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Globaliza??o e divis?o sexual do trabalho
Hirata, Helena;
Cadernos Pagu , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-83332002000100006
Abstract: the discussion about the caracteristics and the limits of the notion of "globalization" will conduct us to the analysis of the deep transformations of the world(s) of work during the nineties. three issues interest us: first, the effects of globalization on the sexual division of labour; second, the new trends of female employment in the crisis; third, the french debate about the institutional and juridical alternatives related to the previous discussion about the "end of work" or the "centrality of work"; in conclusion, we will refer to the alternatives coming from the social mouvements against the employment crisis and the development of precariousness.
Tendências recentes da precariza??o social e do trabalho: Brasil, Fran?a, Jap?o
Hirata, Helena;
Caderno CRH , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-49792011000400002
Abstract: this paper aims to aprehend the new features of labor and social precarization, analyzed from the reality of the nineties by castel, showing how new trends are outlined in the process of globalization and current economic crisis, both in terms of settings sexual division of precarious labor as in terms of unprecedented modalities of repercussion on physical and mental health. the intensification of work in both the secondary and tertiary sectors and the expansion of outsourcing are phenomena in force in the three countries studied. from the analysis of recent processes of segmentation of employment in the labor market, this paper also seeks to address critically the concept of "precariousness", developed in opposition to society's "wageness", showing how the dynamics and the relationship between stable and precarious sectors are fundamental to the continuing process of capitalist development worldwide.
A precariza??o e a divis?o internacional e sexual do trabalho
Hirata, Helena;
Sociologias , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-45222009000100003
Abstract: the article examines the french researches on the precariousness of women's work, proposes some indicators of precarious employment, analyzes the most affected social groups, and demonstrates the relationship between the increasing vulnerability of women's employment and the process of globalization. some current social and scientific issues, such as the bipolarization of female employment and the increase in international migration of women are examined in the paper, as well as the current characteristics of work, wherein precariousness is concomitant with intensification of work and flexibilization. to conclude, the author considers the views that lead to the social and scientific legitimacy of this process of precarious employment, and the alternatives to this process, provided both by jurists and social movements.
Sistema em Leibniz e Descartes
Hirata, Celi;
Trans/Form/A??o , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-31732012000100003
Abstract: descartes thinks that the true scientific order is that of reasons, in which one starts from the easiest and most evident truths and moves towards those that are more difficult and complex. thus a unique, progressive, and irreversible order is established, where each member of the chain depends on those that precede it, and each thesis has a non-interchangeable place inside the doctrine. leibniz, on the contrary, defends the idea that "une même vérité peut avoir beaucoup des places selon les differents rapports qu'elle peut avoir" (nouveaux essais, iv, xxi, § 4 ; gp v, p. 506). in order to avoid repetition, assembling the greatest quantity of truths in a minimum of volumes, leibniz argues that the best scientific order is a systematic disposition in which each place refers to all the others, so that the connections among knowledge becomes clear. in opposition to the cartesian model of system, in the leibnizian model theses are based upon one another, and the order of truths is reversible. it is due to these differences concerning the conception of system that leibniz, unlike descartes, can pretend to take the best of each philosophical system in order to constitute his own, given that for him there is a certain malleability in the construction of a philosophical system.
Apercep o versus percep o: os espíritos na cosmologia leibniziana
Celi Hirata
Princípios : Revista de Filosofia , 2008,
Abstract: Leibniz states that every monad expresses the hole universe from a determined perspective. Therefore, all created beeings harmonize with each other, once that all of them represent the same world, as well each one individuates itself by means of its own point of view, which is determined by the place that its correspondent body occupies. However, if the capacity of representation is merely limited by space and time, how could one explain the capacity of spirits to grasp necessary and eternal truths and to establish science? In order to make this point clear I will introduce the aperception activity and distinguish it from the perception, that is common to all monads.
Putting Gross National Happiness in the Service of Good Development
Johannes Hirata
Journal of Bhutan Studies , 2003,
Abstract: Gross National Happiness (GNH) has only recently appearedon the international stage,2 yet it was immediately met withsympathy by scholars, political activists, and politiciansaround the world. What is the reason for this strong appeal ofthis concept?In a historical perspective, the reason is probably adisillusionment with the broken promise of economic growthto truly improve people’s lives and bring about a moreequitable society. After a multifold increase of Gross NationalProduct in many societies thanks to almost continuouseconomic growth over more than a century, even thewealthiest societies are still plagued by grave social problemslike unemployment, child poverty, stress etc., and they aredisappointed that the hoped-for benefits of economic growthlargely failed to materialize.In a philosophical perspective, however, the reason for thesympathy extended to GNH seems to be based on an -intuitive or conscious - ethical endorsement of GNH as being1 I am grateful for valuable comments by the members of the“Berliner Forum” on a first conceptual draft of this paper and forsuggestions by Peter Ulrich on section six. All remaining errors aremy own.The question that arises then is if GNH is, or can beconceptualized as, an exhaustive concept of gooddevelopment that entirely fills in the ideal notion of gooddevelopment, or whether GNH is just one aspect of gooddevelopment that has to be complemented by additionalnormative concepts in order to appropriately substantiate theidea of good development.Whatever the answer to this question, the merit and thepotential of GNH to serve as a development concept is worthbeing investigated. To do so, the meaning of GNH has to bespecified since no generally accepted interpretation seems toexist. This is not only a disadvantage of course as thisconceptual openness invites a constructive debate on whatGNH should stand for and how it should be operationalized.These two - essentially ethical - questions will be at the centerof discussion in this paper.The paper is structured as follows: the next section willdiscuss the nature of happiness and its relation to humanbehavior and decision making in order to shed light on therelationship between happiness and ethics. I will then brieflypresent my understanding of (deontological) ethics, beforeexamining the relationship between happiness and economicgrowth on the basis of empirical evidence. I will then proposea particular interpretation of GNH and relate it to the conceptof good development. Towards the end, I will point out someimplications of my interpretation of GNH for itsoperati
How should Happiness guide Policy? Why Gross National Happiness is not opposed to democracy
Johannes Hirata
Journal of Bhutan Studies , 2005,
A perda da raz o social do trabalho: terceiriza o e precariza o
Helena Hirata
Caderno CRH , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/s0103-49792008000200014
Autobiography of Fumio Hirata
Fumio Hirata
Condensed Matter Physics , 2007,
Abstract: Born in Nagasaki prefecture in Japan, right after the world war two, I grew up in a country side of Fukuoka prefecture, where I had my education until high school. After graduating from the high school, I entered Hokkaido University to study the natural science. The largest turning point as a student came to me when I knocked on the office door of Prof. Arakawa in 1969, who became my thesis advisor, in order to consult my study in the graduate course. He told me enthusiastically how “water” and “aqueous solutions” are important in science, how challenging it is to understand the problems experimentally as well as theoretically, and how interesting it is in the biological connections....
Magnetization Jump in the Spin-1/2 XXZ Chain with Next-Nearest-Neighbour Coupling
Shunsaku Hirata
Physics , 1999,
Abstract: The zero-temperature magnetization process of a one-dimensional S=1/2 spin system with next-nearest-neighbour coupling alpha and anisotropy delta is studied. There is a region in the parameter space where the magnetization has a jump at certain external field. The boundary of this region is determined. The two cases are distinguished according as alpha<1/4 or alpha>1/4. In the latter case, the energy dispersion of the low-lying excitations exhibits a double minimum structure.
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