Abstract:
Motivated by recent transport measurements on the candidate spin-liquid phase of the organic triangular lattice insulator EtMe$_3$Sb[Pd(dmit)$_2$]$_2$, we perform a controlled calculation of the thermal conductivity at intermediate temperatures in a spin liquid system where a spinon Fermi surface is coupled to a $U(1)$ gauge field. The present computation builds upon the double expansion approach developed by Mross \emph{et al.} [Phys. Rev. B \textbf{82}, 045121 (2010)] for small $\epsilon=z_b -2$ (where $z_b$ is the dynamical critical exponent of the gauge field) and large number of fermionic species $N$. Using the so-called memory matrix formalism that most crucially does not assume the existence of well-defined quasiparticles at low energies in the system, we calculate the temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity $\kappa$ of this model due to non-critical Umklapp scattering of the spinons for a finite $N$ and small $\epsilon$. Then we discuss the physical implications of such theoretical result in connection with the experimental data available in the literature.

Abstract:
We apply a functional implementation of the field-theoretical renormalization group (RG) method up to two loops to the single-impurity Anderson model. To achieve this, we follow a RG strategy similar to that proposed by Vojta \emph{et al.} [Phys. Rev. Lett. \textbf{85}, 4940 (2000)], which consists of defining a soft ultraviolet regulator in the space of Matsubara frequencies for the renormalized Green's function. Then we proceed to derive analytically and solve numerically integro-differential flow equations for the effective couplings and the quasiparticle weight of the present model, which fully treat the interplay of particle-particle and particle-hole parquet diagrams and the effect of the two-loop self-energy feedback into them. We show that our results correctly reproduce accurate numerical renormalization group data for weak to slightly moderate interactions. These results are in excellent agreement with other functional Wilsonian RG works available in the literature. Since the field-theoretical RG method turns out to be easier to implement at higher loops than the Wilsonian approach, higher-order calculations within the present approach could improve further the results for this model at stronger couplings. We argue that the present RG scheme could thus offer a possible alternative to other functional RG methods to describe electronic correlations within this model.

Abstract:
We present the two-loop renormalization group (RG) calculations of all the susceptibilities associated with the two-dimensional flat Fermi surface with rounded corners (FS). Our approach follows our fermionic field theory RG method presented in detail earlier on. In one loop order our calculation reproduce the results obtained previously by other RG schemes. All susceptibilities diverge at some energy scale and the antiferromagnetic SDW correlations produce indeed the dominant instability in the physical system. In contrast, in two-loop order, for a given initial set of values of coupling constant regime only one of the susceptibilities at a time seems to diverge.

Abstract:
We analyze the particle-hole symmetric two-dimensional Hubbard model on a square lattice starting from weak-to-moderate couplings by means of the field-theoretical renormalization group (RG) approach up to two-loop order. This method is essential in order to evaluate the effect of the momentum-resolved anomalous dimension $\eta(\textbf{p})$ which arises in the normal phase of this model on the corresponding low-energy single-particle excitations. As a result, we find important indications pointing to the existence of a non-Fermi liquid (NFL) regime at temperature $T\to 0$ displaying a truncated Fermi surface (FS) for a doping range exactly in between the well-known antiferromagnetic insulating and the $d_{x^2-y^2}$-wave singlet superconducting phases. This NFL evolves as a function of doping into a correlated metal with a large FS before the $d_{x^2-y^2}$-wave pairing susceptibility finally produces the dominant instability in the low-energy limit.

Abstract:
The two-loop renormalization group (RG) calculation is considerably extended here for the two-dimensional (2D) fermionic effective field theory model, which includes only the so-called "hot spots" that are connected by the spin-density-wave (SDW) ordering wavevector on a Fermi surface generated by the 2D $t-t'$ Hubbard model at low hole doping. We compute the Callan-Symanzik RG equation up to two loops describing the flow of the single-particle Green's function, the corresponding spectral function, the Fermi velocity, and some of the most important order-parameter susceptibilities in the model at lower energies. As a result, we establish that -- in addition to clearly dominant SDW correlations -- an approximate (pseudospin) symmetry relating a short-range \emph{incommensurate} $d$-wave charge order to the $d$-wave superconducting order indeed emerges at lower energy scales, which is in agreement with recent works available in the literature addressing the 2D spin-fermion model. We derive implications of this possible electronic phase in the ongoing attempt to describe the phenomenology of the pseudogap regime in underdoped cuprates.

