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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 193283 matches for " Herbert D. Saltzstein "
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Auto-Representa o e Decis o Moral
Edson Alves de Souza Filho,Herbert D. Saltzstein,Anderson Scardua
Revista Interamericana de Psicología , 2010,
Abstract: We examined the relationships between self-representations and moral decision. We worked with the formulations about self-representations according to psychosocial approach. Secondary students in Rio de Janeiro took part in this research. They answered about two moral dilemmas of accusation of cheating on a test school and teasing a colleague. In addition, they were asked the question: who are you? Could you introduce yourself? They were asked to make a decision whether to keep promise (KP) to a friend (who cheated or lied) or to tell the truth (TT) to teacher/colleagues. We found different self-representation patterns, mainly to the moral decision with colleagues. TT was associated to group identity, moral value, collective category, meanwhile KP to positive interpersonal relation and collective category. Furthermore, we found association between TT and Evangelical identication and non-White ethnic identification. The results were discussed as self-representations which strengthen/weaken autonomy, differentiation and delimitation of interindividual and intergroup boundaries.
Raciocínio moral em intera??o social: um estudo sobre sugestionabilidade
Dias, Maria da Gra?a B. B.;Saltzstein, Herbert D.;Millery, Mari;
Estudos de Psicologia (Natal) , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-294X1999000200002
Abstract: studies were conducted in which children chose whether to keep a promise or tell the truth in three hypothetical dilemmas. their initial choices were then counter-probed by adult interviewers to assess their suggestibility. in these studies, conducted in recife (brazil) and new york city, younger children (6 to 8) were more suggestible on some of the dilemmas than older children (10-12), and shifting was more frequent from promise to truth than from truth to promise. there was significantly greater suggestibility evidenced by the u.s. than the brazilian children, particularly on two of the dilemmas. replication studies in the u.s. and brazil confirm this difference, which may be explained, in part, by different authority relationships observed in schools in the two cultures. findings are discussed in terms of heteronomy, the significant features of the dilemmas, and authority relations within culture.
The Myocardial Ischemia Reduction with Acute Cholesterol Lowering trial: MIRACuLous or not, it's time to change current practice
Aronow Herbert D
Current Controlled Trials in Cardiovascular Medicine , 2002, DOI: 10.1186/1468-6708-3-3
Abstract: The Myocardial Ischemia Reduction with Aggressive Cholesterol Lowering (MIRACL) study was the first trial to assess whether statins might be of clinical benefit in those with recently unstable coronary disease. MIRACL found that high-dose atorvastatin was safe and reduced the incidence of the composite endpoint, death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, resuscitated sudden cardiac death or emergent rehospitalization for recurrent ischemia at 16 weeks when compared with placebo. Despite a number of important study limitations, MIRACL's findings and the prior observation that inpatient initiation of lipid-lowering therapy is associated with higher rates of subsequent utilization, suggest that it is prudent to begin statin therapy when patients present with an acute coronary syndrome.
Entropy production and multiple equilibria: the case of the ice-albedo feedback
C. Herbert, D. Paillard,B. Dubrulle
Earth System Dynamics (ESD) & Discussions (ESDD) , 2011, DOI: 10.5194/esd-2-13-2011
Abstract: Nonlinear feedbacks in the Earth System provide mechanisms that can prove very useful in understanding complex dynamics with relatively simple concepts. For example, the temperature and the ice cover of the planet are linked in a positive feedback which gives birth to multiple equilibria for some values of the solar constant: fully ice-covered Earth, ice-free Earth and an intermediate unstable solution. In this study, we show an analogy between a classical dynamical system approach to this problem and a Maximum Entropy Production (MEP) principle view, and we suggest a glimpse on how to reconcile MEP with the time evolution of a variable. It enables us in particular to resolve the question of the stability of the entropy production maxima. We also compare the surface heat flux obtained with MEP and with the bulk-aerodynamic formula.
