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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 232279 matches for " Henrique R. Schmitt "
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The Frequency of Active and Quiescent Galaxies with Companions
Henrique R. Schmitt
Physics , 2002,
Abstract: We study the percentage of active, HII and quiescent galaxies with companions in the Palomar survey. We find that when we separate the galaxies by their morphological types (ellipticals or spirals), to avoid morphology-density effects, there is no difference in the percentage of galaxies with companions among the different activity types.
The Orientation of Accretion Disks Relative to Dust Disks in Radio Galaxies
Henrique R. Schmitt
Physics , 2002,
Abstract: We study the orientation of accretion disks, traced by the position angle of the jet, relative to the dust disk major axis in a sample of 20 nearby Radio Galaxies. We find that the observed distribution of angles between the jet and dust disk major axis is consistent with jets homogeneously distributed over a polar cap of 77 degrees.
The Frequency of Active and Quiescent Galaxies with Companions: Implications for the Feeding of the Nucleus
Henrique R. Schmitt
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1086/323547
Abstract: We analyze the idea that nuclear activity, either AGN or star formation, can be triggered by interactions, studying the percentage of active, HII and quiescent galaxies with companions. Our sample was selected from the Palomar survey, and avoids selection biases faced by previous studies. The comparison between the local galaxy density distributions showed that in most cases there is no statistically significant difference among galaxies of different activity types. The comparison of the percentage of galaxies with nearby companions showed that there is a higher percentage of LINERs, transition, and absorption line galaxies with companions than Seyferts and HII galaxies. However, we find that when we consider only galaxies of similar morphological types (ellipticals or spirals), there is no difference in the percentage of galaxies with companions among different activity types, indicating that the former result was due to the morphology-density effect. Also, only small differences are found when we consider galaxies with similar Halpha luminosities. The comparison between HII galaxies of different Halpha luminosities shows that there is a significantly higher percentage of galaxies with companions among the higher luminosity HII galaxies, indicating that interactions increase the amount of circumnuclear star formation, in agreement with previous results. The fact that we find that galaxies of different activity types have the same percentage of companions, suggests that interactions between galaxies is not a necessary condition to trigger the nuclear activity in AGNs. We compare our results with previous ones and discuss their implications. (abridged)
The difference between the narrow line region of Seyfert 1 and Seyfert 2 galaxies
Henrique R. Schmitt
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1086/306257
Abstract: This paper presents a comparative study of emission line ratios of the Narrow Line Region (NLR) of Seyfert 1 and Seyfert 2 galaxies. It includes a literature compilation of the emission line fluxes [OII]3727A, [NeIII]3869A, [OIII]5007A and [NeV]3426A, as well as 60mum continuum flux, for a sample of 52 Seyfert 1's and 68 Seyfert 2's. The distribution of the emission line ratios [OII]/[NeIII] and [OII]/[NeV] shows that Seyfert 1's and Seyfert 2's are statistically different, in the sense that Seyfert 1's have values smaller than those of Seyfert 2's, indicating a higher excitation spectrum. These and other emission line ratios are compared with sequences of models which combine different proportions of matter and ionization bounded clouds and also sequences of models which vary only the ionization parameter. This comparison shows that the former models reproduce better the overall distribution of emission line ratios, indicating that Seyfert 1's have a smaller number of ionization bounded clouds than Seyfert 2's. This difference, together with other results available in the literature, are interpreted from the point of view of four different scenarios. The most likely scenario assumes that Seyfert 1's have NLR's smaller than those of Seyfert 2's, possibly due to a preferential alignment of the torus axis close to the host galaxy plane axis in Seyfert 1's.
The Spectral Energy Distribution of Spiral Galaxies
Henrique R. Schmitt
Physics , 1999,
Abstract: Spectral energy distributions (SEDs) are some of the most important sources of information for galaxies, especially for high redshift ones. Here we review recent work on the subject. We discuss the integrated spectra of galaxies of different morphological and activity type, their application to derive K-corrections and classification of high redshift objects. We also discuss the radio to X-rays SEDs of Seyfert 2's, Starbursts and normal galaxies, their behavior as a function of the waveband, their bolometric fluxes and the wavebands that contribute most to it.
New insights on the Starburst-AGN connection
Roberto Cid Fernandes,Henrique R. Schmitt,Thaisa Bergmann Storchi
Revista mexicana de astronomía y astrofísica , 2001,
Abstract: We review recent evidence for a connection between star-formation and nuclea r activity in Seyfert galaxies. We speculate that AGN activity and star-formation occur on "cycles" of ~ 108 yr, and that there may be an evolutionary link between the AGN properties and the age of the nuclear stellar population.
