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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 96356 matches for " Hung-Yu Lin "
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Paging and Location Management in IEEE 802.16j Multihop Relay Network
Kuan-Po Lin,Hung-Yu Wei
Journal of Computer Networks and Communications , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/916569
Abstract: IEEE 802.16j is an emerging wireless broadband networking standard that integrates infrastructure base stations with multihop relay technology. Based on the idle mode operation in IEEE 802.16j, we propose a novel location management and paging scheme. It integrates the paging area-based and the timer-based location update mechanism. In paging area-based scheme, an idle mode mobile station updates when it moves to a new paging area. In timer-based scheme, an idle mode MS updates when the location update timer expires. In this work, we formulate the mathematical model to evaluate the performance of the proposed paging scheme. A new random walk mobility model that is suitable for modeling in multihop relay network is created. Optimization of location update timer is also investigated.
Environmental Dependence of Galaxy Merger Rate in ΛCDM Universe
Hung-Yu Jian,Lihwai Lin,Tzihong Chiueh
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/754/1/26
Abstract: We make use of four galaxy catalogs based on four different semi-analytical models (SAMs) implemented in the Millennium simulation to study the environmental effects and the model dependence of galaxy merger rate. We begin the analyses by finding that galaxy merger rate in the SAMs has mild redshift evolution, consistent with results of previous works. To study the environmental dependence of galaxy merger rate, we adopt two estimators, the local overdensity (1+{\delta}n) defined as the surface density from the nth-nearest-neighbor (n = 6 is chosen in this study) and the host halo mass Mh. We find that galaxy merger rate Fmg shows strong dependence on the local overdensity (1+{\delta}n) and the dependence is similar at all redshifts. For the overdensity estimator, the merger rate Fmg is found about twenty times larger in the densest regions than in under-dense ones in two of the four models while it is roughly four times higher in the other two. In other words, the discrepancies of the merger rate difference between two extremes can differ by a factor of ~ five depending on the SAMs adopted. On the other hand for the halo mass estimator, Fmg does not monotonically increase with the host halo mass Mh, but peaks in the $M_h$ range between 10^12 and 10^13 h-1 M{\Theta}, which corresponds to group environments. High merger rate in high local density regions corresponds primarily to the high merge rate in group environments......
A Novel Instrumentation Circuit for Electrochemical Measurements
Li-Te Yin,Hung-Yu Wang,Yang-Chiuan Lin,Wen-Chung Huang
Sensors , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/s120709687
Abstract: In this paper, a novel signal processing circuit which can be used for the measurement of H+ ion and urea concentration is presented. A potentiometric method is used to detect the concentrations of H+ ions and urea by using H+ ion-selective electrodes and urea electrodes, respectively. The experimental data shows that this measuring structure has a linear pH response for the concentration range within pH 2 and 12, and the dynamic range for urea concentration measurement is in the range of 0.25 to 64 mg/dL. The designed instrumentation circuit possesses a calibration function and it can be applied to different sensing electrodes for electrochemical analysis. It possesses the advantageous properties of being multi-purpose, easy calibration and low cost.
