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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 462 matches for " Hirokazu Kataza "
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Silica-Rich Bright Debris Disk around HD 15407A
Hideaki Fujiwara,Takashi Onaka,Takuya Yamashita,Daisuke Ishihara,Hirokazu Kataza,Misato Fukagawa,Yoichi Takeda,Hiroshi Murakami
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/749/2/L29
Abstract: We report an intriguing debris disk towards the F3V star HD 15407A, in which an extremely large amount of warm fine dust (~ 10^(-7) M_Earth) is detected. The dust temperature is derived as ~ 500-600 K and the location of the debris dust is estimated as 0.6-1.0 AU from the central star, a terrestrial planet region. The fractional luminosity of the debris disk is ~ 0.005, which is much larger than those predicted by steady-state models of the debris disk produced by planetesimal collisions. The mid-infrared spectrum obtained by Spitzer indicates the presence of abundant micron-sized silica dust, suggesting that the dust comes from the surface layer of differentiated large rocky bodies and might be trapped around the star.
A survey of T Tauri stars with AKARI toward the Taurus-Auriga region
Satoshi Takita,Hirokazu Kataza,Yoshimi Kitamura,Daisuke Ishihara,Yoshifusa Ita,Shinki Oyabu,Munetaka Ueno
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200913475
Abstract: Aims: We search new T Tauri star (TTS) candidates with the mid-infrared (MIR) part of the AKARI All-Sky Survey at 9 and 18 um wavelengths. Methods: We used the point source catalogue (PSC), obtained by the Infrared Camera (IRC) on board AKARI. We combined the 2MASS PSC and the 3rd version of the USNO CCD Astrograph Catalogue (UCAC) with the AKARI IRC-PSC, and surveyed 517 known TTSs over a 1800-square-degree part of the Taurus-Auriga region to find criteria to extract TTSs. We considered asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars, post-AGB stars, Planetary Nebulae (PNe), and galaxies, which have similar MIR colours, to separate TTSs from these sources. Results: Of the 517 known TTSs, we detected 133 sources with AKARI. Based on the colour-colour and colour-magnitude diagrams made from the AKARI, 2MASS, and UCAC surveys, we propose the criteria to extract TTS candidates from the AKARI All-Sky data. On the basis of our criteria, we selected 176/14725 AKARI sources as TTS candidates which are located around the Taurus-Auriga region. Comparing these sources with SIMBAD, there are 148 previously identified sources including 115 Young Stellar Objects (YSOs), and 28 unidentified sources. Conclusions: Based on SIMBAD identifications, we take the TTS-identification probability using our criteria to be ~75 %. We find 28 TTS candidates, of which we expect 21 to be confirmed once follow-up observations can be obtained. Although the probability of ~75 % is not so high, it is affected by the completeness of the SIMBAD database, and we can search for TTSs over the whole sky, over all star forming regions.
Subaru Mid-infrared Imaging of the Quadruple Lenses. II. Unveiling Lens Structure of MG0414+0534 and Q2237+030
Takeo Minezaki,Masashi Chiba,Nobunari Kashikawa,Kaiki Taro Inoue,Hirokazu Kataza
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/697/1/610
Abstract: We present mid-infrared imaging at 11.7 $\mu$m for the quadruple lens systems, MG0414+0534 and Q2237+030, using the cooled mid-infrared camera and spectrometer (COMICS) attached on the Subaru telescope. MG0414+0534 is characterized by a bright pair of lensed images (A1, A2) and their optical flux ratio A2/A1 deviates significantly from the prediction of a smooth lens model. Q2237+030 is comprised of four lensed images, which are significantly affected by microlensing in a foreground lensing galaxy. Our mid-infrared observations of these lensed images have revealed that the mid-infrared flux ratio for A2/A1 of MG0414+0534 is nearly unity (0.90 +- 0.04). We find that this flux ratio is systematically small, at 4 to 5 sigma level, compared with the prediction of a best smooth lens model (1.09) represented by a singular isothermal ellipsoid and external shear, thereby suggesting the presence of substructures to explain our observational result. In contrast, for Q2237+030, our high signal-to-noise observation indicates that the mid-infrared flux ratios between all the four images of Q2237+030 are virtually consistent with the prediction of a smooth lens model. Based on the size estimate of the dust torus surrounding the nuclei of these QSOs, we set limits on the mass of a substructure in these lens systems, which can cause anomalies in the flux ratios. For MG0414+0534, since the required mass of a substructure inside its Einstein radius is > 360 M_sun, millilensing by a CDM substructure is most likely. If it is modeled as a singular isothermal sphere, the mass inside radius of 100 pc is given as > 1.0x10^5 M_sun. For Q2237+030, there is no significant evidence of millilensing, so the reported anomalous flux ratios in shorter wavelengths are entirely caused by microlensing by stars (abridged).