Spectral Synthesis of the Nuclear Region of Seyfert 2 and Radio Galaxies
Henrique R. Schmitt,Thaisa Storchi-Bergmann,Roberto Cid Fernandes
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-8711.1999.02203.x
Abstract: We present the results of an optical spectral synthesis analysis for the nuclei of 20 Seyfert 2 and 4 Radio Galaxies, using a base of stellar population templates of different ages and metallicities and a power-law continuum. Compared with the stellar population of elliptical galaxies, we find that Seyfert 2s usually have a smaller contribution from old metal rich stars (10 Gyr, Z>=Z_o), and a larger contribution from stars with 100 Myr. We also find that the contributions from stars with age <=10 Myr and from a power law continuum are small, rarely exceeding 5 per cent. These results show that the general assumption of elliptical galaxies as stellar population templates for these objects is incorrect, also implying that the excess blue continuum frequently found in their nuclear spectra is probably due to this template mismatch. We find a considerable contribution from 100 Myr stars (~5 per cent), which can be interpreted from the point of view of models where the fueling of the AGN is done by interactions/mergers.
The Stellar Content of Active Galaxies
Roberto Cid Fernandes,Thaisa Storchi-Bergmann,Henrique R. Schmitt
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-8711.1998.01519.x
Abstract: We present results of a long-slit spectroscopic study of 39 active and 3 normal galaxies. Stellar absorption features, continuum colors and their radial variations are analyzed in an effort to characterize the stellar population in these galaxies and detect the presence of a featureless continuum underlying the starlight spectral component. Spatial variations of the equivalent widths of conspicuous absorption lines and continuum colors are detected in most galaxies. Star-forming rings, in particular, leave clear fingerprints in the equivalent widths and color profiles. We find that the stellar populations in the inner regions of active galaxies present a variety of characteristics, and cannot be represented by a single starlight template. Dilution of the stellar lines by an underlying featureless continuum is detected in most broad-lined objects, but little or no dilution is found for the most of the 20 type 2 Seyferts in the sample. Color gradients are also ubiquitous. In particular, all but one of the observed Seyfert 2s are redder at the nucleus than in its immediate vicinity. Possible consequences of these findings are outlined.
The Nature of the Optical Light in Seyfert 2 Galaxies with Polarized Continuum
Thaisa Storchi-Bergmann,Roberto Cid Fernandes,Henrique R. Schmitt
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1086/305803
Abstract: We investigate the nature of the optical continuum and stellar population in the central kpc of the Seyfert 2s Mrk 348, Mrk 573, NGC 1358 and Mrk 1210 using long-slit spectra obtained along the radio or extended emission axis. These galaxies are known to have polarized continuum-including polarized broad lines in Mrk 348 and Mrk 1210--and previous studies indicate featureless continuum (FC) contributions in the 20-50% range at 5500 A. Nevertheless, our measurements of the equivalent widths of absorption lines and continuum ratios as a function of distance from the nuclei show no dilution of the lines nor bluening of the spectrum, as expected if a blue FC was present at the nucleus in the above proportions. We investigate one possibility to account for this effect: that the stellar population at the nucleus is the same as that from the surrounding bulge and dominates the nuclear light. A spectral analysis confirms that this hypothesis works for Mrk 348, NGC 1358 and Mrk 1210, for which we find stellar contributions at the nucleus larger than 90% at all wavelengths. We find that a larger stellar population contribution to the nuclear spectra can play the role of the ``second FC'' source inferred from previous studies. Stellar population synthesis shows that the nuclear regions of Mrk 348 and Mrk 1210 have important contributions of young to intermediate age stars (0--100 Myr), not present in templates of elliptical galaxies. In the case of Mrk 1210, this is further confirmed by the detection of a ``Wolf-Rayet feature'' in the nuclear emission-line spectrum.
A revised and extended catalog of Magellanic System clusters, associations and emission nebulae. II. the LMC
Eduardo L. D. Bica,Henrique R. Schmitt,Carlos,M. Dutra,Humberto L. Oliveira
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1086/300687
Abstract: A survey of extended objects in the Large Magellanic Cloud was carried out on the ESO/SERC R and J Sky Survey Atlases, checking entries in previous catalogs and searching for new objects. The census provided 6659 objects including star clusters, emission-free associations and objects related to emission nebulae. Each of these classes contains 3 subclasses with intermediate properties, which are used to infer total populations. The survey includes cross-identifications among catalogs and we present 3246 new objects. We provide accurate positions, classification, homogeneous measurements of sizes and position angles, as well as information on cluster pairs and hierarchical relation for superimposed objects. This unification and enlargement of catalogs is important for future searches of fainter and smaller new objects. We discuss the angular and size distributions of the objects of the different classes. The angular distributions show two off-centered systems with different inclinations, suggesting that the LMC disk is warped. The present catalog together with its previous counterpart for the SMC and the inter-Cloud region provide a total population of 7847 extended objects in the Magellanic System. The angular distribution of the ensemble reveals important clues on the interaction between the LMC and SMC.
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