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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 18785 matches for " Hilal Al-Kharusi "
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Intelligent Parking Management System Based on Image Processing  [PDF]
Hilal Al-Kharusi, Ibrahim Al-Bahadly
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2014.22006
Abstract: This paper aims to present an intelligent system for parking space detection based on image processing technique. The proposed system captures and processes the rounded image drawn at parking lot and produces the information of the empty car parking spaces. In this work, a camera is used as a sensor to take photos to show the occupancy of car parks. The reason why a camera is used is because with an image it can detect the presence of many cars at once. Also, the camera can be easily moved to detect different car parking lots. By having this image, the particular car parks vacant can be known and then the processed information was used to guide a driver to an available car park rather than wasting time to find one. The proposed system has been developed in both software and hardware platform. An automatic parking system is used to make the whole process of parking cars more efficient and less complex for both drivers and administrators.
Prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM IV mental disorders and their severity among school going Omani adolescents and youths: WMH-CIDI findings
Jaju Sanjay,Al-Adawi Samir,Al-Kharusi Hilal,Morsi Magdi
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1753-2000-3-29
Abstract: Background There is a dearth of studies exploring the magnitude of mental disorders amongst adolescents and youths in the Arab world. To our knowledge, this phase 2 survey in Oman is the first nationally representative school-based study to determine the prevalence of DSM-IV mental disorders (lifetime and over the preceding 12 months), their age-of-onset distributions and determine their severity over the past 12 months using the World Mental Health-Composite International Diagnostic Interview, the WMH-CIDI, used for international comparison. Methods A total of 1,682 (91.61%) students out of 1836 students who formed the phase 2 random sub-sample of a multi-stage, stratified, random sampling design (phase 1), participated in the face-to-face structured interview using the Arabic-version of WMH-CIDI 3.0. Results The phase 1 results using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and Child Depression Inventory (CDI) showed depressive symptoms to be 17% prevalent in the larger sample of 5409 adolescents and youths. Amongst the phase 2 respondents from this sample, 13.9% had at least one DSM IV diagnostic label. The lifetime prevalence of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) was 3.0%; Bipolar Mood Disorder (BMD) was 1%, Specific phobia 5.8% and Social phobia 1.6%. The female gender was a strong predictor of a lifetime risk of MDD (OR 3.3, 95% CI 1.7-6.3, p = 0.000); Any Mood Disorders (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.4-4.3, p = 0.002) and Specific Phobia (OR 1.5, 95% CI 1.0-2.4, p = 0.047). The severity of illness for cases diagnosed with 12 month DSM IV disorders was found to be 80% lower in females (OR 0.2, 95%CI 0.0-0.8). The estimates over the previous 12 month period when compared with the lifetime prevalence showed a 25% to 40% lower prevalence for MDD, Specific phobia, Social phobia, Any Anxiety Disorders (AAD) and Any Mood disorders (AMD) while the rate was 80% lower for Separation Anxiety Disorder/Adult Separation Anxiety (SAD/ASA). Mood disorders were significantly lower in the 14-16 age groups (70% lower) in comparison to the older age groups and AMD showed a linear increase in prevalence across increasing age groups (p = 0.035). Conclusion The implications of the present findings are not clear cut, however this study endorses the adult CIDI studies findings that mental disorders do begin earlier in life. The relatively lower prevalence of DSM IV depressive disorders cautions against any conclusive interpretation of the inflated results based on the exclusive study of the depressive symptoms alone in the same sample in the same time period. The female gender
Cystic Pelvic Lesion
Aziza Al-Ghafri,Rashid AL Sukaiti,Lamya AL-Kharusi
Oman Medical Journal , 2011,
Abstract:
The successful use of mycophenolate mofetil in a patient with active birdshot chorio-retinopathy refractory to azathioprine therapy: case report
Vianna, Raul N. G.;Al-Kharusi, Nadia;Deschênes, Jean;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27492004000600022
Abstract: report on the effect of oral mycophenolate mofetil (mmf) on the treatment of a patient with active birdshot chorioretinopathy (bc) refractory to azathioprine (aza) therapy. a sixty-two-year-old female patient with bc developed cystoid macular edema (cme) and severe retinal vasculitis in both eyes. aza (2 mg/kg/day) was then initially prescribed in order to control the inflammatory process. as aza failed to control the intraocular inflammation after one year, it was replaced by mmf (2 mg/kg/day), which controlled the inflammatory process and improved the patient's visual acuity. in three years under mmf, no recurrence was observed and her vision remained unchanged. in our patient with active bc refractory to aza, mmf was effective to decrease the intraocular inflammation, as well as to improve the patient's visual acuity.