Point source calibration of the AKARI/FIS all-sky survey maps for staking analysis
Ko Arimatsu,Yasuo Doi,Takehiko Wada,Satoshi Takita,Mitsunobu Kawada,Shuji Matsuura,Takafumi Ootsubo,Hirokazu Kataza
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1093/pasj/psu010
Abstract: Investigations of the point spread functions (PSFs) and flux calibrations for stacking analysis have been performed with the far-infrared (wavelengths range of 60 to 140 um all-sky maps taken by the Far-Infrared Surveyor (FIS) onboard the AKARI satellite. The PSFs are investigated by stacking the maps at the positions of standard stars with their fluxes of 0.02 -10 Jy. The derived full widths at the half maximum (FWHMs) of the PSFs are ~ 60 arcsec at 65 and 90 um and ~ 90 arcsec at 140 um, which are much smaller than that of the previous all-sky maps obtained with IRAS (~ 6 arcmin). Any flux dependence in the PSFs is not seen on the investigated flux range. By performing the flux calibrations, we found that absolute photometry for faint sources can be carried out with constant calibration factors, which range from 0.6 to 0.8. After applying the calibration factors, the photometric accuracies for the stacked sources in the 65, 90, and 140 um bands are 9, 3, and 21 %, respectively, even below the detection limits of the survey. Any systematic dependence between the observed flux and model flux is not found. These results indicate that the FIS map is a useful dataset for the stacking analyses of faint sources at far-infrared wavelengths.
The Absence of Cold Dust around Warm Debris Disk Star HD 15407A
Hideaki Fujiwara,Takashi Onaka,Satoshi Takita,Takuya Yamashita,Misato Fukagawa,Daisuke Ishihara,Hirokazu Kataza,Hiroshi Murakami
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/759/1/L18
Abstract: We report Herschel and AKARI photometric observations at far-infrared (FIR) wavelengths of the debris disk around the F3V star HD 15407A, in which the presence of an extremely large amount of warm dust (~500-600 K) has been suggested by mid-infrared (MIR) photometry and spectroscopy. The observed flux densities of the debris disk at 60-160 micron are clearly above the photospheric level of the star, suggesting excess emission at FIR as well as at MIR wavelengths previously reported. The observed FIR excess emission is consistent with the continuum level extrapolated from the MIR excess, suggesting that it originates in the inner warm debris dust and cold dust (~50-130 K) is absent in the outer region of the disk. The absence of cold dust does not support a late heavy bombardment-like event as an origin of the large amount of warm debris dust around HD 15047A.
Enstatite-rich Warm Debris Dust around HD165014
Hideaki Fujiwara,Takashi Onaka,Daisuke Ishihara,Takuya Yamashita,Misato Fukagawa,Takao Nakagawa,Hirokazu Kataza,Takafumi Ootsubo,Hiroshi Murakami
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/714/1/L152
Abstract: We present the Spitzer/Infrared Spectrograph spectrum of the main-sequence star HD165014, which is a warm (>~ 200 K) debris disk candidate discovered by the AKARI All-Sky Survey. The star possesses extremely large excess emission at wavelengths longer than 5 \mum. The detected flux densities at 10 and 20 \mum are ~ 10 and ~ 30 times larger than the predicted photospheric emission, respectively. The excess emission is attributable to the presence of circumstellar warm dust. The dust temperature is estimated as 300-750 K, corresponding to the distance of 0.7-4.4 AU from the central star. Significant fine-structured features are seen in the spectrum and the peak positions are in good agreement with those of crystalline enstatite. Features of crystalline forsterite are not significantly seen. HD165014 is the first debris disk sample that has enstatite as a dominant form of crystalline silicate rather than forsterite. Possible formation of enstatite dust from differentiated parent bodies is suggested according to the solar system analog. The detection of an enstatite-rich debris disk in the current study suggests the presence of large bodies and a variety of silicate dust processing in warm debris disks.
