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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 412763 matches for " Henrique M. Barros "
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Do organizational incentives spur innovation?
Barros, Henrique M.;Lazzarini, Sergio G.;
BAR. Brazilian Administration Review , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1807-76922012000300005
Abstract: to date, we have only partially begun to develop an understanding of the channels through which innovation is facilitated within organizations. although talented individuals are pivotal to supporting knowledge accumulation and renewal, they may be more willing to contribute new ideas if they expect to reap some of the gains that these ideas generate for the firm. in considering this perspective, this paper addresses whether organizational incentives affect innovation, and considers the conduits through which this link is established. in particular, this paper uses agency theory to address whether performance-based pay and performance-based promotion foster firm innovation. our analysis relies upon a survey of 370 brazilian manufacturing and services firms. based on estimations of two-stage models, our results indicate that promotion is a more useful tool for encouraging innovation than pay. in addition, there seems to be a threshold above which the use of performance-based promotion is marginal.
Do Organizational Incentives Spur Innovation?
Henrique M. Barros,Sergio G. Lazzarini
BAR. Brazilian Administration Review , 2012,
Abstract: To date, we have only partially begun to develop an understanding of the channels through which innovation is facilitated within organizations. Although talented individuals are pivotal to supporting knowledge accumulation and renewal, they may be more willing to contribute new ideas if they expect to reap some of the gains that these ideas generate for the firm. In considering this perspective, this paper addresses whether organizational incentives affect innovation, and considers the conduits through which this link is established. In particular, this paper uses agency theory to address whether performance-based pay and performance-based promotion foster firm innovation. Our analysis relies upon a survey of 370 Brazilian manufacturing and services firms. Based on estimations of two-stage models, our results indicate that promotion is a more useful tool for encouraging innovation than pay. In addition, there seems to be a threshold above which the use of performance-based promotion is marginal.
Use and knowledge of the razor-billed curassow pauxi tuberosa (spix, 1825) (galliformes, cracidae) by a riverine community of the oriental amazonia, brazil
Flávio B Barros, Henrique M Pereira, Luís Vicente
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1746-4269-7-1
Abstract: Animals have long been used by humans for the most diverse purposes. In the last decade, however, the different ways in which the faunistic resources are used by traditional human cultures have become a significant subject of investigation in Brazil [1-10] and other countries [11-14], due to their overall importance to conservation issues. Some important uses include: food, zootherapy, pet rearing (xerimbabismo), ornamentation, manufacturing of domestic tools and magic-religious symbolism [15,3,7,20]. To a significant part of the Brazilian population, and in particular to the Amazonian riverine communities, animal resources represent an important source of protein and traditional medicine, since these populations are isolated and thus depend primarily on the natural resources obtained directly from the forest. Hunting is the most common strategy used by the Amazonian riverines to obtain animal resources and several studies have been discussing the various aspects of this practice, namely its inventory, characterization [8] and impact on the animal populations [4,5,21,22], as well as other related subjects [10]. The aim of the present study was to describe the hunting activities and the uses and knowledge of the local fauna by a riverine community of the Oriental Amazonia.In Amazonia, the most hunted bird species are those from the Cracidae family [11-13,23]. Cracidae birds occur exclusively in the American continent, from Mexico to Argentina [12]. The family includes fifty large bird species that inhabit tropical and subtropical forests, with few species being found in open areas [24]. It is the most threatened bird family of the Americas, mostly due to habitat destruction and hunting [25,26]. The majority of the targeted species have life history traits incompatible with intensive hunting: they are monogamous and only rear one brood of one to three eggs per year. Hatchlings suffer high mortality for the first year of life and only reach maturity after the third yea
Contratos de transferência tecnológica: um estudo sobre aquisi??o de tecnologia em polímeros no Brasil
Hemais, Carlos A.;Barros, Henrique M.;Rosa, Elizabeth O. R.;
Polímeros , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-14282004000400009
Abstract: this paper examines how the brazilian polymer producers (plastics, rubbers and fibers) access the technologies they need for the maintenance of their business. a study was made in inpi (brazilian patent office) to ascertain what type of contract of technology transfer was registered in that office, over a period of 17 years. in addition, employees that deal with technology were interviewed in seven brazilian polymer producers. the interviews and the data show that, in spite of the importance of that r&d and technological innovation have for competitiveness in the polymer sector, these firms seem to be technologically dependent on foreign suppliers. this fact, however, does not mean that the brazilian polymer industry lacks r&d activities; there is this kind of activity but it is concentrated in the short range and is designed to attend to the immediate needs of the market.
