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Prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria and associated risk factors among antenatal women attending a tertiary care hospital
Humera Qudsia Fatima Ansari,Aruna Rajkumari
Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) is the commonest bacterial infec-tion which requires medical treatment in pregnancy. Untreated ASB in 25-30% of can cases lead to pyelonephritis which may lead to increased risk of abortions, intrauterine fetal deaths, prematurity and low birth weight. A cross-sectional study was conducted at Gandhi Hospital over a period of ten months with 125 asymptomatic pregnant women in the age group of 15-35 years. The objectives of the study were to determine prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria, to identify its risk factors and to compare the screening methods. Of the 125 pregnant women, significant bacteriuria was seen in 21 (16%). The prevalence of bacteriuria showed a rise with increasing maternal age and increasing gestational period. Anemics and hypertensives were at greater risk. The most common isolates were Klebsiella pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus (28% each). Culture proved to be the gold standard for diagnosis. Catalase and Nitrate reduction tests were used as screening methods with a sensitivity of 90.48% and 71.43% respectively. Multiple drug resistance was observed in Gram-positive and Gram-negative isolates. Routine screening for asymptomatic bacteriuria is therefore recommended throughout pregnancy to avoid adverse fetal and maternal outcomes.
Effect of Underground Saline Water of the UAE on Sed Germination, Seedling Growth and Chemical Constitutents of Prosopis tamarugo
Fatima M. Al-Ansari
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2002,
Abstract: Underground saline water can constrain agricultural and horticultural production through impairment of germination and early growth of seedlings. Effects of salinity were investigated in legume salt tolerant prosopis tamarugo at germination and early seeding stages. Seeds were treated during germination with either distilled water or one of six concentrations. The results showed that high salt concentrations (50%, 75% and 100% of underground saline water) had significant effects on germination percentage and seeding characteristics, while low concentrations (6.25% and 12.5%) tended to have promotive effect. The best results were obtained by using 25% of saline water. Quantitative variations in protein, carbohydrate, lipids, photosynthetic pigments and oxygen uptake were determined.
Variability studies in Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) in Chhattisgarh plains
Sabeena Fatima Ansari, Nandan Mehta, Sajid Ansari and J. P. Gavel
Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding , 2011,
Abstract: Mean performance and genetic variability parameters were estimated in 7 parents and twenty one hybrids of brinjal derivedfrom seven diallel cross combinations to identify suitable parents and F1s for brinjal cultivation.. The study revealed that highlysignificant differences were observed for most of the traits. Mean performance showed that IBWL recorded highest fruit yield of1004 g per plant followed by PPC (974g), GL (931g), MK (918g) and PPR (872g) whereas, in F1, PPC x PPR registered a fruityield of 1347 g per plant followed by WBPF x PPR (1317 g), IBWL x PPR (1293g), IBWL x PPC, PPL x PPR (1287g), WBPFx PPC (1282g), IBWL x WBPF and PPL x PPC (1274g). The moderate estimates of Genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV)and Phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV) were observed for number of fruits per cluster, average fruit weight, total numberof fruits per plant, fruit length. Maximum Genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) & Phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV)were observed for number of flowers per inflorescence, number of fruits per picking and fruit girth, indicating that selection canbe predicted to improve the brinjal genotypes for these characters. The highest estimates of heritability coupled with high geneticadvance estimated for the average fruit weight and number of fruits per plant showed effectiveness of simple selection forimprovement of these characters
Superior and Inferior Gastric Pouch Dilatation Post-Sleeve Surgery: Does Revision Work? A Systematic Review and Case Reports  [PDF]
Khalid Al Khalifa, Fatima AlSaad, Budoor Al Musaifer, Anwar Al-Mansoor, Ahmed Al Ansari
Surgical Science (SS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2014.511076
Abstract: Longitudinal sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become an acceptable option in the management of morbidly obese patients. Complications in the form of pouch dilatation may occur in post-sleeve surgery. However, revision sleeve gastrectomy procedures are effective in correcting such complications. The aim of this study was to systematically review all published cases that reported revision surgeries following the initial sleeve gastrectomy complicated by pouch dilatation. In addition, we are presenting two cases reported from our military/teaching hospital. A systematic literature search was conducted from English-language studies published from 2000 to 2014 from the following databases: PubMed, CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Clinical evidence, Dara, Scopus, Web of Sciences, TRIP, Health Technology Database, Cochrane library, and Psych INFO. A total of 5340 articles were identified in the initial search and 5339 articles were excluded based on the exclusion criteria. Only one case study met the inclusion criteria for this systematic review, involving two patients. Also, we are reporting two cases with revision surgery performed for pouch dilatation post-sleeve surgery from our teaching hospital. There was only one study that reported revision surgery as a management of gastric pouch dilatation post-sleeve surgery. Authors believe that the incidence of revision surgery for the management of pouch dilatation post-sleeve surgery is higher but underreported. This assumption may be valuable, especially because some surgeons consider pouch dilatation post-sleeve surgery a complication that arises due to surgical technique rather than the procedure itself; therefore, it is unreported.
