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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 52 matches for " Heshmati-Molaie Nafise "
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Non-Violent Communication and Its Impact on Suicidal Ideations and Coping with Stress Styles  [PDF]
Heshmati-Molaie Nafise, Zandkarimi Ghazal
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2018.84009
Abstract: One of the important dimensions of violence is suicide, or violence directed toward self that many people suffer from nowadays. In the meantime, adolescents and especially girls are more likely to be harmed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of group training with non-violent communication (NVC) method on suicidal ideations and coping with stress styles of adolescent girls. The target community in this research was availably selected from the charity centers of Tehran suburbs. In this study, 15 adolescent girls were in the experimental group and 15 in the control group. The criteria for entering the research were students aged 11 to 19 years and the vulnerable socio-economic income. Eight training sessions of NVC were presented for the experimental group in the pre-test and post-test intervals, while no intervention was performed for the control group. Data collection instruments were Beck’s scale for suicidal ideation (BDI) and Endler & Parker’s coping inventory for stressful situations (CISS). After statistical analysis, the effectiveness of this training was investigated on dependent variables by multivariate analysis of covariance. Eventually, the results showed a significant difference between the experimental and control groups (p < 0.05). The finding of the study showed that NVC training can reduce suicidal ideations in adolescent girls who are socially and economically vulnerable. According to the findings, non-violent communication training has a higher effect on emotion-focused coping style compared to other stress coping styles.
Wheezing in Pediatric Age Group
A Heshmati
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics , 2000,
Abstract: Audible sounds associated with breathing can provide important diagnostic information on the site and nature of respiratory disease. Wheezing is a common sound and is usually indicative of obstruction of the intra-thoracic airways-usually medium or smaller airways-but occasionally is due to localized narrowing of a major bronchus or even the trachea. This article discusses the important causes of wheezy breathing from a pathophysiological standpoint.
Factors Affecting SOC and NPK in the Rangeland, Forest and Agriculture; Case Study Halashi Catchment, Kermanshah, Iran  [PDF]
Shohreh Abdolmohamadi, Alireza Ildoromi, Mosayeb Heshmati
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2017.513002
Abstract: Land use change causes soil disturbance and thereby considerable soil nutrients depletion and environmental impacts. This research was conducted in Halashi catchment, Kermanshah, Iran to compare the variation of soil NPK and SOC in Agricultural Lands (AL), Rangelands (RL) and Forest lands (FL). The coverage of ground surface including plant crown, stone and litter was estimated in field by using quadrate plot (1 m2). Soil sampling and the analysis were carried out for each land use during April and May, 2015. Inter-rill, rill, gully and landslide were found as the dominant erosion features. The ANOVA analysis explored no considerable differences for soil texture, pH and Electrical Conductivity (EC). High clay and silt content induced clayey and silty soil that means Soil Organic Carbon (SOC) level in the AL, RL and FL were 1.14%, 1.45% and 2.13%, respectively, showing significant (p ≤ 0.05) different from each other among them. The respective values of total N in the AL, RL and FL were 0.14, 0.14 and 0.18 mg/kg, indicating significant decrease in the AL and RL. The respective mean avails P and exch. K in the AL, RL and FL were 15.72, 11.44, 11.38; 342.5, 375.0 and 374.5 mg/kg. Crop residues burning and tillage practicing cause depletion of SOC and NPK in AL, while as compared with FL, lower vegetation canopy and litter in the RL promotes soil nutrients and SOC lost due to overgrazing and converting to rain-fed lands. As a conclusion, rangeland was the intermediate site in terms of soil nutrient and SOC stock in the Halashi.
