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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 28645 matches for " Hu LL "
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Privacy protection for patients with substance use problems
Hu LL,Sparenborg S,Tai B
Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation , 2011,
Abstract: Lianne Lian Hu1, Steven Sparenborg2, Betty Tai21Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 2Center for the Clinical Trials Network, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MDAbstract: Many Americans with substance use problems will have opportunities to receive coordinated health care through the integration of primary care and specialty care for substance use disorders under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010. Sharing of patient health records among care providers is essential to realize the benefits of electronic health records. Health information exchange through meaningful use of electronic health records can improve health care safety, quality, and efficiency. Implementation of electronic health records and health information exchange presents great opportunities for health care integration, but also makes patient privacy potentially vulnerable. Privacy issues are paramount for patients with substance use problems. This paper discusses major differences between two federal privacy laws associated with health care for substance use disorders, identifies health care problems created by privacy policies, and describes potential solutions to these problems through technology innovation and policy improvement.Keywords: substance abuse, patient privacy, electronic health records, health information exchange
Emotional Reactions to Sounds without Meaning  [PDF]
Daniel V?stfj?ll
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.38091
Abstract: The present research examined the relationship between emotional reactions to sounds without meaning (tone and noise complexes) and objective sound descriptors. Two experiments showed that the core affect dimensions valence and activation were related to perceived loudness (intensity) and sharpness (perceived high frequency content), respectively. These results can be used as design criteria for emotion induction with sounds, implementation of emotional sounds in products, as well as in research on environmental noise perception.
Emotional Reactions to Tonal and Noise Components of Environmental Sounds  [PDF]
Daniel V?stfj?ll
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.412153
Abstract:

In the present study, a two-dimensional model of human emotional reactions is used to predict auditory perception. The models’ discriminant validity is tested in an experiment where one group of participants use a two-dimensional emotion measure to rate their reactions to sounds systematically varied in tone and noise spectral level content. Another group of participants rated the same sounds using a standard one-dimensional annoyance measure. The results showed that both the one- and two-dimensional measures discriminated between reactions to different sounds. Regression analyses showed that the two-dimensional measure tapped aspects of human experience not covered by the annoyance measure. In addition, it was shown that only modifications of the fundamental frequency and the overall noise spectral level, but not modifications of harmonics, had a marked effect on emotional reactions. The implications of these findings for both auditory emotion research and noise control engineering are discussed.

Heavy daily-rainfall characteristics over the Gauteng Province
LL Dyson
Water SA , 2009,
Abstract: Daily rainfall over the Gauteng Province, South Africa, was analysed for the summer months of October to March using 32-yr (1977 to 2009) daily rainfall data from about 70 South African Weather Service stations. The monthly and seasonal variation of heavy rainfall occurrences was also analysed. Three 24-h heavy rainfall classes are defined considering the area-average rainfall. A significant rainfall event is defined when the average rainfall exceeds 10 mm, a heavy rainfall event when the average rainfall exceeds 15 mm and a very heavy rainfall event when the average rainfall exceeds 25 mm. January months have the highest monthly average rainfall as well as the highest number of heavy and very heavy rainfall days. The month with the second-highest number of heavy and very heavy rainfall days is February followed by March and October. December has the second-highest monthly average rainfall and the most days with rain. However, it is also the month with the lowest number of heavy and very heavy rainfall days. The highest 24-h rainfall recorded at a single station during the 32-yr period was 300 mm in December 2006. However, rainfall exceeding 115 mm at a single rainfall station in the Gauteng Province is very rare and does not occur every year. January months receive these events more than any other month but this only transpires in approximately a third of years. The central and north-western parts of the Province experience the most events where the rainfall at a single station surpasses 75 and 115 mm. With regard to seasonal rainfall, the 1995/96 summer rainfall season had the highest seasonal rainfall during this 32-yr period followed by the 1999/2000 season. The 1995/96 season had above normal rainfall in both early and late summer but the 1999/2000 season was dry in early summer and very wet in late summer. Significantly high seasonal rainfall is associated with above-normal rainfall in late summer.