Abstract:
We calculate the charge compressibility and uniform spin susceptibility for the two-dimensional (2D) Hubbard model slightly away from half-filling within a two-loop renormalization group scheme. We find numerically that both those quantities flow to zero as we increase the initial interaction strength from weak to intermediate couplings. This result implies gap openings in both charge and spin excitation spectra for the latter interaction regime. When this occurs, the ground state of the lightly doped 2D Hubbard model may be interpreted as an insulating spin liquid as opposed to a Mott insulating state.

Abstract:
We perform a renormalization group (RG) study up to two-loop order of an effective low-energy two-band model to describe some of the recently discovered iron-based superconductors. Our starting point is the itinerant electronic model proposed by Chubukov \emph{et al.} [Phys. Rev. B \textbf{78}, 134512 (2008)], which displays two small, almost nested Fermi pockets with one hole pocket centered at $(0,0)$ and one electron pocket centered at $\mathbf{Q} = (\pi,\pi)$ in the folded Brillouin zone. We then proceed to implement a complete two-loop RG calculation for this model of four-point vertex corrections, quasiparticle weight and several order-parameter susceptibilities in order to evaluate the robustness of one-loop RG results available in the literature with respect to including self-energy effects and higher-order quantum fluctuations.

Abstract:
We analyze the one-dimensional (1D) and the two-dimensional (2D) repulsive Hubbard models (HM) for densities slightly away from half-filling through the behavior of two central quantities of a system: the uniform charge and spin susceptibilities. We point out that a consistent renormalization group treatment of them can only be achieved within a two-loop approach or beyond. In the 1D HM, we show that this scheme reproduces correctly the metallic behavior given by the well-known Luttinger liquid fixed-point result. Then, we use the same approach to deal with the more complicated 2D HM. In this case, we are able to show that both uniform susceptibilities become suppressed for moderate interaction parameters as one take the system towards the Fermi surface. Therefore, this result adds further support to the interpretation that those systems are in fact insulating spin liquids. Later, we perform the same calculations in 2D using the conventional random phase approximation, and establish clearly a comparison between the two schemes.

Abstract:
Motivated by a recent experimental observation of a nodal liquid on both single crystals and thin films of Bi$_2$Sr$_2$CaCu$_2$O$_{8+\delta}$ by Chatterjee \emph{et al.} [Nature Physics \textbf{6}, 99 (2010)], we perform a field-theoretical renormalization group (RG) analysis of a two-dimensional model consisting of eight points located near the "hot spots" on the Fermi surface which are directly connected by spin density wave ordering wave vector. We derive RG equations up to two-loop order describing the flow of renormalized couplings, quasiparticle weight, several order-parameter response functions, and uniform spin and charge susceptibilities of the model. We find that while the order-parameter susceptibilities investigated here become non-divergent at two loops, the quasiparticle weight vanishes in the low-energy limit, indicating a breakdown of Fermi liquid behavior at this RG level. Moreover, both uniform spin and charge susceptibilities become suppressed in the scaling limit which indicate gap openings in both spin and charge excitation spectra of the model.

Abstract:
We develop a functional renormalization group approach which describes the low-energy single-particle properties of the Anderson impurity model up to intermediate on-site interactions $U \lesssim 15 \Delta$, where $\Delta$ is the hybridization in the wide-band limit. Our method is based on a generalization of a method proposed by Sch\"{u}tz, Bartosch and Kopietz [Phys. Rev. B 72, 035107 (2005)], using two independent Hubbard-Stratonovich fields associated with transverse and longitudinal spin fluctuations. Although we do not reproduce the exponentially small Kondo scale in the limit $U \to \infty$, the spin fluctuations included in our approach remove the unphysical Stoner instability predicted by mean-field theory for $U > \pi \Delta$. We discuss different decoupling schemes and show that a decoupling which manifestly respects the spin-rotational invariance of the problem gives rise to the lowest quasiparticle weight. To obtain a closed flow equation for the fermionic self-energy we also propose a new truncation scheme of the functional renormalization group flow equations using Dyson-Schwinger equations to express bosonic vertex functions in terms of fermionic ones.