Detection of crystalline silicates around the T Tauri star Hen 3-600A
Mitsuhiko Honda,Hirokazu Kataza,Yoshiko K. Okamoto,Takashi Miyata,Takuya Yamashita,Shigeyuki Sako,Shinya Takubo,Takashi Onaka
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1086/374034
Abstract: We have carried out mid-infrared N-band spectroscopic observations of the T Tauri star Hen 3-600A in the TW Hydra association with the COMICS on the 8.2m Subaru Telescope and found structured features in its spectrum. These structured features are well explained by a combination of crystalline forsterite, crystalline enstatite, silica and glassy olivine grains. Among intermediate-mass young stellar objects (YSOs), crystalline silicates have already been detected, but no firm detection has been reported so far for low-mass YSOs such as T Tauri stars. This is the first clear detection of crystalline silicates in low-mass YSOs and shows that the crystallization event occurs even in the protoplanetary disk of low-mass YSOs in the T Tauri phase. The physical processes leading to the inferred dust composition in the Hen3-600A system may be analogous to those occured in the early epoch of the Solar system.
Effects of high-energy ionizing particles on the Si:As mid-infrared detector array on board the AKARI satellite
Akio Mouri,Hidehiro Kaneda,Daisuke Ishihara,Shinki Oyabu,Mituyoshi Yamagishi,Tatuya Mori,Takashi Onaka,Takehiko Wada,Hirokazu Kataza
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1086/659865
Abstract: We evaluate the effects of high-energy ionizing particles on the Si:As impurity band conduction (IBC) mid-infrared detector on board AKARI, the Japanese infrared astronomical satellite. IBC-type detectors are known to be little influenced by ionizing radiation. However we find that the detector is significantly affected by in-orbit ionizing radiation even after spikes induced by ionizing particles are removed. The effects are described as changes mostly in the offset of detector output, but not in the gain. We conclude that the changes in the offset are caused mainly by increase in dark current. We establish a method to correct these ionizing radiation effects. The method is essential to improve the quality and to increase the sky coverage of the AKARI mid-infrared all-sky-survey map.
Slow-scan Observations with the Infrared Camera (IRC) on-board AKARI
Satoshi Takita,Norio Ikeda,Yoshimi Kitamura,Daisuke Ishihara,Hirokazu Kataza,Akiko Kawamura,Shinki Oyabu,Munetaka Ueno,Issei Yamamura
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1093/pasj/64.6.126
Abstract: We present the characterization and calibration of the slow-scan observation mode of the Infrared Camera (IRC) on-board AKARI. The IRC slow-scan observations were operated at the S9W (9 $\mu$m) and L18W (18 $\mu$m) bands. We have developed a toolkit for data reduction of the IRC slow-scan observations. We introduced a "self-pointing reconstruction" method to improve the positional accuracy to as good as 1". The sizes of the point spread functions were derived to be $\sim6"$ at the S9W band and $\sim7"$ at the L18W bands in full width at half maximum. The flux calibrations were achieved with the observations of 3 and 4 infrared standard stars at the S9W and L18W bands, respectively. The flux uncertainties are estimated to be better than 20% from comparisons with the AKARI IRC PSC and the WISE preliminary catalog.
Physical Relation of Source I to IRc2 in the Orion KL Region
Shin-ichiro Okumura,Takuya Yamashita,Shigeyuki Sako,Takashi Miyata,Mitsuhiko Honda,Hirokazu Kataza,Yoshiko K. Okamoto
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1093/pasj/63.4.823
Abstract: We present mid-infrared narrow-band images of the Orion BN/KL region, and N-band low-resolution spectra of IRc2 and the nearby radio source "I." The distributions of the silicate absorption strength and the color temperature have been revealed with a sub-arcsecond resolution. The detailed structure of the 7.8 micron/12.4 micron color temperature distribution was resolved in the vicinity of IRc2. A mid-infrared counterpart to source I has been detected as a large color temperature peak. The color temperature distribution shows an increasing gradient from IRc2 toward source I, and no dominant temperature peak is seen at IRc2. The spectral energy distribution of IRc2 could be fitted by a two-temperature component model, and the "warmer component" of the infrared emission from IRc2 could be reproduced by scattering of radiation from source I. IRc2 itself is not self-luminous, but is illuminated and heated by an embedded luminous young stellar object located at source I.
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