Asymmetry in certain morphological characters of the carangid species Decapterus russelli, collected from the Lemah coastal area, on the northern part of Oman Sea
Laith A. Jawad, Juma M. Al-Mamry, Ahlam A. Al-Kharusi, Soad H. Al-Habsi
Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies , 2010, DOI: 10.2478/v10009-010-0019-3
Abstract: Asymmetry analysis has been carried out for some bilateral characters of Decapterus russelli (Family: Carangidae) collected from Oman Sea. The results showed that postorbital length demonstrated the highest incidence of asymmetry among the characters studied. The lowest asymmetry value was for the number of pectoral fin rays. An increasing trend in the asymmetry value with fish length is also obtained for preorbital length, number of pectoral fins and number of lateral line scutes. A similar trend is also evident in the postorbital length and eye lens diameter of individuals with body sizes <160 mm. The possible causes of asymmetry in this species are herein discussed in relation to different pollutants and their presence in the area.
Health services utilization by school going Omani adolescents and youths with DSM IV mental disorders and barriers to service use
Asya A Al Riyami, Samir H Al Adawi, Hilal A Al Kharusi, Magdi M Morsi, Sanjay S Jaju
International Journal of Mental Health Systems , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1752-4458-3-22
Abstract: This study focus on the health services utilization and the barriers among school going adolescents and youths with DSM IV disorders in the country Oman, whose population is predominantly youthful.Representative sample of secondary school Omani adolescents and youths were concurrently interviewed for the (i) presence of DSM IV mental disorders using the face-to-face interview, World Mental Health-Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WMH-CIDI), (ii) tendency for health care utilization and (iii) predictors of utilization with clinical and demographic background.The proportions of lifetime cases having ever made treatment contact are low, being 5.2% for any anxiety disorder and 13.2% for any mood disorder category. None of these anxiety cases made treatment contact in the year of onset of the disorder, and the median delay when they eventually made treatment contact is about 14 years. In any mood disorders category only 3.6% made contact within the 1st year of onset with the median delay in initial treatment contact is two years for the Bipolar disorder (broad), four years for Any Mood disorder and nine years for the Major Depressive Disorder group. Male gender is significantly associated with less likelihood of making treatment contact when suffering from Social phobia (p = 0.000), Major Depressive Disorder (p = 0.000) and Bipolar Disorder (p = 0.000). The younger cohorts of 14-16 years and 17-18 years of Social phobic made significantly less lifetime any treatment contact (p = 0.000). The 14-16 year olds were significantly less likely to make lifetime any treatment contact for Bipolar Mood disorder (p = 0.000), while the 17-18 group were 1.5 times more likely to do so. Over past 12 months only between 6 to 12% of those having some form of mental disorder avail of any treatment facility with utilization pattern nearly equal between the any healthcare and any non healthcare facilities. In the any healthcare services, more of those with anxiety disorders seek
On Crossing Changes for Surface-Knots
A. Al Kharusi,T. Yashiro
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: In this paper, we provide a partial answer for the long-standing open problem whether every surface diagram of a surface-knot can be unknotted by applying the cross-change operation. An invariant of a surface-knot based on the cross-change operation along the double curves of a surface diagram is defined. This invariant enables us to define a set of surface-knots called DU-exchangeable surface-knots. We answer the problem under consideration positively for DU-exchangeable surface-knots.
No orientable surface-knot has the triple point number two
A. Al Kharusi,T. Yashiro
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: The triple point number of a surface-knot is the minimum number of triple points taken over all possible diagrams representing it. It is known that there is no surface-knot with triple point number one. In this paper, we prove that there is no orientable surface-knot with triple point number two by using quandle colourings of surface diagrams.
Shifting to Renewable Energy to Mitigate Carbon Emissions: Initiatives by the States of Gulf Cooperation Council  [PDF]
Hilal Al Shidi, Hameed Sulaiman, Patrick Amoatey
Low Carbon Economy (LCE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/lce.2016.73012
Abstract: The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries approximately have 40% of world’s proven oil reserves and 21.7% of world’s known gas reserves. Low energy costs compiled with low taxation make it lucrative to foreign energy-intensive companies to operate in the region. Energy consumption in GCC has increased by 74% in the period between 2000 and 2010 and it is projected to increase by approximately 10% to 15% between 2010 and 2020. Embracing the general commitment by GCC states to reduce greenhouse gas emission (GHG) of United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has started the process of environmental awakening in the GCC countries due to its high vulnerability to the effects of climate change. This paper reviews the trends in shift to renewable energy with reference to GCC and also the co-benefits of investing in renewable energy. Solar plant and Building-Integrated Photo-Voltaic (BIPV) systems are the most invested projects. However in the long run, policies and strategies are needed to ensure the successful and larger implementation of mitigation objectives.
Management of Internal Mammary Artery Spasm  [PDF]
Edam Ziadinov, Nasser Al-Kemyani, Hilal Al-Sabti
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.55042
Abstract:

The article is dedicated to the management of internal mammary artery spasm intra- and postoperatively based on the accumulated evidence in the literature. It provides a stepwise decision algorithm for safely resolving the spasm and prevention of relapse.

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