Sesamol: A Natural Phenolic Compound with Promising Anticandidal Potential
Moiz A. Ansari,Zeeshan Fatima,Saif Hameed
Journal of Pathogens , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/895193
Abstract: We investigated the antifungal effects of sesamol (Ses), a natural phenolic compound, and exemplified that it could be mediated through disruption of calcineurin signaling pathway in C. albicans, a human fungal pathogen. The repertoire of antifungal activity not only was limited to C. albicans and its six clinical isolates tested but also was against non-albicans species of Candida. Interestingly, the antifungal effect of Ses affects neither the MDR efflux transporter activity nor passive diffusion of drug. We found that C. albicans treated with Ses copies the phenotype displayed by cells having defect in calcineurin signaling leading to sensitivity against alkaline pH, ionic, membrane, salinity, endoplasmic reticulum, and serum stresses but remained resistant to thermal stress. Furthermore, the ergosterol levels were significantly decreased by 63% confirming membrane perturbations in response to Ses as also visualized through transmission electron micrographs. Despite the fact that Ses treatment mimics the phenotype of compromised calcineurin signaling, it was independent of cell wall integrity pathway as revealed by spot assays and the scanning electron micrographs. Taken together, the data procured from this study clearly ascertains that Ses is an effectual antifungal agent that could be competently employed in treating Candida infections. 1. Introduction Candida albicans, an opportunistic human fungal pathogen, is the most common cause of the invasive fungal diseases [1]. It resides normally within the host body but during the immunosuppressed or immunocompromised conditions like AIDS, cancer, and organ transplant; it can cause several diseases such as oral thrush, vulvovaginitis, esophagitis, and cutaneous infections. It is also among the most common causative agents for nosocomial infections in patients who have undergone surgery or organ transplantation, have diabetes, and take excessive antibiotics and are neutropenic [2, 3]. Some of the most common isolates from candidiasis and candidemia are C. albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida krusei, Candida tropicalis, and Candida parapsilosis [4]. Among all Candida species C. albicans is the most prominent causative agent of the diseases [5]. Due to daily augmentation in cases of the patients suffering from the diseases caused by Candida species, it has become unavoidable to find the cure for this evader. Present treatment regime includes several classes of antifungal which are in use to treat the infection caused by the fungal pathogens. For instance azoles, polyenes and allylamines target ergosterol
Coelomocytes: Biology and Possible Immune Functions in Invertebrates with Special Remarks on Nematodes
Qudsia Tahseen
International Journal of Zoology , 2009, DOI: 10.1155/2009/218197
Abstract: All metazoans are exposed to a wide range of microbes and have evolved complex immune defenses used to repel infectious agents. Coelomocytes play a key role in the defense reactions of most invertebrates. They are involved in important immune functions, such as phagocytosis, encapsulation, graft rejection, and inflammation, as well as the synthesis and secretion of several humoral factors especially in annelids and echinoderms. Coelomocytes in nematodes are variable in shapes from round, ovoid, cuboidal, and spindle-shaped to stellate or branched cells that are found usually at fixed positions in the pseudocoelom. Their number usually varies from 2 to 6. The model nematode, C. elegans lacks an adaptive immune system and the coelomocytes are capable of endocytosis, but their involvement in phagocytosis of bacteria seems unlikely. The aim of this review is to evaluate current knowledge on coelomocytes of invertebrates with special reference to nematodes. The morphology and structure of these coelomocytes are discussed along with their origin. Their relative positions and diversity in different nematode groups have also been discussed and illustrated.