Observa??es sobre o desenvolvimento tecnológico e os ciclos da indústria de polímeros no Brasil
Hemais, Carlos A.;Rosa, Elizabeth O. R.;Barros, Henrique M.;
Polímeros , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-14282000000300011
Abstract: the polymer industry, a branch of the petrochemical industry, is an important example of the processing industry. its production factors have cycles varying between periods of increased production and periods of recession. these cycles affect the way industry handles its technology. this paper shows how firms prepare to face recessive periods, and it emphasizes the value of the patent system, which ensures the legal protection of heavy r&d investments. this research was conducted with a database built with all patent applications made in brasil between 1985 and 1995 in the polymer sector.
O Processo de Aquisi??o de Tecnologia pela Indústria Petroquímica Brasileira
Hemais, Carlos A.;Barros, Henrique M.;Pastorini, Mirela T.;
Polímeros , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-14282001000400009
Abstract: one of the most dynamic industrial sectors in brazil, the petrochemical industry is located in three complexes (cama?ari, s?o paulo and triunfo), and today it represents around 2% of the brazilian gnp. this industry was established in the country nearly 30 years ago as a governmental initiative, when the government adopted a tripartite model of a commercial society. in this model, 1/3 of the capital belonged to petroquisa, 1/3 belonged to a brazilian partner and 1/3 belonged to a foreign partner, usually the supplier of the technology through a joint venture. in spite of the fact that this industry is consolidated and has a large potential of exports, the petrochemical industry is still technologically dependent upon exogenous sources. moreover, it seems that this dependency will not be eliminated in the near future. the present paper examines the process of technological acquisition by the brazilian petrochemical industry, especially the use of joint ventures as the way chosen to obtain technology.
Service provision and barriers to care for homeless people with mental health problems across 14 European capital cities
Canavan Réamonn,Barry Margaret M,Matanov Aleksandra,Barros Henrique
BMC Health Services Research , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-12-222
Abstract: Background Mental health problems are disproportionately higher amongst homeless people. Many barriers exist for homeless people with mental health problems in accessing treatment yet little research has been done on service provision and quality of care for this group. The aim of this paper is to assess current service provision and identify barriers to care for homeless people with mental health problems in 14 European capital cities. Method Two methods of data collection were employed; (i) In two highly deprived areas in each of the 14 European capital cities, homeless-specific services providing mental health, social care or general health services were assessed. Data were obtained on service characteristics, staff and programmes provided. (ii) Semi-structured interviews were conducted in each area with experts in mental health care provision for homeless people in order to determine the barriers to care and ways to overcome them. Results Across the 14 capital cities, 111 homeless-specific services were assessed. Input from professionally qualified mental health staff was reported as low, as were levels of active outreach and case finding. Out-of-hours service provision appears inadequate and high levels of service exclusion criteria were evident. Prejudice in the services towards homeless people, a lack of co-ordination amongst services, and the difficulties homeless people face in obtaining health insurance were identified as major barriers to service provision. Conclusions While there is variability in service provision across European capital cities, the reported barriers to service accessibility are common. Homeless-specific services are more responsive to the initial needs of homeless people with mental health problems, while generic services tend to be more conducive to long term care. Further research is needed to determine the effectiveness of different service delivery models, including the most effective coordination of homeless specific and generic services.
