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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 201 matches for " Hutchings "
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Introducing, Researching, and Disseminating the Incredible Years Programmes in Wales
Judy Hutchings
International Journal of Conflict and Violence , 2012,
Abstract: A case study reviewing the establishment of the evidence-based Incredible Years programme in Wales, describing the rationale for selecting the programme, the outcomes achieved in Wales, and the influence on policy leading to a Wales-wide dissemination strategy. The UK context features a growing trend towards evidence-based anti-violence services and significant increases in funding for early intervention. Factors that contributed to the success of this project includedcareful selection of a programme with evidence, establishing a local evidence base for it, ensuring that information was disseminated to government and service providers, and the need to build in a sustainability plan. The biggest challenge, lack of leader time and resources to deliver the programme effectively,is explored and solutions from Wales, including leader feedback surveys and manager training days are described.
The embedded contact homology index revisited
Michael Hutchings
Mathematics , 2008,
Abstract: Let Y be a closed oriented 3-manifold with a contact form such that all Reeb orbits are nondegenerate. The embedded contact homology (ECH) index associates an integer to each relative 2-dimensional homology class of surfaces whose boundary is the difference between two unions of Reeb orbits. This integer determines the relative grading on ECH; the ECH differential counts holomorphic curves in the symplectization of Y whose relative homology classes have ECH index 1. A known index inequality implies that such curves are (mostly) embedded and satisfy some additional constraints. In this paper we prove four new results about the ECH index. First, we refine the relative grading on ECH to an absolute grading, which associates to each union of Reeb orbits a homotopy class of oriented 2-plane fields on Y. Second, we extend the ECH index inequality to symplectic cobordisms between three-manifolds with Hamiltonian structures, and simplify the proof. Third, we establish general inequalities on the ECH index of unions and multiple covers of holomorphic curves in cobordisms. Finally, we define a new relative filtration on ECH, or any other kind of contact homology of a contact 3-manifold, which is similar to the ECH index and related to the Euler characteristic of holomorphic curves. This does not give new topological invariants except possibly in special situations, but it is a useful computational tool.
Taubes's proof of the Weinstein conjecture in dimension three
Michael Hutchings
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: This is an introduction to Taubes's proof of the Weinstein conjecture, written for the AMS Current Events Bulletin. It is intended to be accessible to nonspecialists, so much of the article is devoted to background and context.
Recent progress on symplectic embedding problems in four dimensions
Michael Hutchings
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: We survey some recent progress on understanding when one four-dimensional symplectic manifold can be symplectically embedded into another. In 2010, McDuff established a number-theoretic criterion for the existence of a symplectic embedding of one four-dimensional ellipsoid into another. This is related to previously known criteria for when a disjoint union of balls can be symplectically embedded into a ball. The new theory of "ECH capacities" gives general obstructions to symplectic embeddings in four dimensions which turn out to be sharp in the above cases.
Lecture notes on embedded contact homology
Michael Hutchings
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: These notes give an introduction to embedded contact homology (ECH) of contact three-manifolds, gathering together many basic notions which are scattered across a number of papers. We also discuss the origins of ECH, including various remarks and examples which have not been previously published. Finally, we review the recent application to four-dimensional symplectic embedding problems. This article is based on lectures given in Budapest and Munich in the summer of 2012, a series of accompanying blog postings at floerhomology.wordpress.com, and related lectures at UC Berkeley in Fall 2012. There is already a brief introduction to ECH in the 2010 ICM proceedings, but the present notes give much more background and detail.
Mean action and the Calabi invariant
Michael Hutchings
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: Given an area-preserving diffeomorphism of the closed unit disk which is a rotation near the boundary, one can naturally define an "action" function on the disk which agrees with the rotation number on the boundary. The Calabi invariant of the diffeomorphism is the average of the action function over the disk. Given a periodic orbit of the diffeomorphism, its "mean action" is defined to be the average of the action function over the orbit. We show that if the Calabi invariant is less than the boundary rotation number, then the infimum over periodic orbits of the mean action is less than or equal to the Calabi invariant. The proof uses a new filtration on embedded contact homology determined by a transverse knot, which might be of independent interest. (An analogue of this filtration can be defined for any other version of contact homology in three dimensions that counts holomorphic curves.)
Reidemeister torsion in generalized Morse theory
Michael Hutchings
Mathematics , 1999,
Abstract: In two previous papers with Yi-Jen Lee, we defined and computed a notion of Reidemeister torsion for the Morse theory of closed 1-forms on a finite dimensional manifold. The present paper gives an a priori proof that this Morse theory invariant is a topological invariant. It is hoped that this will provide a model for possible generalizations to Floer theory.
Floer homology of families I
Michael Hutchings
Mathematics , 2003, DOI: 10.2140/agt.2008.8.435
Abstract: In principle, Floer theory can be extended to define homotopy invariants of families of equivalent objects (e.g. Hamiltonian isotopic symplectomorphisms, 3-manifolds, Legendrian knots, etc.) parametrized by a smooth manifold B. The invariant of a family consists of a filtered chain homotopy type, which gives rise to a spectral sequence whose E^2 term is the homology of B with twisted coefficients in the Floer homology of the fibers. The filtered chain homotopy type also gives rise to a "family Floer homology" to which the spectral sequence converges. For any particular version of Floer theory, some analysis needs to be carried out in order to turn this principle into a theorem. This paper constructs the invariant in detail for the model case of finite dimensional Morse homology, and shows that it recovers the Leray-Serre spectral sequence of a smooth fiber bundle. We also generalize from Morse homology to Novikov homology, which involves some additional subtleties.
Beyond ECH capacities
Michael Hutchings
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: ECH (embedded contact homology) capacities give obstructions to symplectically embedding one four-dimensional symplectic manifold with boundary into another. These obstructions are known to be sharp when the domain and target are ellipsoids (proved by McDuff), and more generally when the domain is a "concave toric domain" and the target is a "convex toric domain" (proved by Cristofaro-Gardiner). However ECH capacities often do not give sharp obstructions, for example in many cases when the domain is a polydisk. This paper uses more refined information from ECH to give stronger symplectic embedding obstructions when the domain is a polydisk, or more generally a convex toric domain. We use these new obstructions to reprove a result of Hind-Lisi on symplectic embeddings of a polydisk into a ball, and generalize this to obstruct some symplectic embeddings of a polydisk into an ellipsoid. We also obtain a new obstruction to symplectically embedding one polydisk into another, in particular proving the four-dimensional case of a conjecture of Schlenk.
Embedded contact homology and its applications
Michael Hutchings
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: Embedded contact homology (ECH) is a kind of Floer homology for contact three-manifolds. Taubes has shown that ECH is isomorphic to a version of Seiberg-Witten Floer homology (and both are conjecturally isomorphic to a version of Heegaard Floer homology). This isomorphism allows information to be transferred between topology and contact geometry in three dimensions. In this article we first give an overview of the definition of embedded contact homology. We then outline its applications to generalizations of the Weinstein conjecture, the Arnold chord conjecture, and obstructions to symplectic embeddings in four dimensions.
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