Rapid phase-modulated water-excitation steady-state free precession for fat-suppressed cine cardiovascular MR
Hung-Yu Lin, Subha V Raman, Yiu-Cho Chung, Orlando P Simonetti
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1532-429x-10-22
Abstract: Three different water-excitation pulses were combined with cine-SSFP for evaluation. The frequency response of each sequence was simulated and examined in phantom imaging studies. The ratio of fat to water signal amplitude was measured in phantoms to evaluate the fat-suppression capabilities of each method. Six volunteers underwent CMR of the heart at 1.5T to compare retrospectively-gated cine-SSFP with and without water-excitation. The ratio of fat to myocardium signal amplitude was measured for conventional cine-SSFP and phase-modulated WE-SSFP. The proposed WE-SSFP method was tested in one patient referred for CMR to characterize a cardiac mass.The measured frequency response in a phantom corresponded to the numerical Bloch equation simulation demonstrating the widened stop-band around the fat resonant frequency for all water-excitation pulses tested. In vivo measurements demonstrated that a rapid, phase-modulated water-excitation pulse significantly reduced the signal amplitude ratio of fat to myocardium from 6.92 ± 2.9 to 0.8 ± 0.13 (mean ± SD) without inducing any perceptible artifacts in SSFP cine CMR.fat-suppression can be achieved in SSFP cine CMR while maintaining steady-state equilibrium using rapid, phase modulated, binomial water-excitation pulses.Suppression of bright fat signal is important in a variety of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) applications to characterize lesions, suppress chemical shift and motion artifacts, and distinguish fluid or tumor from adipose tissue. Numerous techniques such as chemical shift selective pre-saturation (CHESS) [1,2], short tau inversion recovery (STIR) [3,4], and the multi-point Dixon method [5] have been developed to provide suppression of signal from normal adipose tissue. These techniques all have limited success when applied to steady-state free precession (SSFP) imaging as they disturb the steady-state equilibrium and/or prolong repetition time (TR) and acquisition time. A number of recent articles desc
Consumer Confidence and Stock Markets: The Panel Causality Evidence
Chih-Chiang Hsu,Hung-Yu Lin,Jyun-Yi Wu
International Journal of Economics and Finance , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijef.v3n6p91
Abstract: This paper uses a panel of country-level data to investigate the causal relationship between the consumer confidence index (CCI) and the stock market index (SMI). We apply the common correlated effects mean group (CCEMG) estimation of Pesaran (2006) to capture the cross-sectional dependence of our variables before examining this causal relationship. In the panel data analysis, we discover the two-way causality between the CCI and SMI. One of the ways is where stock returns Granger-cause the changes in the CCI. According to the information view of the CCI, this result is due to consumers regarding the stock returns as being the leading indicators of the future situation, regardless of whether they own the stocks or not. On the other hand, the changes in the CCI also Granger-cause the stock returns, the reason for this being attributable to the animal spirits view of consumers. When consumers believe in their own opinions, they will at the same time have strong confidence in and an optimistic attitude toward the future economic situation. Based on these conditions, consumers will invest more in the stock market.
TP53 codon 72 Gene Polymorphism Paradox in Associated with Various Carcinoma Incidences, Invasiveness and Chemotherapy Responses
Hung-Yu Lin,Chun-Hsiung Huang,Wen-Jen Wu,Li-Ching Chang
International Journal of Biomedical Science , 2008,
Abstract: TP53 is the most common mutated gene in human cancers. Approximately half of all human malignancies exhibit TP53 mutations. The TP53 codon 72 polymorphism is a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in exon 4, resulting in the expression of either arginine (CGC) or proline (CCC) residues. In this article, we review literatures published in MEDLINE, and attempt to describe how these two polymorphic variants of TP53 are functionally distinct, and how they influence cancer vulnerability and response to chemotherapy. The Arg72 variant has been shown to be more likely to induce apoptosis than the Pro72 variant, due to its ability to localize itself to mitochondria and trigger the release of cytochrome c into the cytosol. However, but the influence of the PT53 codon 72 polymorphism on the risk of developing various cancers, and their progression remains inconclusive because there has been no sustained evidence supporting a crucial role for the codon 72 variant in cancer therapy till now. We hypothesize that TP53 might not only be involved in cell cycle control and the apoptosis induction response to DNA damage, but may also modulate individual cancer risk, and that this may correlate with the biofunctions of the two codon 72 variants. Additionally, latent factors might function synergistically with codon 72 variants to confer susceptibility to cancer development, progression, prognosis, and therapeutic responsiveness. Further etiological investigations are essential to reveal the association of and interaction between genetic and environmental factors in relation to carcinogenesis.
