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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 30039 matches for " Hui Gong "
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Recent Developments in Option Pricing  [PDF]
Hui Gong, Aerambamoorthy Thavaneswaran, You Liang
Journal of Mathematical Finance (JMF) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jmf.2011.13009
Abstract: In this paper, we investigate recent developments in option pricing based on Black-Scholes processes, pure jump processes, jump diffusion process, and stochastic volatility processes. Results on Black-Scholes model with GARCH volatility (Gong, Thavaneswaran and Singh [1]) and Black-Scholes model with stochastic volatility (Gong, Thavaneswaran and Singh [2]) are studied. Also, recent results on option pricing for jump diffusion processes, partial differential equation (PDE) method together with FFT (fast Fourier transform) approximations of Pillay and O’ Hara [3] and a recently proposed method based on moments of truncated lognormal distribution (Thavaneswaran and Singh [4]) are also discussed in some detail.
Research on Error Analysis and Correction Technique of Atmospheric Refraction for InSAR Measurement with Distributed Satellites  [PDF]
Guojun Hu, Li Zhang, Gang Li, Hui Gong, Jinchun Qin
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2016.415014
SAR interferometry with distributed satellites is a technique based on the exploitation of the interference pattern of two SAR images acquired synchronously. The interferogram contains geometric, atmospheric, topographic and land defomation. This paper focuses on atmospheric effects on SAR interferometry, which shows theoretically that the relationship among ionosphere TEC and troposphere parameters such as temperature, relative humitdity and pressure with respect to slant rang changes. An atmospheric correction method is given in the end.
Extreme climate events over northern China during the last 50 years

HAN Hui,GONG Daoyi,

地理学报 , 2003,
Abstract: Climate extremes for agriculture-pasture transitional zone, northern China, are analyzed on the basis of daily mean temperature and precipitation observations for 31 stations in the period 1956-2001. Analysis season for precipitation is May-September, i.e., the rainy season. For temperature is the hottest three months, i.e., June through August. Heavy rain events, defined as those with daily precipitation equal to or larger than 50 mm, show no significant secular trend. A jump-like change, however, is found occurring in about 1980. For the period 1980-1993, the frequency of heavy rain events is significantly lower than the previous periods. Simultaneously, the occurring time of heavy rains expanded, commencing about one month early and ending one month later. Long dry spells are defined as those with longer than 10 days without rainfall. The frequency of long dry spells displays a significant (at the 99% confidence level) trend at the value of +8.3%/10a. That may be one of the major causes of the frequent droughts emerging over northern China during the last decades. Extremely hot and low temperature events are defined as the uppermost 10% daily temperatures and the lowest 10% daily temperatures, respectively. There is a weak and non-significant upward trend in frequency of extremely high temperatures from the 1950s to the mid-1990s. But the number of hot events increases as much as twice since 1997. That coincides well with the sudden rise in mean summer temperature for the same period. Contrary to that, the frequency of low temperature events have been decreasing steadily since the 1950s, with a significant linear trend of -15%/10a.
Ascorbic Acid Enhances the Accumulation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Roots of Tall Fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.)
Yanzheng Gao, Hui Li, Shuaishuai Gong
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0050467
Abstract: Plant contamination by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is crucial to food safety and human health. Enzyme inhibitors are commonly utilized in agriculture to control plant metabolism of organic components. This study revealed that the enzyme inhibitor ascorbic acid (AA) significantly reduced the activities of peroxidase (POD) and polyphenol oxidase (PPO), thus enhancing the potential risks of PAH contamination in tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.). POD and PPO enzymes in vitro effectively decomposed naphthalene (NAP), phenanthrene (PHE) and anthracene (ANT). The presence of AA reduced POD and PPO activities in plants, and thus was likely responsible for enhanced PAH accumulation in tall fescue. This conclusion is supported by the significantly enhanced uptake of PHE in plants in the presence of AA, and the positive correlation between enzyme inhibition efficiencies and the rates of metabolism of PHE in tall fescue roots. This study provides a new perspective, that the common application of enzyme inhibitors in agricultural production could increase the accumulation of organic contaminants in plants, hence enhancing risks to food safety and quality.
Broadband antireflection coatings deposited by magnetron sputtering
Mingli Wang,Hui Gong,Zhengxiu Fan
Chinese Science Bulletin , 1997, DOI: 10.1007/BF02882569
Abstract: With the quartz crystal monitor of film thickness and suitably designed film structures, films of less than 0.2% reflectivity in visible region can be obtained.
Radix Polygoni Multiflori Praeparata and Dioscorea Bulbifera Rhizome Decoctions Display Combined Effects Detected by a Three-Probe Drug Cocktail with Substrates of Rat Hepatic Cytochrome P450 Enzymes  [PDF]
Li Jiang, Pingping Shan, Hui Yu, Jiayuan Tao, Chunyan Gong, Guoqing Shen
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2014.57083