Impact of Intimate Partner Violence on Self Esteem of Women in Pakistan
Qudsia Tariq
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.11634/232907811301271
Abstract: The aim of this research was to investigate the impact of intimate partner on the self esteem of women .Since this was a very sensitive area henceforth the triangulation method was used for in-depth study A purposeful sampling was applied after the screening of the participants with the help of HITS (Kevin) The sample included 118 abused women and 98 of them were not abused. The instruments were translated into the native language to commune well with the participants. Both the scales i.e. HITS (Kevin), and Rosenberg self-esteem scales, were translated. The Qualitative Findings suggest that factors like economic dependence, insecurity social pressures, were the general themes concluded from the transcripts for the low self esteem of an abused women .The Quantitative data analysis indicated that the self esteem of the psychologically and physically abused was more shattered then the not abused women the t-test calculated and found to be significant as p <.05 There was one major limitation related to the size and representation from all the provinces to draw a clear view of the situation. This study can help in identifying the vulnerability level of women for future pathology and assist in developing a program for the rehabilitation of the victims by removing the barriers and helping them to cope well.
Study of Levy Stability in Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions  [PDF]
Waseem Bari, Muzamil A. Teli, Shamsul H. Thoker, Qudsia Gani
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2015.67095
Abstract: Multifractal analysis is carried out for the interactions of 4.5 A and 14.5 A GeV/c 28Si beams with emulsion, CNO and AgBr targets using the standard method of Gq moments. The Rényi dimensions Dq are evaluated and the results on self-similar multifractal spectra are presented. The variation of Dq with q is looked into and the findings reveal that the behaviour is in consistency with the multifractal characteristic of the multiplicity distributions in the various interactions studied. The self-similar multifractal spectra are found to be concave downwards with maximum at αq = 0. Further, Lévy stability analysis is carried out for these interactions. The Lévy stability index μ extracted from multifractal spectrum is found to lie in the range [0, 2] in agreement with the Lévy stability theory.
Factors influencing the opinion of individuals in determining tumour spread after biopsy
Tayyaba Z Ansari, Adnan A Zaidi, Asra Parekh, Owais Iqbal, Nehal Masood, Ahmed Mateen, Tehseen Fatima
BMC Research Notes , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1756-0500-4-548
Abstract: The survey was conducted in outpatient areas of two different tertiary care hospitals of Karachi namely Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi (AKUH) and Karachi Institute of Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine (KIRAN). We interviewed 600 individuals and documented their responses on a questionnaire. There were 400 responders from Aga Khan's Consulting Clinic and 100 each from Aga Khan's Oncology Clinic and KIRAN.Only 50% of the respondents chose biopsy as the best test for diagnosis of cancer. The level of education was statistically significant in making this choice of answer (p = 0.02) only in univariate analysis. Those individuals who were involved in the work up of cancer patients irrespective of their educational status gave more intelligent answers (p = 0.003). The tumour disturbance after biopsy was regarded as a major factor among 127 respondents (53%) who believed that biopsy could lead to spread of tumour.Our study revealed that awareness regarding cancer diagnosis and biopsy is lacking among general public and it does not co-relate well with the level of formal education. These misconception and taboos need to be addressed in public seminars and in the media in order to increase the awareness which could facilitate prompt diagnosis.Cancer is one of the leading causes of deaths around the world. Tissue biopsy is essential for the diagnosis and hence the treatment of cancer [1]. Biopsy triggers the same fear among individuals as the diagnosis of cancer itself. It had been a common observation in oncology clinic that people express their fears for biopsy considering it would lead to spread of the suspected tumour [2]. The data regarding this perception is scanty but there was one study which addressed the racial differences regarding the belief that cancer spread after lung surgery [3]. This belief was prevalent in African race and the exposure to air during surgery was considered a factor leading to spread of the tumour [3]. There has been extensive evidence i
Thermodynamic Study of Trace Metal Complexes with Hydroxamate Drug of Iron overload.
Fouzia S. Rehmani,Qudsia Kausar
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 1999,
Abstract: The potentiometer data at different tempratures for hydroxamate drug and its trace metal complexes such as Al(III), Cr(III), Fe(III), Mn (II), Ca(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), Cu(II), Mg(II), Ni(II) and Co(II) were analysed by computer program "BEST". The values of these complexes at different tempratures were used to calculate the entropy and enthalpy values of complexes. The values of result showed that tripositive ions such as Fe(III), Al(III) and Cr(III) have high thermodynamic stability. Among dipositive ions Cu(II), have high values which are close to Fe(III), hence this drug has potential to disturb the equilibrium of Cu(II) as well.
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