Microleakage of Total-etch and Self-etch adhesives in class V composite cavities
Shadman N,Farzin Ebrahimi Sh,Molaie N
Journal of Dental Medicine , 2011,
Abstract: "nBackground and Aims: This ex vivo study was done to evaluate the effect of different adhesive systems on microleakage of class V composite restorations."nMaterials and Methods: Thirty extracted human third molar teeth were selected and class V cavities were prepared (3×3×1.5 mm) on buccal and lingual surfaces. Then, teeth were divided into 3 groups. Adhesives used in this study were Excite (Ivoclar/Vivadent), AdheSE(Ivoclar/Vivadent) and AdheSE-one Ivoclar (Vivadent/Vivadent). After application of adhesives, cavities were restored with a resine composite (InTen-S A1/ Ivoclar), in 3 increments and cured with QTH light curing unit (700 mW/cm). After 24 hours storage of teeth in 370C water, teeth were thermocycled (500 cycles in 5-550C) and stored in 1% basic fushin for 24 hours. After that, the specimens were rinsed with running water and mounted in a self-cured acryl. Finally, the specimens were sectioned and maximum depth of dye penetration for each restoration was measured using stereomicroscopy. The results were statistically analyzed with Mann-Whitney U test."nResults: In comparison between enamel and dentin margins in each group, microleakage in enamel margins were less than that of dentin margins. This difference was statistically significant in Excite and AdheSE-one groups (P=0.001, P=0.043). AdheSE showed the least microleakage in dentin margins; however, there was no significant difference between 3 bonding agents (P=0.14). In enamel margins, there were significant differences between 3 bonding agents (P=0.001). Excite showed the lowest microleakage and AdheSE-one had the highest microleakage."nConclusion: The least enamel microleakage was associated with the total-etch and least dentin microleakage was observed in the two-step self-etch adhesive system.
Effect of High Dose Natural Ionizing Radiation on the Immune System of the Exposed Residents of Ramsar Town, Iran
Massoud Attar,Yaghob Molaie Kondolousy,Nemat Khansari
Iranian Journal Of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology , 2007,
Abstract: Iran is one of several countries that has regions of high dose natural ionizing radiation. Two wellknown villages in the suburb of Ramsar Town in the Caspian Sea strip, Taleshmahaleh and Chaparsar,have background radiation that is 13 times higher than normal. This radiation is the result of Radium 226 and Radon gas both of which are highly water soluble.While people living in these regions do not suffer from any major health problems, we decided to study the their immune responses to infection and inflammation in order to determine if their habitat affects their immune defense mechanisms as a way of compensating for their exposure to high dose environmental ionizing radiation.Our results showed that the total serum antioxidant level in the exposed people was significantly lower than the individuals not exposed to high dose natural ionizing radiation. The exposed individuals also had higher lymphocyte-induced IL-4 and IL-10 production, and lower IL-2 and IFN-γ production. In addition, neutrophil NBT, phagocytosis, and locomotion were higher in the exposed group. In contrast, lymphocyte proliferation in response to PHA was unaffected.We conclude that the immune system of individuals exposed to high dose ionizing radiation has adapted to its environment by shifting from a Type 1 to a Type 2 response to promote antiinflammation.This may be because inflammatory Type 1 responses generate more free radicals than Type 2 responses, in addition to the free radicals generated as a result of high environmental radiation.Thus, the serum total antioxidant level in the exposed residents was lower than the unexposed group.
Economies of Scale in the Tunisian Industries
Ilham Haouas,Almas Heshmati
International Journal of Economics and Finance , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ijef.v5n1p48
Abstract: To date, empirical investigations of trade liberalization, under the conditions of increasing returns to scale (IRS) and imperfect competition (IC), have either assumed or imposed the market and productive structures necessary for such a model. However, of the recent IRS/IC models used to simulate the effects of trade liberalization, none have empirically tested for the presence of increasing return to scale prior to the analysis. With Tunisian data (1971-2004) and rigorous test procedures, we investigate evidence of IRS at the industry level. Using an econometric approach based on the estimation of the translog cost function and its associated cost share equations, we identify the sectors characterized by increasing returns to scale. Analysis of the results shows that specification of the model is sensitive to inclusion of time trend representing technology. For most sectors, the model accounting for technology did not fit the data well.Estimation results without time trend interactions are different and most sectors show signs of increasing returns to scale.
FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME IN FETUS OF MOUSE
B. Nasrollahzadeh,M. Heshmati
Acta Medica Iranica , 1997,
Abstract: litis study is based on embryotoxic effects of ethanol on embryos and discussing the morphologic and hhtahtgic changes and defects an mouse. Tlie female animals were divided in three groups. Hie first group untreated as a control group but the second and third group received 10% and 20% solutions of ethanol respectively. Animals get use to certain level of ethanol solution and in the 10th day, the pregnancy period has been started. Then on the 19th day of gestation, the embryos were taken out from their mother's uterus and were examined for morphologic, histologic and skeletal disorders. In the first examination, the major defect was weight and length reduction in the second and third groups. these deffects, were severe in the second group in compare to third group that might be related to little consumption of the ethanol solution, due to bitter taste. In conclusion the teratogenic effect of alcohol on skeleton and joint is clear.
