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Bruchid beetles such as Callosobruchus maculatus are known to the storage pests of grain legumes and cause tremendous damage. The main method to protect from them is chemical insecticides or fumigants. But, they would cause some problems such as environmental pollution, hazard to health. So, it is necessary to develop the grain legumes protection methods or systems using less chemical insecticides or fumigants from the perspective of integrated pest management (IPM). In this paper, I review the works of legumes grain protection methods without chemical insecticides or fumigants especially for the natural parasitoids, essential oils and other methods recently developed.
It is known that
acute or chronic heart failure can develop in patients with grave sleep apnea
syndrome (SAS), and known to have the social problem including an accident and
the decrease of the labor will. Several medical treatments are now available
for SAS. We considered problems of the treatment based on the practice
situation of our department about the present conditions and subsequent
treatment. The subjects consisted of 306 patients. We measured Epworth
Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and apnea hypopnea index (AHI) after polysomnography in
all patients at the first time and 6 months later. So, it was found that AHI
and ESS decreased when we could be treated in the SAS patients appropriately.
It was confirmed that the choice of the appropriate regimen was important.