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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 112921 matches for " Hussein O.; "
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Comparative Study between Lidocaine 2% and Dexamethasone Local Wound Infiltration Effect on Postoperative Pain Post Mastectomy: A Randomized Controlled Study  [PDF]
Hussein O. Soliman
Advances in Breast Cancer Research (ABCR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/abcr.2018.74015
Abstract: Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of Lidocaine 2% versus Dexamethasone injected locally in mastectomy wound as pain relieving agents. Materials & Methods: A randomized single-blinded study in which 50 patients candidate for Mastectomy were included. Participants were equally randomized into two groups; Group A, in which patients received 10 ml Lidocaine 2% and Group B, in which patients received 16 mL Dexamethasone. In both groups, the drugs were given via local infiltration in the subcutaneous layer of the Mastectomy wound immediately after skin closure. Pain control was assessed post-operatively in the first 24 hours using the visual analogue scale (VAS) in addition the need for additional analgesia was recorded. Results: There was a statistically significant lower VAS score in group A (Lidocaine group) when compared to those in group B (Dexamethasone group) 1 h, 6 h, 12 h postoperatively with no significance 24 h postoperatively (36% vs 64% 1 h, 28% vs 64% 6 h, 30% vs 72% 12 h and, 80% vs 60% 24 h). This statistical significance was evident throughout the post-operative hours (1 h, 6 h, 12 h). Though local Lidocaine caused marked improvement of pain in bigger number of patients in group A than group B, yet it showed no statistical significance 24 h post-mastectomy. Furthermore, the number of participants that needed additional doses of analgesia lower in group A (48% vs 56%) in comparison to group B, but still showed no statistical
The Efficacy of Podophyllin Cautery Added to Surgical Excision for Eradication of Vulvar Condylomata Accuminata; Randomized Controlled Trial  [PDF]
Hussein O. Soliman, Yossra Lashin
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2018.97047
Abstract: Context: Condyloma acuminatum is a common morbidity caused by human papillomavirus infection. Objective: To compare the recurrence rate after surgical excision with or without podophyllin cautery. Design, Setting, Participants: Sixty women were enrolled in a study that was conducted in Cairo from Jan-2017 to Mar-2018. Interventions: All women received the same preparations. After randomization; in the study group (N = 30), podophyllin cautery was added to surgical removal in the follow-up period. In the control group (N = 30), only surgical removal was used. Main Outcome Measure: The
Processing-Microstructure Relationships in the Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation (PEO) Coating of a Magnesium Alloy  [PDF]
R. O. Hussein, D. O. Northwood, X. Nie
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2014.53017
Abstract:

In the plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) coating of light metal alloys, changing the electrical parameters and electrolytic composition can change the discharge behaviour and, ultimately, the thickness, surface morphology and porosity of the coating. In the present study a combination of cathodic and anodic current pulses with suitable Ton and Toff periods were used to control the porosity and other structural defects of PEO coatings of an AM60B magnesium alloy. In order to investigate the effect of a current mode on the plasma discharge behaviour and coating microstructure during the PEO treatment of magnesium alloy, the emission intensities of six different spectral lines from the plasma species were recorded simultaneously as a function of both time and current mode using optical emission spectroscopy (OES) system. The fluctuations in signal intensities and temperature during the coating process reflect differences in location of both the discharge initiation, and discharge type. The coating surface morphology and microstructure that are obtained can be linked to the plasma discharge behavior. These results are discussed in relation to the discharge behaviour, and how such changes in discharge behaviour relate to the coating mechanisms.

Protein Electrophoresis and DNA in Herbs Produced from Irradiated Ambrosia maritima Seeds Grown under Soil Salinity and Their Resistance to Insect
O.S. Hussein
American Journal of Plant Physiology , 2012,
Abstract: Damsisa (Ambrosia maritima L.) is one of the wild plants present in Egypt and different African countries of the Nile Valley. It considered as potential source of molluscicides for treatment of infected sites. In this study, DNA amplifications technique and protein electrophoresis were used for the evaluation of response of Damsisa herbs to gamma rays (γ-rays), soil salinity and their interaction on alleviation of salt stress. This study also examined the effect of herb as bio-resistant for insect infestation in Phaseolus beans. Protein electrophoresis revealed that the number of protein bands separated from plants grown in saline soil not changed either grown from irradiated or un-irradiated seeds except 40 Gray (Gy) dose. Meanwhile, it was observed that mixing Damsisa herb with infested Phaseolus beans reduced insect ability to lays eggs or complete life cycle. Also, it was found that herbs produced from irradiated seeds and grown in normal or in saline soil were more effective in destruction of Callosobruchus maculatus insect and decreased the loss from infested beans.
Determination of a space-dependent force function in the one-dimensional wave equation
S. O. Hussein,D. Lesnic
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: The determination of an unknown spacewice dependent force function acting on a vibrating string from over-specified Cauchy boundary data is investigated numerically using the boundary element method (BEM) combined with a regularized method of separating variables. This linear inverse problem is ill-posed since small errors in the input data cause large errors in the output force solution. Consequently, when the input data is contaminated with noise we use the Tikhonov regularization method in order to obtain a stable solution. The choice of the regularization parameter is based on the L-curve method. Numerical results show that the solution is accurate for exact data and stable for noisy data
Determination of forcing functions in the wave equation. Part I: the space-dependent case
S. O. Hussein,D. Lesnic
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: We consider the inverse problem for the wave equation which consists of determining an unknown space-dependent force function acting on a vibrating structure from Cauchy boundary data. Since only boundary data are used as measurements, the study has importance and significance to non-intrusive and non-destructive testing of materials. This inverse force problem is linear, the solution is unique, but the problem is still ill-posed since, in general, the solution does not exist and, even if it exists, it does not depend continuously upon the input data. Numerically, the finite difference method combined with the Tikhonov regularization are employed in order to obtain a stable solution. Several orders of regularization are investigated. The choice of the regularization parameter is based on the L-curve method. Numerical results show that the solution is accurate for exact data and stable for noisy data. An extension to the case of multiple additive forces is also addressed. In a companion paper, in Part II, the time-dependent force identification will be undertaken.
Pollution of Wells’ Water with Some Elements, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Co, Pb, Cd, and Nickel in Al-Jadriah District, Baghdad Government  [PDF]
Hussein Mahmood Shukri Hussein
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2015.71006
Abstract:

Ninety six water samples were collected from eight wells in Al-jadriah district—Baghdad, from June 2010 to May 2011, and analyzed for presence of Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Co, Pb, Cd, and Nickel, using Atomic absorption method. Results revealed presence of only scanty amount of iron, Mn and Co, ranged from 0.09 - 0.29 ppm for iron and 0.016 - 0.339 ppm for Mn, and 0.01 - 0.732 ppm for Zn. Concentrations of other elements (Cu, Co, Pb, Cd, and Ni) were nil. All values were below the safe limit of water suitability for human uses, according to safe limits laid down by WHO (2011), Iraqi Measurement and Quality Control System and Iraqi Ministry of Environment. Wells’ water can be used under special management in Water management units.


Prognostic Factors for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: 5 Years’ Experience at the National Cancer Institute: A Retrospective Cohort Study  [PDF]
Hussein O. Soliman, Ahmed O. Touny, Reda H. Tabashy, Mohamed M. Abou El Moaty
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2018.95035
Abstract: Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma is a great problem that poses a huge burden upon any healthcare system. In Egypt it has shown a doubling in its incidence rate. This study intended to assess the different prognostic factors for the overall survival of HCC patients in Egypt. Study Design: This is a retrospective patients’ charts review of all patients (561) admitted to the National Cancer Institute (NCI), Cairo University with HCC from January 2007 to December 2011. The main outcome measures were the median overall survival. Also, all demographics, clinicopathological variables, laboratory data were tested as prognostic factors for the overall survival. Results: The median overall survival of our patients was seven months. The overall actuarial probability of survival during the follow-up period was 65% of patients at six months, 25% of patients at 12 months, 11% of patients at 18 months, and only 3% of patients at 24 months. In our study, a broad range of clinical, laboratory, tumor parameters, and demographic data of patients had shown statistical significance in univariate analysis. However, when all these significant factors in the univariate analysis were further analyzed by stepwise multivariate regression analysis which revealed that only age less than 60, non-symptomatic cases, AFP less than 400, no PV thrombosis, no portal HTN, no ascites, no metastasis and potentially curative therapy were prognostic factors for the overall survival. Conclusion: Among all detected prognostic factors, only, management therapy is modifiable, other factors are non-modifiable. Thus, for HCC, the earlier the diagnosis and intervention, the better is the prognosis and outcome. Therefore, US screening and follow-up of high-risk groups are a must for early diagnose and better outcome.
Societal perspectives on community pharmacy services in West Bank-Palestine
Khdour,Maher R.; Hallak,Hussein O.;
Pharmacy Practice (Internet) , 2012, DOI: 10.4321/S1886-36552012000100004
Abstract: understanding the public's view of professional competency is extremely important; however little has been reported on the public′s perception of community pharmacists in palestine objectives: to determine the perception of palestinian consumers of the community pharmacist and the services they offer method: this project used the survey methodology administered by structured interviews to consumers who attended the 39 randomly selected pharmacies, in six main cities in palestine. the questionnaire had range of structured questions covering: consumers′ patronage patterns, consumers′ interaction with community pharmacists, consumers′ views on how the pharmacist dealt with personal health issues, procedure with regard to handling private consultations. results: of 1,017 consumers approached, 790 consumers completed the questionnaire (77.7 %). proximity to home and presence of knowledgeable pharmacist were the main reasons for patients to visit the same pharmacy. physicians were identified as the preferred source of advice by 57.2% and pharmacists by 23.8%. only 17% of respondents considered pharmacists as health professionals who know a lot about drugs and are concerned about and committed to caring for the public. in addition, 49% indicated that pharmacists spoke more quietly cross the counter during counseling and almost one third reported that the pharmacist used a private area within the pharmacy. the majority of respondents would be happy to receive different extended services in the community pharmacy like blood pressure monitoring. conclusions: palestinian consumers have a positive overall perception of community pharmacists and the services they offer. awareness should be created amongst the public about the role of pharmacist and the added value they can provide as health care professional. there is a need to consider privacy when giving patient counseling to increase user satisfaction.
Ground states of a system of interacting particles in a parabolic trap
M. S. Hussein,O. K. Vorov
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1016/S0921-4526(01)01181-4
Abstract: Within the "lowest Landau level approximation", we develop a method to find the ground state of a 2d system of interacting particles confined by a parabolic potential.
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