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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 10293 matches for " Household environmental hygiene "
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Household Environment and Maternal Health Among Rural Women of Northern Cross River State, Nigeria
David B. Ugal
E? : Revista de Humanidades Médicas & Estudios Sociales de la Ciencia y la Tecnología , 2010,
Abstract: Background: Despite policies and programmes designed to ensure safe motherhood, maternal morbidity and mortality rates have remained high in Nigeria. Household environment has been identified as crucial in maternal health; yet, little has been done to identify the environmental conditions that predispose women to morbidity and mortality in predominantly rural Northern Cross River State. This study investigated the role of household decision-making, domestic violence, access to and utilisation of maternal health facilities and socio-cultural practices that influence maternal health status. Methods: A sample of 823 respondents was drawn and used for the study. The study involved both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Twenty each of Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) and In-depth Interviews (IDIs) were conducted among women of different ages, traditional birth attendants and elders were key informants. Results: Household environment is significantly related to maternal health (χ2=15.8; P<0.05). The likelihood of better maternal health was significantly higher among households that used flush toilet than pit/latrine (OR=3.2; P<0.05), pipe-borne water than stream water (OR=5.0 P<0.05), electricity/gas for cooking than firewood (OR=8.9, P<0.05). Toilet facilities, water sources and cooking environment were poor among many women thereby exposing them to various infections. Socio-economic status of women played a significant role in maternal health (χ2=13.8; P<0.05). Ever married women had better health status than those that were single (χ2=10.0; P<0.05); women who had their first babies earlier than 20 years of age had poorer health status compared to those who had them later (χ2=14.9; P<0.05). However, maternal educational qualification showed no significant relationship with maternal health. Household sanitation and hygiene behaviour were significantly related to maternal health status (χ2=10.5; P<0.05; χ2=16.5; P<0.05).Conclusion: Maternal health is the result of cumulative effects of household environment, cultural practices, attitudes and behaviours. Improving the household environment and behaviour could improve maternal health. This could be achieved through improvement of health services and information in the rural communities.
La salud en la vivienda, enfoque alimentario-nutricional
Pérez Jiménez,Dianellys; Jiménez Acosta,Santa; Plasencia Concepción,Delia;
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiolog?-a , 2007,
Abstract: housing may favorably influence the restoring processes of health since home is the primary site of learning of knowledge, practices and attitudes in relation to food and nutrition. the united nations food and agriculture organization have paid great attention to household food security. at the international conference on nutrition held in rome in 1992 and at the world food summit held in 1996, a set of very specific strategies were adopted in household food security. high priority was given to food and nutrition in the field of health due to the increased morbidity burden associated to nutritional disorders. the aim of this paper was to provide some guidelines with respect to nutrition and also to reduce the risks of food and nutrition-related diseases.
Understanding the Linkages of Household Environmental Deprivation, Asset Index and Child Survival in India  [PDF]
Bidyadhar Dehury
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2013.37037
Abstract: Often the household environmental factors are combined with the household assets in explaining the economic differentials in population and health parameters of developing countries. Though the utility of wealth index (that combines household environment with assets) in explaining health and health care utilization is established, its utility as a proxy of economic measures is contested. In this paper we attempted to differentiate the role of household environmental factors and the household assets in explaining the infant mortality (IMR) and the under-five mortality (U5MR) in India. We hypothesize that there are no significant differences in IMR and U5MR among those households residing in poor household environmental condition and those who are poor in asset in India. We have used the data from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), 2005-06, India, a population based large scale representative survey. Bi-variate analyses, principal component analysis, life-table technique and hazard model are used in the analyses. Two composite indices namely, an asset index based on consumer durables of the households and household environmental deprivation index based on the household environmental factors are constructed. The indices are categorized as poor and non-poor based on the 50% of the median composite score. Result shows that the correlation coefficient of asset index and household environmental deprivation index is weak. Further, there are no significant differences of IMR and U5MR among households living in poor household environment and those are poor in asset cutting across the states. Results of cox-proportional hazard model indicate that the household environmental factors have significant impact on child survival. It calls for improving the household environmental conditions of the household in promoting child survival in India.
政府环境治理动力的测度研究—基于北京市政府生活垃圾处理的分析
Measurement Research on Government’s Environmental Governance—Based on the Analysis of Domestic Waste in Beijing
 [PDF]

郭贝贝, 王军霞
Service Science and Management (SSEM) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/SSEM.2013.24018
Abstract:

随着经济的发展和人口流动数量的增加,北京市生活垃圾产量日渐加大,这就亟需北京市政府采取更多的措施处理生活垃圾进而治理生活垃圾带来的环境污染。生活垃圾处理作为环境保护的一个重要方面,是政府应当承担的公共事务,政府作为公共事务治理的主体,应当秉持公共治理动机,保持公共治理动力,其中发挥主要作用。本文通过分析北京市政府近几年生活垃圾治理效果,以此来研究政府本身存在的治理动力在环境治理方面的影响以及如何增强政府的环境治理动力。
With the development of economy and the increase in the number of population mobility, the household garbage is increasing gradually in Beijing, which needs the government of Beijing to take more measurements to deal with domestic waste and to manage its pollution to the environment. As an important part of the environmental protection, the household garbage should be undertaken by the government as the government’s responsibility. Therefore, the government is supposed to take an important role in processing the household garbage. This paper aims to research the influence on the environmental management of the government’s motion and the methods how to promote government’s motion in environmental management.