Políticas para a inova o no Brasil: efeitos sobre os setores de energia elétrica e de bens de informática Policies for innovation in Brazil: effects on the electric power sector and IT goods sector
Henrique M. Barros,Danny P. Claro,Fabio R. Chaddad
Revista de Administra??o Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/s0034-76122009000600011
Abstract: Este artigo examina como políticas públicas afetam o comportamento das empresas com rela o à inova o. Através do método de pesquisa de estudos de caso, o trabalho identifica como as empresas, em dois setores industriais no Brasil, têm respondido aos esfor os governamentais para estimular sua capacita o tecnológica. S o comparadas empresas do setor de energia elétrica do Brasil e do setor de informática do polo industrial de Manaus. De forma geral, os resultados indicam que as políticas de inova o têm contribuído para aumentar o interesse das empresas por inova o. No entanto, esse interesse tem se mostrado maior por parte das empresas cujo controle de capital é estatal e/ou estrangeiro, do que pelas empresas de controle de capital privado nacional. Isso é particularmente relevante, pois as empresas de capital privado nacional atuam em mercados pouco regulamentados, em que o nível de competi o é crescente. O limitado interesse dessas empresas por inova o refor a a ideia de que políticas de inova o n o podem englobar apenas a es voltadas para o lado da oferta, nem podem ser dissociadas de políticas voltadas para o fortalecimento do ambiente institucional. This article examines how public policies to foster innovation affect companies' behavior. Based on the case study research method, the article identifies how firms operating in the Brazilian electric power and IT sectors of the Manaus industrial district have responded to public efforts to stimulate technological innovation in both sectors. In general, the results suggest that these policies have increased private interest for innovation. However, this interest is greater among state controlled and multinational corporations than among domestic private companies. This finding is particularly relevant because domestic companies operate in deregulated markets with increasing competitive pressures. The limited interest of domestic companies for innovation suggests that innovation policies should not be limited to supply side factors and cannot be dissociated from policies aimed at strengthening the institutional environment.
O Processo de Aquisi o de Tecnologia pela Indústria Petroquímica Brasileira
Hemais Carlos A.,Barros Henrique M.,Pastorini Mirela T.
Polímeros , 2001,
Abstract: Um dos setores industriais brasileiros mais dinamicos, a indústria petroquímica, está localizada em três pólos (Cama ari, S o Paulo e Triunfo) e hoje representa cerca de 2% do PIB do país. O estabelecimento dessa indústria no Brasil ocorreu há menos de 30 anos, por iniciativa governamental, através da ado o de um modelo societário de empresa chamado modelo tripartite. Neste modelo 1/3 do capital era proveniente da Petroquisa, 1/3 de sócio privado nacional e 1/3 de sócio estrangeiro, geralmente fornecedor da tecnologia, que era explorada pela forma o de joint-ventures. Apesar de já ser uma indústria consolidada e de grande potencial de exporta o, a petroquímica ainda é bastante dependente tecnologicamente de fontes exógenas e essa dependência n o parece que será eliminada a curto prazo. O presente trabalho examina o processo de aquisi o tecnológica por parte da indústria petroquímica brasileira, dando ênfase ao uso de joint-ventures como a forma escolhida para obten o da tecnologia.
Observa es sobre o desenvolvimento tecnológico e os ciclos da indústria de polímeros no Brasil
Hemais Carlos A.,Rosa Elizabeth O. R.,Barros Henrique M.
Polímeros , 2000,
Abstract: A indústria de polímeros, um ramo da indústria petroquímica, é um importante exemplo de indústria de processamentos. Seus fatores de produ o variam de acordo com ciclos de períodos de aumento de produ o e de recess o, que afetam a forma como essa indústria lida com sua tecnologia. Este artigo mostra como as firmas deveriam se preparar para enfrentar períodos recessivos e, ao mesmo tempo, enfatiza o valor do sistema de patentes, que assegura prote o legal aos vultosos investimentos em P&D. A pesquisa foi conduzida através da constru o de uma base de dados contendo todos os pedidos de patentes feitos no Brasil, no período de 1985 a 1995, no setor de polímeros.
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