Implications to Dendritic Cells and Their Crosstalk with Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Andreia M. Silva, Marta I. Oliveira, Laura Sette, Catarina R. Almeida, Maria J. Oliveira, Mário A. Barbosa, Susana G. Santos
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0091406
Abstract: Dendritic cells (DC) are promising targets for inducing tolerance in inflammatory conditions. Thus, this study aims to investigate the effects of the natural anti-inflammatory molecule resveratrol on human DC at phenotypic and functional levels, including their capacity to recruit mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSC). Primary human monocyte-derived DC and bone marrow MSC were used. DC immunophenotyping revealed that small doses of resveratrol (10 μM) reduce cell activation in response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, significantly decreasing surface expression of CD83 and CD86. Functionally, IL-12/IL-23 secretion induced by TNF-α was significantly reduced by resveratrol, while IL-10 levels increased. Resveratrol also inhibited T cell proliferation, in response to TNF-α-stimulated DC. The underlying mechanism was investigated by Western blot and imaging flow cytometry (ImageStreamX), and likely involves impairment of nuclear translocation of the p65 NF-κB subunit. Importantly, results obtained demonstrate that DC are able to recruit MSC through extracellular matrix components, and that TNF-α impairs DC-mediated recruitment. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) produced by both cell populations were visualized by gelatin zymography. Finally, time-lapse microscopy analysis revealed a significant decrease on DC and MSC motility in co-cultures, indicating cell interaction, and TNF-α further decreased MSC motility, while resveratrol recovered it. Thus, the current study points out the potential of resveratrol as a natural anti-TNF-α drug, capable of modulating DC phenotype and function, as well as DC-mediated MSC recruitment.
Contratos internos de gest?o no contexto da Política de Humaniza??o: experimentando uma metodologia no referencial da cogest?o
Santos Filho, Serafim Barbosa;Figueiredo, Vera de Oliveira Nunes;
Interface - Comunica??o, Saúde, Educa??o , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-32832009000500013
Abstract: this paper describes the experience of implementing internal management contracts in a public hospital. these contracts were understood as tools within the context of co-management and, within the perspective of humanization, as interventions in healthcare and management practices. with this focus, the methodological lines of the collective construction of such contracts and the indicators for the implementation process are presented. through the process of agreed targets and participative evaluation, the following results were observed: in addition to increasing the institutional efficiency and effectiveness, the effects unleashed through these tools revealed their potential for transforming the work relationships, promoting co-responsibility between subjects and teams, adding value to workers and forming commitment networks for improved care.
Proposta de um método de cálculo do tempo de sedimenta??o no tratamento de esgotos por lodos ativados em bateladas
Santos, Rafael Carvalho de Oliveira;Barbosa Filho, Olavo;Giordano, Gandhi;
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-41522005000300002
Abstract: this paper presents an analysis of the operation of activated sludge sequencing batch reactors (sbr) for sewage treatment. emphasis is placed on the operational cycle of those reactors, which includes the phases of aeration and sedimentation, indicating the settling time corresponding to the maximum operational efficiency. an explanation is made of a calculation method to determine this optimum settling time. the work includes a review of the literature concerning the subject of the present study, considering the concepts of hindered (zone) settling and solids flux, together with the derivation of the proposed calculation method.
Proposta de um método racional para o dimensionamento de reatores de tratamento de esgotos por lodos ativados em bateladas para remo??o de carga organica
Santos, Rafael Carvalho de Oliveira;Barbosa Filho, Olavo;Giordano, Gandhi;
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-41522006000200008
Abstract: this paper presents a methodology for the rational sizing of batch operating activated sludge sewage treatment biological reactors for bod removal. developed calculation method computes all the parameters simultaneously involved in the process, modeling the interaction (due to the alternate use of one single tank both as a biological reactor and as a final settling tank) among the factors that determine the treatment unit performance. this work includes a brief review of the literature concerning the subject of the present study, followed by the derivation of the proposed mathematical model, a suggested sizing procedure and an application of the worked out method.
Condecora??es de guerra como investidura de bens simbólicos às ex-enfermeiras febianas
Oliveira, Alexandre Barbosa de;Santos, Tania Cristina Franco;
Escola Anna Nery , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-81452010000100004
Abstract: the objectives of this social-historical study are to describe the ceremony involving the bestowment of the campaign medal of honor to nurses working in the health service of the brazilian expeditionary force during world war ii, and to analyze the effect of this symbolic ritual as a social recognition of these nurses. the examination of the documentary corpus was performed by the analysis of a photograph, and the related documents and bibliography that were produced in the same context in which the primary source was created. the findings were elucidated by pierre bourdieu 's world social theory. the study confirmed that the existence of these nurses within a misogynist society to receive a medal of honor consolidated their presence in a public arena occupied traditionally by men, contributing in this manner, to unveil and promote the image of the military nurses.
Entre ganhos e perdas simbólicas: a (des) mobiliza??o das enfermeiras que atuaram na Segunda Guerra Mundial
Oliveira, Alexandre Barbosa de;Santos, Tania Cristina Franco;
Escola Anna Nery , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-81452007000300005
Abstract: descriptive and social study. objectives: to describe the circumstances that had tried the mobilization and the demobilization of the first feminine grouping of nursing of the army that acted in the service of health of the force brazilian member of an expedition during world war ii and to analyze the happened symbolic effect of the performance of this grouping. the primary sources had consisted of verbal depositions, written and/or official documents, periodicals of the time and biographies. the secondary ones had been composed of the existing bibliographical quantity on the thematic related one. the findings had been illuminated by the concepts of "habitus" and field of the sociologist pierre bourdieu, whom profits and processed symbolic losses for occasion of the mobilization and the demobilization of these volunteers for the war had evidenced. it was concluded that to stop symbolic fights, the nurses had finished suffering the consequences from the masculine domination orchestrated in the brazil's political and social context at the time, what brought as consequence the update of its "habitus".
A permeabilidade social das carreiras do ensino superior
Barbosa, Maria Ligia de Oliveira;Santos, Clarissa Tagliari;
Caderno CRH , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-49792011000300006
Abstract: this article propose the analyses the differences between courses belonging to three areas of knowledge (biological, exact and human sciences) as theirs capability to offer greater equality of opportunities at the moment of expansion and diversification in brazilian higher education. the study was conducted from micro-data of the national exam of students performance (enade), combining the general marks of the exam the answers of the socio-economical questionnaire of the students, in such a way to evaluate the association between under graduate student's grants and the performance and the staying in different courses. at the same time that the results confirm the differences between fields of knowledge it also indicates the importance of those tools of financing expenses for the conclusion of the course. it was verified that different significant in each course in relation to the performance associated to each type of scholarship and financing.
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