Exploration of Environmental Management
Li Shushu,Li Ruilong,Chen Rui
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology , 2012,
Abstract: On the basis of domestic and international research, this article takes research on peasant household and agricultural managements as base points, aims to build environmental management model, establish government-led, an effective environmental management mechanism between the government and peasant household. Analyzes the role of peasant household’ environmental management in the regional environmental improvement from the aspect of theoretical analysis and analyze significant factors affecting peasant household voluntarily to improve the rural environment and the effective ways of rural environmental governance.
The Convergence of Household Consumption Expenditure Structure: Implications on Environmental Impact in Lithuania
Genovaite Liobikiene,Romualdas Juknys
Environmental Research, Engineering and Management , 2012, DOI: 10.5755/j01.erem.60.2.1198
Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine Lithuanian household consumption changes, their convergence within the EU-15 and implications for the environmental impact. During the period of 1995-2007 the household consumption in Lithuania rose up 2.7 times. Substantial growth of consumption expenditure was observed to luxuries such as recreation, culture, education, while the slowest growth - to necessities such as food and housing. During the analyzed period Lithuania converged towards the Old Member States by two thirds of the household consumption structure categories. Response of the most consumption categories considered as necessities (food, housing, etc.) to growth of the income was inelastic i.e. consumption in these categories grew up slower than the income. On the contrary, elastic response of consumption categories considered as luxuries (recreation and culture, miscellaneous goods and services, education) to the income increase was characteristic i.e. their consumption grew up faster than the income. Whereas, during the period of 1995-2007 the biggest growth of consumption was characteristic of both the consumption categories with lower environmental impact, referring to the EEA (2010) emission intensities calculation and the changes in consumption structure which decelerated an increase in emissions of greenhouse gases by 19 %, and acidifying compounds by 6 %. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.erem.60.2.1198
Giardia duodenalis infection: risk factors for children living in sub-standard settlements in Brazil
Teixeira, Júlio César;Heller, Léo;Barreto, Mauricio L.;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2007000600024
Abstract: the objective of the present study was to characterize giardia duodenalis infection among children living in sub-standard settlement areas in the municipality of juiz de fora, minas gerais state, brazil. the cross-sectional epidemiological study included 590 children from 1 to 5 years of age. data were collected from one child per selected family through home interviews with the parent or guardian and parasitological examination of stool samples. thirty-one putative risk factors concerning family structure, socioeconomic status, and environmental factors were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression. prevalence of g. duodenalis infection was 18% (106 children). four potential risk factors were heavily associated with g. duodenalis infection: number of under-five children in the same household, index child's birth order, existence of a bathroom in the home, and drinking water source.
Theoretical and Methodological Aspects of the Economic and Environmental Efficiency Valuation of Solid Household Waste Recycling Теоретико-методические аспекты оценки экономико-экологической эффективности рециклинга твердых бытовых отходов
Dovga Tatyana N.
Business Inform , 2013,
Abstract: The basic organizational and methodological problems of the economic and environmental efficiency valuation of solid household waste recycling that can arise in waste processing plants and complexes of Ukraine are investigated in the article. The urgency of implementing solid household waste recycling process was justified. The new approach to the classification of the economic and environmental efficiency valuation indicators of solid household waste recycling in Ukraine was proposed by the author. В статье исследованы основные организационно-методические проблемы оценки экономико-экологической эффективности рециклинга бытовых отходов, возникающих на мусороперерабатывающих заводах и комплексах Украины. Обоснована актуальность внедрения процесса рециклинга ТБО и предложено собственный подход к классификации показателей оценки эколого-экономической эффективности рециклинга бытовых отходов в Украине.
Fatores ambientais associados à desnutri??o infantil em áreas de invas?o, Juiz de Fora, MG
Teixeira, Júlio César;Heller, Léo;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2004000300005
Abstract: the aim of this study was to characterize the morbidity caused by chronic and acute malnutrition and to identify the factors related to such conditions, with special emphasis on environmental factors, in children from one to five years of age, living in areas occupied by homeless or landless people. a population-based cross-sectional study was carried out in areas taken by homeless or landless people in the region of juiz de fora, mg. the inclusion criterion for the sample was drawing one child per family. the sample included 659 children. data were gathered through household interviews. logistic regression models were used in order to identify disease-related factors. of the samples analyzed, 74 children (11.23%) were found to have chronic malnutrition and 40 (6.07%) of them were found to have acute malnutrition. chronic environmental factors related to malnutrition included: intermittent water supply (or = 2.44), poor quality child hygiene before feeding (or = 2.05), and dumping children's diapers with feces in the area around the house (or = 2.60). no variables connected to sanitation or hygiene were found to be related to acute malnutrition in the study.
Can environmental income from wild medicinal plants contributes to annual household income: a case study from Makawanpur district in Nepal
M.K. HASAN,Paola GATTO,P.K. JHA
International Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants , 2013,
Abstract: This paper examines the environmental income comes from wild medicinal plant collection and selling, and how does it contributes to total annual household income. The study was carried out during March and April 2012 in Daman Village Development Committee (VDC) of Makawanpur district in Nepal. The data were collected through social science methods such as questionnaire survey, semi-structured interview, focus group discussion and participatory rural appraisal tools to achieve the objective. From the study it was found that many of the households in the study area rely on this resource as it is readily available. About 71% out of 82 households surveyed collected medicinal plants; 68% for own consumption, 24% (21 households) for selling and 8% for healing practice, respectively. The study shows that the villagers have income from collection and selling of medicinal plants where about 24% of the households were involved in the collection of such for selling purpose and this is a good support of their total annual household income. Therefore, the medicinal plants collection and selling was found to constitute an integrated part of household annual income, contributing from 8 to 35% (19% on average) to the total annual household income in the study area.
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