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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 119596 matches for " Henning T. "
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THE ABC OF READING PERSPECTIVES ON THE ALPHABETIC PRINCIPLE
PER HENNING UPPSTAD,FINN EGIL T?NNESSEN
L1 Educational Studies in Language and Literature , 2012,
Abstract: An alphabetic writing system is a system in which words consist of individual letters that corre-spond to spoken-language units at a similar level of analysis. The systematic relationships between units of these two systems are collectively referred to as the Alphabetic Principle. This principle has attained the status of one of the most basic and universal assumptions in current research on reading and writing. But although it is thus extensively used, there have been few attempts to determine what restrictions may apply to its appropriate use as a scientific term. A primary aim of the present article is to contribute to the empirical foundation of reading research through a clarification of the scientific status of the Alphabetic Principle. The article analyses a report from the United States National Reading Panel (NRP, 2000), cho-sen as an example of how the Alphabetic Principle is used in current reading research, and addresses the Alphabetic Principle qua principle in order to clarify its scientific status. We argue that the term “princi-ple” creates the incorrect impression that the phenomenon is precisely defined and universally valid. As we see it, the Alphabetic Principle rather refers to regularities or patterns that vary between languages. Phonics, the reading-instruction approach normally defined on the basis of the Alphabetic Principle, is of greatest value for languages with shallow orthographies – but even there, we should be aware that no simple and unambiguous association exists between grapheme and phoneme
A probabilistic approach for modelling deterioration of asphalt surfaces
T F P Henning,D C Roux
Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: This paper details findings from the New Zealand Transport Agency's research project by Henning and Roux (2008). It forms part of the overall New Zealand Long-term Pavement Performance (LTPP) programme. The paper documents the development of prediction models for dense-graded asphalt (AC) surfaces and open-graded porous asphalt (OGPA) surfaces. Two models were developed including crack initiation on AC surfaces and ravelling initiation on OGPA surfaces. Continuous probabilistic models were utilised for both crack and ravelling initiation in order to predict the probability of the defect occurring. Models developed during this research use data which is readily available on network level databases, and can therefore be applied to asset management applications such as the New Zealand (NZ) dTIMS system (NZ's nationally adopted pavement management system (PMS)). Although a crack initiation model was also developed, it was not as robust as the ravelling model. Further work required includes refining of the models based on the LTPP data which includes bitumen property data. Although the developments are solely based on NZ data, there are a number of aspects applicable to the South African context. Firstly it presents a novel way of modelling the performance of asphaltic surfaces. Secondly it demonstrates some practical implications of maintenance practices that are sometimes considered for South African conditions.
Tau Boo b: Hunting for reflected starlight
F. Rodler,M. Kuerster,T. Henning
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200913627
Abstract: Aims. We attempt to detect starlight reflected from the hot Jupiter orbiting the main-sequence star Tau Boo, in order to determine the albedo of the planetary atmosphere, the orbital inclination of the planetary system and the exact mass of the planetary companion. Methods. We analyze high-precision, high-resolution spectra, collected over two half nights using UVES at the VLT/UT2, by way of data synthesis. We interpret our data using two different atmospheric models for hot Jupiters. Results. Although a weak candidate signal appears near the most probable radial velocity amplitude, its statistical significance is insufficient for us to claim a detection. However, this feature agrees very well with a completely independently obtained result by another research group, which searched for reflected light from Tau Boo b. As a consequence of the non-detection of reflected light, we place upper limits to the planet-to-star flux ratio at the 99.9% significance level. For the most probable orbital inclination around i = 46 degrees, we can limit the relative reflected radiation to be less than 5.7 x 10^-5 for grey albedo. This implies a geometric albedo smaller than 0.40, assuming a planetary radius of 1.2 R_Jup .
Chemo-dynamical deuterium fractionation in the early solar nebula: The origin of water on Earth and in asteroids and comets
T. Albertsson,D. Semenov,Th. Henning
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/784/1/39
Abstract: Formation and evolution of water in the Solar System and the origin of water on Earth constitute one of the most interesting questions in astronomy. The prevailing hypothesis for the origin of water on Earth is by delivery through water-rich small Solar system bodies. In this paper, the isotopic and chemical evolution of water during the early history of the solar nebula, before the onset of planetesimal formation, is studied. A gas-grain chemical model that includes multiply-deuterated species and nuclear spin-states is combined with a steady-state solar nebula model. To calculate initial abundances, we simulated 1 Myr of evolution of a cold and dark TMC1-like prestellar core. Two time-dependent chemical models of the solar nebula are calculated over 1 Myr: (1) a laminar model and (2) a model with 2D turbulent mixing. We find that the radial outward increase of the H2O D/H ratio is shallower in the chemo-dynamical nebular model compared to the laminar model. This is related to more efficient de-fractionation of HDO via rapid gas-phase processes, as the 2D mixing model allows the water ice to be transported either inward and thermally evaporated or upward and photodesorbed. The laminar model shows the Earth water D/H ratio at r ~<2.5 AU, while for the 2D chemo-dynamical model this zone is larger, r ~<9 AU. Similarly, the water D/H ratios representative of the Oort-family comets, ~2.5-10 x 10-4, are achieved within ~2-6 AU and ~2-20 AU in the laminar and the 2D model, respectively. We find that with regards to the water isotopic composition and the origin of the comets, the mixing model seems to be favored over the laminar model.
Untangling Phase and Time in Monophonic Sounds  [PDF]
Henning Thielemann
Journal of Signal and Information Processing (JSIP) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jsip.2010.11001
Abstract: We are looking for a mathematical model of monophonic sounds with independent time and phase dimensions. With such a model we can resynthesise a sound with arbitrarily modulated frequency and progress of the timbre. We propose such a model and show that it exactly fulfils some natural properties, like a kind of timeinvariance, robustness against non-harmonic frequencies, envelope preservation, and inclusion of plain resampling as a special case. The resulting algorithm is efficient and allows to process data in a streaming manner with phase and shape modulation at sample rate, what we demonstrate with an implementation in the functional language Haskell. It allows a wide range of applications, namely pitch shifting and time scaling, creative FM synthesis effects, compression of monophonic sounds, generating loops for sampled sounds, synthesise sounds similar to wavetable synthesis, or making ultrasound audible.
Diagnostic procedures and classification of antisocial behavior in Norwegian inmates in preventive detention  [PDF]
Henning Vaeroy
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2012.23027
Abstract: In official Norwegian government reports’ prison statistics, it is claimed that the prevalence of Dissocial Personality Disorder (DPD) or Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD) among inmates in preventive detention is approximately 50%. Furthermore, previous findings have described a practice in which forensic examiners use the DSM SCID axis II for APD to confirm an ICD 10 diagnosis of DPD. Clinical investigation supported by the use of SCID Axis II for quality assurance was performed on almost half the population of inmates (46.4%) in preventive detention at a high security prison. The inmates had all committed severe violent acts including murder. All the information obtained by applying the DSM IV-TR criteria was tested against the ICD-10 Research Criteria (ICD-10-RC) for Dissocial Personality Disorder (ICD-10, DPD). It was found that all inmates met the ICD-10-RC for (DPD) and the DSM-IV-TR definition for Adult Antisocial Behavior (AAB). On the other hand, none met the DSM-IV-TR criteria for (APD). The SCID Axis II failed to identify inmates with APD because the DSM-IV-TR C-criteria, referring to symptoms of childhood Conduct Disorder (CD), were not met. These findings raise important questions since the choice of diagnostic system may influence whether a person’s clinically described antisocial behaviour should be classified as a personality disorder or not. For the inmates, a diagnosis of APD or DPD may compromise their legal rights and affect decisions on prolongation of the preventive detention. Studies have shown that combining the DSM and the ICD diagnostic systems may have consequences for the reliability of the diagnosis.
HG-LG Mode Conversion with Stressed 3-Mode Fibers under Polarization  [PDF]
Henning Soller
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2012.24033
Abstract: We have coupled an upright HG mode into a fiber-optic waveguide and used the application of stress to generate a Laguerre-Gaussian laser mode. We have generalized previous results by McGloin et al. by using a polarized input beam, a true 3-mode fiber and by applying the stress on a stripped piece of the optical waveguide. These generalizations are necessary in order to perform quantum information experiments and obtain reliable information on the stress imposed on the optical fiber.
Balanced Min Cost Flow on Skew Symmetric Networks with Convex Costs  [PDF]
Henning Soller
Open Journal of Discrete Mathematics (OJDM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojdm.2013.33028
Abstract:

We consider the solution of matching problems with a convex cost function via a network flow algorithm. We review the general mapping between matching problems and flow problems on skew symmetric networks and revisit several results on optimality of network flows. We use these results to derive a balanced capacity scaling algorithm for matching problems with a linear cost function. The latter is later generalized to a balanced capacity scaling algorithm also for a convex cost function. We prove the correctness and discuss the complexity of our solution.

Proximity Effect in Normal-Superconductor Hybrids at the Nanoscale  [PDF]
Henning Soller
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2014.28082
Abstract:

We analyse the proximity effect in hybrid nanoscale junctions involving superconducting leads. We develop a general framework for the analysis of the proximity effect using the same theoretical methods typically employed for the analysis of conductance properties. We apply our method to a normal-superconductor tunnel contact and compare our results to previous results.

Exciton Condensates and Superconductors-Technical Differences and Physical Similarities  [PDF]
Henning Soller
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2015.39149
Abstract: We review several recent theoretical and experimental results in the study of exciton condensates. This includes the present experimental advances in the study of exciton condensates both using layers and coupled bilayers. We will shortly illustrate the different phases of exciton condensates. We focus especially on the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer-like phase and illustrate the similarities to superconductors. Afterwards, we want to illustrate several recent advances and proposals for measuring the different phases of superconductors. In the remainder of this short review, we will provide an outlook for the possibilities and complications for future technical applications of exciton condensates.
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