Heavy daily-rainfall characteristics over the Gauteng Province
LL Dyson
Water SA , 2009,
Abstract: Daily rainfall over the Gauteng Province, South Africa, was analysed for the summer months of October to March using 32-yr (1977 to 2009) daily rainfall data from about 70 South African Weather Service stations. The monthly and seasonal variation of heavy rainfall occurrences was also analysed. Three 24-h heavy rainfall classes are defined considering the area-average rainfall. A significant rainfall event is defined when the average rainfall exceeds 10 mm, a heavy rainfall event when the average rainfall exceeds 15 mm and a very heavy rainfall event when the average rainfall exceeds 25 mm. January months have the highest monthly average rainfall as well as the highest number of heavy and very heavy rainfall days. The month with the second-highest number of heavy and very heavy rainfall days is February followed by March and October. December has the second-highest monthly average rainfall and the most days with rain. However, it is also the month with the lowest number of heavy and very heavy rainfall days. The highest 24-h rainfall recorded at a single station during the 32-yr period was 300 mm in December 2006. However, rainfall exceeding 115 mm at a single rainfall station in the Gauteng Province is very rare and does not occur every year. January months receive these events more than any other month but this only transpires in approximately a third of years. The central and north-western parts of the Province experience the most events where the rainfall at a single station surpasses 75 and 115 mm. With regard to seasonal rainfall, the 1995/96 summer rainfall season had the highest seasonal rainfall during this 32-yr period followed by the 1999/2000 season. The 1995/96 season had above normal rainfall in both early and late summer but the 1999/2000 season was dry in early summer and very wet in late summer. Significantly high seasonal rainfall is associated with above-normal rainfall in late summer.
Connecting connections
Ll. Bel
Physics , 2008,
Abstract: As true as it is that a bricklayer needs a plumb line and a T-square, so it is that a physicist using general relativity needs how to draw geodesics and use fields of congruent vector frames of reference. While the first part of the preceding statement depends on the Christoffel connection and related metric and curvature concepts, the second part depends on the Weitzenb\"{o}ck connection and the concept of torsion. This dual structure has been considered before as a possibility of using either one of them to describe General relativity. We claim here that both structures have to be correlated to produce useful interpretations of any space-time model.
Asymptotic violation of Bell inequalities and distillability
Ll. Masanes
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.050503
Abstract: A multipartite quantum state violates a Bell inequality asymptotically if, after jointly processing by general local operations an arbitrarily large number of copies of it, the result violates the inequality. In the bipartite case we show that asymptotic violation of the CHSH-inequality is equivalent to distillability. Hence, bound entangled states do not violate it. In the multipartite case we consider the complete set of full-correlation Bell inequalities with two dichotomic observables per site, also called WWZB-inequalities. We show that asymptotic violation of any of these inequalities by a multipartite state implies that pure-state entanglement can be distilled from it, although the corresponding distillation protocol may require that some of the parties join into several groups. We also obtain the extreme points of the set of distributions generated by measuring $N$ quantum systems with two dichotomic observables per site. It is shown that when considering the violation of any Bell inequality after preprocessing, either deterministic LOCC or stochastic local operations (without communication) is enough.
Extremal quantum correlations for N parties with two dichotomic observables per site
Ll. Masanes
Physics , 2005,
Abstract: Consider a scenario where $N$ separated quantum systems are measured, each with one among two possible dichotomic observables. Assume that the $N$ events corresponding to the choice and performance of the measurement in each site are space-like separated. In the present paper, the correlations among the measurement outcomes that arise in this scenario are analyzed. It is shown that all extreme points of this convex set are attainable by measuring $N$-qubit pure-states with projective observables. This result allows the possibility of using known algorithms in order decide whether some correlations are achievable within quantum mechanics or not. It is also proven that if an $N$-partite state $\rho$ violates a given Bell inequality, then, $\rho$ can be transformed by stochastic local operations into an $N$-qubit state that violates the same Bell inequality by an equal or larger amount.
Static elastic deformations in general relativity
Ll. Bel
Physics , 1996,
Abstract: We present a new approach to the theory of static deformations of elastic test bodies in general relativity based on a generalization of the concept of frame of reference which we identify with the concept of quo-harmonic congruence. We argue on the basis of this new approach that weak gravitational plane waves do not couple to elastic bodies and therefore the latter, whatever their shape, are not suitable antennas to detect them.
Local cosmology of the solar system
Ll. Bel
Physics , 2010,
Abstract: A time-dependent model of space-time is used to describe the gravitational field of the sun. This model is a spherically symmetric approximate solution of Einstein's equations in vacuum. Near the sun it approximates one of the models derived from the Schwarzschild solution, while at large distances it becomes a milne's-like zero space-time curvature model. Two local cosmology free parameters provide simple descriptions for the secular increasing of the astronomical unit, as well as the "anomalous" radial acceleration of the Pioneer probe. We make also a comment about the possibility of deriving MOND's phenomenology from General relativity.
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