Objectives: Radix Polygoni Multiflori Praeparata (RPMP) and Dioscorea Bulbifera Rhizomes (DBR) are used in Chinese herbal medicine and have been frequently reported for adverse reactions on liver. In this research, we aimed to evaluate in vivo effects of RPMP and DBR on rat cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYP1A2, CYP2E1 and CYP3A2) with their respective substrates as probes. Methods: Rats were orally administered RPMP, DBR and RPMP/DBR combination at 12, 10 and (12 + 10) g/kg, respectively, or saline as a control, once daily for 7 days. Thereafter, a cocktail containing 10 mg/kg caffeine, 20 mg/kg chlorzoxazone and 10 mg/kg dapsone was tail vein injected to rats. At defined time points, plasma drug concentrations were simultaneously evaluated by HPLC. Pharmacokinetic parameters simulated by DAS software were used to assess RPMP and/or DBR effects on cytochrome P450 enzymes activity. ANOVA and Dunnett’s test were used for data analysis. Results: Caffeine metabolism was enhanced in RPMP animals and reduced after pretreatment with DBR, but no effect was observed in RPMP/DBR combination group. Chlorzoxazone and dapsone metabolism was enhanced in both RPMP and DBR groups and consequently in combination group. The data suggested that RPMP independently induces rat CYP1A2, CYP2E1 and CYP3A2 activity, while DBR independently inhibits activity of rat CYP1A2 and induces that of CYP2E1 and CYP3A2. RPMP/DBR combination showed no significant benefit compared with the two drugs alone and even showed a neutralized effect in CYP1A2 activity. Conclusions: Caution is needed when RPMP and/or DBR are co-administered with drugs metabolized by human CYP1A2, CYP2E1 and CYP3A4.

Three-terminal triple-quantum-dot ring as a charge and spin current rectifier
Weijiang Gong,Hui Li,Guozhu Wei
Physics , 2010,
Abstract: Electronic transport through a triple-quantum-dot ring with three terminals is theoretically studied. By introducing local Rashba spin-orbit interaction on an individual quantum dot, we find that the spin bias in one terminal drives apparent charge currents in the other terminals, accompanied by the similar amplitude and opposite directions of them. Meanwhile, it shows that the characteristics of the spin currents induced by the spin bias are notable. When a magnetic flux is applied through this ring, we see its nontrivial role in the manipulation of the charge and spin currents. With the obtained results, we propose this structure to be a prototype of a charge and spin current rectifier.
Design of a Novel Semi-Automatic Coconut Tree Climbing Device  [PDF]
Yongfeng Liu, Jie Gong, Yanyun Lin, Fan Zhang, Hui Huang, Wen Xia, Yijun Liu, Yunfei Fu
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2018.63B002
The aim of this study is to present a novel semi-automatic coconut tree climbing device and validate its strength based on actual working conditions. Firstly, the structural composition and operational principal of this device is introduced. After that, the finite element model of this device is established with CATIA. Finally, the strength analysis is executed by means of CATIA. In this study, the equivalent stress, principal stress, and displacement contours are obtained. The simulation results show that the maximum stress of this device is below 355 MPa, which is the value of the yield strength. Therefore, this device is capable of satisfying practical application requirements.
Research on Solid Reconstruction from Engineering Drawings


软件学报 , 2008,
Abstract: Solid reconstruction from engineering drawings is one of the efficient technologies to product solid models,which has become one of the important research topics in both computer graphics and artificial intelligence. The problem of solid reconstruction from engineering drawings is introduced.The taxonomy for solid reconstruction techniques is presented with the typical algorithms reviewed.After comparing the application areas of the algorithms,the open research issues are analyzed.Finally,future work in the research field is also pointed out.
Hyaluronan Immobilized Polyurethane as a Blood Contacting Material
Feirong Gong,Yue Lu,Hui Guo,Shujun Cheng,Yun Gao
International Journal of Polymer Science , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/807935
Abstract: Hyaluronan (hyaluronic acid, HA) was immobilized onto the surface of amino-functionalized polyurethane films with the goal of obtaining a novel kind of biomaterial which had the potential in blood-contacting applications. The amino-functionalized polyurethane was prepared by synthesized acidic polyurethane whose pendant carboxyl groups were treated with an excess amount of 1,3-diaminopropane in the presence of N,N-carbonyldiimidazole (CDI). Attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), Raman spectroscopy (RS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and water contact angle measurement were used to confirm the surface changes at each step of treatment, both in morphologies and chemical compositions. APTT and PT results showed that HA immobilization could prolong the blood coagulation time, thus HA-immobilized polyurethane (PU-HA) exhibited improved blood compatibility. Cytotoxicity analysis showed that the PU-HA films synthesized in this study were cytocompatible and could support human vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) adhesion and proliferation. 1. Introduction Thermoplastic polyurethanes (PU) have been widely used for various biomedical applications due to their excellent mechanical properties and proper blood compatibility. Recently, much effort has been focused on polyurethanes as blood-contacting materials, such as cardiovascular biomaterials, hemodialysis blood line sets, central venous catheters (CVC), and IV bags [1, 2]. However, surface-induced thrombosis, protein fouling, and cytocompatibility have become the major drawbacks that hinder their further biomedical applications as blood-contacting materials. Surface modification is an effective approach to improve the blood compatibility, the size, shape, and mechanical properties of the original material maintained. Many studies have been performed on producing a blood-compatible surface by tailoring with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) [3, 4], heparin [5, 6], heparin-like [7–9], phospholipid polymer [10–13], hirudin [14], sulfobetaine [15, 16], and so on. Although many hydrogels or hydrophilized surfaces exhibit good blood compatibility, most of these are not truly antithrombogenic but only antithromboadhesive [17] as they curtail or inhibit platelets and blood cell adhesion rather than prolong the coagulation time. Hyaluronan (HA), a linear biopolymer naturally abundant in mammalian tissues, is composed of repeating units of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine and D-glucuronic acid, linked by -(1,4) and -(1,3) glycosidic junctions [18]. HA has been identified as a nontoxic,
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