Tree-Based Matched RFID Yoking Making It More Practical and Efficient
Hung-Yu Chien
International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security , 2009,
Abstract: A Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) yoking proof allows an off-line verifier to make sure whether two tags are simultaneously present. Due to off-line property, a reader cannot differentiate valid from invalid proof records when it probes tags, and would generate lots of useless data. This paper proposes a tree-based matched RFID yoking scheme which enhances the cost of identification from O(log N) to O(1), where N is the number of tags, and allows the reader to collect only those matched tags such that it significantly reduces useless data for the verifier to validate off-line.
What factors affect physicians’ decisions to use an e-health care system?  [PDF]
Hung-Yu Yan, Ming-Jye Wang
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.411156
Abstract: Prior studies have not explored physician’s attitudes toward, and behavior and willingness to accept an e-health care system. However, physicians can induce demand for their services. The development of the high-tech asthma care mobile service (ACMS) in Taiwan provided a means of exploring key factors in a physician’s choice of using an ACMS. The study was based on the technology acceptance model (TAM) and integrated “subjective norm,” “innovativeness,” and “managerial support” to understand and predict physicians’ attitudes and behavioral intentions toward adopting high-tech healthcare systems such as the ACMS. Of 700 questionnaires distributed to physicians with experience using ACMS, 504 completed returns were received (a 72% response rate). The data were analyzed using the structural equation modeling (SEM) method. The results of the study showed that the model selected to explain and predict utilization of the ACMS had high explanatory power and was a good-fit model. The most critical factor that affected behavioral intentions related to ACMS was user attitude, followed by perceived usefulness, managerial support, subjective norm, perceived ease of use, and innovativeness.
Subcellular Distribution of Cadmium in Two Paddy Rice Varieties with Different Cooking Methods  [PDF]
Bo-Ching Chen, Hung-Yu Lai
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/as.2016.76040
Abstract: Cadmium (Cd) is a non-essential element that is highly mobile within organisms where, following plant uptake, subcellular distribution plays an important role in plant tolerance and detoxification. Cd uptake and subcellular distribution were studied in two paddy rice varieties (Japonica and Indica) hydroponically cultivated in Cd-containing solutions. Japonica rice grains containing Cd were also collected from a Cd-contaminated site and subjected to various cooking treatments (boiled, stir-fried, steamed, and control) to determine the influence of cooking method on the subcellular distribution of Cd. Cd treatment inhibited both shoot height and root length, especially in Japonica, where for the same Cd treatment, Japonica accumulated more Cd in roots and shoots than Indica. Most of the accumulated Cd (92% - 99%) was bound to the cell wall and vacuoles, and decreased in the order: soluble fraction (Fs) > cell wall fraction (Fcw) > organelle fraction (Fco). Subcellular Cd concentrations in rice grains were significantly affected by cooking treatment. The proportion of trophically available Cd decreased with increase in cooking duration and temperature, indicating that consuming steamed and stir-fried rice had a lower Cd exposure risk than consuming boiled rice.
Hardware Design of Moving Object Detection on Reconfigurable System  [PDF]
Hung-Yu Chen, Yuan-Kai Wang
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2016.410004
Abstract: Moving object detection including background subtraction and morphological processing is a critical research topic for video surveillance because of its high computational loading and power consumption. This paper proposes a hardware design to accelerate the computation of background subtraction with low power consumption. A real-time background subtraction method is designed with a frame-buffer scheme and function partition to improve throughput, and implemented using Verilog HDL on FPGA. The design parallelizes the computations of background update and subtraction with a seven-stage pipeline. A stripe-based morphological processing and accounting for the completion of detected objects is devised. Simulation results for videos of VGA resolutions on a low-end FPGA device show 368 fps throughput for only the real-time background subtraction module, and 51 fps for the whole system, including off-chip memory access. Real-time efficiency with low power consumption and low resource utilization is thus demonstrated.
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