Alternative Composite Lisbon Development Strategy Indices: A Comparison of EU, USA, Japan and Korea
Almas Heshmati,JongEun Oh
The European Journal of Comparative Economics , 2006,
Abstract: This study addresses the measurement of two composite Lisbon strategy indices that quantifies the level and patterns of development for ranking countries. The first index is nonparametric labelled as Lisbon strategy index (LSI). It is composed of six components: general economics, employment, innovation research, economic reform, social cohesion and environment, each generated from a number of Lisbon indicators. LSI by reducing the complexity of the set of indicators, it makes the ranking procedures quite simple. The second and parametric index is based on principal component analysis. Despite the difference in the ranking by the two indices, it is shown that the United States outperformed most EU-member states. Our investigations also show evidence of significant dynamic changes taking place, as the countries of the Union struggle to achieve the Lisbon goals. The necessity of a real reform agenda in several old and new members and candidate countries emerges from our analysis. We briefly refer to two important European phenomena emerging from our data analysis and discuss the possible lessons learned from the Korean development strategy
PROVIDE A MODEL FOR HANDOVER TECHNOLOGY IN WIRELESS NETWORKS
Abbas Asosheh,Nafise Karimi,Hourieh Khodkari
International Journal of Wireless & Mobile Networks , 2011,
Abstract: Fast Handovers for the MIPv6 (FMIPv6) has been proposed to reduce the Handover latency, in the IETF.It could not find the acceptable reduction, so led to more efforts to improve it and however the creation ofmultiple Handover methods in the literature.A stable connection is very important in mobile services so the mobility of device would not cause anyinterruption in network services and thus mobility management plays a very important role. Mobile IPv6has become a general solution for supporting mobility between different networks on the internet which aflawless connection needs to be managed properly.In order to select the appropriate method in this paper, all the proposed methods have been classifiedaccording to the identified performance metrics. Call blocking probability, Handover blockingprobability, Probability of an unnecessary handover, Duration of interruption and delay, as the mostimportant Handover algorithm performance metrics are introduced.The AHP method will be deployed to weight the metrics in a sample topology according to the selectedsound application. Then the TOPSIS method will be employed to find the appropriate Handoveralgorithm.
Comparison of Aerobic and Lime Stabilization Methods for Evaluation of Sewage Sludge Reuse
Akram Jamal,Nafise Norieh,Mahdi Farzadkia
Journal of Environmental Science and Technology , 2011,
Abstract: The main objective of this research was the examination of effectiveness of lime dose in order to stabilization of sewage sludge and comparison of lime stabilized sludge reuse with aerobic digested sludge reuse. Lime and aerobic stabilization were carried out in two laboratory reactor with 40 L capacity. The sludge samples were taken from the return activated sludge line in four times. Lime was used at various ratios and the mixture was stabilized for 30 days. During the lime hydrated stabilization pH values were significantly increased from 7 to 12.5. Also, aerobic digester was loaded with raw sludge and mixed by sufficient amount of air for 30 days. The results indicate that the lime addition with the dose of 0.4 g Ca(OH)2 g-1 DS could completely inactive a high amount of fecal coliforms within 1 h and in all of the times was lower than 1000 MPN g-1 DS after 30 days (p<0.01). But after 30 days, fecal coliforms density in aerobic digested sludge could not achieve to Class A of USEPA category. In two stabilization methods, density of viable helminths ova could not reduce to 1 ova/4 g DS and could not achieve to Class A of USEPA category. Therefore, these methods could be achieved the reduction requirement set by USEPA for class B (p<0.01) and the products could be well used as a landfill cover or a soil conditioner. Finally, our study confirmed that lime sludge stabilization has a higher hygienic effect and more cost-effective than aerobic stabilization, specially, when such sludge is used to dung and modify acid soils.
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