AN EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECT OF REFRIGERANT CHARGE LEVEL AND OUTDOOR CONDITION ON A WINDOW AIR CONDITIONER
M Herbert Raj,D Mohan Lal
Thermal Science , 2010, DOI: tsci10041121r
Abstract: R22 is an hydrochlorofluorocarbon widely used in refrigerant and air conditioning plants and although it has a low ozone depletion potential (0.05), it is necessary to consider the large amount that commonly escapes from commercial units to the atmosphere. This paper presents experimental investigation on the performance of a window air conditioner operated with R22 and the M20 (80% R407C and 20% HC blend by wt.) refrigerant mixture tested under different refrigerant charge levels and outdoor conditions. Experiments were conducted in accordance with the Bureau of Indian standards procedure in a psychrometric test facility. Capillary and charge optimization tests were conducted for the both R22 and the M20 refrigerant mixture based on maximum coefficient of performance. Refrigerant charge in the air conditioner was systematically varied and the influences of refrigerant charge quantities and outdoor conditions on system performance are studied for both R22 and the M20 refrigerant mixture. At each charge levels, the outdoor room conditions were changed in accordance with Bureau of Indian standards. It is observed that R22 is more sensitive to deviations in charge levels as compared to the M20 refrigerant mixture. A decrease in charge level of about 7% reduced the system refrigerating capacity by 11.3% with R22 while with the M20 refrigerant mixture it reduces by 6.9% only. Similarly an over charge by 7% reduces the refrigerating capacity of the system by 13.8% with R22 while with M20 it reduces by 6.5% only.
North American Widow Spiders of the Latrodectus Curacaviensis Group(Araneae: Theridiidae)
John D. McCrone,Herbert W. Levi
Psyche , 1964, DOI: 10.1155/1964/86469
Abstract:
Postembryological Development of Spiderlings From Two PeruvianLatrodectus Populations
John D. McCrone,Herbert W. Levi
Psyche , 1966, DOI: 10.1155/1966/67316
Abstract:
On the self-evaluation of a journal’s impact factor
Klaus D. Kubinger,Nina Heuberger,Herbert Poinstingl
Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling , 2010,
Abstract: The self-evaluation of the impact factor of a journal using Google Scholar search is suggested. This allows a less established journal to offer a submitting author some objective information of the journal’s visibility and reception within scientific community. Though self-evaluation is costly in terms of labor, it is a viable procedure – as illustrated through the example of the journal Psychology Science Quarterly.
Entropy production and multiple equilibria: the case of the ice-albedo feedback
C. Herbert,D. Paillard,B. Dubrulle
Earth System Dynamics Discussions , 2010, DOI: 10.5194/esdd-1-325-2010
Abstract: Nonlinear feedbacks in the Earth System provide mechanisms that can prove very useful in understanding complex dynamics with relatively simple concepts. For example, the temperature and the ice cover of the planet are linked in a positive feedback which gives birth to multiple equilibria for some values of the solar constant: fully ice-covered Earth, ice-free Earth and an intermediate unstable solution. In this study, we show an analogy between a classical dynamical system approach to this problem and a Maximum Entropy Production (MEP) principle view, and we suggest a glimpse on how to reconcile MEP with the time evolution of a variable. It enables us in particular to resolve the question of the stability of the entropy production maxima. We also compare the surface heat flux obtained with MEP and with the bulk-aerodynamic formula.
Pattern avoidance in compositions and multiset permutations
Carla D. Savage,Herbert S. Wilf
Mathematics , 2005,
Abstract: We study pattern avoidance by combinatorial objects other than permutations, namely by ordered partitions of an integer and by permutations of a multiset. In the former case we determine the generating function explicitly, for integer compositions of n that avoid a given pattern of length 3 and we show that the answer is the same for all such patterns. We also show that the number of multiset permutations that avoid a given three-letter pattern is the same for all such patterns, thereby extending and refining earlier results of Albert, Aldred et al., and by Atkinson, Walker and Linton. Further, the number of permutations of a multiset S, with a_i copies of i for i = 1, ..., k, that avoid a given permutation pattern in S_3 is a symmetric function of the a_i's, and we will give here a bijective proof of this fact first for the pattern (123), and then for all patterns in S_3 by using a recently discovered bijection of Amy N. Myers.
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